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Tourney Heralds Needed

East Kingdom Gazette - Tue, 2016-04-19 21:28

Hello to the tourney heralds of the East and Tir Mara! I am Mistress Suba al-Hadid, the new Troubadour Herald, and I’m excited to work this tourney season with you! We have several events coming up in the next few months.

In two weeks, on Saturday, April 30, there will be Crown Tourney in the Barony of Havre des Glaces in the Crown Principality of Tir Mara. We’ll need a few heralds for the lists plus additional support for the shield trees. If you think you’d like to help, please reach out to me at Troubadour@EastKingdom.org. If you haven’t heralded before but would like to try, we will help train you.

Two weeks after that, Saturday, May 14, will be the King’s and Queen’s Champions of Arms Tourney in the Barony of Dragonship Haven in the Central Region. Again, we’re looking for both experienced heralds and those who want to learn.

Saturday, July 23, will be the Novice Tourney in the Shire of Rusted Woodlands in the Southern Region. This is an opportunity for less experienced fighters, fencers, and heralds to experience what it’s like to participate in a tourney. This is a great learning experience and and excellent opportunity to learn more about tourney heraldry.

I’m looking forward to meeting all of you and having an opportunity to work with you! Again, please write me at Troubadour@EastKingdom.org with any questions or offers to help!

Yours in Service to the Dream,

Jamilia al-Suba al-Hadid min Bhakail al-Mu’allam (Mistress Suba al-Hadid)

Filed under: Announcements Tagged: heralds, volunteers

Unofficial Court Report: Balfar’s Challenge

East Kingdom Gazette - Tue, 2016-04-19 16:50

Here follows the unofficial court report from Balfar’s Challenge, held in the Barony of Dragonship Haven, the 16th of April, 2016. Reporting Herald: Donovan Shinnock.


Item Recipient Award Scribe 1 Galen Avdenmork Tyger’s Cub Saerlaith ingen Chennetig 2 Sorcha inghean Ui Duinn Award of Arms i: Lillian ate Valeye
c: Faolán an Screcain 3 Rodrigo de Medina Award of Arms Aaradyn Ghyoot 4 Rumhann MacDuibhsidhe an Bhlog Seolta Award of Arms Aud Lifsdottir 5 Sybill Teller Award of Arms Aziza al-Shirazi 6 Llewellyn ap Goddoddin Maunche Eleanor Catlyng 7 Rhode Kephalania Maunche Mari Clock van Hoorne 8 Quintain Brillian Order of Defense i:Shadiyah Al-Zhara
c: Eva Woderose
w:Gaius Quintillius Alopex
Filed under: Court Tagged: court report

Unofficial Court Report: the Coronation of Kenric & Avelina

East Kingdom Gazette - Tue, 2016-04-19 16:42

Here follows the unofficial court report from the Coronation of Kenric and Avelina, held on the 9th day of April, 2016, in the Shire of Quintavia. Reporting Herald, Donovan Shinnock.

Item Recipient Award Scribe 1 Brennan mac Fearghus Duke i: Ro Honig von Sumerfeldt

c: Alexandre St. Pierre

w: Alys Mackyntoich and Mylisant Grey 2 Caoilfhionn inghean Fhaolain Duchess i: Ro Honig von Sumerfeldt

c: Alexandre Saint Pierre

w: Mylisant Grey

translation by Christopher and Eric Michaelson 3 Courtney Rose Tyger’s Cub Culann mac Cianain 4 Daithi Dubh Award of Arms Constance de St. Denis 5 Leurona Winterborne Silver Tyger Fiona O’Maille ó Chaun Coille 6 Nichol Mac Donnachaidh Silver Tyger Elllesbeth Donofrey

c: Jonathan Blaecstan 7 Matthew McGyver Silver Tyger i: Shahdiyah al-Zhara

c: Nest verch Tangwistel 8 Gideon ha-Khazar Maunche Agatha Wanderer

c: Alexandre St. Pierre

w: Aneleda Falconbridge 9 Llewellyn Walsh Golden Rapier Camille des Jardins 10 Amy Webbe Silver Crescent Katherine Barr 11 Aife Ingen Chonchobair in Derthaige Silver Crescent Katherine Stanhope 12 Gun∂ormr Dengir Silver Crescent Vettorio Antonello
Filed under: Court Tagged: court report

Sad Tidings: Mistress Esperanza Halevi

AEthelmearc Gazette - Tue, 2016-04-19 11:51

The Æthelmearc Gazette is saddened to announce the passing of Mistress Esperanza Halevi of the Barony-Marche of the Debatable Lands on April 11, 2016.

Mistress Esperanza (mka Esther Tucker) was a long-time member of the Society known for the antiquarian bookshop she ran with her husband, Lord Guido Halevi Aldina, who passed away in 2003. While she had a physical shop in the Squirrel Hill neighborhood of Pittsburgh, she and Guido would often sell books on medieval and renaissance topics at SCA events until age made it too difficult for them to lift and tote heavy boxes.

Esperanza and Guido came to the SCA rather later in life than most of us, being in their 50s when the joined in the mid-1980s. Nevertheless, they jumped in with both feet, merchanting and helping out in whatever ways they could. They were members of the Peacemakers household, founded by Baroness Serena Lucia of the Peacemakers and now headed by Sir Alonzio of the Peacemakers.

Esperanza and Guido, probably late 1980s. Photo taken by Mistress Ts’vee’a bas Tseepora Levi, provided by B.D. Wahlberg.

Esperanza received her Laurel for poetry from Yngvar and Caryl, first King and Queen of Æthelmearc, at 12th Night in A.S. XXXII. She was known for her wit and her sometimes pungent sense of humor, and was a regular contributor at bardic circles.

Although ill health and limited mobility kept her from attending SCA events for most of the last decade, Mistress Esperanza is remembered fondly by many in the Debatable Lands.

Mistress Ts’vee’a bas Tseepora Levi recalls, “Esperanza halevi was a wonderful woman. Her poetry was fun and full of humor. She and her husband Guido merchanted books, when they could bring themselves to part with them.”

Master Michael Alewright remembers, “She was (among many other things) a poet extraordinaire, devoted bibliophile, and friend with open heart and wry perspective. She will be greatly missed.”

Their Majesties, Byron and Ariella, commented “Our interaction with Mistress Esperanza was pivotal. When trying to locate the SCA (after a search for a perfume merchant led us to drive to the gates of Pennsic) someone told us to find Tucker’s Books and she told us about the local Barony meetings at CMU. So, approximately 20 years ago, she was the clandestine gateway into the SCA for us.”

Here is one of her humorous filks, courtesy of her grandchild B.D. Wahlberg:

 (Tune: “Hava Nagila” – more or less!)

Pennsic! It’s time for Pennsic! Oh yes, it’s Pennsic – the very best time of year!
Turn off the highway, onto the byway; over the one-lane bridge – and we’re here!
Ooh! Ahh! How medieval!
Look at all the lords and ladies – garbed and armored, hot as Hades!
Look at all the grand pavilions – boy scout greens to bright vermilions –
And on the grass – oh, what a gas! – six barbarians swilling beer!

Oh, oh – a court’s in session! Here’s a procession of V.I.P.’s up the aisle:
Heralds in tabards, swords in their scabbards; proud heads adorned with crowns in high style!
Eh, what? Heralds mumble!
Cannot hear a word they’re saying; maybe the King is A.O.A.-ing;
Maybe he’s making knights or laurels (chosen for talent, not for morals!)
Who can it be?Wish I could see… The acoustics here are vile!

 Guess I’ll be moving on now, behind the barn now, to see the merchants’ display;
Shopping! How I love shopping! So I’ll be stopping at every booth on the way!
Ooh! Ooh! I can’t stand it!
Look at this gown of antique satin, yellow and green (like leeks au gratin);
Look at this gorgeous belt I found me (wish it would reach the whole way round me!);
A darling stuffed rat!  Gotta have that – mustn’t let it get away!

Oh, look – a Punch and Judy!  Oh, goody, goody, a puppet show, what a lark!
And when that’s ended (how simply splendid!) actors will come and play “Noah’s Ark”!
Oh, oh – is this period?
Belly dancers, dressed in scanties – shove some money in their panties!
That’s all right for Medes and Persians – I like classier diversions!
Shall we pavane? Galliard, anyone?Or just party after dark???

