601 CE and Earlier

"Exquisitely carved" statue of Hadrian found in Turkey

A large statue of the Roman emperor Hadrian has been discovered by archaeologists from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium) in Sagalassos, an ancient Greco-Roman city in south-central Turkey. (photos)

French fashion trend setters for 1400 years

A new study of clothing from Anglo Saxon graves by archaeologist Penelope Walton Rogers shows that most styles followed the customs set in northern France.

Byzantine mosaic found in Israel

An elaborately-decorated mosaic floor dating to the 6th century has been discovered near the Israeli city of Palmahim. The floor is thought to have belonged to the dining area of a Byzantine villa.

London deli hides elaborate Roman dining hall

London's building boom has also produced a boom for archaeologists by uncovering the city's Roman past. Recent finds include a 2nd century dining room decorated with plaster murals.

Pope permits examination of the tomb of St. Paul

Pope Benedict has given his permission to open a tomb believed to be that of the apostle Paul. The sarcophagus was rediscovered during excavations of the site in 2002 and 2003.

5-acre bath complex discovered in Rome

Archaeologists working in Rome have discovered a lavish, two-story Roman bath complex complete with "decorated hot rooms, vaults, changing rooms, marble latrines and an underground room where slaves lit the fire to warm the baths."

2,000-year-old Iron Age roundhouses may be washed away by storms

A team of archaeologists from St. Andrews University are battling against time to study Iron Age roundhouses on the Scottish island of North Uist. The structures were first exposed in 2005, and are now in danger of washing away in a storm.

Early Mexicans liked spicy food

Science Daily reports that chili peppers dating from between 490 and 780 C.E. have been discovered in a cave in Oaxaca Mexico. Experts believe that the plants were cultivated and used in early Mexican cuisine.

Roman farmers leave agricultural legacy

Archaeologists working in the Tron­çais forest of France have discovered over 100 Roman settlements, the legacy of which continue to affect the ecology of the area.

2,400 Year-Old Royal Mask Found in Bulgaria

Archaeologists in the village of Topolchane, Bulgaria have unearthed artifacts of gold, silver and pottery dating back to the 4th century B.C.E., including a golden mask.

The life of a gladiator

What Hollywood didn't tell you! In an article for Cosmos reporter Hilary Jones looks at the lives of the gladiators using evidence from recent discoveries.

Researcher believes Holy Grail still in Rome

Italian archaeologist Alfredo Barbagallo believes that the holy cup of Christ never left the city of Rome and is buried beneath the Basilica of San Lorenzo Fuori le Mura.

Celts for kids

MrDonn.org has a website to teach kids about Celtic history and life, from who they were to how they celebrated, the structures they built, and their religion.

Experience ancient Rome in 3D

A team of international technology experts has created the world's biggest computer simulation, a model of the city of Rome at the time of the Emperor Constantine.

Domestic life in ancient Pompeii

A recent study of family life in the buried Roman city of Pompeii shows that residents lived a resourceful domestic life without gadgets. A new study by archaeologist Penelope Allison of the University of Leicester digs into the unglamorous side of Roman life.

6th century European discovered in Chinese tomb

Chinese archaeologists have discovered the 1,400-year-old remains of a European man in a tomb in central China. The burial proves that cultural mixing was farther east than experts previously believed.

Spartans on a plane

OK, it's out of our time period and politically-incorrect in so many ways, but oh, is it funny! 300 Spartans on a Plane!

Scientists Study Why No Unicorns Exist

Scientists at the John Innes Centre and the University of Calgary asked "Why are there no unicorns?" To answer the question, they are studying the evolutionary biology of flower branching displays.

Using Science to Authenticate Lost Gospel of Judas

The National Geographic Society, the Maecenas Foundation for Ancient Art and the Waitt Institute for Historical Discovery have been working together "to authenticate, conserve, and translate a 66-page...codex."

Skeleton found in Trafalgar Square

Skeletal remains discovered recently in London's Trafalgar Square have not triggered the British equivalent of CSI. The remains are of a wealthy Roman man who was buried in the 5th century beneath what is now the busy city center.

Life of luxury in Roman forts

Recent excavations of a Roman fort on Tyneside have revealed that some centurions led a life of relative luxury with indoor plumbing, painted walls and comfortable furniture.

Tomb of King Herod found

For several decades, Israeli archaeologist Ehud Netzer has been looking for the tomb of King Herod. Now he believes he has found it at Herodium, a flattened hilltop in the Judean Desert.

Star Wars mythology finds roots in ancient Greek and Roman tales

Carl Rubino, a classic professor at Hamilton College, feels that classical themes are the basis for the popular Star Wars movies, a concept he explains in an upcoming History Channel documentary Star Wars: Legacy.

Earliest dental prosthesis found in Roman grave

Archaeologists have discovered in the grave of an unidentified Roman woman a gold wire used to hold together a set of artificial teeth. The dental prosthesis is believed to be the earliest such device ever discovered.

The story of a flea

In a review for The Guardian, Ian Pindar discusses a new book about bubonic plague: Justinian's Flea by William Rosen, an "impressive study of the bubonic plague and its impact on history."

2,700-Year-Old Fabric Found in Greece

Archaeologists in Greece have discovered a rare 2,700-year-old piece of fabric inside a copper urn from a burial they speculated imitated the elaborate cremation of soldiers described in Homer's "Iliad."

Celtic temple discovered near Tara

In an interview with Conor Newman, an archaeology professor at the National University of Ireland, Galway, Melissa Block of NPR's All Things Considered learns about the recent discovery of a celtic temple near Ireland's Tara.

Work of Aristotle, Archimedes Discovered Behind 10th-12th Century Manuscript

Writings by the Greek philosopher Aristotle have been discovered on the Euchologion (or Archimedes Palimpsest) beneath the 10th-12th century prayers written upon the parchment.

4th century Roman remains discovered in Croatia

Roman remains and artifacts were discovered recently in Vinkovci during excavations to construct a new sports hall including a fibula, a Roman ornamental clip, dating to the 4th century C.E.

Gladiators' graveyard discovered

Scientists believe they have, for the first time, identified an ancient graveyard for gladiators. Analysis of the remains, found in Ephesus (in present-day Turkey), gives new insight into how they lived, fought, and died.