Today in the Middle Ages: May 4, 1471

Edward IV of York defeated the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Tewkesbury on May 4, 1471. His brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester, the future King Richard III, was one of his field commanders.

The last heir of King Henry IV was killed during the fighting. Edward's victory brought a temporary end to the Wars of the Roses, and he ruled without serious opposition for the next 14 years.