Archaeology

Archaeology and related sciences

Volunteers aid in dig at York's All Saints' Church

The first phase of an archaeological dig at All Saints' Church in York, England has wrapped with the discovery of artifacts from Roman times to the 19th century including "two medieval dice, Roman pottery and a spindle whorl thought to be from the Viking era." Phase two will begin next spring. (photos)

Metal detector hobbyist finds treasure in English fields

Treasure hunter Stephen Auker is a bit of a metal detector rock star. In recent years, he has discovered more than 100 Roman coins in a field near Silsden in northern England, offering them to a museum in Keighley. More recently, Auker found a merchant's signet ring dating to the 1550's. (photo)

Tower timbers found on Firth of Clyde

The west Scotland Firth of Clyde may have housed a 13th century harbor and large timber tower, according to archaeologists from Wessex Archaeology Coastal & Marine and members of the local community who have been studying the site since the destructive winter storms of early 2014. (photos, map)

The search for King Harold continues

Cousins Terry Muff and Kevin McKenzie, who claim King Harold, of Hastings fame, as an ancestor, believe that the remains of the Saxon monarch lie beneath an ancient church in Hertforshire. Ellie Zolfagharifard of the Daily Mail has a feature story. (photos)

Staffordshire Hoard gallery as never seen before

The discovery of the Staffordshire Hoard is undoubtedly some of the greatest news in archaeology in the past decade. The incredible collection of Anglo-Saxon gold is on display at the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery. Now you can watch a time-lapse video of the construction of the exhibit.

"Battle, Bricks and Bridges" lead experts to the truth about the Battle of the Ford of the Biscuits

"Archaeology is an evolving process so you always learn more and more," said archaeologist Paul Logue from the Northern Ireland Environment Agency, about new discoveries on the 16th century Battle of the Ford of the Biscuits in County Fermanagh, Ireland.

Medieval city of Ukek found in Russia

Archaeologists have discovered the remains of a 750-year-old city along the volga River in Russia. Ukek, a major city of Batu Khan's Golden Horde, is believed to have been founded by the descendents of Genghis Khan.

Evidence of Germanic tribes discovered in Poland

An archaeological team from the Institute of Archaeology, University of Warsaw recently discovered evidence of habitation by Germanic people from the turn of the fourth and fifth century CE in a cave in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland. (photo)

St. Augustine dig: "a 16th century jackpot!"

Archaeologists working at the site of a new garden at the gallery of the Art Association in St. Augustine, Florida, have unearthed "some of the earliest artifacts found in the downtown area." City archaeologist Carl Halbirt said, "This is a 16th century jackpot!" WFGA, Jacksonville, has the story. (video)

"Magical mud" of Novgorod reveals treasures

“Send me a shirt, towel, trousers, reins, and, for my sister, send fabric. If I am alive, I will pay for it,” wrote a 14th century father, Onus, to his son, Danilo, in the block letters of Old Novgorod language on a birch bark scroll. The note, among a dozen others, was discovered recently in the "magicial mud" of Veliky Novgorod, Russia.

Remains of "witch girl" found in Italy

In early medieval Italy, "burying the dead facedown was a way to prevent the impure soul threatening the living,” says anthropologist Elena Dellù. This might explain the remains of a teenage girl discovered recently at the complex of San Calocero in Albenga, Italy. (photo)

Medieval friary stonework among finds at Yorkshire dig

A team of archaeologists from AOC Archaeology Group, along with members of the community, were intrigued by discoveries resulting from two weeks of excavations near York, England's Guildhall. The workers found artifacts dating from Roman times through World War II, including evidence of a medieval friary.

Where is Harold?

The Bayeux Tapestry famously depicts King Harold II's death by arrow to the eye during the Battle of Hastings, but new evidence may show that the king survived the battle.

Community gets involved in Sudbury's "big dig"

Dr Carenza Lewis is well known to audeinces of Channel 4’s Time Team and the BBC’s The Great British Story, but now she has a different role: leading members of the community of Sudbury on an archaeological survey. Lewis heads up the "big dig" organized by the Sudbury Society, the Sudbury History Society, and the Sudbury Museum Trust.

