601 CE and Earlier

Roman baths discovered in London

Builders of a new office block in the Southwark district of London will not see their dreams realized until they have determined what to do with the remains of a Roman bath house, complete with cold plunge bath and hypocaust heating system. (photo)

Churches in Sudan shed light on saints and pilgrims

A series of well-preserved medieval churches in central Sudan are giving researchers new information into the world of medieval pilgrimages and veneration. Inscriptions at one site show that pilgrims came from as far away as Catalonia.

The Pictish beast stone of Moray Firth

Isobel Henderson found something cruious - and exciting - in a stone wall on a Highland farm building near Moray Firth, Scotland: a Pictish beast stone dating to the 5th-7th centuries. The stone is carved with a beast, crescent, comb and mirror. (photo)

The search for the Stirling Roman road

The site of the new visitor center at Bannockburn, Scotland may hold more history than just the battlefield. Archaeologists are looking for evidence of a Roman road which is believed to have run through the site.

Welsh Iron Age tomb links to Stonehenge

Archaeologists working at the Carn Menyn site in the Preseli Hills in Wales, where the Stonehenge bluestones were quarried, believe they have found the tomb of one of original builders monument.

Golden torcs bring finder £462,000 reward

David Booth is a happy man. The hoard of gold Iron Age torcs he discovered with a metal detector in 2009, were last year's most valuable treasure reported to the Queen's and Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer, bringing the finder a reward of £462,000. (photo)

Investor wanted for £2m Hadrian's Wall project

Hadrian's Wall Heritage is hoping to attract an investor with the funds to construct a new visitor center at the Bowness House Farm in Bowness-on-Solway, England, the eastern end of the 84-mile (135km) Hadrian's Wall trail.

Trade between Romans and Picts verified in Scotland

An archaeological team from the Strathearn Environs and Royal Forteviot (SERF) project has proven the existance of trade between the Romans and the Picts with the discovery of an Iron Age broch containing trade items.

Gladiator amphitheatre and training school unearthed near Vienna

A team of archaeologists has discovered the remains of a Roman amphitheatre, on par with the Colosseum in Rome, near Vienna, Austria. The site, they believe, was also a training school for gladiators.

Reliquary holding relics of saint found in Perperikon

Archaeologist Nikolay Ovcharov recently discovered a 5th century bronze reliquary containg a cross which held two fibers, either hair or textile, believed to have belonged to a saint.

The sounds of Stonehenge

Visitors to Stonehenge never have the opportunity to experience the monument the way their early ancestors would have, but now BBC accoustic engineers have re-created the sound of a ritual held 4,000 years ago.

Druid pleads for "founding fathers" of Stonehenge

In 2008, the remains of 40 bodies, thought to be at least 5,000 years old, were removed from Stonehenge for scientific study. Recently, in court, a Druid named King Arthur Pendragon pleaded to ''Let those we lay to rest, stay in rest."

Trinity College less than impressed with Dr. Barbarian's academic credentials

Trinity College of Dublin, Ireland has removed a web page in its professor profiles section belonging to one “Dr. Conan T. Barbarian, B.A. (Cimmeria) Ph.D. (UCD). F.T.C.D. (Long Room Hub Associate Professor in Hyborian Studies and Tyrant Slaying).”

Previously unknown medieval archbishopric discovered in Bulgaria

Bulgarian archaeologist Nikolay Ovcharov has discovered two archbishop's seals during excavations of the city of Perperikon, a crucial urban center during the Middle Ages and the Byzantine and Bulgarian Empires. The two lead seals belonged to Constantine, Archbishop of Archidos.

Roman port discovery "exceeds all expectations"

Archaeologists have discovered the remains of a Roman port near Newport, Wales, only the second of such ports known from Roman Britain. Excavation has revealed the main quay wall, as well as the landing stages and wharves.

Vindolanda finds point to advanced textile industry

It's not just about togas anymore. New evidence shows that "the Romans had a surprisingly advanced textile industry -- and possibly a luxury fashion addiction," with garments that included paenulas and laenas of wool, leather or felt.

Legend leads archaeologist to Roman discovery

As a little girl, Rose Ferraby listened to stories about a Roman amphitheatre near the village of Aldborough in northern England. Now her attention to his tale has paid off with the discovery of England's "lost" Roman cultural center.

Fake 'gladiators' outside Roman sites run afoul of local authorities

Re-enacting can be a lot of fun, but it can also be lucrative if you happen to live near the Colosseum or other prominent Roman tourist attractions. Unfortunately, not all of the costumed characters are upstanding in their dealings.

Aerial photograph reveals gladiator school

A white spot on an aerial photograph has led researchers to a well preserved Roman gladiator school in Austria. The site has been mapped out in detail using ground penetrating radar.

Forum focus of new dig at Caistor St Edmund

Dr. Will Bowden, associate professor of Roman archaeology at the University of Nottingham, has begun a new dig at he site of Venta Icenorum at Caistor St Edmund, this time in search of a Roman forum and an Anglo-Saxon town.

Roman jar stumps experts

Canadian experts are stumped after reconstructing a 3rd century Roman jar "riddled with tiny holes." The jar is part of the collection of the Museum of Ontario Archaeology. (photo)

Museum of London hosts gladiator games

Sports enthusiasts flocked to London to cheer for the latest specticle of athletic prowess recently when the Museum of London hosted a face off between Londinium and Camulodunum - their gladiators, that is. The competition took place at the city's Guildhall, site of the Roman amphitheatre. (photo)

Devon discovery could "rewrite the history of the Romans in Britain"

The discovery of the largest Roman settlement ever found in Devon, England began when two metal detectorists found nearly a hundred Roman coins near Exeter. The find resulted in a geophysical survey which uncovered the large settlement.

Ancient farmstead may have supplied Roman troops

Archaeologists and volunteers in Sheffield, England have discovered the remains of a high-status Roman farm which, they believe may have provided "farm produce to the Roman supply network." The farm dates to the 2nd century.

Saxon logboat on display in Portsmouth

Visitors to the Portsmouth City Museum will be able to view the remains of a 6th century Saxon logboat found in Langstone Harbour in 2003. (photo)

"Sophisticated" Roman village found at Northamptonshire construction site

Excavations of a construction site in Burton Latimer, in Northamptonshire, England, have unearthed nearly 40kg of Roman pottery, ironwork, and the remains of 30 Romans, leading experts to believe that the site was once a wealthy Roman village.

Roman child's grave found in Dorchester

Wessex Archaeology has been called in to oversee archaeological activities at the Charles Street development in Dorchester, England after the discovery of a child's grave dating to Roman times.

Discovery of coins pushes boundary of Roman England westward

A cache of Roman coins found by metal detectorists has lead to the discovery of a large Roman settlement near Devon, England. This pushes the known boundaries of the Roman empire in England further west.

"Mysterious" medieval sites included in AOL list

AOL has published a slideshow of "11 Bizarre and Mysterious Historical Sites," including several from the Middle Ages. (photos)

"Unexpected but important " Roman find in Bedford, England

Workers at a construction site in Bedford, England recently discovered a section of wall dating to Roman times. Further discoveries included roofing tiles, floor tiles and pottery, leading experts to believe the artifacts belonged to a Roman villa.