1501 CE to 1600 CE

Today in the Middle Ages: October 7, 1543

Hans Holbein the Younger, the northern Renaissance portraitist who painted many Tudor notables including Henry VIII and at least two of his wives, died on October 7, 1543.

Today in the Middle Ages: October 6, 1536

William Tyndale, Bible translator and Protestant scholar, was executed for heresy on October 6, 1536. He was condemned to burn at the stake, but was mercifully strangled first and his body burned after death.

Researchers seek sunken Spanish colony ship

In 1526, Luis Vasquez de Ayllon attempted to establish a Spanish colony on the coast of what is now the state of Georgia. He ran his vessel aground off the South Carolina coast, and it all began to go horribly wrong. Now researchers are looking for the wrecked flagship of the colony expedition.

New exhibit on Renaissance Italy at the V&A

"At Home in Renaissance Italy," on display at London's Victoria & Albert Museum through January 7, reveals the Renaissance interior's central role in the flourishing of Italian art and culture by providing an innovative three-dimensional view of the Italian Renaissance home, presented as object-filled spaces that bring the period to life.

Today in the Middle Ages: October 4, 1568

Elisabeth de Valois, third of the four wives of Philip II of Spain, died on October 4, 1568. She had originally been betrothed to his son but married the father as part of a peace settlement.

Renaissance and Early Modern Festival Books Now Online

View 253 digitised Renaissance festival books (selected from over 2,000 in the British Library's collection) that describe the magnificent festivals and ceremonies that took place in Europe between 1475 and 1700.

Today in the Middle Ages: October 2, 1535

On October 2, during his second voyage to North America, Jacques Cartier came to a town which he renamed "Montreal."

Today in the Middle Ages: September 29, 1513

Vasco Núñez de Balboa became the first European to see the Pacific Ocean on September 29, 1513.

Today in the Middle Ages: September 27, 1540

The Pope issued a bull establishing Ignatius Loyola's new Society of Jesus (the Jesuit order) on September 24, 1540. The Society was and still is answerable directly to the Pope himself.

New exhibit on Leonardo da Vinci opens at the V&A

"Leonardo da Vinci: Experience, Experiment and Design," a new exhibition exploring how Leonardo da Vinci thought on paper, is on display at London's Victoria and Albert Museum through January 7.

Canada's First French Settlement Found

Archaeologists have solved a great mystery of Canadian history: the location of Jacques Cartier's 1541 settlement Fort Charlesbourg-Royal. The recent discovery of a 465-year-old pottery shard has placed the site near present day Quebec City.

Search on for Florida's First Settlement

Don Tristan de Luna y Arellano is recognized as the founder of the first European settlement in Florida which was established near Pensacola in 1559. The settlement was destroyed by a hurricane two years later. Now, with the 450th anniversary approaching, archaeologists are searching for the site.

"Image of Irelande" Depicts 16th Century Irish Life

Plates from John Derrick's 1581 book The Image of Irelande are available on the Edinburgh University website. The woodcuts show examples of Irish costume of the time.

Gout may have Forced Abducation of Charles V

Medical researchers working with the 500-year-old pinky of Emperor Charles V of Spain report that the mummified finger shows signs of debilitating gout which would have caused great pain. Charles V abdicated in favor of his brother at the age of 56.

Today in the Middle Ages: August 28, 1549

On August 28, 1549, the Baron d'Aguerre and the Lord of Fendilles fought a duel with bastard swords after quarreling in the King's chamber.

Possible Benedictine Guesthouse Found Under Pub

Archaeologists believe they have unearthed a medieval Benedictine hostelry beneath a pub near Byland Abbey near Coxwold.

Oldest North American Settlement Found - Quebec City

The Government of Quebec is to spend CDN$8 million on excavating a site believed to be the site of a fort built by Jacques Cartier built during his third and final voyage to the French colony.

Time Team Dig Up Queen's Gardens Searching For Tennis Court of Mary, Queen of Scots

TV time travellers, Channel 4's Time Team have been given permission to dig in the gardens of Buckingham Palace to search for the tennis court and bathhouse of Mary, Queen of Scots, at Holyrood and the foundations of Edward III's banqueting hall at Windsor Castle.

Mary Queen of Scots Portrait Found

Only one portrait of Mary, Queen of Scots, is known to exist, and that painting has been brought forth from thirty years of storage for exhibition in London.

Records Document Challenge Between British Monarch and Pretender

New records released by the British National Archive show that Anthony Hall, who claimed to be a descendent of Henry VIII in the early 20th century, deserved to be declared insane for threatening to lop off the head of King George V.

16th Century Turkish Warship Found Off Cyprus

Amateur divers off the coast of Cyprus have stumbled across the wreck of a ship believed to have taken part in the 1570 to 1571 Ottoman siege of Famagusta.

Today in the Middle Ages: July 15, 1573

English architect Inigo Jones was born on July 15, 573.

Today in the Middle Ages: July 13, 1527

John Dee, scholar, mystic, and astrologer to Queen Elizabeth I, was born on July 13, 1527.

Venetian Masters at National Gallery

An exhibition of Venetian Renaissance masterworks will be on display at Washington D.C.'s National Gallery of Art June 18–September 17, 2006. Bellini, Giorgione, Titian, and the Renaissance of Venetian Painting will include a selection of paintings from 16th century Venice.

Today in the Middle Ages: July 8, 1545

Don Carlos "the Mad" of Spain, son of King Phillip II, was born on July 8, 1545.

Today in the Middle Ages: July 1, 1520

Hernan Cortes and his soldiers fled the city of Tenochtitlan on July 1, 1520, an event traditionally remembered as "La Noche Triste."

Today in the Middle Ages: June 28, 1577

On June 28, 1577, the great baroque painter Peter Paul Rubens was born in Westphalia.

Today in the Middle Ages: June 26, 1559

On June 26, 1559, the Parliament of Paris outlawed the practice of dueling.

New exhibit on the art of Renaissance Venice at the National Gallery of Art

"Bellini, Giorgione, Titian, and the Renaissance of Venetian Painting" will be on display at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC, through September 17.

Today in the Middle Ages: June 18, 1541

Hernando de Soto, the Spanish-born explorer and conquistador, crossed the Mississippi River westward on or about June 18, 1541.