9th century church found beneath Dongola Citadel

A team of Polish archaeologists led by Prof. Włodzimierz Godlewski has discovered fragments of a medieval fortification system and the painted walls of a church, dating to the 9th century along the Nile River in the Sudan. Part of the Dongola Citadel, the medieval church survives alongside a tower and fortifications, dating to the 5th and 6th centuries, and remnants from the 15th century.

Dongola was the capital of the Christian Makuria until the fall in the fourteenth century, with the 9th century as the height of its influence. Archaeologists working on the site battle sand which quickly covers their work.