1201 CE to 1300 CE

13th Century Frescoes Being Restored in Italy

In Italy, 13th century frescoes in the Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi, which were damaged in a 1997 earthquake and thought to be irreparable, are now being restored with the help of computers.

13th Century Well, Pottery Shards Found

An 800 year-old well was uncovered in the center of the town of Sheffield, England. The well was discovered on the land surrounding Carmel House, a 13th century manor house which is being converted into shops.

Tomb of Edward the Confessor Found

Experts believe that they have discovered the 700-year-old tomb of England's King Edward the Confessor beneath the floor of Westminster Abbey.

Byzantine Christmas Concert

Residents of the Pacific Northwest will have the opportunity to hear the Greek Byzantine Choir, directed by Lycourgos Angelopoulos, when they present a Christmas concert in Portland and Seattle.

Medieval Lion Skulls Tell Tale of Royal Menagerie

The skulls of two lions dating to the 13th and 15th centuries, discovered in the moat of the Tower of London, give credence to historic accounts of the Tower's fabled Menagerie, a popular tourist attraction in medieval times.

"Crusades: Crescent and the Cross" on the History Channel

On November 6-7, 2005, the History Channel will present The Crusades: Crescent and the Cross, a "clear-eyed look at the first three crusades, the battle between the Crescent and the Cross, which still shapes the Middle East and relations between the two great religions in our present day world."

Archaeologists Studying Turku, Finland's Ancient Capital

A team of archaeologists has begun excavations around the cathedral church in Turku, once the capital of Finland. The original church was built there in 1300.

Who Was the Real William Wallace?

In an article for The Scotsman, Jim Gilchrist looks at the real man behind the Victorian - and Mel Gibson's - version of William Wallace.

13th Century Chinese Warship Discovered in Shandong

Chinese archaeologists are excited about the discovery of an ancient war ship from the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). The 20-meter-long ship was found in Dengzhou Harbor in Penglai in China's Shandong Province.

"Italy's Most Beautiful Garden" to be Restored

The Gardens of Ninfa, once thought to be one of the most beautiful in Italy, are being restored, thanks to the efforts of three generations of women.

Archaeologists Set to Dig at Campsite of Edward I

Kirkliston, site of the famous Kirkliston Distillery, was also the location of the camp of Edward I on the eve of the Battle of Falkirk. A new archaeological excavation there may stall plans to build a housing development.

Ancient Britain Remapped

Ordnance Survey of Southampton, England, is set to release a new historical map of ancient Britain, complete with place names, roads and landmarks.

Statues Stolen from 13th Century Hindu Temple

Archaeologists have reported that at least four statues have been stolen from a recently-discovered 13th century temple to Shiva near Bogra, Bangladesh.

13th Century Scottish Parchment Returns Home

A 13th century document discussing a land dispute in Scotland, which was taken to England by Edward I in 1296, has been returned to Scotland.

Linen, the Fabric of Their Lives

The commercial web site Esoteric Creations has posted an article on the history of linen and the importance of its use in the clothing of the people of Egypt and Middle Ages Europe.

How to Manage Like Genghis Khan

If your boss says, "Pay no attention to me. I am just a peaceful pastoral nomad," then maybe you should worry! Here are five easy ways to spot if your boss is like Genghis Khan.

China.org: Final Resting Place of Genghis Khan Still Sought

Researchers believe they have found the true mausoleum of Genghis Khan, but not necessarily his actual burial site.

Phallus tree in mural revealed as political propaganda

A mural in the Italian town of Massa Marittima, dating to the 13th century CE, was thought to be a fertility symbol but is now believed to be a work of political propaganda. (PG-13)

Kazinform: 13th-14th Century Village Discovered in Kazakhstan

Researchers are excited by the discovery of a 13th-14th century town on the dry bottom of the Aral Sea in Kazakhstan.

Mapungubwe Ruins to Attract Visitors

South Africa plans to attract visitors to a new national park, the centerpiece of which will be excavations from the Mapungubwe Kingdom.

Medieval dentistry was better than many believe

A paper by osteoarchaeologist Trevor Anderson, published in the British Dental Journal, discusses medieval dental hygiene and health, and says the practices of the time were more advanced than is popularly believed.

Moot Hall Gives Up Its Secrets

Excavations beneath the floor of Hexham, England's 14th century Moot Hall have revealed a previous structure.

Genghis Khan's mausoleum found

A team of Japanese and Mongolian archaeologists have found what may be the palace of Genghis Khan on a steppe 150 miles east of Ulan Bator.

Genghis Khan as Scholar?

Mongolian historian Tengus Bayaryn believes that conqueror Genghis Khan was not only literate but a scholar of Taoist philosophy.

Search for Genghis Khan descendants includes free meal

Shish, a London restaurant, is offering free DNA tests in an effort to identify descendents of Genghis Khan. Those whose DNA matches receive a free meal.

Garage Demolition Allows 13th Century Priory to be Rebuilt

The demolition of a garage in Gloucester will enable the original cloister of the Blackfriars Priory to be restored.