Son of Edward III of England, the Black Prince was one of the founding Knights of the Garter, although he had not been knighted at the time the order was formed. The King gave him an opportunity to show his valor at the Battle of Crécy, where he successfully led the vanguard and was embraced by his father after the victory. At this battle, he wore a black breastplate that gave him the surname he bore throughout his life.
Edward married Joan, the Fair Maid of Kent. Their son was Richard II, whose weak and extravagant rule led to his deposition by Henry Bolingbroke and the downfall of the house of Plantagenet.