1001 CE to 1100 CE

Adapting to change - Viking style

The world seems to be changing very quickly with climate change, economic turmoil and culture wars taking place around the globe. Scientists studying global change believe much can be learned from the Vikings and how they adapted to their turbulent world.

Gotland bucket reveals silver and bronze

A bronze bucket filled to the brim with silver coins was found in a field on the island of Gotland, Sweden. The coins date to the Viking era.

12th century artifacts found in central Prague

The Národní třída metro station in the center of Prague, Czech Republic, is the site of an archaeological dig that has so far revealed evidence of townhouses dating back to the 12th century. (photos)

Beheaded skeletons might be victims of royal decree

Dr Britt Baillie, from the University of Cambridge, believes that 54 skeletons discovered in 2009 at Ridgeway Hill in England were Viking mercenaries from the time of Aethelred the Unready. All remains were found beheaded "in an unusual fashion from the front."

Reliving the Viking past in Dublin

Dublin's Viking past is everywhere in the city, from the Viking exhibition Dublinia to excavations at Dublin City Council headquarters. Join Catherine Le Nevez of Lonely Planet for a look at the city's Norse heritage.

11th century penny found in Gloucester, England

Maureen Jones has found a treasure. The metal detector enthusiast discovered a hammered silver coin dating to the time of William the Conqueror while searching a Gloucester field in November 2011. (photo)

Medieval Jewish documents prove existence of community in Afghanistan

Experts are baffled by the appearance of more than 200 rare, medieval Jewish manuscripts found in Afghanistan, proving the existence of a Jewish population in the country during the Middle Ages. The mystery? No one seems clear on how or where the documents were found.

"Young Warrior's" grave reveals links to Kyivan Rus king

National Geographic's website offers a slideshow of artifacts discovered recently in eastern Europe. Among them are the remains from a grave in Poland dubbed the "Young Warrior."

Viking Longship presentation at Toledo Museum of Art

"Dragons of the North: The World of Viking Longships" is the title of a presentation being given at the Museum of Art in Toledo, Ohio on March 16 at 7:30 pm. Admission is free.

Eumathios Philokales reveals two Byzantine churches in Cyprus

The Eumathios Philokales project, which focuses on Byzantine monuments, has announced that excavations at two churches have revealed earlier religious buildings dating to the 7th and 11th centuries.

Bayeux Tapestry: in toto

The website Bibliotheca Augustana offers a scrollable rendition of the complete Bayeux Tapestry from end to end - and in Latin!

Chocolate is "period" in the American southwest

A paper by Patricia L. Crown, of the Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, and W. Jeffrey Hurst, of The Hershey Center for Health and Nutrition, published on the PNAS website, explores the evidence of the use of cacao in the 11th and 12th centuries in the American Southwest.

1000-year-old Icelandic remains may prove ritual sacrifice

A recent report in Urðarbrunnur, the journal of the science association at Laugar in the rural district Þingeyjarsveit, Iceland, suggests that remains found in a large hole in the turf wall in Þegjandadalur, Iceland show the practice of ritual sacrifice in the time before the country converted to Christianity.

Slideshow tells story of Sudanese church

Archaeologists are working on the excavation of the 11th century church at Banganarti, in the Sudan. Live Science has created a slideshow of some of the finds during the excavation, and provides a 3-D view of the church. (photos)

"Crisis in the Byzantine Empire" may have brought about the First Crusade

Everyone knows that the First Crusade began with a call from Pope Urban II to free Jerusalem from the Muslims. That is, everyone but British historian Peter Frankopan, whose new book, The First Crusade: the Call from the East, offers a different explanation.

Pin-pointing Hastings

Battle Abbey and its surrounds, the traditional site of the Battle of Hastings between King Harold and William the Conqueror, may not be the actual site of the battle, according to a new book by Nick Austin, Secrets Of The Norman Invasion.

Viking Leathercrafts

Since 1985, the Viking Leather Crafts team has continually strived to provide the highest quality leatherwork for the history enthusiast on a budget - and the finest in customer service as well. After 26 years, their products are still being worn by countless swordsmen, swordswomen, and Living History enthusiasts around the world.

Own an ancient English Monument

For a mere UK£30,000, interested parties can purchase a two acre site in Driffield, England containing Moot Hill, where archaeologists believe an 11th century motte and bailey castle may have stood.

Norman involvement in 11th century Spain

In his 2007 dissertation for the University of Nottingham, Norman and Anglo-Norman Participation in the Iberian Reconquista c.1018 – c.1248, Lucas Villegas-Aristizabal considers the contribution of the Normans, especially Crusaders, in the Christianizing of the Iberian Peninsula.

Viking artifact website

Dan Carlsson of the Fröjel Discovery Programme has posted an album of Viking artifacts from the harbor and lands around Fröjel, Sweden including explantion of the objects and how they were made.

Historical re-enactments mark anniversary of the sacking of Canterbury

A number of events in the modern world mark the anniversary of the invasion and sacking of Canterbury, England by Viking raiders in September 1011.

The mystery of the medieval tunnels

Hundreds of narrow tunnels called "Erdstalls" can be found throughout the Bavarian region of Germany and Austria. While most experts agree that they are medieval, no one knows why they were built or how they were used. This has led to the Erstalls being called "Central Europe's last great mystery."

Anglo-Saxon sapphire ring found in England

A gold and sapphire ring found in Yorkshire, England, likely belonged to royalty or to someone else of very high rank. The ring would have belonged to an Anglo-Saxon or a Viking. The ring is very high quality, even compared to other treasure of its time.

Viking tooth filing may have intimidated enemies

Long before grills and gold caps, Vikings used tooth decoration as a way to intimidate their enemies. Evidence can be seen in the intricate horizontal patterns filed into the teeth of Viking warriors found buried in Dorset.

Bayeux celebrates founding of Normandy

This will be a big year for the town of Bayeux in Normandy, France, when it celebrates the 1100th birthday of the French province of Normandy. The town's 25th annual Medieval Fair will take place July 1-3, 2011, and will celebrate all things Norman.

Viking warriors show signs of filed teeth

A mass burial of Vikings in Dorset, England has revealed a pair of teeth with deep grooves deliberately filed into them. The indentation was probably cosmetic and may have shown status.

Time Team finds Anglo-Saxon hall

Channel 4's Time Team recently carried out an archaeological project at Bamburgh Castle in Northumberland, England where it discovered the floor of what they believe is a medieval hall.

Scotland's Viking shipbuilders

Archaeologists are investigating a 12th century Norse shipbuilding site on the Isle of Skye, Scotland.  So far they have found boat timbers, a stone dock, and part of a man-made canal.

11th century "church musical manuscript" features Mozarabic plainchant

A recent blog entry for the BibliOdyssey website offers a close-up look at the amazing Visigothic Antiphonal, an 11th century church document packed with hymns, illuminations and circular calendars.

Charcoal pits tell story of medieval Norwegian economy

Trondheim, once known as Bymarka, was the center of religious life in medieval Norway. Now the discovery of more than 500 charcoal pits in the area proves that the city was an industrial center as well.