Hey, now it’s time for dinner! Though I’d be thinner if fancy foods I’d forgo,
Still, I would rather feast now on roasted beast now, with almond pudding to go…
Say, what? What’s your problem?
What’s all this annoying prattle, asking if I enjoyed the battle?
Everything here is so exciting – why would I want to look at fighting?
…Pennsic’s a war??? That’s what it’s for???? HOW WAS I SUPPOSED TO KNOW??!!!

And here’s another ditty of Mistress Esperanza’s:

Song to a Certain Tune

I’ve written songs to ‘most every tune
From “Malaguena” to “Clair de Lune,”
From “Bobby Shaftoe” to “Bonny Doon” –
But not one to the tune of “Greensleeves.” 

But “Greensleeves” is a lovely song,
And if you use it you can’t go wrong
Your authenticity’s firm and strong
If you sing to the tune of “Greensleeves.”

Now, Lady Greensleeves, I’ve heard them say,
 Used to lie around in the grass all day;
With all the men she was making hay,
And that’s how she got her green sleeves.


As bard, I’ve written songs in the past,
And some are slow, and some are fast;
But this one’s over and done at last –
It’s the one to the tune of “Greensleeves!”


Her obituary is available here. Mistress Esperanza was 86.

Contributions in memory of Esther Tucker may be made to Congregation Dor Hadash, or Friends of the Squirrel Hill Library.


Categories: SCA news sites

15th c. art stolen from prince by Nazis found

History Blog - Tue, 2016-04-19 04:45

Three 15th century paintings stolen from the Tuscan villa of the Prince of Luxembourg by the Nazis have been found after 72 years. The artworks were first targeted in 1940, under the extension of what had originally been anti-Semitic Italian Racial Laws instituted by Mussolini to kiss Hitler’s ass in 1938. The laws stripped Italian Jews of assets, including art works. In 1940, that law was widened to cover “enemy nationals.” Neutral Luxembourg was occupied by Nazi Germany that same year, and Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma, husband of Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, and grandfather of the current Grand Duke, was suspected of colluding with the Allies. Under that pretext, the Bourbon-Parma art collection in the Prince’s Villa Borbone delle Pianore in Camaiore, near Lucca in northwest Italy, was confiscated by the Fascist government.

The Prince had other fish to fry at the time. He and his children fled Luxembourg when Germany invaded, traveling through France and Portugal before sailing to the United States. They spent a few months as the guests of General Foods heiress and then-richest women in the United States, Marjorie Merriweather Post, who had become friends with the ruling family when her husband was appointed US Ambassador to Belgium and Envoy to Luxeumbourg in 1938.

The collection remained in the villa until the spring of 1944 when it was stolen by the 16th SS Panzer Grenadier Division which a few months later would earn even more infamy with massacres of civilians. The SS ultimately planned to transport the loot to Berlin, but first the Bourbon-Parma art and many other works pillaged by the 16th Division were delivered to Dornsberg Castle in the Tyrol, then the residence of Karl Wolff, General of the Waffen-SS and Military Governor of northern Italy. Art looted from all over northern Italy was collected at Dornsberg, and organized and documented with standard Nazi efficiency.

It never got to Germany. In 1945, the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives unit of the U.S. 5th Army, better known today as the Monuments Men, under the leadership of Captain Deane Keller recovered the stolen artworks from Dornsberg Castle. Prince Felix read about the liberation of the looted Bourbon-Parma collection in a news article and claimed ownership of the pieces stolen from him. Many of them were still there and the Prince got them back in 1949.

Around 40 of the works stolen from Villa della Pianore were not in Dornberg, among them marble busts of Bourbon rulers of France and paintings by Canaletto, Dosso Dossi, Paris Bordone and Perugino. Prince Felix filed a damages claim and the Italian government reimbursed him for their value, assessed at the then-astronomical sum of $4 million lire, in 1945. The missing works were never forgotten. Seventy years later, the Carabinieri Art Squad of Monza started digging through archives trying to track down these long-lost pieces. After two years of scouring the documentary and photographic archives of the Cini Foundation in Venice, the Zeri in Bologna, the Siviero and Capitoline Archives in Rome, museum center of Florence and the art library of the Castello Sforzesco in Milan, the Carabinieri discovered one of the lost pieces, a Madonna and Child by Gianni Battista Cima (1460-1518), hanging on the wall of a home in Monza in December of 2014. The family said they had inherited it from a relative who was an art dealer and had no idea of its dirty past. Another of the missing paintings, Holy Trinity by Alessio Baldovinetti (1425-1499), was found in the same home. The third work, Circumcision/Jesus Presented at the Temple by Girolamo dai Libri (1474-1555), was discovered in the home of another family who had inherited it from a collector who died in 1945.

The two families have been charged with receiving stolen goods, but the charges aren’t likely to stick. Meanwhile, the three paintings are at the Pinacoteca di Brera where conservators will give them some much needed love. The works are not in great condition, faded and damaged from their altogether too exciting adventures. The government has yet to decide where the paintings will reside permanently.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Ice Dragon Pentathlon Category Places

AEthelmearc Gazette - Mon, 2016-04-18 21:52

At long last, here are the complete category results from this year’s Ice Dragon Pentathlon. The quality of the entries was simply amazing this year, making for some difficult judging decisions. One thing, though, was never in question; surely Æthelmearc is setting an example for the Known World in the Arts & Sciences!

Previously announced were the Pentathlon winners:
Novice: Elska Fjarfalle
Artisan: Irene von Schmetterling
Laurel: Fredeburg von Katzenellenbogen

Ishiyama Gen’tarou Yori’ie
Tabi in Burgundy Linen
Second: Irene von Schmetterling
Third: Svana in Kyrra

Tied for first:

Elska Fjarfalle
Siobhán inghean uí Liatháin
Tied for Second:
Edana the Red
Zofia Kowaleska
Third: Kolfina Jodisfottir

First: Fredeburg von Katzenellenbogen

Rowena Macara
Red Leather Bridle





Silvester Burchardt
Brocaded Tablet Woven Band Samples







Polish Hydromel

Madoc Arundel
Sage Beer
Second: Madoc Arundel

First: Zofia Kowaleska
Polish Hydromel
Second: Elska Fjarfalle
Third: Lucretia di Cosimo


Rachel Dalicieux
Second: Rachel Dalicieux

Ian Campbell
Inlaid Floor Tiles
Second: Kalishka Peredslava
Third: Kolfina Jodisdottir

No first or second
Ishiyama Gen’tarou Yori’ie

Elska Fjarfalle
Second: Abigail Kelhoge
Third: Rowena Macara

Lucanian Sausage

Joszefne Rahel Nagy
Second: Svana in Kyrra

First: Ottilige Rappoltsweiler
Second: Ottilige Rappoltsweiler
Tie for Third:
Lucia de Moranza
Zofia Kowaleska

Second: Madoc Arundel

Hand of Glory by Lady Maggie Rue, Photo by Master Fridrikr Tomasson.

First: Maggie Rue
Hand of Glory
Second: Edana the Red
Third: Liam Macantsaoir

First: Irene von Schmetterling
Sture Glove Study
Second: Svana in Kyrra
Third: Ishiyama Gen’tarou Yori’ie

First: Silvester Burchardt
Tablet Woven Brocaded Band
Second: Lucia de Meranza
Third: Abigail Kelhoge

First: Fredeburg von Katzenellenbogen

Brocaded Tablet Woven Band

First: Madoc Arundel
Second: Rachel Dalicieux
Third: Ishiyama Gen’tarou Yori’ie

First: Zofia Kowaleska
Book of Hours Page
Second: Rhiannon Elandris
Third: Edana the Red

First: Fredeburg von Katzenellenbogen

First: Irene von Schmetterling
Skirrets in the Pot and in a Salad

First: Elska Fjarfalle
Second: Rhiannon Elandris
Third: Sasson della Sancta


First: Ruslan Ygorovich Voronov
Leather Scabbards
Second: Ian Campbell
Third: Ian Campbell




