1201 CE to 1300 CE

Roman intaglio re-used by medieval jeweler

Metal detectorist Philip Jackson made a rare and intetresting find recently when his equipment pinpointed a silver pendant in a South Derbyshire field constructed around a Roman intaglio (a carved stone). (photo)

Volunteers help find site of 13th century hospital

For three years, archaeologists have been looking for signs of a medieval hospital in Northumberland Park in Tyneside, England. 80 medieval burials have been found, and, in the last few days of the dig, a floor of glazed tiles, probably from the hospital's chapel. (photos)

Medieval linen found in Northampton tanning tanks

Several scraps of linen dating to the Middle Ages have been found at the base of a timber and stone-lined tanks, believed to have been used for tanning, in the St John's Street excavation in Northampton, England. (photos)

English extend funds for 800th anniversary of the Magna Carta

2015 will be a big year for Magna Carta enthusiasts, marking the 800th anniversary of the document. Recently ten organizations were awarded funds to help with commemorations of the event.

US$8M needed to restore Timbuktu

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) reports that US eight million dollars will be needed to reconstruct the damaged monuments and mausoleums of Timbuktu, Mali, and to return of over 300,000 collections of ancient manuscripts.

Securing the precious Magna Carta

Chris Woods, director of the  British National Conservation Service, has a daunting task: to assure the safety of the precious Lincoln Magna Carta during its tour through the United States in 2014.

Caerphilly Castle rebuilt virtually

Animator Chris Marshall has brought the past to life in a film which recreates Wales' Caerphilly Castle as it would have looked in the early 14th Century. The film was commissioned by Cadw who oversees the country's historic monuments.

"From heads to tails" change in fish trade in 13th century London

New research by archaeologists from UCL, Cambridge and UCLan shows that there was a sudden switch in the fish trade in London from local supplies to imported during the early 13th century. The paper, Fish for the city: meta-analysis of archaeological cod remains and the growth of London's northern trade, appears in the June 2014 issue of Antiquities Journal.

Limoges Virgin Mary is "absolutely fantastic"

Archaeologist Hans Mikkelsen from the Danish National Museum was happily surprised recently to discover a Limoges statue of the Virgin Mary under the dirt floor of a small church in Søby, Jutland. The figurine has been dated to the 13th century. (photo)

Plumbing problem reveals crusader murals

A burst pipe in Saint-Louis Hospice, a Jerusalem hospital, has led workers to rediscover 19th century wall murals depicting "crusader knights and symbols of medieval military orders." The paintings were the work of Comte Marie Paul Amédée de Piellat, a French count, who believed himself descended from the knights. (photos)

Discover the art of the Song Dynasty at the Freer/Sackler Gallery

The Freer/Sackler Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution presents an exhibition of Chinese landscape painting from the 10th through 13th centuries entitled Style in Chinese Landscape Painting: The Song Legacy, May 17–October 26, 2014.

St. Sabas seal found in Jerusalem

St. Sabas, a leader of the monastic movement, was a very important person in Jerusalem during the Middle Ages. Recently a lead seal, bearing his image and dating to the 13th century, was discovered during an archaeological dig in the Bayit Vegan neighborhood of Jerusalem. (photo)

Medieval theory of multiple universes?

According to Tom Mcleish, Giles Gasper and Hannah Smithson for an article in The Conversation, 13th century Bishop of Lincoln, Robert Grosseteste, was one of the most dazzling minds of his generation (1170 to 1253) and may have caught onto the modern notion of multiple universes.

Quatrefoil stone helps trace history of Codnor Castle

Codnor Castle, a 13th century stone keep and bailey fortress, is a fragile ruin in Derbyshire, England about which little is known, but the discovery of a 13th century stone quatrefoil may help experts learn more about the structure.

London's Borough Market celebrates 1000 years on site

Medievalists visiting London are often disappointed that little of the medieval city remains, but they may be cheered by a walk through of Borough Market in Southwark which is celebrting its millennium. Stephen Halliday has the story for History Today.

