Parts of two handheld guns have been found at Towton Battlefield, site of a bloody battle during the War of the Roses. Previous to this discovery, archaeologists thought that firearms were only used against castles.
Fragments from two different guns have been found with traces of gunpowder inside. However, what was lucky for modern archaeologists was probably unlucky for the soldier who fired the weapons in 1461. Early hand guns were known for frequently exploding and injuring or killing the owner.