First: Elska Fyarfalle
Second: Arsalan Egesig
Third: Luceta di Cosimo

First: Marguerite d’Honfleur

Prose & Poetry
First: Megge Gormshuileach
Second: Darri Inn Valski

First: Edana the Red
Second: Megge Gormshuileach

Svana in Kyrra
Second: Irene von Schmetterling

First: Lucia de Moranza
Second: Rowena Macara

Rachel Delacieux

Third: Liam Macantsaoir

First: Lucetta di Cosimo
Second: Nigel of Southwood

Illumination by Marioun Golightly

First and Second: Marioun Golightly
Third: Rachel Dalacieux

First: Juliana Rosalia
Second: Zofia Kowaleska
Third: Edana the Red
Honorable Mention: Abigail Kelhoge

First: Fredeburg von Katzenellenbogen

Second: Luceta di Cosimo
Tie for Third:
Lucia de Moranza & Abigail Kelhoge

First: Fredeburg von Katzenellenbogen

Second: Sasson della Sancta

Viking Era Loom

First: Madoc Arundel
Second: Ishiyama Gen’tarou Yori’ie

First: Hrolfr Fjarfell
Viking Era Warp-Weighted Loom
Second: Hrolfr Fjarfell


Simon a Fjarfelli
Woven Backpack







Categories: SCA news sites

Call For Donations To SCA 50 Volunteers

AEthelmearc Gazette - Mon, 2016-04-18 16:46

Attention, Talented Artisans of the Society for Creative Anachronism

In the Society for Creative Anachronism, we are a collective of volunteers, each serving in their own way at one point or another so that all may have a chance to play, enjoy, learn and have fun. It is on this mantra that the SCA has gone on for 50 years now, and shall continue to do so.

As we Celebrate 50 Years of the Society, many of our SCA family will be considering attending the SCA 50 Year Celebration Event, June 17th through the 27th of this year and many of them will be giving their time and service to the event, staffing the Gate, serving on the Watch, Marshalling the Lists.

We wish to show appreciation to the Volunteers who give of themselves, from the newest member giving their first hour of service to the Multi-Peer who serves alongside that newest member. The Society works because our Volunteers continue to turn the wheels and drive us forward to fun, adventure, knowledge and my personal favorites, Family and Friendship.

Everyone who volunteers on site during the event will receive a ticket for each hour they serve. These tickets can be dropped into boxes that will labeled with the items you’ve donated: items that our volunteers would proudly use or displayed long after the event is over.

And Artisans, this is where you are most needed. We come seeking donations from the Amazingly Talented populace of the Known World: we are asking you to please consider donating handmade items that people would Buy/Trade/Commission for themselves.
No matter your rank, Laurel or student; professional crasftsperson or astonishingly talented amateur: we’re asking all of you to help us recognize the volunteers in service to the Society’s 50th Year Celebration. Please, put forth your beautiful work to be a cherished gift for a Volunteer.

If you’re considering a specialized item (something that must be custom sized or fit, for instance) or you aren’t sure how to submit it to the cause, please contact my Coordinator, THL Justice McArtain, at justice.napier@gmail.com
All donations can be mailed to His Lordship Justice ahead of the Event or delivered at the SCA 50 Year Celebration Event if you are attending.

To Donate, or if you have any additional questions, simply email the following details to justice.napier@gmail.com

  • SCA Title and Name
  • Mundane Name
  • Item to be Donated
  • To be mailed or delivered at 50 Year
  • Mailing Address
  • Any additional information / description of your item you wish to include (including pictures of our work if it’s a ‘after raffle’ item.

As a thank you to everyone who contributes, His Lordship Justice will be doing a raffle of his own.
Two artists will be drawn to receive a Gift Card each to get more supplies (or whatever you want to do with the money).
We thank you for your time and hope that you will reach out to offer your talent to support the Volunteers who give of theirs for this once in a lifetime Event.

In Service,

Herr Alexander Adelbrecht von Markelingen

SCA 50 Year Celebration – Volunteer Relations Coordinator

Categories: SCA news sites

Spring Crown Tournament Format and Combatants

East Kingdom Gazette - Mon, 2016-04-18 15:53

The format for Crown Tourney will be a pooled round robin leading into a 16-man double elimination tournament. Weapons of choice throughout up to the semi-finals. Semi-finals will be best of 5 with rotating weapon forms. The undefeated fighter will start up 1 win. The finals will be best of 5 with rotating weapon forms.

List of Crown Combatants in approximate OP order by combatant.

Duke Randal of the Dark fighting for Duchess Katherine Stanhope
Duke Brion Anthony Uriel Tarragon fighting for Duchess Anna Ophelia Holloway Tarragon
Jarl Valgard Stonecleaver fighting for Lady Gracia Vasquez de Trillo
Sir Rhys Ravenscroft fighting for Vicondesa Jimena Montoya
Sir Wilhelm von Ostenbrucke fighting for Mistress Vienna de la Mer
Sir Marcus Blackaert fighting for Baroness Astrid Sigrun Ulfkelsdottir
Sir Cedric of Armorica fighting for Mistress Brid nic Shearlais
Sir Ivan Ivanov syn Dimitriov vynuk Tzardikov fighting for Baroness Matilde de Cadenet
Master Tiberius Iulius Rufus Primus fighting for Vopiscus Rufius Donatus
Thane Aethelhawk fighting for Mistress Siubhan Wallace
Sir Ané du Vey fighting for Sylvia du Vey AKA Mistress Sylvia de Vey
Sir Simon Gwyn fighting for Lady Tullia Tranquilla
Baron Sigurthr VigurHafn fighting for Baroness Medhbh inghean Cheallaigh
Baron Duncan Kerr fighting for Mistress Eleanor fitzPatrick
The Honorable Lord William RavenHair fighting for Ceara Inghean Eoin Mhic Lucais
Baron Matthias Grunwald fighting for Baroness Æsa feilinn Jossursdottir
The Honorable Lord Ryouko’jin of Iron-skies fighting for Indrakshi Aravinda
The Honorable Lord Ulfgeirr Ragnarsson the Nice fighting for Lady Lavina Attewode
Baron Tiberius Nautius Maximus fighting for Maeve of Linne Tatha
Baron Fionn Mac Con Dhuibh fighting for Baroness Molly Schofield
Baron Simon Montgumery fighting for Mistress Margaret Hepburn of Ardrossan
Lord Gawyn O’Clery fighting for Maeve O’Clery
Lord Corwin Blackthorn fighting for Lady Solveig Bjornsdottr
Peter de Bracebridge fighting for the Honorable Lady Gaeira Aggadottir
Renaud Mauclerc du Dragon Dormant fighting for Léana Doucet

Filed under: Events Tagged: Crown Tournament, spring crown

“Unparalleled” Roman villa found in Wiltshire

History Blog - Mon, 2016-04-18 03:39

In February of 2015, rug designer Luke Irwin was converting a small barn on his southwest Wiltshire property into a ping-pong room for his very lucky children. Not wanting to mar the beautiful landscape with an overhead cable strung from the farmhouse to the bar, Irwin insisted electricians lay the cables for the future game room underground. When they dug the trench, they came across a flat, hard layer 18 inches under the surface. It was a red, white and blue mosaic in a geometric woven pattern known as guilloche.

Irwin took a picture of the mosaic and sent it to the Wiltshire Council. Within 24 hours, council archaeologists were on the spot. They identified the mosaic as a top quality Roman work of the kind you’d see only in the most expensive, important villas in Roman Britain. Geophysical survey of the site found that the mosaic was in the destroyed or collapsed wing of a large Roman villa. The gateway where the mosaic was found leads to the modern farmhouse and outbuildings which obviously cannot be excavated, but archaeologists believe they were built in the center of where the ancient villa once stood. The farmhouse stands on a slab of Purbeck marble that is likely of Roman origin.

In April of 2015, the Wiltshire Archaeology Service, Salisbury Museum and Historic England worked together to dig a few test pits in key areas of the property. They were able to confirm that the villa was built between 175 an 220 A.D. and was regularly renovated through the mid-4th century. It was three storeys high with a footprint of at least 165 feet x 165 feet, and possibly as large as 230 by 230 feet. There’s evidence that it was pillaged in 360 A.D. only to be reoccupied in the 5th century.

