1401 CE to 1500 CE

Medieval Estonian documents go online

The oldest written documents in Estonia are now online thanks to a joint project between the Estonian State Archives and the Estonian History Museum. The oldest documents data from the mid 13th century.

Skeletons halt resurfacing of Scottish road

Authorities have halted resurfacing work around Greyfriars Garden in St. Andrews, Scotland after the discovery of skeletons believed to be Franciscan monks from the 15th century.

Ghent Altarpiece digitized

For the past year, a team of art historians has been working on a conservation project for Hubert and Jan van Eyck’s “Mystic Lamb,” better known as the Ghent Altarpiece. Along with the conservation, the altarpiece has been photographed at extremely high resolution to be released online.

Henry VI Psalter Now Online

A fully digitized version of The Psalter of Henry VI has been added to the British Library's ongoing project of digitizing some of their manuscript treasures.

Medieval Science Manuscripts Now Digitized

The British Library began the final phase of an 18-month project, and has uploaded numerous scientific works to its Digitised Manuscripts site, with more additions in the coming weeks.

Volcanoes key to "Little Ice Age"

A new study, led by Gifford Miller at the University of Colorado at Boulder, US, may show that a series of volcanic eruptions around 1300 may have led to the Little Ice Age, which dropped temperatures in Europe in the 1500s.

"Best preserved medieval timber barn in England" bought by English Heritage

English Heritage has purchased Harmondsworth Barn, the "Cathedral of Middlesex," for UK£20,000. The barn, originally used for storing grain, "resembles the nave of a large church." It was built in 1426. (photo)

Designer da Vinci

Renaissance genius Leonardo da Vinci is known for his paintings, inventions and scientific research. Now he will be known for his - handbags? (photos)

Landsknechte to hold re-enactment in Germany

Landsknechte from around the world will gather in April for the Second International Landsknecht Hurra 2012 to be held in Oberzollhaus, Germany. The event has been created for members of Landsknecht.org.

Second International Landsknecht Hurra 2012

The contemporary world of landsknecht re-enactment is as heterogenous as the slashed and hacked cloth worn by its inhabitants. For years there has been dreams and rumors about an international Musterung to bring all sistren and brethren together for one great feast.

Canadian Richard III Society to host 3-day conference

Victoria Moorshead, Vice Chair of the Richard III Society of Canada, reports that the Society will host the American Branch of the Society in Oakville for its Annual General Meeting. Speakers are needed.

600 years of "30 days hath September"

All school American children learn the day-counting rhyme "Thirty days hath September...," and some adults still use it to track the number of days in the month. Now a Welsh journalist offers proof that the doggerel dates to the early 15th century. (photo)

Death leaves Prague... for two months

The skeletal figure of Death, along with his companions Vanity, Greed and Pleasure, has been removed from the famous medieval astronomical clock in the city of Prague for a period of two months. The animated figures will be painted to protect them from humidity. (photos)

Estonian dig reveals coins and game pieces

Archaeological excavation at the future site for the Academy of the Arts in Tallinn, Estonian has produced several boxes of artifacts dating to the Middle Ages. Among objects found were bone jewelry, dice, and a piece from a board game.

Historians use tree rings to find old buildings in Wales

A building being used as a cow shed in Wales may date to the 1300s, making it the oldest domestic building in Wales. The date is being determined by studying the tree rings in the roof rafters.

Grant awarded to preserve 15th century "deadly sins" paintings

The devil is in St Cadoc's church in Llancarfan, Wales, and officials from the Heritage Lottery Fund have decided to award the church UK£500,000 to keep him there. (photos)

"Cumbrian Dragon" may have belonged to a knight

A stunning miniature of a 15th century knight slaying a dragon has been found in Carlisle, England. The cast silver gilt piece is of high quality and thought to be a piece of jewelery rather than a pilgrim's badge.

Medieval Barn Is Saved

Built in 1426 to store grain, the medieval Harmondsworth Barn is as large as a cathedral nave, and still has the marks from the carpenters and masons who constructed it. English Heritage has added it to its national collection which includes Stonehenge and parts of Hadrian's Wall.

Wall collapse leads to archaeological opportunity at Stirling Castle

It was good news and bad news for officials at Stirling Castle in Scotland. A wall retaining late 15th century garden terraces collapsed, but the collapse now affords the opportunity to investigate remnants of gardens made for James IV.

Maria Vretmark and the mystery of the king's tomb

Maria Vretmark has a "fantastic story" to tell: Who is buried in King Magnus Ladulås' tomb? New DNA tests carried out by her team have determined that at least some of the bodies in the tomb in central Stockholm, Sweden are several centuries younger than the reign of Magnus, who ruled from 1275 until 1290.

Stilt-jousting marks 600th anniversary

In a recent interview, NPR's Robert Siegel investigates the magic of stilt-walking, including the 600-year-old tradition of stilt-jousting in the city of Namur, Belgium. The story is available in print and audio.

Irish church bell could be world's oldest

A bronze bell from Derry, Ireland, in storage since the 1930s, may be the world's oldest existing church bell. The bell dates to 1411 and was probably made in France. Christian symbols on the bell lead researchers to believe it may have once belonged to a church or abbey.

The production and circulation of 15th century songs and carols

In her PhD dissertation for University College London, Kathleen Rose Palti looks at 15th century song lyrics, how they were used and circulated, and women's roles in the production of the songs.

Coventry's stained glass featured in BBC slideshow

The Parish Church Cathedral of St Michael in Coventry, England was constructed in the 12th century. In World War II, it was destroyed when the city of Coventry was bombed and burned. Before the destruction, five historic windows were removed and are now the subjest of a BBC slideshow.

Artifacts spanning 23 centuries declared treasure in Norwich, England

A recent inquest in Norwich, England has resulted in a number of artifacts, dating from 800 BCE through the 15th century CE, being declared treasure. The six groups of treasures were all discovered by metal detector enthusiasts. (photo)

Charles and Vlad: Royal cousins?

In a speech to help save the forests of Transylvania, Prince Charles, heir to the British throne, revealed that he is related to Vlad the Impaler, the 15th-century Romanian warlord who inspired Bram Stoker's Dracula.

Creating a Gothic fitted dress

In a September 2011 article on the Fabric-Store.com website, Nicole Novembrino discusses the history and structure of the Gothic fitted dress, featured prominently in images from the mid-1300s until the mid-1400s.

Restoration planned for Greece's Bourtzi Castle

In the late 15th century, the Bourtzi fortress castle was constructed to protect the Byzantine city of Nafplio from invasion from the sea. Now the castle is to be restored as a tourist attraction. (photo)

Topkapı Palace re-opened after renovations

Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of Turkey was on hand recently for the re-opening of several sections of Istanbul's famous Topkapı Palace, including the 15th century weapons exhibit, the fourth courtyard and the kitchen.

Isabella Breviary facsimile offered in Spain

M. Moleiro in Barcelona, Spain is offering a facsimile edition of the Isabella Breviary, a 15th century illuminated manuscript given to Isabella the Catholic to commemorate the double marriage of her children, Infante John of Asturias and Infanta Joanna. (photos, video)