Richard's spine shows evidence of scoliosis

Readers of Shakespeare's Richard III know that the medieval king was a hunchback, but a new study of the king's remains shows that Richard actually suffered from scoliosis.

In a paper, published in May 2014, scientists and media experts from the University of Leicester discuss their use of a 3-D model of Richard III's spine to show how the king's spine had a curve to the right, but also a degree of twisting, resulting in a "spiral" shape, leaving his right shoulder higher than his left, and his torso relatively short compared to his arms and legs.