Greek Astronomy and the Medieval Arabic Tradition

American Scientist: Medieval Islamic astronomers may have corrected and improved on Greek astronomy by creating new mathematical tools to explain the motions of celestial objects. According to George Saliba, professor of Arabic and Islamic science at Columbia University, the mathematical tools created by the medieval Islamic astronomers were so useful that Copernicus appears to have borrowed them for use in his heliocentric cosmology. The Islamic mathematics thus played a fundamental role in the scientific revolution of the Renaissance.

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