Mathematics used to measure sociability of the Vikings

Pádraig Mac Carron and Ralph Kenna from Coventry University's Applied Mathematics Research Centre recently published an article in the European Physical Journal on the social relationships of Vikings, showing them to have more complex social networks than previously believed.

The study uses mathematics to analyze the Sagas of Icelanders, "a unique corpus of medieval literature from the period around the settlement of Iceland," to map out "the interactions between over 1,500 characters that appear in 18 sagas including five particularly famous epic tales," challenging the stereotypes of the Vikings as savages.