601 CE and Earlier

British metal detector finds 5th century pendant

Metal detector enthusiast Andy Sales, from Deal, England, was fortunate recently to uncover a 5th century "gold tremissis bearing the image of the Byzantine emperor, Anastasius the First." (photo)

Female remains found in Newcastle Roman sarcophagus

Archaeologists working on a burial site near Newcastle, England, have opened a pair of sarcophagi, one containing the remains of a child, and the other the remains of a woman. The site is believed to have been a former chapel near Hadrian's wall dating to the 4th century C.E. (video)

A genetic map of Europe

A genetic map of Europe constructed by Dr. Kayser, Dr. Oscar Lao and others from Erasmus University Medical Center in the Netherlands, shows where 23 populations live in Europe and the genetic relationships between them. (graphics)

Roman regional capital discovered in Romania

Mihai Fifor, director of Oltenia Muzeum in Romania, believes that archaeologists have discovered a fort which may turn out to be the long sought-after Dacia Malvensis, a Roman regional capital in southern Romania.

3rd century Finnish burial site found

Archaeologists in Opolye, Suzdal, Finland have uncovered an ancient burial ground dating to the 3rd-4th centuries. Thus far, they have discovered 11 tombs shedding light on early burial customs.

Codex Sinaiticus to be available online

The Codex Sinaiticus, a 1,600-year-old version of Bible, has been digitized and is being made available online. The manuscript is one of the oldest versions of the Bible.

"Caesar" donated to charity shop

The 2,000-year-old skeleton of a Roman greyhound has been donated to a Lincolnshire, England charity shop. The bones were first discovered at the Lawn in Lincoln in 1986, and are believed to date to the Roman era.

Malta center of new study on ancient wine

New research by the Superintendence of Cultural Heritage in Malta may show that the island was a center of the wine trade in the 3rd-4th century BCE. The archaeologists are currently mapping wine production sites and will present their findings in Rome this fall.

Touring Roman Brittain on the web

Damian Noonan of the Telegraph recently published the "Top 10 links for Romans in Britain," an annotated list of online resources for students of Roman Brittain.

Roman spa discovered in Serbia

Archaeologists have discovered the remains of a Roman spa in Prokuplje in southern Serbia during reconstruction work at a local church. The spa is believed to be of "monumental proportions."

Romans lived "stylish lives" in Britain

The lifestyles of the rich and famous Romans are being studied through archaeology at Caerwent, Monmouthshire by Channel 4's Time Team. One of the best-preserved Roman towns in Britain includes shops, streets, a temple and a bath.

Rare Roman lance found at Caerleon

Archaeologists working on a Roman site near Caerleon, Wales have discovered an extremely rare legionary's ceremonial lance. "I don't know of any of that type in Britain," said Dr Peter Guest. (video)

Clothing: a great communicator from the past

Classical Studies professor Kelly Olson believes clothing can help modern people understand what was important to people from the past, and has n almost limitless potential for communication and encapsulated cultural anxieties and values.”

Pompeii declared in a "state of emergency"

For the next year, the ancient city of Pompeii will exist in a "state of emergency" while Italian experts strive to save the historic ruins which suffer from "lack of investment, mismanagement, litter and looting."

Date of Roman invasion of Britain recalculated

Professors Donald W. Olson and Russell Doescher of Texas State University, along with some of their students, used subtle astronomical clues to recalculate the date of Caesar's invasion of Britain. Their findings have been published in the August 2008 Sky & Telescope magazine.

6th century presses from "holy wine factory" found near Mount Sinai

Egyptian archaeologists have discovered two wine presses dating to the 6th century which are believed to be from a factory which produced holy wine for export to Christians. The presses were found near the 6th century St. Catherine's Monastery on the Sinai Peninsula.

Northumberland Iron Age dig one of largest ever in NE England

Archaeologists working at the Delhi surface mine in Northumberland, England have unearthed the remains of at least 50 Iron Age houses, making the project one of the largest in northeast England's archaeological history.

Route of "lost" Roman road determined

After 30 years of research, experts in England now believe that they have determined the route of the "lost" Roman road, which stretched between Castleshaw fort near Oldham and Slack fort Outlane, through the Pennines.

Justinian Plague victims found in Italy

1500 years ago, the Justinian Plague swept through the world killing as many as 100 million people. Recently the remains of hundreds of people, believed to have been victims of the plague, were discovered in Castro dei Volsci, Italy.

Alabaster bust of Cleopatra Discovered in Egyptian Temple

It's a bit early for SCA, but still interesting: A bust of Cleopatra made from alabaster and a mask that may have belonged to Marc Antony are among the many items discovered in the Taposiris Magna temple, north of Alexandria, Egypt.

Scots find origins in Ireland

Historians believe that Scotland was colonized by Irish tribes in the 3rd and 4th centuries C.E. Magnus Linklater of the Times Online offers a glimpse of early Scottish history.

Vindolanda dig reveals massive granaries

Recent excavations at England's Roman fort Vindolanda have revealed impressive structures, exceeding even the officers' quarters, to house the fort's grain supply. The dig also uncovered "a magnificent flagged roadway next to the granaries."

Celts may trace roots to Spain and Portugal

Professor John Koch believes the Celtic homeland is more likely Spain or Portugal than northern Europe. Koch, who is a professor at the Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies Centre at the University of Wales, has found evidence of Celtic texts in Spain and Portugal that are 500 years earlier than those from northern Europe.

Chichester's Roman baths to become new tourist destination

First discovered in the 1970s by Chichester archaeologist Alec Down, the British city's Roman baths are scheduled to re-emerge from beneath the car park under which they were buried 17 years ago. The city hopes they will become the centerpiece of a new museum.

Stonehenge should keep its secrets, opines essay

The recent discovery of graves at Stonehenge has led to a frenzy of speculation and proposed activity regarding the origins of the site. One commentator feels that the ancient structure should keep its secrets.

Copper Age "Stonehenge of Sevilla" could become supermarket

Castilleja, Spain's mayor Carmelo Cebo does not believe in the value of the 4,500-year-old Copper Age burial site near Sevilla, calling it "just a pile of stones," not worth saving. The site may be destined to be bulldozed to make way for developers.

Early medieval jewelry found in Bridgewater

Strike up another point for British metal detectorists! A rare early medieval (400 to 500 C.E.) silver pinhead was found in 2006 by Timothy Phillips in a plowed field near Brigewater, England. The 2 cm decoration would originally been attached to a pin, much like a hatpin. (photo)

Remains of 3,000-Year-Old Fortress Discovered in Egypt

In Egypt, authorities have uncovered the remains of a giant fortress called Tjaru (or Tharu/Tharo) discovered in July 2007 near the Suez Canal.

Roman ritual plate found in Bulgaria

A beautifully-designed Roman marble plate, inscribed in Greek, has been found in the Bulgarian spa town of Hissar, known in Roman times as Diocletianopolis. The piece has been dated to the 3rd century C.E. (photo)

Study finds Stonehenge may have been royal burial ground

Researchers from the University of Sheffield, England, say that radiocarbon dating of remains from Stonehenge suggest that the site was a burial ground for Britain's first royal dynasty, as early as 500 years before the stones were erected.