801 CE to 900 CE

Turning over a New Leaf: Change and Development in the Medieval Book

A European web site, oapen.org, in cooperation with Leiden University Press, is offering a free e-book on the history of book publishing in the Middle Ages.

Hyde Abbey Garden may halt search for bones of Alfred the Great

The Friends of Hyde Abbey Garden are not keen on the idea of archaeologists digging up the garden in search of the remains of King Alfred the Great. The garden was established in 2003 above the site in Winchester, England, believed to be the grave of the king.

DNA study shows Viking families traveled together

A team of experts from the University of Oslo, led by Erika Hagelberg, has recently published its research in The Royal Society Philosophical Transactions B showing that "women played a significant role in Viking migrations." Their findings were made by comparing ancient Norse and Icelandic mitochondrial DNA with mitochondrial DNA of modern Northwestern Europeans.

Garden project yields Anglo-Saxon cross slab

“I cleaned it off and realised it was carved. It looked like some of the things you see round here in museums so I contacted a museum and the archaeologists got very excited," said John Wyatt about a moss-covered stone slab he purchased for a garden project. (photo)

Aska barrow identified as possible Viking feasting hall

What was long identified as a burial mound near Vadstena, Sweden has been determined to be a huge building, probably a feasting hall, measuring almost 50 metres in length.

Mystery of the Viking pot: Solved

In September 2014, metal detectorist Derek McLennan discovered over 100 artifacts in a field near Dumfries, Scotland. Among them was a 1,200-year-old Viking pot, heavy enough to contain something, but too fragile to open. Now archaeologists have been able to determine what is in the pot with the help of a CT scan. (photos)

Dressing like an Anglo Saxon

Toby Martin, of the University of Oxford, has published a series of abstrats on papers and presentations on his university blog pertaining to Anglo Saxon dress and jewelry. PDFs are available on request.

Viking silver found in Scotland

Retired Ayrshire businessman Derek McLennan has made good use of his metal detector. In 2013, he discovered Scotland's biggest haul of medieval silver coins. Now he has unearthed a new hoard of more than 100 items, including a 9th century Christian cross and possibly the largest silver Carolingian pot ever discovered. (photos and video)

Tiny chapel found in Wales

Twenty years ago, Bill Devereux bought land near Wrexham in northern Wales. During clean-up and restoration around the property, Devereux discovered what is believed to be the smallest chapel in the UK (photos)

Viking history as told by the victims

Just how bad were the Vikings? Historians have debated the issue for decades. In a feature article for National Geographic by Christopher Shea, Yale history professor Anders Winroth, author of The Age of the Vikings, argues that contemporary accounts were exaggerated, and the writers often contradicted themselves.

Oldest known siddur displayed in Jerusalem

Jerusalem’s Bible Lands Museum recently played host to the Book of Books exhibition which featured the world's oldest siddur, a 1,200-year-old Hebrew manuscript still in its original binding. (photo)

Royal baths of Pliska unearthed in Bulgaria

In the 9th century, Pliska was the capital of the First Bulgarian Kingdom and heavily influenced by Mediterranean culture. This influence can be seen in the recently discovered royal baths, believed to be the oldest in the country. (photo)

Anglo Saxon buckle declared rare find

Archaeologists in Suffolk, England are pondering the discovery of a silver buckle, dating to the 9th century, by a metal detectorist on a Suffolk farm. "The costumes worn at this time don't appear to need buckles and so they are rarely found," said Dr Helen Geake, from the Portable Antiquities Scheme. (photo)

Viking burial research project draws to a close

In 1999, Stephen Harrison and Raghnall Ó Floinn have headed a project to catalog Viking burials beneath the city of Dublin. Their work has produced an 800-page book entitled Viking Graves and Grave Goods in Ireland. The site is now considered the largest Viking burial zone in western Europe outside of Scandinavia.

