Architecture and Construction

Anything related to the design or construction of buildings, roads, aqueducts, etc.

German spire out-leans Pisa

The leaning tower of Bad Frankenhausen in the German state of Thuringia has tilted since at least 1640, and it now leans at an angle of 4.8 degrees -- sharper than the more famous tower in Pisa, Italy, which has only a 3.9 degree slant.

Thousand-page report reveals treasures of Carlisle Roman excavation

A decade later later, the report of the 1999 "Millennuim Dig" at Carlisle describes the tens of thousands of items found at the site. Finds of wooden buildings and leather artifacts surprised the archaeologists, as such materials don't normally survive.

Mayan History Preserved in Floors

Maya commoners of their Classic Period --  "illiterate farmers, builders and servants" -- preserved their history by burying their old possesions in the floors of newly built homes. 

Cave scanning project includes Robin Hood dungeon

The dungeon where, according to tradition, the Sheriff of Nottingham held Robin Hood captive is to be laser scanned as part of a new project. Archaeologists at the University of Nottingham will scan all the caves in the area during the two-year Nottingham Caves Survey. 

16th century museum reopens in Venice

The concept of a museum to view art and antiquities was unknown until 16th century Venice when wealthy families designed buildings to showcase Roman statuary. Now the Palazzo Grimani, one of the pioneering museums of the city, has restored and reopened to the public.

Keep Off the Wall

Walkers along Hadrian's Wall are being urged to respect the ancient structure and help to protect it.

Bidar fort excavations reveal escape tunnels and soldiers' quarters

Excavations at the 15th century Bidar Fort constructed by Sultan Ahmed Shah of the Bahamani Dynasty in Bidar, India have revealed an extensive series of royal escape tunnels, wells and soldiers' quarters.

"Line of light" spans Hadrian's Wall

As a kickoff for British Tourism Week, 500 volunteers illuminated the 84-mile Hadrian' Wall across norhtern England with a "line of light." (video)

11th century Viking house found in Dublin

Workers for the Office of Public Works (OPW) in Dublin, Ireland have unearthed evidence of an 11th century Viking settlement on the north shore of the Liffey River.

Source of Aqua Traiana discovered

British father and son filmmaking team Ted and Michael O'Neill believe they have found the source of the Aqua Traiana, the 2nd century aqueduct, constructed by the Emperor Trajan, 30-40km northwest of Rome. (photos)

Da Vinci resume online

In a letter to the Duke of Milan, Lenoardo da Vinci outlines his qualifications as an engineer and an artist. A scanned version of the resume with translation is available online.

The loggia as focus of medieval cultural life

In a recent article for the Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Kim Sexton, an associate professor in the University of Arkansa's Fay Jones School of Architecture, looks at the loggia as a center for social interaction and legal issues.

Roman tower found in Chester

Archaeologists working to repair a section of Chester, England's city wall have discovered the remains of a Roman tower. “To our surprise, almost as soon as we started digging, a well-made sandstone wall appeared. It was running across the line of the City Wall and was more than 1m thick," said City Archaeologist Mike Morris.

Palace of Bulgarian Tsar to be recreated

Bulgarian archaeologist Nikolay Ovcharov plans to demonstrate the grandeur of the medieval palace of Tsar Simeon I The Great (893-927 AD) by creating a 1:10 replica (i.e. ten times smaller) of the palace, complete with "the latest light and cinema technology."

Treasure hunters lead researchers to 13th century Welsh manor

Metal detectorist John Lyon was thrilled to find a hoard of 44 coins dating to the 13th century in a farmyard near Pinchbeck, Wales, but the real discovery may be the source of the coins: a 13th century "well-built house" with a possible ecclesiastical connection.

Bath's "Great Drain" to be inspected

Nearly 2,000 years after construction, the overflow from the Roman bath in Bath, England is going to be inspected. Archaeologists are excited at the prospect of discovering what Roman - and subsequent generations - threw down the drain.

3rd century Roman townhouse found under Canterbury theater

Archaeologists have discovered the ruins of a 3rd century Roman townhouse beneath the Marlowe Theatre in Canterbury, England. "It's quite unexpected," said archaeologist James Holman.

Medieval Paris' "Carolingian Wall" found

A team of archaeologists from the Institut national des recherches archaeologiques has discovered the fortifications of medieval Paris.

"Ship of stone" draws visitors to Segovia

"In the centre of Segovia, between the old town and the new town, there is a Roman relic that makes Hadrian's Wall look like a heap of rubble. Segovia's famous aqueduct is nearly 30 metres high and more than 800 metres long, and although I'd seen countless photos of it, that's still no substitute for the real thing. Standing before it for the first time takes your breath away," writes Guardian travel writer William Cook about Segovia, Spain.

The treasures of Greek Istanbul

Many of the treasures of historic Istanbul, Turkey find their origins in their Greek past. Kristian Kamp of Today's Zaman looks at the Greek and Byzantine heritage of the city on the Bosporus, from its earliest days as the town of Chalcedon to its heyday as the Byzantine center of the Christian church.

Hadrian's Wall - a hike worth taking.

When he decided to walk the 84 miles of Hadrian's Wall across northern England, reporter Len Barcousky of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette wasn't sure what he was letting himself in for, but the experience left him feeling like a "king of the world."

Heating system confirms Korean settlement of Russian province

A large "ondol," under floor heating system, dating to the 10th century, was discovered recently at an excavation in the Russian town of Kraskino. The discovery confirms that the Russian maritime province was settled by Koreans.

Researchers investigate "ancient lighting"

A team of experts is investigating ancient lighting techniques to evaluate how artifacts would look in their original light. The result "is a warm, sumptuous glow, which the researchers describe as subtle and pleasant compared with the 'rough, almost unnatural' effect of modern lighting." (photo)

Wooden structure precursor of Hadrian's Wall

According to archaeologist Geoff Carter, the stone structure of Hadrian's Wall may not have been the first to cross northern England. Carter believes a wooden wall, spanning 117 km, was built first.

New excavations at Black Sea fortress

After a 6th century earthquake destroyed the town of Dionisopolis, Byzantine emperors built a stronghold at Balchik, overlooking the Black Sea. Now a new team of experts hope to reveal more secrets of the site.

High-res survey reveals Roman farming community

Recent high-resolution geophysical surveys of the Roman town of Venta Icenorum in Norfolk, England, show that the town may have included agricultural areas, a discovery that contradicts earlier theories of the town's dense population. (graphic)

Site of large Roman hospital found in Moravia

Once a part of a fortified complex, a Roman hospital, "described as the largest preserved site of its kind north of the Danube," has been found in South Moravia. The site dates to the 2nd century.

Roman streets uncovered in Plovdiv

Archaeologists working on a large Roman site in Plovdiv, Bulgaria have discovered two Roman-era streets and the home of a Roman nobleman.

Living the life of luxury at Pennsic 38

THL Rowena ni Dhonnchaidh has posted an album of photos taken at Pennsic 38 featuring "Lifestyles of the Pennsic Rich and Famous." The album, available on Photobucket, offers a tour of the "stately homes" of a number of Pennsic attendees.

10th century Icelandic cowshed discovered

Archaeologists have discovered a well-preserved cowshed dating to the 10th century on a farm near Keldudalur in Skagafjördur, Iceland.