Other artifacts discovered underscore how rich and important the owners of the villa were. There are hundreds of discarded oyster and whelk shells which would have been cultivated on the coast and been transported alive to Wiltshire from the coast in barrels of salt water. Archaeologists also found a Roman well in excellent condition, a bath house and, unassuming in the garden where it was used as a geranium planter, the stone coffin of a Roman child. There’s high status pottery, coins, brooches and copious animal bones both domestic and wild which bear the signs of butchering.

Only a few test pits have been dug, but Roberts said it was clear the walls of the villa were probably still more than a metre high, although they are buried under alluvial sediment from a nearby river. In addition, the mosaic has been revealed to be of particularly high quality. “Everything about this villa suggests it was made of the highest-quality materials,” added Roberts. “We have identified bits of stone that have come from at least 13 different British quarries. This was the country house of a powerful, rich Roman. Doubtless he also had a city house in London or Cirencester.”

Intriguingly, the house was not destroyed after the collapse of the Roman empire, said [Historic England archaeologist Dr. David] Roberts. Archaeologists have discovered timber structures erected in the fifth century. Roberts said the remains from this period, between the end of Roman occupation and the completion of Saxon domination of England, could open a window into one of the least understood periods in British history. It could also reveal how people responded to the collapse of the Roman empire, the superpower of the age.

Other than the construction of the labourers’ cottages that would be converted into the current farmhouse, the property has been left alone and undeveloped, used primarily as grazing land, since the villa was last inhabited in the 5th century. This gives archaeologists a unique opportunity to explore one of the largest Roman houses in Britain with little to no interference from later agriculture or construction. Dr. Roberts called the villa “unparalleled in recent years,” a “hugely valuable site in terms of research, with incredible potential,” and one of the best sites he has ever worked on.

And yet, the test pits have all been refilled and there are no current plans to further excavate this momentous find.

[Roberts] added: “Unfortunately, it would cost hundreds of thousands of pounds to fully excavate and the preserve the site, which cannot be done with the current pressures.

“We would very much like to go back and carry out more digs to further our understanding of the site. But it’s a question of raising the money and taking our time, because as with all archaeological work there is the risk of destroying the very thing you seek to uncover.”

The discovery of the villa has inspired Irwin to design a line of rugs with mosaic patterns. They even made rug tesserae, little cubes of hand-woven silk set between wool lines. I like how they’ve distressed the rugs so that have faded and “missing” areas like real ancient mosaics.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Court Reports from Coronation

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sun, 2016-04-17 21:32

April 9, AS 50 (2016)
Coronation of Thomas Byron and Ariella
Shire of Gryffyn’s Keep

Documented from the Scrolls of the Reign of Magnus Tindal and Etain II, basileos kai basilissa Æthelmearc: the Business of Their Court at Coronation, 9 April Anno Societatis L, hosted by the Shire of Gryffyn’s Keep. As recorded by Their Silver Buccle Herald, Kameshima-kyō Zentarō Umakai, with the assistance of Gwendolyn the Graceful, Brehyres.

Last Court of Tindal and Etain

Drake and Davia, the Prince and Princess Royale, were given the Sigil of Æthelmearc for their assistance throughout the Imperial Reign.

The Royal Children receive Sigils. Photo by Master Fridrikr Tomasson.

The children of the Kingdom were sent into the care of Lady Svava of St. Swithin’s Bog to entertain themselves through Court.

The Imperatori bestowed the Sigil of Æthelmearc upon the following gentles: Viscount Sir Haakon Oaktall, Sir Cunen Beornhelm, Baron Sir Murdoch Bayne, Sir Óláfr Þorvarðarson, Baroness Rioghnach ni Rose, THL Ariadne Flaxenhair of Dragon’s End, Lord Magnus Jager, Lord Horatius Cincinnatus and Lord Christian Magnus.

Baroness Rioghnach and Sir Murdoch receive Sigils. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

Lady Elizabeth Parker was inducted into the Order of the Sycamore for her performance skills, both as a member of the Debatable Choir and as part of I Genesii. Scroll by Mistress Arianna of Wynthrope.

Lady Elizabeth Parker receives a Sycamore. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

Meisterin Felicitas Flußmüllnerin and Herr Fridrich Flußmüllner were created Baroness and Baron of the Court for all of the various service that they rendered unto the Crown over the course of the reign. Scrolls by Baroness Helena Mützhasenin.

Meisterin Felicitas and Herr Fridrich are made Barons of the Court. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

THL Beatrix Krieger was named Praetorian and Baroness of the Court for the service she performed as Captain of the Imperial Guard. Scroll in progress by Sir Murdoch Bayne.

THL Beatrix is made a Baroness of the Court. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

Maestro Bastiano de Iacopo was called before The Imperatori and asked if he had contemplated the question set before him at St. Swithin’s Bog 12th Night, whether he would accept the accolade of membership in the Imperial Council of Defense. Bastiano responded that he had held the field as was tradition for that council, and received good words from the Council and from others in the Kingdom, and that it was now his wish to take a seat with the Council of Defense. Duke Sir Timothy of Arindale, speaking as a Royal Peer, stated that there was nobody more inspirational that Bastiano. Then speaking as Councilor of Chivalry, Sir Timothy claimed that as a Knight, he strove to live up to the Victorian ideals of Knighthood, and that Bastiano both pursues and achieves those same ideals. Master Iago Benitez, speaking as a Councilor of both Defense and the Pelican, recalled the 20 years that he had known Bastiano as both fighter and teacher, and that Bastiano had taught him much more than he had ever taught Bastiano. Thus moved by this testimony, the Imperatori named him a Councilor of Defense, placed upon Bastiano’s shoulders a coat bearing the badge of the Order of Defense, the Ancestral Collar of the Order, and a personal collar, and received his Oath of Fealty upon his rapier as is tradition. Scroll forthcoming by Dona Fiora d’Artusio, upon words by Master Quinn Kerr.

Maestro Bastiano is greeted by the Companions of the Order of Defense. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

His Highness, Prince Byron, came before the Imperatori and, proclaiming that times were changing in the Kingdom, made his claim to the throne of Æthelmearc. Duke Sir Christopher, the Seneschal, verified that a tournament was held in accordance with the laws and customs of the Kingdom and Society. The Minister of the Lists verified that His Highness was victorious through the tournament list. The Silver Buccle Herald verified that the Prince’s patents of nobility had been checked, and that he was the true heir of Æthelmearc. The Imperatori asked for a few more moments to complete their business, and would call upon him when they were finished.

Prince Byron makes his claim to the throne. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

The Praetorian Guard was summoned, and released from their service to the Empire. The Imperial retainers were summoned, and released from their service to the Empire.

The Imperatori called for Their Heirs, Thomas Byron and Ariella, to attend Them. The Silver Buccle Herald confirmed that it was their desire to defend and rule the lands of Æthelmearc. He then confirmed with the people of the Kingdom that it was their will to subject themselves to the rule of Thomas Byron and Ariella as their King and Queen. Finally, he confirmed that they were willing to swear to serve as chiefest defenders of the realm, highest executors of its laws, and chiefest patrons of the arts. The Keeper of the Law then bestowed upon them the Laws of Æthelmearc, which they were bound both to obey and enforce. The Emperor Magnus Tindal removed the Crown from the Empress Etain and gave it unto the keeping of the Kingdom. Finally, the Emperor Magnus Tindal removed the Crown from his own brow and, as his last act, crowned Thomas Byron of Haverford 38th King of Æthelmearc.

Augustus Tindal crowns Byron as King of Æthelmearc. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

Here ends the Scrolls of the Reign of Magnus Tindal and Etain II, 37th in the line of monarchs of the Sylvan Kingdom of Æthelmearc.

Coronation of Byron and Ariella

Documented from the Rolls and Files of the Coram Regibus of Thomas Byron Rex and Ariella Regina, King and Queen of Æthelmearc: Being a True Record of the Business of Their Royal Court at Their Coronation, 9 April, Anno Societatis L, in the Shire of Gryffyn’s Keep. As recorded by Gwendolyn the Graceful, Brehyres, Jewel of Æthelmearc Herald, acting as assistant to Their Silver Buccle Herald, Kameshima-kyō Zentarō Umakai.

Herein begin the Rolls and Files of the Coram Regibus of Thomas Byron and Ariella, 38th King and Queen of Æthelmearc.

Upon receiving the crown, Byron, Rex, crowned Ariella His Queen. Thereupon did Count Magnus Tindal and Countess Etain withdraw and take their ease.

