1401 CE to 1500 CE

"Hound of Hartlepool" Baffles Experts

The 600-year-old bronze silhouette of a snarling dog has stumped experts who are trying to puzzle out its use. Weathervane? "Beware of Dog" sign? They aren't sure what to make of the crudely cut image, unearthed by Tees Archaeology.

New exhibit on Renaissance Italy at the V&A

"At Home in Renaissance Italy," on display at London's Victoria & Albert Museum through January 7, reveals the Renaissance interior's central role in the flourishing of Italian art and culture by providing an innovative three-dimensional view of the Italian Renaissance home, presented as object-filled spaces that bring the period to life.

Renaissance and Early Modern Festival Books Now Online

View 253 digitised Renaissance festival books (selected from over 2,000 in the British Library's collection) that describe the magnificent festivals and ceremonies that took place in Europe between 1475 and 1700.

Today in the Middle Ages: October 3, 1470

The readeption of previously deposed King Henry VI of England occurred on October 3, 1470. The mentally ill king had to be led by the hand during the celebratory parade.

Today in the Middle Ages: October 1, 1478

On October 1, 1478, plague returned to the city of Florence.

New exhibit on Leonardo da Vinci opens at the V&A

"Leonardo da Vinci: Experience, Experiment and Design," a new exhibition exploring how Leonardo da Vinci thought on paper, is on display at London's Victoria and Albert Museum through January 7.

Skeletons Tell Bloody Story

Skeletons bearing evidence of terrible injuries have been discovered beneath the floor of a dining hall in the North Yorkshire town of Towton, site of the longest and bloodiest battle ever fought in England.

Virtual Tour of the Alhambra

Love Spain but can't afford the plane fare? Visit the virtual walking tour of the Alhambra.

Today in the Middle Ages: August 29, 1475

Edward IV of England invaded France on August 29, 1475, a few years after eliminating Lancastrian resistance at the Battle of Tewkesbury.

Modesty Drives Change in Venetian Painting

Expert analysis of a 15th century Venetian painting by Giorgione shows that the artist changed the subject's clothing style from that of a "seductive female" to more modest dress.

Ear Scoop Declared Treasure

A medieval silver grooming implement discovered earlier this year by a metal detectorist, has been declared treasure by the Hatfield Coroner's Court.

Today in the Middle Ages: July 17, 1487

Ismail Shah, the ruler who converted Iran from Sunni to Shia Islam, was born on July 17, 1487.

14th Century Manor to Reopen

A 14th Century hall in on the banks of the River Welland in Lincolnshire that was restored with a UK£600,000 lottery grant is reopening as an art gallery and museum. It will contain 10 galleries, including the history of the local fens and how the landscape was created by drainage and reclamation.

Today in the Middle Ages: June 30, 1451

The French captured the city of Bordeaux on June 30, 1451.

Today in the Middle Ages: June 24, 1441

King Henry VI of England founded Eton College on June 24, 1441.

Today in the Middle Ages: June 22, 1400

On June 22, 1400, Owain Glyndwr and his allies defeated in the English in the Battle of Bryn Glas.

Leonardo and the Elephant

Multispectrum imaging has recently revealed a series of "under drawings" beneath the paint of Leonard Da Vinci's famous Adoration of the Magi, including one drawing of an elephant.

Spain Claims Remains of Columbus

The mystery continues. After years of testing, Spanish researchers are claming that their country possesses the bones of explorer Christopher Columbus.

Today in the Middle Ages: June 2, 1420

King Henry V of England married Catherine of Valois, the French king's niece, on June 2, 1420, in an effort to consolidate power over both nations.

Today in the Middle Ages: June 1, 1494

On June 1, 1494, Friar John Cor created the first written record of a batch of Scotch whiskey.

Today in the Middle Ages: May 29, 1453

Orthodox Christian Constantinople fell to the Turks on May 29, 1453, a date that some historians consider the end of the Middle Ages.

Website Offers Fifteenth Century English Patents of Arms

A website gives examples, both text and graphical, of English patents and grants of arms awarded in the 14th and 15th centuries.

Today in the Middle Ages: May 21, 1420

On May 21, 1420, the Treaty of Troyes was concluded between England and France. Its terms included Henry V of England's betrothal to Catherine de Valois of France.

Historic Pilleth Battlefield to be Auctioned

An action group has been formed to save a hillside pasture near Knighton, Powys, Wales from the gavel. The 30-acre field is the site of the Pilleth Battlefield where Welsh rebel Owain Glyndwr clashed with English soldiers in 1402.

Today in the Middle Ages: May 4, 1471

Edward IV of York defeated the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Tewkesbury on May 4, 1471.

Today in the Middle Ages: May 3, 1469

On May 3, 1469, Niccolo Machiavelli, Florentine political theorist, was born.

"Substantial Medieval Buildings" Unearthed Near York

Archaeologists from Humber Field Archaeology have unearthed "revealing traces of substantial medieval buildings 'which could prove to be an inn which may have welcomed pilgrims who journeyed far and wide to visit the historic town.'"

Today in the Middle Ages: April 29, 1429

On April 29, 1429, Joan of Arc attacked the besieging English at Orleans.

Today in the Middle Ages: April 18, 1480

Lucrezia Borgia, the daughter of a future Pope and his mistress, was born on April 18, 1480.

Today in the Middle Ages: April 15, 1452

Leonardo Da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452. He became the prototype of the "Renaissance Man."