A 13th century inscription written in Arabic has been translated and found to be a proclamation by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II. The inscription is thought to originally be from a wall in Jaffa, Israel. The inscription is the only known example of its kind.
Frederick II led the sixth crusade in the 1220s. He spoke Arabic and had a close relationship with the Egypt royal family.
The inscription has a Latin counterpart that may say the same thing as the Arabic one. [photo]