1401 CE to 1500 CE

Restoration planned for Greece's Bourtzi Castle

In the late 15th century, the Bourtzi fortress castle was constructed to protect the Byzantine city of Nafplio from invasion from the sea. Now the castle is to be restored as a tourist attraction. (photo)

Topkapı Palace re-opened after renovations

Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of Turkey was on hand recently for the re-opening of several sections of Istanbul's famous Topkapı Palace, including the 15th century weapons exhibit, the fourth courtyard and the kitchen.

Isabella Breviary facsimile offered in Spain

M. Moleiro in Barcelona, Spain is offering a facsimile edition of the Isabella Breviary, a 15th century illuminated manuscript given to Isabella the Catholic to commemorate the double marriage of her children, Infante John of Asturias and Infanta Joanna. (photos, video)

A day of swords in Anchorage, Alaska

Lisa Maloney of the Anchorage Press joins David Teague and company for a class in the art and science of German longsword. The techniques are dervived from manuscripts and writing from the 14th and 15th century.

Common soldier "willing to die" at Bosworth field

A 15th century will from the Norfolk Record Office, one of few records of common soldiers, was left by Thomas Longe who was "willing to die" for King Richard III at Bosworth Field.

World's "most popular beverage" might have roots in Patagonia

15th century Bavarian lager beer may have an unlikely parentage: a blend of German yeast with one found in the beech forests of Patagonia in southern Argentina, and brought to Germany aboard European ships.

"Ascent of Money" - How the Medicis created banking

How did the shipping of huge amounts of gold and silver from the New World contribute to the collapse of the Spanish Empire? Learn about that and how the Medicis evolved from a criminal gang into international bankers and the richest family in Italy in the PBS series "Ascent of Money" presented by Professor Niall Ferguson.

Artifacts reveal early history of Elsyng Palace

Excavation of one of Henry VIII's palaces has revealed that the site was an affluent home long before Henry VIII moved in. Elsyng Palace is located in Enfield, England.

Tale of a 15th century Spanish "conversa"

In an article for the Jerusalem Post, professor of Jewish history and dean at the Schechter Institute, Renee Levine Melamme tells the story of a family of 15th century "crypto-Jews" tried by the Spanish Inquisition in Ciudad Real.

Tudor House Museum reopens after restoration

A 15th century Tudor house in Southampton, England constructed by John Dawtry, builder of the Mary Rose, has reopened after nine years of restoration.

Reivers ride for charity

During the Middle Ages, the Border Reivers rode the lands between England and Scotland, stealing livestock and wreaking havoc with ruthless abandon. Now, their modern versions are riding to raise money for wounded British soldiers.

Reproduction Antique and Medieval Doors

CastleReign creates reproduction antique and medieval doors for your home, tavern, art studio, game room, garden and other areas around your home and business. 

14th century Byzantine church found in Sozopol, Bulgaria.

In the 15th century, the Ottoman Turks brought an end to the Byzantine Empire. Among the last to fall were the small towns on the Black Sea, one of which, Sozopol, is the site of the recent discovery of a late Byzantine church.

15th century brassieres

A presentation from the 2011 annual conference for the North European Symposium for Archaeological Textiles (NESAT) explores the use of the bra in the 15th century. The paper by Beatrix Nutz is entitles Bras in the 15th Century? A Preliminary Report.

Painted pottery at West Kingdom A&S

Tangwystyl reports that she has posted an album showcasing Spanish pottery painted at her class at A&S and June Crown in the Kingdom of the West.

Treadmill study shows fatigue from wearing medieval armour influenced battles

A British study that measured the effort it took to wear a suit of armor on a treadmill has determined that the suits were so exhausting to wear that it may have affected battle outcomes during the 15th century.

15th century ring found in Bulgarian monastery excavation

A team of Bulgarian archaeologists are engaged in the excavation of St. Peter and St. Paul monastery in Veliko Tarnovo, the capital of the Second Bulgarian Empire. One of the finds is a silver ring dating to the 15th-16th centuries. (photo)

Renaissance Clothing by The Tudor Shoppe

Renaissance Costumes and medieval clothing for those with discriminating taste. Also, buttons, patterns, notions, jewelry, tapestries, toys, swords, panther tents, and more.

Violent trauma marks Stirling skeletons

The area near Stirling Castle in Scotland was a dangerous place in the 13th - 15th centuries. Evidence of this can be seen in the recent discovery of five skeletons buried at the castle which exhibit signs of having suffered "brutally violent" deaths.

Traditional restoration for 15th century bridge

The 15th century bridge in Bridgend, England gave the town its name. Now the town will give something back by using traditional methods to give the bridge a facelift.

Diary of Siege of Constantinople online

In 1453, Italian surgeon Nicolo Barbaro recorded his account of the siege and fall of Constantinople. The diary is now available to read online.

Medieval coffin still Bosworth mystery

For years, a medieval coffin served as a water-garden flower bed in the village of Earl Shilton, England. Now, the sarcophagus occupies pride of place as an exhibit in the courtyard of the Bosworth Battle­field Visitors Centre. Did it belong to Richard III?

Lost medieval village of Norton excavation yields treasures

Archaeologists from Oxford Archaeology North who are excavating Lodge Farm near Runcorn, England, believe they have found the medieval village of Norton.

"DaVinci Cannon" found in Croatia

Known for his artwork and whimsical flying machines, Leonardo DiVinci's military designs were in high demand in his lifetime. Now, archaeologists believe a 15th century triple-barreled cannon may be the first physical evidence of DaVinci's concept design for an early machine gun.

Google Earth search leads to discovery of five Indian forts

Sachin Joshi, a research assistant at Deccan College Postgraduate and Research Institute, noticed some unusual wall-like structures in the Raigad district of India while perusing Google Earth images. Upon investigations, the walls were discovered to be five forts dating to the 15th and 16th centuries.

What goes around, comes around

In which "old' is "new" again. Perhaps these young Mexican gentlemen have been influenced by late 15th century footwear?

Washington Haggadah centerpiece of Hebrew manuscripts at the Met

In celebration of Passover, Edward Rothstein of the New York Times discusses the reading of the Haggadah represented by the Washington Haggadah, a manuscript from 1478 on display at the Metropolitan Museum of Art through June 26, 2011. (slide show)

Economics of the Middle Ages

Planet Money, which features podcasts about modern economics and news of the economy, recently offered an edition focused on medieval economics, particularly feudalism and guilds.

15th century book appears at Utah fundraiser

Salt Lake City book dealer Ken Sanders didn't expect much when working a fundraider in Sandy, Utah. His boredom was relieved, however by the offer for appraisal of a tattered copy of the 1493 Nuremberg Chronicle, "one of the earliest and most lavishly illustrated books of the 15th century."

"Fairy tale find" in Austria

"Fairy tales still exist! Private individual finds sensational treasure in garden," read an annoucement from Austria's Federal Office for Memorials about the discovery of over 200 pieces of medieval jewelry. (photos)