Byzantine compound shows evidence of wine production

Researchers working 30 kilometers west of Jerusalem were surprised to discover ancient cisterns which led them to a cave. Upon further exploration, they found a Byzantine-era compound where monks once lived and pressed grapes for wine and olives for oil.

Among the highlights of the discovery were a large, well-preserved oil press and a "winepress with two treading floors connected to a collection vat." The compound also included mosaic floors and a bake oven. Archaeologists did not find a church on the site but speculate that the compound may have come into Islamic hands. The Israeli government plans to preserve the site.