Oriented east to west instead of north to south, the Tabula Peutingeriana
, a seven-meter-long parchment scroll, records the network of roads of the late Roman Empire. From Spain to India, the map elongates the continents and reduces the Mediterranean Sea to a squiggle, but is the earliest known map of Roman roads.
The Tabula Peutingeriana is one of the treasures of the Austrian National Library and rarely is shown to the public. Recently, however, the parchment was brought out for one day to celebrate its inclusion in UNESCO's Memory of the World Register.
Ancient Roman map available online