601 CE and Earlier

Lost scenes from Greek plays discovered in Syria

Scenes from ancient Greek plays written by the poet Meander have been found depicted in mosaics in Antioch, Syria. Meander was a comic poet of the 4th century BCE whose popularity in the Roman world was exceeded only by Homer.

Roman farm found in Suffolk

Archaeologists working on the site of a new school in Lowestoft, England, believe they have discovered the remains of a 1st century Roman farm where a family of 12 might have lived.

Antikythera mechanism re-created using Lego Technic building set

Two thousand years ago, the Greeks built a mechanical computer to calculate eclipse dates with surprising accuracy. A modern-day historian has created a working replica of the device using Lego Technic building blocks.

Artifacts prove Welsh city's importance in Roman society

This Christmas, locals and visitors to Aberystwyth, Wales will be treated to a display of 4th century Roman artifacts at the Ceredigion Museum. The pieces were most likely owned by a wealthy landowner.

Holy Thorn of Glastonbury vandalized

Police in Glastonbury, England are looking for vandals who cut the branches from the Holy Thorn, a 2,000-year-old tree said to have been planted by Joseph of Arimathea. (video)

Determining the date of Christmas

For many centuries, western Christians have celebrated the birth of Jesus Christ on December 25, while those of the Eastern Orthodox faiths have celebrated it a week later. How did experts determine the date? Andrew McGowan of Biblical Archaeology Review has some answers.

Stunning Afghan treasures to go on display in England

Over 200 objects, including a 1st century 'collapsible' gold crown, on loan from the National Museum of Afghanistan, will go on display for the first time at the British Museum. The traveling exhibit, Afghanistan: Crossroads Of The Ancient World, will be in London March 3 to July 3 2011. (photos)

Vivat to HG Alaric of Bangor, Drachenwald's newest companion of the Laurel

At Yule Ball in the first week of December, their Majesties Ulfr and Caoimhe called their noble Order of the Laurel to attend them, and seek out the next suitable candidate to be invited to vigil.

Stonehenge bluestones moved with aid of ball bearings?

A new study suggests that the massive "bluestones" at Stonehenge may have been moved into place with the help of ball bearings.

Chinese settlement may show evidence of lost Roman army.

In the 1990's, archaeologists were surprised to discover evidence of early western settlers in a remote town in China's Yongchang County on the edge of the Gobi desert, including a Roman style fort and nearby residents with blonde hair and green eyes.

Ancient Londinium revealed in London park

The remains of the "busy metropolis of Londinium" may lie beneath half a meter of the Duke of Northumberland's Syon Park, the proposed site of a lixury hotel. The Roman landscape was discovered by archaeologists before hotel construction began.

Roman soldier tweets hopes and fears for school kids

If they had had them, the Romans would have used them -- cell phones, that is. Now a group of British schoolchildren will have the chance to follow the "hopes, fears and experiences of a fictional 26-year-old Roman soldier called Marcus" on Twitter.

Headless gladiator mystery continues

Archaeologists are still debating the meaning of the burial of 46 decapitated men in a Roman cemetery in northern England. The remains, most of which originiated from far-flung localities, were buried with honor in a prestigious cemetery.

"Impressive" Roman finds hold up clinic construction in Scotland

Residents of Musselburgh, Scotland may have to wait a little longer for their health care while city officials and archaeologists decide how to proceed with the excavation of "human remains, the bones of horses and weapons and culinary tools" dating to the Roman era.

Trees threaten Roman wall in St. Albans

Sycamore trees are the culprits in damage done to the historic Roman wall in St. Albans, England. Built in the 3rd century, the wall is what remains of a five metres high and three metres wide wall, circling the city, with a walkway on top. (photo)

Shortage of raw glass forces recycling in Roman Britain

Glass was a common commodity in Roman Britain until the 3rd and 4th centuries C.E. when a shortage of raw glass forced recycling. A new study of Roman clear glass appears in the Journal of Archaeological Science.

Advanced technologies planned to digitize the Dead Sea Scrolls

Thanks to several major gifts, the Israel Antiquities Authority plans to digitize the entire Dead Sea Scrolls collection and "make the images freely available and accessible to anyone anywhere in the world on the internet."

"Caucasian Stonehenge" found in Russia

Russian archaeologist Andrey Belinskiy believes he has discovered a "Caucasian Stonehenge" built by a Bronze Age civilization around 1600 BCE. The well-preserved ruins are located in the North Caucasus mountains.

Berryfield Mosaic removal and conservation underway

"The main trouble is getting it through the door," said Nick Barnfield, project conservator with Cliveden Conservation, about the removal of the Berryfield mosaic at Colchester Castle, once the dining room floor of a 2nd century Roman townhouse.

Decoding Ptolemy's map re-dates German cities

A group of experts from Berlin Technical University's Department for Geodesy and Geoinformation Science have cracked a 2nd  century map of Germany created by Ptolemy, re-dating many of the country's cities by 1,000 years.

2nd century Roman waterwheel found in Cumbria

A team of volunteer archaeologists has discovered a rare Roman waterwheel dating to the first or second century C.E. near Cockermouth, an ancient market town in Cumbria, England. (photos)

24 August 410: "the 9/11 of the ancient world"

On August 24, 410, Imperial Rome was sacked by an invading force of Visigoths from northern Europe, an event that has been compared with September 11, 2001 in the United States.

"Rare and exquisite" Roman lantern found in England

21-year-old metal detectorist Danny Mills delighted local archaeologists when he discovered an extremely rare 1st - 3rd century Roman lantern near Sudbury, England. The bronze lantern is believed to be the only one of its kind in Britain. (photo)

Ancient chess pieces found in China

10 chess pieces dating to the 3rd century have been found in a tomb in Pingshan, China.

Gaius Appuleius Diocles best paid athlete ever

The astronomical sponsorship deals amassed by modern athletes are dwarfed by prize money earned by an illiterate Roman charioteer named Gaius Appuleius Diocles, according to University of Pennsylvania classical studies professor Peter Struck.

Ancient winery found at Byzantine fortress

A two-room winery, dating from the time of the Byzantine Emperors Anastasius I (491-518 CE), and Justinian I (527-565 CE), has been discovered at the Byzantine fortress near the town of Byala on the Black Sea.

Roman helmet expected to bring large sum in Christie's auction

Bidders, get your checkbooks ready... A late first century Roman helmet is scheduled to be auctioned October 7, 2010 by Christie's Auction House. Predicted cost: US$242,000 to $363,000. (photo)

Analysis of pills gives insight into Roman medicine

A geneticist has analyzed some Roman pills found in a shipwreck off Italy 20 years ago. The pills date to the 2nd century BCE and were found inside a wooden medical kit.

"Significant" Roman find in Caistor, England

Archaeologists excavating a derelict pub in Caistor, England say they have a "significant" find with the discovery of a 4th century Roman cemetery containing over forty bodies. Orientation and lack of grave goods leads experts to believe the burials were Christian.

Ancient bog road puzzles archaeologists

Archaeologists are trying to discover the exact purpose of an oak timber road found in the Bord na Móna bog in Tipperary, Ireland.