Today in the Middle Ages: September 27, 1540

The Pope issued a bull establishing Ignatius Loyola's new Society of Jesus (the Jesuit order) on September 24, 1540. The Society was and still is answerable directly to the Pope himself.

The Jesuits had three main goals: to create schools, to convert non-Christians to Christianity, and to counter the spread of Protestantism. Their focus on logic and argument gave us the term "Jesuitical." Hundreds of Jesuit schools and colleges now exist in over 100 countries.