Archaeology

Archaeology and related sciences

Time Team hopes to find Boudica's hometown

Archaeologists, including a team from Channel 4's Time Team, are set to sift through layers of history in search of evidence linking the Roman town of Venta Icenorum, near Norwich, England, to the settlement of East Anglia's Iceni queen Boudica.

Scottish royal murder scene excavated

For the first time in centuries, the 16th century site in Edinburgh, Scotland where Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, was killed, is being excavated. Darnley was the second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots.

Archeologists discover trace of unknown Peruvian language

Archeologists digging at Magdalena de Cao Viejo in Peru have found a letter written in the eary 17th century by a Spanish colonist. On the back of the letter is a list of numbers written in Spanish, Arabic numerals, and an unknown language.

Vikings turned profits in Canadian Arctic

Patricia Sutherland of the Canadian Museum of Civilization in Ottawa knows that Vikings traveled to North America. The Vikings of her area of interest, however, were not in the New World to colonize, but to make a quick profit.

"Archwilio" maps Welsh archaeological sites

Welsh heritage minister Alun Ffred Jones has announced the creation of the website Archwilio, an online database mapping archaeological sites and discoveries across the country.

Greek murder victim in "wrong place at wrong time"

Sandra Garvie-Lok really likes her job, even though it requires she help investigate a 1500-year-old murder. The victim, John Doe, is believed to have been a witness to the Slavic invasion of the Greek city of Nemea during the Byzantine era.

Silver hoard found in Bulgaria

Archeologists have discovered a cache of 166 silver coins hidden in a jar in the floor of a medieval home. The home is within the fortress of Kastritsi.

Medieval skeletons found underneath parking lot

Archaeologists working in Bawtry, South Yorkshire, England, have unearthed dozens of skeletons dating to the 14th century. The skeletons are of all ages and are thought to be interred in a formal cemetery, possibly belonging to a hospital that was once thought to exist on the site.

Early Tamil incscription found

A 13th century grain jug unearthed near Ranipet, India has the earliest example of Tamil script on a clay vessle. The 3-foot tall jug, called a granary, also depicts an elephant, a cow, and a scene of a woman giving birth.

Mayan royal tomb found

The well-sealed tomb of a Mayan king has offered a treasure trove of new information for scholars. Archaeologists at El Zotz in Guatemala found the tomb in May, but kept their discovery secret until recently in an effort to protect the find from looters.

Infant remains may indicate Roman brothel

Archaeologists working on the excavation of a Roman villa in the Thames Valley of England are looking for an explanation for a mass burial of 97 infants, all having died soon after birth. Experts believe the site may have been a brothel.

Oxfordshire balloonist spots Bronze Age sites

Drought and extreme heat in England have made it possible to see ancient sites normally hidden by vegetation. Balloonist Michael Wolf saw dark circles in a farmer's field and realized these were evidence of Bronze Age burial mounds.

12th century children's bow found in Russia

A small bow, believed to have been a toy for a child, was found in an excavation in Staraya, Novgorod Region, Russia. A tiny arrow was also found nearby.

Byzantine church unearthed in Turkey

A well preserved Byzantine church has been found in Demre, Turkey, the sity of the ancient city of Myre.

Iceland's early settlers cause scholarly debate

Icelandic scholars are still debating who the country's first settlers actually were. Tradition states that Ingólfur and Hjörleifur were the first settlers, but new evidence may show that 870, the date of their arrival, may not be correct.

Archaeologists excavate London's first theatre

Archeologists are excavating "The Theater", London's first known successful playhouse, where it is believed that Shakespeare himself worked and may have even acted. The building was completed in 1576, and historians believe that Romeo and Juliet premiered there.

Skeletons, weapons, clothes found from Thirty Year's War

Two skeletons and other artifacts dating to the Thirty Years War were found in Stralsund, Germany. Muskets engraved with the owners initials have helped identify the bodies as Hapsburg soldiers.

Archaeologists look for evidence of 1630s war in Connecticut

Researchers are scouring backyards in suburban Mystic, Connecticut, looking for remains of the Pequot War. They hope to use artifacts to help map the location of the battlefields.

Harald Bluetooth's palace found in Jutland

Archaeologists from Århus University have discovered the remains of 10th century wooden buildings which they believe are from the palace complex of King Harald Bluetooth, King of Denmark from 940 to 985, in Jelling.

Shakespeare: clues from the rubbish tip

Archaeologists believe they have identified Shakespeare's cesspit on the property of New Place, his home in Stratford-upon-Avon. They now hope to find clues to the playwright's life among the rubbish from a dig.

Cornish find redraws map of Roman Britain

Roman artifacts have been discovered at a fortress in Cornwall formerly believed to be an exclusively Iron Age site. This find revises the historical view of the Roman occupation of Britain, which had been thought not to extend so far southwest.

Carlisle dig provides a "wonderful glimpse into how people lived 2,000 years ago"

Carlisle Castle, one of the most important archaeological digs in northern England, has now been completed, providing experts with a wealth of archaeological evidence to study including armor, leather, pottery, and everyday household items.

New insights into St. Augustine's central plaza

Archaeologists digging at the Plaza de la Constitucion in St. Augustine, Florida, are finding that the plaza is different than the plans authorized by the King of Spain in the late 1500's.

Aztec exhibition opens as archaeologists seek royal tomb

Archaeologists working on an excavation in downtown Mexico City think they are on the brink of discovering the first Aztec royal tomb ever found. Meanwhile, objects from the dig are on display at "Moctezuma II: Times and Destiny of a Ruler" at the Templo Mayor Museum.

Shell analysis confirms early Virginia accounts

An analysis of oyster shells thrown away by colonists in Jamestown, Virginia, indicates that historical accounts of a severe drought in 1611-1612 are correct. The shells show that the James River was much saltier during those years than in the present day, indicating lower rainfall.

Birch bark manuscripts found in Novgarod

A school girl taking part in a dig in Novgorod, Russia has discovered two birch bark manuscripts and a medieval seal.

World's oldest leather shoe found

Archaeologists have found a leather show dating back 5,500 years in a cave in Armenia. The shoe is cut from one piece of cow leather and sewn together with eyelets.

Anglo-Saxon settlement discovered in the Cotswolds

Steve Sheldon, of Cotswold Archaeology, has called the recent discovery of an Anglo-Saxon timber hall in Cheltenham, England "one of the best finds of his career." The settlement is believed to date between the 6th and 8th centuries.

De Soto traces exhibited in Atlanta

At Fernbank Museum of Natural History in Atlanta, visitors can see the results of a new excavation in a remote corner of southeastern Georgia.

Face of a 14th century knight revealed

State-of-the-art technology has been used to reconstruct the face of a medieval knight whose skeleton was discovered beneath Stirling Castle in Scotland. (photo)