Byron crowns Ariella Queen. Photo by Master Fridrikr Tomasson.

Being duly crowned King and Queen, Their Majesties received an unction of water from the River Thames, at the hands of the Silver Buccle herald and Their royal herald, as token of remembrance of those true kings and queens of old who had come before Them.

Queen Ariella receives unction of water from the River Thames. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

Duke Duncan von Halstern of the Order of Chivalry presented Their Majesties with the Sword of State, to represent glory in virtue and excellence in justice. Her Majesty received armills of sincerity and wisdom from Annanias Fenn, Master of the Order of Defense.Their Majesties received rings, set with garnets, as symbols of their bonds of protection for the people, from Duchess Morgen of Rye, of the Order of the Rose. Sir Maghnus de Cnoc an Iora, Master of the Pelican, gave unto Their Majesties a scepter, as a symbol of virtue and equity. Mistress Tsvia bas Zipporah Levi of Granada, of the Order of the Laurel, bedecked Their Majesties in mantles of royal estate.

Mistress Ts’vee’a invests King Byron with the Mantle. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

Duke Christopher Rawlyns, Seneschal, then did confirm to Their Majesties Their right to retain the state which They had inherited by lawful succession, instructing Them to stand as the mediators of the nobility and the common people of the kingdom.

The Silver Buccle called for the Roll of Kings and Queens, which was rendered in plainchant by the Debatable Choir. The line of Kings and Queens, and the Rule of Æthelmearc thus continuing unbroken, Their Majesties began Their reign.

Their Majesties invited back into Their presence His Excellency, Count Magnus Tindal, and Her Excellency, Countess Etain ingen Dalaig. Mindful of their example and service to the Kingdom, Their Majesties did confer upon Their Excellencies their duly earned status of Duke and Duchess. Duke Tindal’s scroll a work in progress by Meißterin Felicity Flüßmüllerin and Freiherr Fridrich Flüßmüllnerin; Duchess Etain’s scroll by Meißterin Fredeburg Katzenellenbogen.

Tindal and Etain are invested as Duke and Duchess. Photo by Duchess Siobhán.

Their Majesties called forward Their royal children, Leah and Ian. His Majesty informed His son that he and his brother, Joshua, would be known as Ætheling, according to the ancient traditions of the Saxon princes. But as for Their daughter, His Majesty felt that a more appropriate title might present itself…. Thereupon did Their Majesties decree that Their children be invested as Princes and Princess Royal: Joshua Ætheling, Ian Ætheling, and Princess Leah.

Princess Leah and Ian AEtheling. Photo by Duchess Siobhan.

Their Majesties received oaths of service from Their Great Officers of State. Their Majesties received oaths of fealty from the territorial Barons and Baronesses of the Barony-Marche of the Debatable Lands, the Barony of the Rhydderich Hael, and the Barony of St. Swithin’s Bog. Their Majesties received oaths of fealty from the Companions of the Order of Chivalry there present. Their Majesties received oaths of service, severally, from those Companions of the Orders of the Laurel, Pelican, and Defense, and additionally of those Royal Peers there present.

The Masters of Defense promise to serve the King and Queen. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

Their Majesties summoned before Them Meißterin Fredeburg von Katzenellenbogen, Captain of Her Majesty’s Guard, and those other guards present. Her Majesty spoke of the hours She anticipated spending among them, whereupon Their Majesties received their oaths of service, and invested them into Her Majesty’s guard.

Their Majesties summoned before Them Master Alaric MacConnal and The Honorable Lady Elss of Augsburg, Head Retainers, and those other royal retainers present. His Majesty spoke of the donation of their time and Their Majesties’ gratitude for their dedication to the reign and the kingdom. Whereupon, Their Majesties received their oaths of service, and invested them as retainers to the Royal Household.

Their Majesties summoned before Them The Honorable Lady Gwendolyn the Graceful,  Brehyres, Their Royal Herald, and received from her her oath of service. With the leave of Their Majesties, the Silver Buccle did invest and name her as Jewel of Æthelmearc Herald, to act as representative of the Silver Buccle, with the authority of the voice of the Crown, to serve the Crown and the Kingdom in all matters heraldic until such time as new Heirs may come forth to claim the throne.

Brehyres Gwendolyn the Graceful is made Jewel of Æthelmearc Herald. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

The Silver Buccle then presented Their Royal Majesties, Byron and Ariella, unto the People of Æthelmearc, for their homage and acclaim.

Thus ended the Coronation of Thomas Byron and Ariella, 38th King and Queen of Æthelmearc. There being no further business at that time, Their Majesties’ Court was suspended.

First Court of Byron and Ariella

Documented from the Rolls and Files of the Coram Regibus of Thomas Byron Rex and Ariella Regina, King and Queen of Æthelmearc: Being a Continuation of the Business of Their Royal Court at Their Coronation, 9 April, Anno Societatis L, in the Shire of Gryffyn’s Keep. As recorded by Gwendolyn the Graceful, Brehyres, Jewel of Æthelmearc Herald, with the assistance of The Honorable Lady Sophie Davenport, Seedling Pursuivant.

Their Majesties invited those territorial Barons and Baronesses present to take their places in Their Court.

His Majesty’s Champion, Duke Duncan Von Halstern, approached the throne and through Their Herald issued a challenge to any who disputed the rightful reign of Thomas Byron and Ariella. The challenge going unanswered, His Majesty offered His Grace the cup of peace, and invited him to join the Court.

The following edicts were issued:

On April 9, 2016, do We, Byron and Ariella, King and Queen of Æthelmearc, expel Dan Heyman, known in the Society as Dan of the Debatable Lands, from participation in any SCA activity.

On April 9, 2016, do We, Byron and Ariella, King and Queen of Æthelmearc, expel Derek Holton, known in the Society as Bluestar, from participation in any SCA activity.

Their Majesties called before them Aesgirr inn rauoi and praised his efforts as chronicler and laborer in many kitchens on behalf of his shire. In recognition of his contributions, They raised him to the nobility and Awarded him Arms. Scroll by THL Aelric Ravenshaw.

Lord Aesgirr receives his Award of Arms. Photo by Duchess Siobhan.

Their Majesties then received James of Gryffyn’s Keep and Sara of Gryffyn’s Keep. They spoke of these gentles’ dedication to the Society as fighters and their support to their shire in its events and activities. Their Majesties then recognized them as members of the nobility by Awarding them Arms. Scrolls by THL Aelric Ravenshaw.

Lord James and Lady Sara with their daughter, receiving their Awards of Arms. Photo by Master Giuseppe.

Their Majesties next sought Summerled Half-Dane, who was not in attendance, but whose lady came forth to carry Their Majesties’ words to him. Their Majesties cited Summerled’s willingness to open his home, his skill in bannermaking, and his tireless efforts in the Shire’s and kingdom’s kitchens. In appreciation for his service, They Awarded him Arms in absentia. Scroll by THL Aelric Ravenshaw.

Tristyn of Gryffyn’s Keep was next brought before Their Majesties, whereupon They discussed with her her service as both Arts and Sciences Minister and Deputy Exchequer. In praise of her service to her Shire, They recognized her nobility with an Award of Arms. Scroll illuminated by THL Tegrinus de Rhina, calligraphed by THL Alianora Bronhulle.

Lady Tristyn receives an Award of Arms. Photo by Master Giuseppe.

Their Majesties next summoned Lord Markus Skalpr Grimmson, whose tablet weaving, hoods, and armor stands have not been unnoticed. To recognize his skills, Their Majesties inducted him to the Order of the Sycamore. Scroll by Anlaith ingen Trena.

Lord Markus receives a Sycamore. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

Lord Takamatsu Gentarou Yoshitaka was invited before Their Majesties, who remarked on the skill demonstrated in his etching and Japanese clothing. They were moved to name him a Companion of the Order of the Sycamore in recognition of his accomplishments. Scroll by Lady Vivienne of Yardley.

Lord Yoshitaka receives a Sycamore. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

Their Majesties sought the attendance of Lady Catalina Iannarella. His Majesty noted that this lady has served as Exchequer, Arts and Sciences Minister, autocrat, and head cook for her shire. In order to recognize and facilitate her continuing service, Their Majesties named her a Companion of the Order of the Keystone. Scroll by Lady Kadlin Sigvaldakona.