Barrow Clump provides "good year" for archaeologists

Barrow Clump on the Salisbury Plain in England was a burial site from neolithic through Anglo-Saxon times, so archaeologists were not surprised to find additional burials there, but new discoveries produced a wealth of artifacts including shield bosses, glass beads and a Saxon sword. (photos)

Byzantine "iPad" found during Theodosius Port dig

A discovery of an ancient "iPad," aboard one of 37 sunken ships found in the Theodosius Port on the European side of the Bosphorus, has delighted experts. The 9th century wooden object, they say, "is the ancient equivalent of a tablet computer. The device was a notebook and tool — in one." (photos)

Rome's Colosseum in the Middle Ages

Once a scene of battle and carnage, Rome's Colosseum later became "a bustling medieval bazaar full of houses, stables and workshops." Evidence of the re-purposed site was collected recently during an archaeological dig.

Lincoln Castle reveals Saxon buried in his boots

The UK£22 million renovtion of Lincoln Castle continues to unearth medieval treasures, this time with the discovery of a high-status Saxon burial  in a church wall. The remains showed a powerful man, suffering from rickets, who was buried in his boots.

The man who broke the Sutton Hoo story

In 1939, the biggest news in archaeology was the discovery of the Sutton Hoo ship burial in Suffolk, England. In a feature story for EADT24, Mike Bowden discusses how his father, Alfred Bowden, known as “Bow,’’ broke the story of the discovery. (photos)

Second oldest church "a big surprise"

Archaeologists in Mainz, Germany have discovered the second oldest church and the only surviving Carolingian cathedral in Germany. Within the walls of the city's Church of St John lie the remains of a 9th century structure whose walls "stretch from the basement to the roof."

Christians in Denmark by 9th century

New studies of the Domskirke in Ribe, Denmark show that Christians may have lived in the area 100 years before Denmark officially became a Christian country. Excavations at the site have unearthed over 70 Christian burials dating to the mid-to-late 9th century.

Anglo-Saxon tool papers online

On its website, Daegrad Tools of Sheffield, England offers an extensive list of papers on Anglo-Saxon tools. The papers are available for free download in PDF format.

Dream of building a medieval town comes true

Since 1967, Bert Geuten has dreamed of re-creating an authentic medieval town using period tools and techniques. Now the first step of that dream has come to pass. In the small German town of Meßkirch in Baden-Württemberg, a team of craftsmen has started construction on a small church. (photos)

Who's buried in Charlemagne's tomb?

In 1988, bones were secretly removed from the tomb of the Emperor Charlemagne for study and for possible identification. Now the results show that the remains are... probably Charlemagne's. (photos)

King Alfred found?

Researchers from the University of Winchester believe they may have found the pelvis of England's King Alfred the Great in a box of bones stored in the city's museum. The bone may also be from Alfred's son King Edward the Elder. The 9th and 10th century Saxon kings are best known for protecting their people from Viking raids.

Contemplating Alfred the Great

In a feature-length story for History Today, historian Barbara Yorke looks at the history and reputation of King Alfred the Great, who she names "The Most Perfect Man in History."

Govan stone: Viking treasures in Scotland

The Scottish town of Govan, near Glascow, has long been known for its shipbuilding, but lying in a churchyard are some of its lesser-known masterpieces: a collection of 31 recumbant stones carved with classic Viking patterns. The stones, including five massive "hogbacks," dating from the 9th century. (photos)

Archaeologists surprised by medieval remains at Gallo-Roman site

The last thing that archaeologists working on the Roman site of Intaranum near Entrains-sur-Nohain, France expected to find was a mass grave in a well dating to the 8th-10th centuries.

Crusaders still exist in Malta

Crusaders still exist on the islands of Malta, where reporter Elisabeth Eaves of the New York Times spoke with one for a feature article.

"Organic lump" holds rare Celtic brooch

In 1891, the British Museum acquired a lump of organic material found at a Viking burial site in Lilleberge, Norway. The material had metal pieces in it, but no one took the time to examine it further - until recently when Curator Barry Ager took a second look and ordered the material x-rayed. (photo)