13th century Irish castle laid low by storms

A sad fact of archaeology is that not all historic sites can be saved. The winter storms of 2013-2014 laid waste to one such site, Coolbanagher Castle near Portlaoise, Ireland. The castle collapsed and was later demolished. (photos)

Letters of Wallace and Robert the Bruce on display at Stirling Castle

700 years ago the fate of Scotland was being decided. Now, history buffs will be able to read the words of those concerned in the historic events at an exhibit of letters of Robert the Bruce, William Wallace, and others, at Stirling Castle. The exhibition runs until June 2014. (photo)

Murder declared in Scotland

An unidentified 20-year-old man has been found murdered in Kirk Ness in East Lothian, Scotland, but the murderer will not likely be found. The victim, fatally stabbed four times in the back, was killed in the 12th or 13th century.

"Oldest graffiti in Scotland" found in Mingary Castle

The builders of Mingary Castle on the Ardnamurchan peninsula in Scotland may have been illiterate, but they left their mark on history through their graffiti. The markings, discovered recently in the castle's chapel, were probably inscribed when the chapel was first built, between 1265 and 1295. (photo)

Earthquake may explain Shroud of Turin mystery

An article by Alberto Carpinteri and a group of researchers in Springer's journal Meccanica suggests that an earthquake might explain the mystery of the famous Shroud of Turin, whose cloth has been carbon dated to the 13th century.

"Cradle of the law" to display Magna Carta

In 1214, English barons met in Suffolk to discuss King John and the Magna Carta, a year before it was signed in Surrey. Now the Bury Society will celebrate the event with a display of an original copy of the document at St Edmundsbury Cathedral in Bury St Edmunds.

A violent end for the Finnish swordsman

In November 2013, archaeologists working near Hyvikkälä, Finland discovered the grave of an unknown swordsman dating to the Middle Ages. Recent tests showed that the well-fed, fit individual died a violent death from skull injuries.

Book of Aneirin goes online

The National Library of Wales has announced that it has made the 13th century Book of Aneirin available online. The manuscript, scribed by monks onto animal skin, is regarded as one of the most important books in the Welsh language.

Hennins inspired by hats of Mongolian royals says Medieval PoC

The quintessential "princess hat" of the Middle Ages, the hennin, was inspired by the willow-withe and felt Boqta (Ku-Ku) of Mongolian Queens, according to a blog entry for Medieval PoC. The Mongolian hats could reach up to 7 feet in height and may have served to distinguish men from women at a distance.

St. Chrisopher penny oldest to depict Bohemian king

A silver coin, found recently in the crusader city of Acre, is believed to be the earliest depicting a king of Bohemia ever found. The coin bears the image of St Christopher and the inscription Zl Rex Boemo, king of the Bohemians. Experts place the date of minting in the 13th century. (photos)

13th century church unearthed in Poland

Archaeologists working in Kamień Pomorski (West Pomerania), Poland have discovered the remains of a 13th century Dominican church, part of a larger monastery complex. The church was destroyed in the 16th century.

Technology uncovers medieval defences and settlements in Poland

New studies using LiDAR (aerial laser scanning), electrofusion and magnetic prospection, soil analysis and other technologies have revealed new perspectives on six medieval sites in Poland: Chełm, Rękoraj, Rozprza, Stare Skoszewy, Szydłów and Żarnowo.

Re-enactors to invade Menorca July 2014

Visitors to Spain's island of Menorca in July 2014 will receive a special treat when an historic re-enactment of the island’s invasion by Catalonian and Aragonese troops in the Middle Ages will take place in the capital's Plaza Conquesta.

What's with the snails?

In a blog article for Smithsonian, Colin Schultz wonders why in English manuscripts from the 13th and 14th centuries, knights are always fighting snails. (photos)

Leicester car park mystery continues

Archaeologists are puzzled by the revelation that the occupant of a lead coffin found yards from the grave of Richard III in Leicester, England might be a woman. The grave was believed to have been that of Sir William de Moton.