601 CE and Earlier

Gold torc found among coin hoard

In 2012, a hoard of nearly 70,000 coins, dating to the first century BCE, was discovered by metal detectorists on the Island of Jersey. Recently, while separating the coins, experts were surprised to find an intact gold torc. (photos)

"XII scripta" game pieces found in Turkey

Ludus duodecim scriptorium or XII scripta was a popular Roman game played with dice on a 12-square gameboard. Recently, two game pieces, believed to have been used for XII scripta were discovered during a dig in Kibyra, in the southern Turkish province of Burdur’s Gölhisar district.. (photo)

Glassware evidence of East meets West

The discovery of a glass dish in a burial mound in Japan provides new evidence that contact existed between eastern Asia and the Roman Empire in the 5th century. The clear dark blue dish is believed to have originated in Sassanid Persia. (photo)

Maryport named Research Project of the Year 2015

Each year, Current Archaeology magazine gives an award for the Research Project of the Year. Senhouse Museum Trust and archaeologists from Newcastle University have been working for over four years at the Camp Farm site near Maryport, and they have been named the 2015 recipients of the award.

Auckland Castle Trust buys Binchester Roman Town

Plans are afoot for the revamping of the Binchester Roman Town in County Durham, England, with the purchase of the archaeological site by the owners of nearby Auckland Castle. Among those announced are the construction of a glass walkway over the dig, and a visitors' center.

Future in question for the Hagia Sophia

Over the centuries, Istanbul's iconic Hagia Sophia has been a Byzantine church, a mosque, a Catholic church and a museum, but changing politics may take a toll on the glorious 6th century edifice. Stuart Williams of Art Daily has the story. (photo)

Gladiator combat "less about bloodshed and more about drama"

Ancient history expert Prof. Garrett Fagan of Pennsylvania State University knows a lot about gladiators and shared some of his knowledge at a 2014 conference. Included in the discussion was his research on Roman gladiatorial combat, more spectacle than blood bath, he found.

Evidence of Germanic tribes discovered in Poland

An archaeological team from the Institute of Archaeology, University of Warsaw recently discovered evidence of habitation by Germanic people from the turn of the fourth and fifth century CE in a cave in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland. (photo)

Stonehenge in 8th century poem?

The 8th century, Old English poem called The Ruin may be the oldest surviving literature to mention Stonehenge, says medieval liguist Dr Graeme Davis. The poem refers to stones called "the old ones" or the "elders."

Remains of "witch girl" found in Italy

In early medieval Italy, "burying the dead facedown was a way to prevent the impure soul threatening the living,” says anthropologist Elena Dellù. This might explain the remains of a teenage girl discovered recently at the complex of San Calocero in Albenga, Italy. (photo)

Rebuilding the Temple of Mithras

In 1954, there was much debate over what to do with the recently discovered remains of a Temple of Mithras. Unable to reach a conclusion, the ruins were packed up and have led a nomadic existance ever since. Now the ruins are being returned to their original site, underneath a London office block.

Seaton Hoard - in Pictures

Numismatists in England found themselves squirming with delight over the discovery in Devon of approximately 22,000 copper-alloy coins, "the largest of its kind ever found in Britain." Now Culture24 allows visitors to take a closer look at some of the coins with a slide show. (photos)

Beauty from tragedy in Roman Colchester

Experts working on the restoration and preservation of the Fenwick Treasure, found in the summer of 2014 under a floor of a house in the town center of Colchester, England, believe that the hoard of jewelry had been hidden during the Boudican revolt of 61 CE. In the future, the treasure will be displayed at Colchester Castle Museum. (photos)

Considering the cockerel

The Romans considered the cockerel a messenger to the god Mercury, and the rooster was often depicted at the feet of the god. In Britain's Roman Cirencester, a rare and beautiful example of the cockerel was found in the grave of a child. Cotswold Archaeology features an in-depth look at the artifact on their website. (photos)

