Today in the Middle Ages: April 21, 1509

Henry VII of England, the Tudor victor in the Wars of the Roses, died on April 21, 1509.

After his victory over Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, Henry married Elizabeth of York in an effort to consolidate a peace. The Tudor badge, the red and white rose, symbolizes the union of York and Lancaster in Henry's reign.

Henry's 24-year reign was marked by financial acumen. He more than doubled the income of the Crown and left a healthy treasury. He was succeeded by his son, Henry VIII.