Gagliana Grossa subject of study by Texas A&M students

In 1583, the merchant ship Gagliana Grossa sank off the coast of Biogradna Moru, in Croatia. Now the shipwreck has become a subject of study by a group of Texas A&M students led by Filipe Castro, in partnership with Irena Radic Rossi from the University of Zadar. (video)

Archaeologists complete geological survey near grave of medieval warrior

In 2013, archaeologists in Janakkala, Finland were thrilled by the discovery of the grave of a medieval warrior in what might be an ancient burial ground or even a settlement. The discovery has sparked enough interest to support more excavations, depending on the results of a recent survey.

“Lord, help Veronica”

Since 2000, Nikolai Ovcharov has headed excavations at Perperikon in southern Bulgaria, revealing some amazing finds. The latest includes a 12th to 13th century container inscribed with the words in Greek, “Lord, help Veronica.” (photo)

Javelin head offers proof of Roman army occupation near Dumfries

Construction workers at Wellington Bridge near Kirkton, Scotland have unearthed a number of artifacts which relate to the Roman occupation of southern Scotland. Among items found were "an iron javelin head, the remains of a Roman boot, samian pottery and tile fragments." (photos)

Scholars pinpoint site of Columbus' departure

In the 15th-century, Palos de la Frontera in southwestern Spain was a thriving port. New scholarship, and the discovery of pottery and a reef, have led experts to establish the site as the departure point for Christopher Columbus' 1492 voyage.

Archaeologists to wrap up dig at Flodden

9 September, 2013 marked the 500th anniversary of the Battle of Flodden between the Scots and the British in the fields of Northumberland, England. In October 2014, excavations of the site will be terminated, ending several years of work. The latest dig will concentrate on the bridge at Ellemford, believed to be the muster site for the Scottish army.

Byzantine compound shows evidence of wine production

Researchers working 30 kilometers west of Jerusalem were surprised to discover ancient cisterns which led them to a cave. Upon further exploration, they found a Byzantine-era compound where monks once lived and pressed grapes for wine and olives for oil.

Liao Dynasty nomadic campsite found in China

A team of archaeologists has discovered the remains of an ancient campsite for nomadic emperors from the Liao Dynasty (907-1125) in north-east China's Jilin province. One of four seasonal camps, the site is believed to have been an administrative centre during the reign of the nomadic Khitans.

Viking ring fortress might have launched English invasion

Danish Archaeologists, thrilled by the discovery of a Viking ring fortress on the island of Zealand, are considering the possibility that the site might have been used as a training camp to launch an invasion of England. (photo)

Viking history as told by the victims

Just how bad were the Vikings? Historians have debated the issue for decades. In a feature article for National Geographic by Christopher Shea, Yale history professor Anders Winroth, author of The Age of the Vikings, argues that contemporary accounts were exaggerated, and the writers often contradicted themselves.

Dig to explore medieval town and plantation in Northern Ireland

Experts in Antrim County, Northern Ireland, are intrigued by evidence of a "lost" medieval town beneath a plantation-era Gaelic Scottish settlement and a 16th century castle. The evidence consists of a metal buckle and a silver groat, both dating to the 1550s.

Mysterious Gedi: Kenya's Machu Picchu

In 1927, archaeologists discovered the remains of the fabled city of Gedi deep in the jungles of Kenya, but only recently have they begun to appreciate the advanced nature of the city. (photo)

Early medieval tavern found in Bulgaria

The discovery of "more than 100 glass cups, which were most likely used for drinking wine," has led experts to believe they have found a medieval tavern. The discovery was made at a site in the town of Misioni, Bulgaria.

"Great warrior" unearthed from Russian burial site

An 11th century burial site near Omsk in south western Siberia has revealed the remains of Bogatyr, meaning "great warrior," who lost an arm in his final battle. The "giant," measuring 5'11", was buried with amazing grave goods. (photos)

Trust bids to buy Roman fort from the Church

A Roman dig considered "the Pompeii of the North" is being sold in order to keep the site out of the hands of developers. Binchester Roman Town, in Bishop Auckland, England, owned by the Church of England, has drawn a UK£2m bid from the Auckland Castle Trust.

Roman soldiers "meditated" in comfort

Finding objects relating to everyday life is common for archaeologists at Vindolanda, the Roman fort near Hadrian's Wall, but the recent discovery of a wooden toilet seat - the oldest known - was special moment.