Forensic research reveals gladiators fought by the rules

Despite the Roman arena's well-deserved reputation for gladiatorial brutality, forensic examination of the remains of several dozen gladiators found in Turkey reveals that their combat was fought with well-defined rules of engagement.

"Tests on the remains of 67 gladiators found in tombs at Ephesus in Turkey, centre of power for ancient Rome's eastern empire, show they stuck to well defined rules of combat and avoided gory free-for-alls."