Today in the Middle Ages: April 13, 1111

On April 13, 1111, Henry V, King of Germany, was crowned Holy Roman Emperor after maneuvering that included capturing Pope Paschal II and deposing his own father.

Henry and the Pope disagreed over the practice of lay investiture, the right of the king to create bishops and abbots. After Henry took the Pope prisoner, Paschal conceded the power of investiture to Henry in order to gain his release and crowned him in Rome. Lay investiture remained a point of contention between the Church and the Crown for centuries.

Henry's conflict with the Church did not end with his Imperial accession. After Paschal died in 1118, Henry set up his own Pope in opposition to the newly elected Gelasuis II; Gelasius promptly excommunicated him. Henry finally came to terms with Gelasius's successor, Pope Calixtus II, a few years later.

Henry V was the fourth and last Emperor of the Salian dynasty.