Oldest Torah scroll discovered in university library

In 1889, a librarian at the University of Bologna in Italy made a terrible mistake. He dated and labeled a scroll to the 17th century, but recent tests have placed the document in the 12th century, making it "the oldest complete text of the Torah known to exist." (photo)

Of special interest to religious historians is the fact that the script used was that of the oriental Babylonian tradition and "the text has many features forbidden in later copies under rules laid down by the scholar Maimonides in the 12th Century."