Lady Catalina receives a Keystone. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

Lady Alimé bint Yorgi came before Their Majesties. Her Majesty confessed that for some time, She had believed this lady to be a resident of the Barony-March of the Debatable Lands, for so often did She see her hard at work within those borders, but that She was further pleased to learn that her service to the Barony did not neglect the needs of her own Shire of Gryffyn’s Keep. Others shared this view, and to that end, Their Majesties called before Them Their Order of the Millrind. With the acclaim of that said Order, They did Grant her Arms and induct her as its Companion, whereupon Kameshima-kyō Zentarō Umakai presented her with his own medallion. Scroll by Master Caleb Reynolds.

Lady Alimé bint Yorgi is inducted into the Millrind. Photo by Lady Catalina Iannarella d’Colliano.

Her Grace, Duchess Siobhan ingen ui Liathain was invited to attend Their Majesties. They spoke of the ways in which she has enriched the Kingdom since her return, notably through her skill in wire weaving. In affirmation of these accomplishments, They called into Their presence the Order of the Fleur D’Æthelmearc and named her a Companion of that Order. Scroll forthcoming.

Duchess Siobhan is made a Fleur d’Æthelmearc. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

Next did Their Majesties desire to be attended by Her Excellency, Countess Rosalinda de Castille. Their Majesties praised this noble lady’s enthusiasm for, dedication to, and prowess within the arena of Thrown Weapons. They then summoned the Companions of the White Horn and inducted her into that meritorious Order. Scroll by Mistress Arianna of Wynthrope.

Countess Rosalinda is inducted into the Order of the White Horn. Photo by Master Giuseppe.

Then did Their Majesties require the presence of Dame Elspeth Ann Roth and Master Alaric MacConnal. Their Majesties spoke of their unceasing service, to the Barony-March of the Debatable Lands, to the larger heraldic community, the Debatable Choir, the Debatable Consort, and their service to come to Their Majesties’ retinue. So that all may know the regard and esteem with which they are held, Their Majesties were moved to create them Baroness and Baron of Their Court. Scrolls by Mistress Arianna of Wynthrope and Lady Alysoun of the Debatable Lands; coronets fashioned by Lady Sumayya al Ghaziyya.

Master Alaric and Mistress Elsbeth are made Court Baron and Baroness. Photo by Master Giuseppe.

Their Majesties next requested the attendance of His Grace, Duke Timothy of Arindale. His Majesty noted the impact that His Grace has had upon the Kingdom in a short span of time, and the tireless and generous service he has provided as both subject and steward of these lands. Being far from alone in this opinion, Their Majesties convened council with those members of the Most Noble Order of the Pelican there present, and with their enthusiastic assent, charged Duke Timothy to name a time and place to sit vigil for the purpose of contemplating elevation into that august Order. Scroll by THL Kieran McRae.

Duke Timothy receives a Writ for the Pelican. Photo by Master Giuseppe.

Their Majesties invited THL Thomas Lestrange to enter Their Court and address the populace. His Lordship announced the winner of the day’s heavy weapons tournament: THL Boden the Lost. He then asked Dona Fiora D’Artusio to reveal the winner of the fencing tournament. She related that there had been a tie between Doña Emily of Dunvegan and Master Iago Benitez. A tie-breaker saw Doña Emily triumphant. She was presented with a cloak as token of her victory.

Mistress Arianna of Wynthrope was invited forward and given leave to address the populace. Her Excellency has graciously taken on the task of coordinating the production of Her Majesty’s Queen’s favors, from the design chosen by Her Majesty and the populace at Ice Dragon. Mistress Arianna invited anyone who wishes for a kit to aid in the manufacture of favors to find her after court or at upcoming events. She also invited other artisans to seek her out if they wish to make favors using other methods.

His Majesty cautioned the populace that the days of peace are threatened by winds of war. As in times past, the kingdom must choose whether to ally with our parents the East or their ancient rivals the Midrealm. After discussion with both of Their Royal Cousins, and through careful deliberation, Their Majesties decreed that the Sylvan Kingdom will stand with our ancestors, the East. His Majesty charged all the populace to sharpen their swords, tend to their bowstrings, and ready themselves, to aid our allies and to defend our homeland when War comes to her fields.

Her Majesty announced her intention to carry on the tradition of recognizing each day one who had inspired Her. On this day, She selected Lady Cairdha Eilis O’Coileain for comprehensively and exuberantly indulging Ian Ætheling in discussion of non-alcoholic beverage brewing.

Lady Cairdha Eilis is recognized as Her Majesty’s inspiration. Photo by Master Augusto Giuseppe da San Donato.

Their Majesties thanked all scribes and regalia wrights who contributed their talents and largesse to enhance the Court’s proceedings.

Their Majesties also thanked the event staff who made the day of Their Coronation so enjoyable for all, including but not limited to THL Thomas Lestrange, the cooks, Master Duncan for his site tokens, and all others who labored to assist the event.

There being no further business, Their Majesties’ Court was closed.

Categories: SCA news sites

Spring Crown List Announced!

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sun, 2016-04-17 08:48

Their Majesties Thomas Byron and Ariella, are happy to announce the list of contenders for Their Crown Tournament, to be held May 7th in the Barony of Delftwood.

“Greetings unto the Nobles and Populace of AEthelmearc and all who hear these Words.

We are proud to announce the Noble Fighters and Inspirational Consorts who will take the field at the Tournament to choose Our Heirs.  We are indeed pleased with these Gentles, and We look forward to a glorious day of chivalrous combat.

In Service to the Dream,

Byron and Ariella, Rex et Regina AEthelmearc

Duke Sir Timothy of Arindale for Duchess Gabrielle van Nijenrode

Duke Sir Sven Gunnarsson of Fathrundrialand for Duchess Siobhan Inghean ui Liathain

Duke Sir Malcolm Duncan MacEioghann for Viscountess Rosalinde Ashworth

Duke Sir Marcus Eisenwald for Baroness Margerite Eisenwald

Earl Syr Yngvar the Dismal for Countess Caryl Olesdatter

Sir Maghnus an Chnoic na n’Iora for Brehyres Gwendolyn the Graceful

Sir Cunen Beornhelm and THL Ariadne Flaxenhair of Dragon’s End, each for the other

Sir Murdoch Bayne for Baroness Rioghnach ni Rose

Sir Delphinious Aegeous for Lady Shirin of Susa

Sir Magariki Katsuichi no Koredono for Lady Katherine Sinclaire

Sir Angus MacBain for Mistress Yvianne de Castel d’Avignon

Mistress Jenna MacPherson and Lord Rouland of Willowbrooke, each for the other

Sir Gareth Kincaid for Mistress Juliana Delamare

Sir Arnþorr inn sterki for Lady Ceirech na Hinnsi

Baron William Freskyn Murray for Baroness Katherine Kiersey

THL Jairus of the Darklands for Baroness Rosemund von Glinde

Baron Dominic McMorland for Countess Isabeau de l’Isle

Baroness Beatrix Zsofia Serilda Krieger and THL Thorsol Solinauga, each for the other

THL Lothar Hügelmann for Baroness Elizabeth Arrowsmyth

Brother Boldo for Noelle the Goodhearted

Lord Fearghus max Eoin for Mariss Muller

Categories: SCA news sites

Runestone lost for 250 years found in garden patio

History Blog - Sun, 2016-04-17 04:36

A thousand-year-old runestone missing for 250 years has been found in the garden of a home in the village of Boddum in Thy, northern Jutland, Denmark. It all started in November of 2015 when farmer Ole Kappel called the Museum Thy to report he had a stone with some carved lines on it lying in his garden. He asked for an expert to examine it and tell him what it was. In March, Museum Thy archaeologist Charlotte Boje Andersen and National Museum of Denmark runologist Lisbeth Imer were amazed to find that the stone lying around in Kappel’s garden was the Ydby Runestone, carved between 970 and 1020 A.D. and last seen in 1767.

“It was one of the biggest moments in my time as an archaeologists and a completely one-of-a-kind discovery that highlights how important Thy and the western part of the Limfjord were in the Viking era,” [Andersen] said.

