European

Cultures of Europe

Scientists find that same bacterium caused Justinianic plague and Black Plague

In 2011, DNA evidence confirmed that the infamous Black Plague that ravaged Europe in the 14th century was, as had been suspected for many years, caused by the Yersinia Pestis bacterium. Now a team of scientists have used skeletal microbiology and DNA testing to show that a 6th through 8th century pandemic was caused by the same bacterium.

Treasure shoe found in Rotterdam

Dutch archaeologists were surprised by the recent discovery of a shoe, dating to the 15th or 16th century, during excavation of a wall in Rotterdam's town hall. More interesting still was that the shoe was stuffed with 477 silver coins. (photo)

Medieval burial shows love that outlasts death

Two skeletons in a grave in Romania have been found buried together holding hands. The skeletons were probably buried between 1450 and 1550.

Historical Glassworks- glassblowing

Historical Glassworks creates handblown glass articles, specializing in historical reproductions. Available items include tools, feast gear, accessories, and decorative gifts. They also offer live demonstrations. View their calendar for a list of upcoming events in your area.

Remains of Teutonic knights identified in Poland

The remains of three medieval Grand Masters of the Teutonic Knights, unearthed in Poland in 2007, have been identified. The men were named Werner von Orseln, Ludolf Koenig, and Heinrich von Plauen.

How Old Is That Clay Pot, Really?

Danish Stone Age pots may not be as old as originally determined if fish were cooked in them.

Swiss farmer relieved of 14th century debt

In 1357, A Swiss land owner, Konrad Müller, killed another town resident. In restitution, Müller pledged to provide for a sanctuary lamp at the Catholic church of Näfels. Finally the debt, passed perpetually to his heirs, has been declared invalid.

Knights of Malta celebrate their 100th birthday at the Vatican

February 9, 2013, marked the 900th birthday of the founding of the Knights of Malta, a Roman Catholic religious order noted for its charitable works. The group celebrated its birthday with a parade around St. Peter's Square and a visit with Pope Benedict XVI, who is himself a member of the Knights.

[DRA] Festival of Fools

The Shire of Dun in Mara, in the Principality of Insulae Draconis, presents the Festival of Fools, an event dedicated to foolery and topsy-turvy arrangements, games and gambols, featuring a Lenten/Carnival Feast (with the special Sinners Option!).

Site:

ASPIRE Centre, Clara House, Clara, Co. Offaly

18:00 22 March 2013 until 16:00 24 March 2013

The Cloisters: "An intellectual Coney Island"

In the 1930s philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr. and American sculptor George Grey Barnard collaborated to create “an intellectual Coney Island” in Upper Manhattan. The result was the Cloisters, a complex comprised by elements from five medieval cloisters. Sarah Harrison Smith has written a lengthy feature article for the New York Times on New York's medieval museum.

6th century tsunami devasted Lake Geneva

New research shows that a killer tsunami devastated the shoreline of Lake Geneva in Switzerland in the 6th century, swamping villages around the lake. The disaster is believed to have been caused by falling rocks on the Rhone River side of the lake.

Tycho Brahe not poisoned

For over 400 years, rumours have surrounded the death of Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe, including one which suggested that Brahe was murdered using mercury by his assistant Johannes Kepler. Now, after two years, evidence from the scientist's exhumed body disproves the theory.

Death-dealing Viking Swords for Sale

Actual medieval and Viking weapons will be sold in London on November 28.

Walters Museum places digital books online

The Walters Museum of Baltimore has placed a large part of its rare book collection online, with options to view the pages online or download high resolution images.

First Pennsic Cryptogram Solved

The first of  a set of cryptograms from Pennsic has been solved.  Sir Ephraim ben Shlomo (Middle) successfully deciphered one of the puzzles to reveal the text on the flyer of the original May Day Party.

Anthropologist analyzes effects of the Black Death

USC professor Sharon DeWitte is steeped in death, specifically the Black Death that ravaged Europe during the 14th century. DeWitte is studying how conditions in Europe before and after the plague and the effects of the disease on the lifespan of survivors changed life in medieval Europe.

10th century pen nibs found in Bulgaria

Archaeologists have discovered a set of 11 bronze pen nibs dating back to the Age of Simeon I of Bulgaria. The artifacts were found at the site of a royal palace and church complex that housed a literary school during that time period.

[ART] 1348

The SCA is often referred to as the Middle Ages as we wish it could have been... without religious persecution and the plague.  It's time we brought back the plague!!  Join us for an event to celebrate all of the earth shattering craziness of the premiere knowne world tour of the Black Death.

Modern Europe needs a Holy Roman Empire

In an article for the New York Times, Istvan Deak opines that what the European Union really needs is a unifying force, such as the Holy Roman Empire, led by a modern Charlemagne.

Authentic Austrian castle will take 30 years to build

A team of experts in Austria plans to construct an authentic medieval castle in the town of Friesach, using only period construction methods. The project is expected to take 30 years to complete.

Bronzehammer: Torfin's Viking-era Jewelry and Art

Bronzehammer, a shop on Etsy.com, offers Viking-era jewelry and art for your historical reenactment needs.

Medieval Scribal Complaints about Working Conditions

Ever wonder what the medieval scribe thought about while laboriously copying manuscript after manuscript?  "New parchment, bad ink; I say nothing more," wrote one in the margins. "I am very cold," complained another.

16th century censorship

Long before the internet, writers with opinions contrary to those of the powers-that-be were victims of censorship. One such writer was the Dutch humanist Erasmus of Rotterdam whose writings were considered in conflict with the Catholic Church.

Medieval Lingerie

A remarkably modern-looking bra and "string bikini" from the 15th century have been discovered in East Tyrol.

Handbag museum to open in Korea

The next time you are in Seoul, Korea, make sure to visit the Simone Handbag Museum, whick opens in the Gangnam District in August. The museum will feature mostly European purses from the 16th century through modern times.

Remains of St. John the Baptist found (again)

Archaeologists excavating a church in Bulgaria have found a small ossuary with an inscription claiming to be the remains of St. John. Radio carbon and DNA testing have given some collaboration to the claim.

Class Central offers free university courses online

Eternal students who find themselves unable to attend traditional university classes may wish to consider the offerings of Class Central, a free, online project offered by Stanford's Coursera, MIT and Harvard led edX (MITx + Harvardx), and Udacity.

Battle of the Nations

Battle of the Nations is an annual athletic competition that pits national teams and individuals against one another in historically-based simulated armoured combat, using swords, polearms, and related medieval weaponry.

The prize for creative use of toilet paper goes to Nina Katchadourian

Attention SCAdian: Bored on long flights? Perhaps you should entertain yourself with some creative headgear construction as demonstrated by non-SCA member Nina Katchadourian. (photos)

Danish ship information to go online

Records from more than 1.8 million ships that sailed through the Danish sound will go online in May 2012. The records date from the mid 15th century to 1857.