Javelin head offers proof of Roman army occupation near Dumfries

Construction workers at Wellington Bridge near Kirkton, Scotland have unearthed a number of artifacts which relate to the Roman occupation of southern Scotland. Among items found were "an iron javelin head, the remains of a Roman boot, samian pottery and tile fragments." (photos)

Early image of Jesus found in Spain

Archaeologists and theologians are excited about the discovery of a 4th century engraved glass plate depicting an unbearded Jesus. The plate, discovered during an excavation near the southern Spanish city of Linares, is believed to be one of the earliest known images of Christ. (photos)

Segontium Roman Fort rises again through digital technology

Two thousand years ago, the Segontium Roman Fort dominated the landscape in northern Wales. Now, a computer-generated, 3D model of the fort has been created, allowing visitors to fly through the building of the enormous structure. (photo and video)

New secrets of Stonehenge revealed

Just when scientists think they have learned everything there is to know about Stonehenge, new technologies reveal tantalizing secrets. Laser scanning of the area around the monument showed at least 17 circular shrines as well as other neolithic structures. (photo and map)

Early Christian charm found in Manchester library

A 6th century papyrus, identified as an early Christian charm, has been discovered among the documents in the University of Manchester's John Rylands Library. The charm is considered "the earliest surviving document to use the Christian Eucharist liturgy - which outlines the Last Supper - as a protective charm."

Roman finery found under Colchester department store

Construction work at Williams & Griffin department store in Colchester, England has led to the remarkable discovery of a wealthy Roman woman's jewelry collection, considered to be "one of the finest of its kind ever discovered in Britain." (photos)

West Stow Anglo-Saxon Village to get new house

The West Stow Anglo-Saxon Village in Suffolk, England, with its sunken-featured buildings, has been an important archaeological site since 1965 and a tourist attraction with reconstructed buildings since 1999. Now a new house will be built to replace one that is "beyond repair." (photos)

Trust bids to buy Roman fort from the Church

A Roman dig considered "the Pompeii of the North" is being sold in order to keep the site out of the hands of developers. Binchester Roman Town, in Bishop Auckland, England, owned by the Church of England, has drawn a UK£2m bid from the Auckland Castle Trust.

Roman soldiers "meditated" in comfort

Finding objects relating to everyday life is common for archaeologists at Vindolanda, the Roman fort near Hadrian's Wall, but the recent discovery of a wooden toilet seat - the oldest known - was special moment.

Stonehenge's "perfect circle" revealed

Archaeologists have long debated over the original shape of Stonehenge, but recent dry weather in England has solved the mystery: the stone circle was actually...a circle. (photo)

Extraordinary finds at "Pompeii of the north"

Archaeologists marvel at discoveries from the Binchester Roman Fort near Bishop Auckland in northern England, a 2nd century site which has been dubbed the "Pompei of the north." (photos)

Archaeologists fail to solve mystery of Silchester

Archaeologists have packed their tools and left the site of the Silchester Roman town in Hampshire, England, still without an answer as to why the major town was abandoned in the sixth century.

Mysterious "pierced pottery" among the finds at Bridge Farm

Archaeological excavations at the Romano-British settlement at Bridge Farm, near Barcombe Mills, England have given experts much to ponder, including evidence of a large post-built building, coins and late Roman pottery with pierced bases.

Roman intaglio re-used by medieval jeweler

Metal detectorist Philip Jackson made a rare and interesting find recently when his equipment pinpointed a silver pendant in a South Derbyshire field constructed around a Roman intaglio (a carved stone). (photo)

Burial discovery sheds light on late Roman Britain

The discovery of five skeletons dating to Roman times near a villa in Dorset, England has led archaeologists to postulate that they were from the same family. This is the first incidence of Roman families buried together near where they lived.

Roman and Iron Age coins found together in Derbyshire cave

1st century Roman coins and coins from Iron Age tribes should not be found together, but that is excatly what happened recently when a local found the treasure buried in a Derbyshire, England cave. (photo)