Little seems to be known about the origins of Eliseg’s Pillar, a Dark Ages monument in Wales' Pant y Groes, the Valley of the Cross. The original pillar was kncoked down during the English Civil War, and re-erected in the 18th century.
Archaeologists believe that the pillar was first constructed in the 9th century, possibly over an ancient burial mound. An inscription, now worn away, was recorded by an 18th century antiquarian. It stated that the pillar was "erected by Cyngen, King of Powys, in memory of his great-grandfather Eliseg who had won an important victory against the English, saving the kingdom of Powys."