Archaeology

Archaeology and related sciences

Archaeology project explores evolution of Jamestown fort

No one expected archaeologist William Kelso to find the "lost" English fort built at Jamestown, Virginia in 1607, but he did. Now the 70-year-old expert hopes to follow the evolution of the fort with the help of university students. (video)

Cotswold dig reveals life in the 13th and 14th centuries

An archaeological team from Cotswold Archaeology is leading a dig at Cowl Lane in Winchcombe, England, revealing "more than 40 rubbish pits containing medieval pottery, animal bone and metalworking evidence."

A Roman "what's-it?"

We know it's Roman, but what the heck is it? That's the question being asked by archaeologists about a Roman dodecahedron dating from the 2nd-3rd century and found throughout Roman Europe. (photo)

Edward Jenner's garden holds historic secrets

Archaeologists from the University of Bristol are digging up Edward Jenner's garden, not seeking evidence of the 18th century British scientist, but secrets much older, including a skeleton dating to Roman times.

Staffordshire Hoard environmental archaeology paper available online

The Portable Antiquities Scheme blog has posted a new paper on "the potential of environmental archaeology" in regard to the Staffordshire Hoard discovered in 2009 near Staffordshire England.

Spanish documents describe Irish settlement in South Carolina

Early 16th century Spanish explorers in North America reported the existance of a settlement in modern-day South Carolina of people with "red to brown hair, tan skin and gray eyes." The settlement was called Duhare.

Violent trauma marks Stirling skeletons

The area near Stirling Castle in Scotland was a dangerous place in the 13th - 15th centuries. Evidence of this can be seen in the recent discovery of five skeletons buried at the castle which exhibit signs of having suffered "brutally violent" deaths.

Medieval coffin still Bosworth mystery

For years, a medieval coffin served as a water-garden flower bed in the village of Earl Shilton, England. Now, the sarcophagus occupies pride of place as an exhibit in the courtyard of the Bosworth Battle­field Visitors Centre. Did it belong to Richard III?

Lost medieval village of Norton excavation yields treasures

Archaeologists from Oxford Archaeology North who are excavating Lodge Farm near Runcorn, England, believe they have found the medieval village of Norton.

Medieval artifacts resource page

Professional archaeologists and college professors Michael and Neathery Fuller have created a website, The Virtual Museum of Medieval Archaeology, to post their collection of photographs of medieval artifacts from many museums, sites and time periods.

Mysteries of the Silk Road revealed at Penn Museum

Colin Renfrew, Senior Fellow of the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research at the University of Cambridge, offers a lecture on the Unsolved Mysteries of the Silk Road. The video is available on YouTube.

"DaVinci Cannon" found in Croatia

Known for his artwork and whimsical flying machines, Leonardo DiVinci's military designs were in high demand in his lifetime. Now, archaeologists believe a 15th century triple-barreled cannon may be the first physical evidence of DaVinci's concept design for an early machine gun.

Scotland's King’s Knot to reveal its secrets

In the 14th century, poet John Barbour placed the site of King Arthur's "tabilll round" south of Stirling Castle in Scotland, a site believed to be King's Knot, a unique “cup and saucer” shaped mound. A new survey may reveal its mysterious secrets.

Free book downloads from York Archaeological Trust

The York Archaeological Trust is offering a number of out-of-print books for free download.

Archaeologists hope to find Shakespeare's final home

Excavations are under way at New Place, in Stratford-upon-Avon, the site of William Shakespeare's last home. The site, which has not been excavated to the level of Tudor times, has already yielded some artifacts of the period.

Bog begets barrel of butter

Workers extracting turf from a bog in Galway, Ireland have found a wooden keg full of butter. The butter could be as much as 2,500 years old.

Ancient wine found in China

Archaeologists have unearthed a 2,000 year old wine jug in Henan Province, China. The copper pot, sealed by centuries of rust, still has liquid in it.

"Death of a king" brought to life at Sutton Hoo

Visitors to Sutton Hoo, the Anglo-Saxon ship burial site in eastern England, can now experience the royal burial in a new way, complete with "smells and sounds to create an authentic atmosphere." (slideshow)

Time Team finds Anglo-Saxon hall

Channel 4's Time Team recently carried out an archaeological project at Bamburgh Castle in Northumberland, England where it discovered the floor of what they believe is a medieval hall.

All Saints Church might be site of Anglo-Saxon coronations

A team of researchers from London's Kingston University may have located the site of as many as seven 10th century Anglo-Saxon kings including Athelstan and Ethelred the Unready. All Saints Church is located near Westminister Abbey.

Scotland's Viking shipbuilders

Archaeologists are investigating a 12th century Norse shipbuilding site on the Isle of Skye, Scotland.  So far they have found boat timbers, a stone dock, and part of a man-made canal.

Archaeologists excavate murder in Roman England

Archaeologists have excavated the body of a young woman that they believe was killed by a Roman sword. She was found hastily buried in a shallow grave, indicating she may have been murdered.

Medieval industry uncovered in Suffolk, England

A construction site has revlealed evidence of of ovens and leather tanneries dating between the 12th and 16th century. They have found lime barrels as well as enough cattle horns to indicate industrial animal processing.

10th century graves found in Hungary

The Medieval Hungary blog reports that three 10th century graves have been discovered near Pest, Hungary, one of which belonged to a high-ranking male. (photo)

Large Roman "industrial estate" found in Rockingham Forest

A Roman industrial site has been discovered near Peterborough in the Rockingham Forest. The site is believed to be "one of the largest archaeological sites in England."

Roman spearmen found beneath Hyderabad Barracks

The remains of two Roman soldiers, dating to the 4th or 5th century CE, have been discovered beneath the former Hyderabad Barracks in Colchester, England.

Charcoal pits tell story of medieval Norwegian economy

Trondheim, once known as Bymarka, was the center of religious life in medieval Norway. Now the discovery of more than 500 charcoal pits in the area proves that the city was an industrial center as well.

Coppergate woman "brought to life"

For the first time, the public will be able to look at the face of a Viking woman, complete with bonnet, whose skeleton was discovered 30 years ago at Coppergate in York, England. (photo)

Mass grave at Bedlam discovered

Archaeologists working at the site of London's latest Crossrail project have discovered a mass grave of hundreds of skeletons. The grave is at the location of St Bethlehem hospital, the first facility for mental patients. (video & photos)

Hjaltland Research Network to be established in the Shetlands

More Norse than Scottish, the Shetlands are poised to become a new mecca for the study of things Viking, where scholars plan to begin a new project entitled Mapping Viking Age Shetland.