Today in the Middle Ages: September 1, 1378

The Revolt of the Ciompi, a rebellion of the lower classes on Florence, ended on September 1, 1378 with the restoration of the old order.

The rebellion began as a dispute among the wealthy textile guild members. They asked the ciompi -- lower class textile workers without a guild -- for support. However, the ciompi drew up their own lists of reforms and for a few months succeeded in placing one of their own at the head of the most democratic government Florence had yet seen.

Only a few years later, Wat Tyler led the better-known Peasants' Revolt in England.