Archaeology

Archaeology and related sciences

Chinese archaeological excavation gives insight into Liao dynasty

For the first time, Chinese archaeologists are getting the opportunity to mount a large-scale investigation of the Upper Capital of the Liao dynasty. The first structure excavated was the Qiande Gate of the royal city.

Saxon cemetery may mark town of Hamwick

Excavations at a housing project in Southampton, England have uncovered what experts believe is the earliest cemetery for the Saxon town of Hamwick. Nine skeletons were discovered which are believed to date from the 7th through 9th centuries.

Viking boat burial found in Scotland

An intact Viking boat burial has been found in the highlands of Scotland, the first burial of its kind found on the UK mainland. The artifacts found at the site indicate the man buried there may have been a high-ranking warrior.

Face of beheaded Archbishop of Canterbury revealed

Experts have reconstructed the face of Simon of Sudbury, the Archbishop of Canterbury who was beheaded in a peasant revolt in 1381.

Inscribed 12th century slate may have been used to ward off evil

Archaeologists have discovered a rare incised slate while digging at Nevern Castle in England. The slate dates to between 1170 and 1190.

Reliquary holding relics of saint found in Perperikon

Archaeologist Nikolay Ovcharov recently discovered a 5th century bronze reliquary containg a cross which held two fibers, either hair or textile, believed to have belonged to a saint.

Arthur's roundtable at King's Knot, Scotland?

Archaeologists at King's Knot in Stirling, Scotland have discovered a "circular feature" that some believe might be the fabled round table of King Arthur.

Roman port discovery "exceeds all expectations"

Archaeologists have discovered the remains of a Roman port near Newport, Wales, only the second of such ports known from Roman Britain. Excavation has revealed the main quay wall, as well as the landing stages and wharves.

Legend leads archaeologist to Roman discovery

As a little girl, Rose Ferraby listened to stories about a Roman amphitheatre near the village of Aldborough in northern England. Now her attention to his tale has paid off with the discovery of England's "lost" Roman cultural center.

Forum focus of new dig at Caistor St Edmund

Dr. Will Bowden, associate professor of Roman archaeology at the University of Nottingham, has begun a new dig at he site of Venta Icenorum at Caistor St Edmund, this time in search of a Roman forum and an Anglo-Saxon town.

Roman jar stumps experts

Canadian experts are stumped after reconstructing a 3rd century Roman jar "riddled with tiny holes." The jar is part of the collection of the Museum of Ontario Archaeology. (photo)

Devon discovery could "rewrite the history of the Romans in Britain"

The discovery of the largest Roman settlement ever found in Devon, England began when two metal detectorists found nearly a hundred Roman coins near Exeter. The find resulted in a geophysical survey which uncovered the large settlement.

"Sophisticated" Roman village found at Northamptonshire construction site

Excavations of a construction site in Burton Latimer, in Northamptonshire, England, have unearthed nearly 40kg of Roman pottery, ironwork, and the remains of 30 Romans, leading experts to believe that the site was once a wealthy Roman village.

Discoveries at Ribãt da Arrifana offer insight into 12th century Islam

For ten years, archaeologists have been excavating the Islamic convent/fortress near Aljezur, Portugal. recent discoveries include "a mosque, 21 burials and a funerary head stone with an Arabic inscription," all of which have added to the impressive site.

Roman child's grave found in Dorchester

Wessex Archaeology has been called in to oversee archaeological activities at the Charles Street development in Dorchester, England after the discovery of a child's grave dating to Roman times.

Discovery of coins pushes boundary of Roman England westward

A cache of Roman coins found by metal detectorists has lead to the discovery of a large Roman settlement near Devon, England. This pushes the known boundaries of the Roman empire in England further west.

Viking women on the move

The discovery of the graves of Norse women in eastern England has now led scholars to believe that Viking women emigrated earlier than once believed. Research on 14 Norse graves showed that six of the graves contained the remains of women, some armed with sword and shield.

"Mysterious" medieval sites included in AOL list

AOL has published a slideshow of "11 Bizarre and Mysterious Historical Sites," including several from the Middle Ages. (photos)

"Unexpected but important " Roman find in Bedford, England

Workers at a construction site in Bedford, England recently discovered a section of wall dating to Roman times. Further discoveries included roofing tiles, floor tiles and pottery, leading experts to believe the artifacts belonged to a Roman villa.

Saint Philip's tomb discovered in Turkey

Archaeologists working in Pamukkale, Turkey believe they have found the tomb of St. Philip the Apostle. Pamukkale is the modern name of the ancient city of Hierapolis where Philip was killed.

Pict Persona

Looking for any information on the Picts (who lived in northern Pre-Scottland) aside from Wikipedia. Theories on language are very welcome. :) Thank you.

The mystery of the medieval tunnels

Hundreds of narrow tunnels called "Erdstalls" can be found throughout the Bavarian region of Germany and Austria. While most experts agree that they are medieval, no one knows why they were built or how they were used. This has led to the Erstalls being called "Central Europe's last great mystery."

"Magnificent" finds at Perperikon

Bulgaria's top archeologist, Prof. Nikolay Ovcharov, has been happy to announce the discovery of incredible finds at the Thracian rock sanctuary Perperikon in southern Bulgaria, including a "magnificent bronze cross from the 10th – 11th century."

Medieval chess piece found in Iceland

A 12th or 13th century chess piece has been found in Iceland. The piece is carved from herringbone and looks  similar to the Lewis Chessmen.

Anglo-Saxon sapphire ring found in England

A gold and sapphire ring found in Yorkshire, England, likely belonged to royalty or to someone else of very high rank. The ring would have belonged to an Anglo-Saxon or a Viking. The ring is very high quality, even compared to other treasure of its time.

Remains of Irish beauty discovered at Dungannon

Archaeologists working on a dig at Dungannon, Ireland's Castle Hill have discovered what experts believe are the remains of Mabel Bagenal, third wife of the Earl of Tyrone, Hugh O'Neill, and known as Ireland's "Helen of Troy."

Pottery sheds light on medieval Welsh manor

The discovery of elaborate, locally made pottery is giving insight into a southern Welsh manor and the medieval village surrounding it.

Medieval ship found in Swedish waters

The intact shipwreck of a cog, a ship used in the Baltic between the 12th and 14th centuries, has been discovered off the island of Gotland. The ship was discovered during a sonar survey and may be one of the oldest intact wrecks ever found.

16th century Chinese bronze found in shipwreck off Mexico

A 16th century Chinese bronze in the form of a Foo Dog has been found off the Pacific coast of Baja, Mexico. The artifact is believed to come from the cargo of the galleon San Felipe which disappeared in 1576.

Plans announced for visitor center at Camp Farm

Camp Farm in Maryport, Cumbria, England hopes to be the site of a world-class tourist attraction showcasing "the area’s strong Roman heritage and recent archeological finds." Hadrian’s Wall Heritage Ltd has applied for UK£10.7m to build the center.