Notre Dame de Paris, on the River Seine, has seen over 8 centuries of history, from the Crusades to World War II. Now the city will fête the world's best-known church in a year-long celebration that will include recasting of its bells.
Construction on Notre Dame began in 1163 and was completed 180 years later. The famous bells have been replaced over the years, with the "small bells" being melted for cannonballs during the Revolution. The new bells will be recast "in Villedieu-Les-Poeles, in Normandy, using ancient Egyptian methods; the moulds are fashioned from horsehair and manure."