1201 CE to 1300 CE

2010 Palio takes place in Siena, Italy

The Tartuca (Tortoise) neighborhood is the winner of this year's Palio, a bareback horse race that takes place in the middle of Siena, Italy.

Early Tamil incscription found

A 13th century grain jug unearthed near Ranipet, India has the earliest example of Tamil script on a clay vessle. The 3-foot tall jug, called a granary, also depicts an elephant, a cow, and a scene of a woman giving birth.

"Seventh signal" leads to medieval seal

British metal detectorist David Booth, who in 2009 discovered four Iron Age torcs, has made another important discovery: a 13th century silver seal bearing a carving of a Roman figure in red jasper. (photo)

Medieval folk "aware of the value of a good smile"

According to a paper published in the British Dental Journal, medieval people were more aware of dental hygiene than previously believed, and had knowledge of teeth cleaning, fillings and dentures.

12th century children's bow found in Russia

A small bow, believed to have been a toy for a child, was found in an excavation in Staraya, Novgorod Region, Russia. A tiny arrow was also found nearby.

SCA Discount at Ozark Medieval Fortress

THL Melandra of the Woods, who modernly works as the Education Coordinator for Ozark Medieval Fortress, has announced that the organization is offering a discount to traveling SCA folk on their way to or from three of the SCA's major events this year.

Teacher In Service at Ozark Medieval Fortress

The Ozark Medieval Fortress is pleased to announce a Teacher In-Service workshop.  This workshop has received Arkansas Department of Education approval for 6 hours of professional development credit.

Have you read the Magna Carta?

Have you read the Magna Carta? Most people haven't, but now, according to Britton Morgan of Atlantia, a translation is available online at the National Archives website.

13th century heraldic badge found in Coventry

A copper badge bearing three heraldic lions has been found in a stone wall in Coventry, England. The badge probably came from a horse harness.

Birch bark manuscripts found in Novgarod

A school girl taking part in a dig in Novgorod, Russia has discovered two birch bark manuscripts and a medieval seal.

New Sanai verses discovered

An Iranian scholar has discovered 205 previously unknown quatrains of the 12th century Sufi poet Sanai Ghaznavi.

Murals and icons from St. Nikita's Monastery online

Professor Michael J. Fuller has created a website featuring murals and iconography from Saint Nikita's Monastery, an 11th century Macedonian church rebuilt in the 13th century by the Serbian King Milutin.

13th century coin hoard found in Macedonia

Archeologists have unearthed a jug full of coins at Skopje Fortress, a Byzantine-era fortress also known as The Kale.

"Egyptian blue" pigment found in medieval altar

Reserachers from the University of Barcelona have discovered evidence of Egyptian Blue pigment on the altarpiece of the 12th century church of Sant Pere de Terrassa.

Website traces European effigies

The Effigies and Brasses website offers links and images for numerous European effigies, brasses, incised slabs, half-reliefs, and other miscellaneous representations dating from the 12th-15th centuries.

13th century Bible on eBay

For a mere US$185,000, you too can own your own 13th century manuscript, in this case 652 page vellum manuscript, illuminated throughout. (photos)

Magna Carta to stay longer in New York

New Yorkers and visitors to the city will have an unusual opportunity to see the Magna Carta throughout May at the Morgan Library & Museum in Manhattan.

Robin Hood: the Man, the Myth, the Movies

In a wide-ranging feature article, Stephen Moss discusses the development of the Robin Hood legend, its possible historical bases, and the new film starring Russell Crowe.

Robin Hood: "creature of the media"

In October of 2009, Robin Hood fans and foes gathered for the International Association for Robin Hood Studies, a three-day conference at the University of Rochester in New York. The conference "featured a series of events that highlighted Robin Hood’s status as a creature of the media."

14th century remains give "fascinating insight" into Fenwick history

The discovery of a grave dating to the 13th or 14th century may provide a link to a medieval settlement that existed at West Fenwick, England.

Italian village hosts annual 13th century reenactment

A small town in central Italy stages an annual festival, lasting ten days, in which residents divide into four neighborhoods and compete to see who can best reenact life in that town in the 13th century. (video)

Erwin Tomash Library offers insight into history of computing, geometry, and mathematics

A casual interest in the history of computing led Erwin Tomash, who started his career in computer engineering in the 1940s and became one of the pioneers of the information age, to compile an encyclopedic, illustrated catalog of primary source references dating back to the 12th century CE. The catalog is available online for free access.

Medieval fortress rising in Ozark hills

Amateur archaeologist and inventor Michel Guyot, the master-mind behind the renovation of Château of Saint Fargeau in France, is constructing a medieval fortress in Lead Hill, Arkansas. The project's web site has updated photos.

Evidence of pre-Islamic society found in Ghana

Archaeologists working on a site near the village of Yikpabongo in the western African country of Ghana have discovered dozens of clay figures depicting people and animals dating from the 7th to 13th centuries. They believe the artifacts are evidence of a pre-Islamic society.

Leicestershire artifacts help tell story of pilgrims' lives

Lead flasks, discovered by metal detectorists, are helping historians understand the history of medieval pilgrims in Leicestershire, England dating from the early 13th century through to the 16th century.

13th century cross may have served as Christian advertisement

A 13th century stone cross, once thought to be a gatepost in Dartmoor, England, may have served as a signpost for parishoners to attend church, according to Win Scutt of City College Plymouth. The cross was constructed from a two-meter long block of granite.

Cross slabs discovered after church fire

The recent devastating fire at St. Brandon's Church in Brancepeth, near Durham City, England was a tragedy, but one with "a silver lining." what the fire revealed were 20 medieval tombstones dating to the 12th and 13th centuries. (video)

Remains of Pere el Gran found in Tarragona, Spain

A team of archaeologists at the Santa Maria de Santes Creus monastery in Tarragona, Spain have used non-intrusive methods to investigate the tomb of Pere el Gran (1240-1285), one of the country's most important rulers. (video)

Search for tomb of Genghis Khan continues

Traditionally, the grave of Mongol leader Genghis Khan, who died in 1227, was kept secret to keep enemies from desecrating it, and for years archaeologists have sought to find it. Now a new expedition hopes to discover a veritable "Mongolian Valley of the Kings."

New theories abound on Lewis Chessmen

David Caldwell of the National Museum of Scotland does not believe the recognized theory that the famous Chessmen of Lewis belonged to a merchant passing through Scotland. Caldwell thinks the owner was a noble who lived in the area, and that the pieces may not have been "chessmen" at all.