The Ydby Runestone was first documented in 1741 by bishop and antiquarian Erik Pontoppidan in the second volume of his collection of notable Danish inscriptions, Marmora Danica. Pontoppidan reported that the stone was moved from a place known as “Hellesager,” where it had stood upright over a triangular underground tomb surrounded by stones, to the village of Flarup. In 1767, Danish naturalist and illustrator Søren Abildgaard tracked down the runestone near Flarup. He made an accurate drawing of stone and the runes on three of its four sides and recorded its location in his travel diary.

After that, the stone disappeared. We don’t know when it was displaced, but landscape painter RH Kruse looked for it assiduously in 1841 and it was no longer there. None of the residents had any information about the runestone. A local farmer told Kruse that as far as he knew, the stone hadn’t been there for 50 years. A teacher named Nissen who was an avid documenter of runestones wrote to the National Museum in 1898 that he’d learned the stone had been used to build a railway bridge and was probably underwater.

Kruse had the wrong idea, thankfully. Ole Kappel acquired the stone 25 years ago when he bought a farm property and demolished the house. Thankfully he had the presence of mind to salvage what he could, including a pile of old stones from the foundation of the farmhouse. He took some of the stones home and used them in his landscaping. In fact, he told the thrilled experts, there more of the old farmhouse stones in his front yard patio. Andersen and Imer took a look at the pavers and saw two pieces that matched the shape of the runestone. Kappel’s sons Anders and Kristian pried up the two stones and more runes were revealed.

Imer was able to identify the stone because the extant runes matched the one recorded in Abildgaard’s drawings. Translated into English, it reads: “Thorgísl and Leifi’s sons placed/ at this place/ the stone in memory of Leifi.” Based on the parts that are missing, Imer thinks the stone, which was about six feet high and three feet wide when intact, was broken into about eight sections. All together, the rediscovered pieces form about half of the original runestone.

Andersen has checked the records and she thinks the stone was swiped in the 1820s when the farm Kappel bought was built. The farm was just a few hundred meters from the runestone’s last known location. The owner appears to have helped himself to the runestone and used it as raw material to build the foundations of his farmhouse. The Kappels plan to keep looking for the other missing pieces.

The recovered stones went on display at Heltborg Museum for a month so residents of Thy could see their long-lost cultural patrimony. The stone is now in the National Museum of Denmark where experts will assess whether it should be declared treasure trove. (It should be and will be.)

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Abhainn Ciach Ghlais Receives Historic Preservation Award

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2016-04-16 20:01

Photo by Barbara Confer Franck.

If you belong to the SCA you’ve more than likely helped out at one of your local group’s demos at least a time or two or more. What’s unusual is to receive a congratulatory letter from an outside historical nonprofit group wanting to bestow your local group with one of its prestigious awards for doing something you love.

This is what happened to the hard-working folk from the Shire of Abhainn Ciach Ghlais (ACG) who recently received an “Historic Preservation Award” from the Shikelimo Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR). The distinctive honor was bestowed on Saturday, March 26, 2016 during the annual DAR Awards Ceremony held at the Union County Library, Lewisburg, PA.

The award is designed to recognize worthy individuals or groups for outstanding achievements in all areas of historic preservation, and was given to ACG for its active involvement, particularly demos, within the local community.

During the ceremony, the DAR Regent went into detail about two of ACG’s biggest annual demos, which have been visited by thousands. These include the time-honored medieval encampment held at the Lewisburg Art’s Festival in April and the annual Renaissance Faire and Festival held for the benefit of the Sunbury Redevelopment Initiative.

The DAR Regent listed a wide variety of arts and sciences ACG traditionally presents and is enjoyed by the community such as learning how to roll glass beads, creating calligraphy with period tools, weaving chain mail, preparing period camp cooking and more. She also gave credit for the crowd’s fascination with watching day-long fighting and fencing bouts.

Smaller demos were also acknowledged such as one held at Camp Victory, a camp for children with diabetes, and what it meant for the children when they had a day of bard-told stories, swinging a sword at a knight in armor, learning how to weave on an inkle loom and playing medieval games. The Regent even mentioned how much enjoyment DAR members had when last year ACG performed a demo for them.

Attending shire members were asked to come up on stage to accept the award. These included Duke Sir Timothy of Arindale and Duchess Gabrielle van Nijenrode, Dame Bronwyn MacFhionghuin, THL Brad Boda Aetheward, Lord Conrad Keinst, Lady Byrgida Zajaczkowa, Lady Elyes la Bref, Lord Jeremiah MacCoul, Lady Greer Wallace, and Lady Deirdre Kildare.

Deirdre, the shire’s seneschal, offered her appreciation for the award along with a few words about ACG and her pride in the shire’s “multifaceted talent which stretches wide and deep.”

Refreshments, along with picture taking, followed the bestowal of awards.

Since the DAR’s founding in 1890, historic preservation and education have been part of its mission. Its Historic Preservation Award is an annual honor given to one individual and to one group.  The would-be recipient must be nominated with supporting documentation such as newspaper articles and recommendation letters which are then forwarded to the Historic Preservation Committee of the National Society for approval.

Submitted by
Lady Deirdre Kildare

Categories: SCA news sites

Tombstone of early priest found in front of Mexico City cathedral

History Blog - Sat, 2016-04-16 03:52

Engineers with the Trust of the Historic Center of Mexico City were installing one of eight new lampposts to illuminate the facade of the Metropolitan Cathedral when, digging deeper than expected, they came across the tombstone of one of the first Catholic priests in Mexico. They notified the Program of Urban Archaeology (PAU) of the Templo Mayor Museum and their archaeologists excavated the find.

The horizontal slab was found in front of the central door of the cathedral about four feet beneath the current floor. It’s a greenish volcanic stone called chiluca and is engraved around the borders with an epitaph in ancient Castilian recording the name of the priest: Miguel de Palomares. It’s followed by an inscription in Greek which has yet to be translated but could be de Palomares’ birth and death dates. Carved on the middle of the stone is a shield with three fleurs de lys, possibly a reference to the Dominican order whose emblems include fleurs de lys, although they’re usually added to the end of crosses or squeezed together to form a cross.

It’s not known whether Miguel de Palomares was a member of the Dominican order. He was a prominent figure in Mexico City in the first half of the 16th century, a member of the first church council convened in the cathedral. He died in 1542 and was buried near an altar inside the first church which was later demolished to make room for the current cathedral. Archaeologists have not yet lifted the slab and so don’t know whether his remains are still buried beneath it.

Today it’s the largest cathedral in the Americas, but the first church on the site was a more modest affair. It was built in 1524, three years after the Spanish conquest of Tenochtitlan. Hernán Cortés himself laid the first stone at the crossroads of the four cardinal points at the southern boundary of the Sacred Precinct. The stones used to build the church were taken from the destroyed Templo Mayor.

The first bishop of Mexico, Franciscan Juan de Zumárraga, was appointed in 1530. The Archdiocese of Mexico was established in 1546 with Zumárraga as archbishop. The church was now designated a cathedral, but it was deemed too small for the seat of an increasingly important archbishopric. The funding for a new cathedral was sorted out in 1552. Work on the foundations began in 1562 and construction would continue for centuries. The original church was demolished in 1628 when enough of the new cathedral was built to make it usable. It was finally completed in 1813.

The discovery of the slab sheds light on how Cortés didn’t just destroy the Aztec sacred architecture and reuse the materials, but rather integrated structures into the church.

The nearly 2-metre-long slab was sunk into the same level of the stucco floor of what appears to be an Aztec temple. The cathedral was simply built over the temple and apparently used the same floor. The Spaniards apparently gave the floor only a thin coat of lime whitewash before using it for their church.

“The Spaniards, Hernán Cortes and his followers, made use of the pre-Hispanic structures, the temples, the foundations, the floors,” said Raúl Barrera, an archaeologist for the government’s National Institute of Anthropology and History. “They even used the walls, the floors. They couldn’t destroy everything all at once.” [...]

Archaeologists have long known the Spaniards often appeared to prefer to build their churches atop Aztec temples, but it was thought that was for symbolic purposes, to signal the displacement of old Aztec gods by the Christian church. But it may also have been a practical decision, as the pre-Hispanic temples had good foundations, walls and floors that the Spaniards could use, saving them the trouble of building new ones.

