Which came first, the pizza or the manakish?

Food historians have long debated the history of the pizza, and whether or not it was derived from manakish, a flat, baked dough covered with lamb and cheese, eaten in the Middle East.

Round, flat bread has been eaten in the Mediterrean world for thousands of years, but the addition of toppings makes it pizza or manakish, according to an article on Emirates blog. Pizza, the author claims, is a 19th century Italian food created for the visit of King Umberto I of Italy and his wife, Queen Margherita, while manakish "is a much older dish, and today still remains largely unchanged, representing the original flavours and techniques of the ancient people who first created it."