Today in the Middle Ages: July 2, 1323

Dame Alice Kyteler of Kilkenny was found guilty of practicing witchcraft on July 2, 1323.

Lady Alice's wealth first attracted the hostility of her neighbors. She had been married four times, and her husbands had left their wealth to her, in some cases disinheriting their children by earlier marriages. She also lent money and was owed large sums by local nobles.

Dame Alice's accusers made many claims which would become standard at the European witch trials of the 16th and 17th century. She was found guilty, but escaped with the help of a powerful relative and disappeared to England.