Construction of the new cathedral damaged the tombstone. It is perforated with a large hole that likely had a post or cross embedded into it. Chiluca is a delicate stone, and since this one has already been damaged, archaeologists are being very cautious before attempting to raise the slab and transport it to the Templo Mayor Museum.

Other architectural elements from the first church have been unearthed alongside the slab. There are stones next to the slab that archaeologists believe were part of the long-defunct altar. They’ve also found the remains of a perimeter wall from the original church.

It’s very rare for archaeologists to have a chance to study known historical figures, and as Miguel de Palomares was associated with an important transitional period after the conquest, PAU experts hope they’ll find his remains which would give us new information about Catholic burial practices in the first half of the 16th century and the diet of Spanish colonists.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Unofficial Court Report: Last Court of Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri

East Kingdom Gazette - Fri, 2016-04-15 15:30

And so it was that Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri did throw a party for their heirs, and hold Court in the Shire of Quintavia on 9 April AS 50.

First was Duchess Marieke called into court. She presented the restored and refurbished Sword of State to Their Majesties.

Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri called before them Eydis Thorgrimsdottir. She was Awarded Arms and named a Lady of the Court, receiving a wooden scroll by Marietta Charay with words by Aesa feilin Jossursdottir and translation to runes by Avaldr Valbjarnarson.

Next was Olaf Haraldson called into court. He replied to the question posed to him, and thus was the Order of the Pelican called forth. He was elevated to the order, receiving regalia and a carved horn scroll with words by Allyn Min Teanga and the carving by Randall Vihari-Farkas.

Next was Geloria de Sancto Johanne called before Their Majesties. They carried the words of Thorkatla, and presented Geloria with a Meridian Majesty. She received a scroll by Caterina Coeur Noir of Meridies.

Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri called forth Isobel (Libby) Bickerstaff. Speaking of her services, they welcomed before them the Order of the Silver Crescent. She was inducted into the order and received a medallion and a stained glass scroll by Solskinn of Smoking Rocks with words by Nest verch Tangwistel.

But Their Majesties were not yet through with Isobel. For her work as their Court Scheduler, they named her a Baroness of the Court. She received a coronet from Her Highness Avelina, and a scroll by Palotzi Marti.

Next was Ariana of the North called into court. Her skill in archery noted, she was inducted into the Order of the Sagitarius. She received a medallion and a scroll by Éadaoin Chruitire.

The order not yet complete, next was Isadora del la tor called into court. She was inducted into the Order of the Sagitarius, receiving a medallion and a stained glass scroll by Conor O Caellaigh (with assistance from Mongo Chinua) with calligraphy by Lada Monguligin.

Remaining on the topic of Archery, Their Majesties invited Li Kung Lo into their court. They named him a Baron of the Court, presenting him with a coronet and a scroll by Nest verch Tangwistel.

Their Majesties called into court their Order of the Silver Rapier. Noting their order by no means complete, they called before them Magdalena Von Kirschberg to join the order. She received a medallion and a scroll by Nataliia Anastasiia Evgenova.

Their Majesties called before them Culann mac Cianain. His Majesty Brennan spoked highly of Culann’s work as an armorer, and named him Armorer to the Crown, presenting him with a scroll by Harold von Auerbach.

Additionally, Culann mac Cianain was presented with a King’s Cypher for his service to the reign.

Her Majesty Caoilfhionn called into court Fergus Redmead and Sabina Lutrell. For their service to the reign, they each received a Queen’s Cypher.

Next was Malcolm Bowman called into court. For his service to the reign he received both a King’s Cypher and a Queen’s Cypher.

Their Majesties next invited the Worshipful Company of Her Majesty’s Underwear into court. They presented gifts to the King and Queen.

Next did Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri call into court. Aife ingen Chonchobair, Harvey Wynegode, Thora Sharpstooth, Lianor de Matos, Heather Rose de Gordon, Aethelflied Brewbane, Anastasia da Monte, Cateline la Broderesse, Keagan MacKeagen, Elizabet Marshal, Asa in Svarta, Lucien de Pontivy, Aildreda de Tamworthe and Eva Woderose. All were named Tailors/Seamstresses to the Crown, and presented with both a King’s Award of Esteem and a Queen’s Award of Esteem.

His Majesty called before him Donovan Shinnock and Llewyllyn Walsh. He presented both with a King’s Award of Esteem.

His Majesty invited before him Catrin o’r Rhyd For. She received a King’s Cypher for her service to the reign.

Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri called forth their Order of the Silver Wheel. Stated that the order was incomplete, they invited before them Raziya bint Rusa. She was inducted into the order, and received a medallion and a scroll by Isa of Ruantallan with words by Marion du Canard.

The order not yet complete, Their Majesties invited before them Lavina Attewode. She was inducted into the Order of the Silver Wheel, receiving a medallion and a scroll by Svea the Short-sighted.

The order still not yet complete, Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri called forth Tomyris of Stonemarche. She was inducted into the order, receiving a medallion and a scroll by Wulfgar Silverbraid and Treannah.

Her Majesty called into court Cassandra Blondel and Arlyana van Wyck. They each received a Queen’s Award of Esteem.

Her Majesty Caoilfhionn next called into court Anton LaFlamme and Aiden McShane. They each received a Queen’s Award of Esteem.

Their Majesties welcomed into their court Ellen du Grandchamp. They called for the companions of the Order of the Golden Lance. Ellen was inducted into the order, receiving a medallion and a scroll by Katherine Stanhope.

Next did Their Majesties call forth Catalina de Valencia. The named her a Baroness of their Court, presenting her with a coronet and a scroll by Rhonwen Glyn Conwy.

His Majesty called into court Mercedes Vera de Califia. For her service to the reign she was presented with a King’s Cypher.

Brennan Ri called forth Martin der Wasserspeir. For her service to the reign she was presented with a King’s Cypher.

Caoilfhionn Banri called forth Clodagh and Leonete D’Angely. They were each presented with a Queen’s Award of Esteem.

Tola knytir was also awarded a Queen’s Award of Esteem.

Their Majesties invited into their court Fiona O’Malle. She was presented with a King’s Award of Esteem and a Queen’s Award of Esteem.

Brennan and Caoilfhionn called into their court Demi la Roux de Avignon. She was presented with a King’s Award of Esteem and a Queen’s Award of Esteem.

Her Majesty called into court Medhbh inghean ui Cheallaigh. For her service to the reign Medhbh received a Queen’s Cypher.

Her Majesty called into court Einarr Njortharson, called Billyfish. For his service to the reign, Billyfish was presented with a Queen’s Cypher.

Her Majesty called forth Miles Boweman. Her Majesty welcomed him into her Queen’s Order of Courtesy.

Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri called forth Elizabeth Elenore Lovell. For her service to the reign she was presented with a King’s Cypher and a Queen’s Cypher.
Her Majesty called His Majesty before her. She did present to Brennan her Queen’s Award of Esteem.

His Majesty called Her Majesty before him. He did present to Caoilfhionn his King’s Cypher.

Their Majesties called forth the King’s Bard, Aethelflied Brewbane, to practice her art as a soothsayer. The signs unclear, Aethelflied had her student, Caoilfhionn Banri, also practice. Her Majesty read the signs and portents, and realized that the time had come o not just throw a party for their heirs, but to pass to them the Crowns of the East.

Their Majesties called forth their retainers, and released them from service.
Her Majesty called forth her guards, and released them from service.
Their Majesties called forth their champions, and released them from service.
Speaking of their love of the Kingdom of the East, they thanked the people for their love and support.

Thus closed the last court of Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri, making way for the Coronation of Their Heirs, Kenric and Avelina. Long Live the King! Long Live the Queen!

Long live the Kingdom of the East!

In Service,
Malcolm Bowman, Eastern Crown Herald (Ret).

Though not in attendance, Martyn de Halliwell was named Tailor to the Crown and received a King’s Award of Esteem. Further, Cristoforo Donatello dei Visconti was named Tailor to the Crown.

Thank you to the heralds for the day, Elizabeth Elenore Lovell, Yehuda ben Moshe and Liadan ingen Chineada.

Filed under: Court

Incredible 17th c. silk gown found in shipwreck

History Blog - Fri, 2016-04-15 04:52

There are hundreds of shipwrecks buried under the sands of the Wadden Sea near the island of Texel off the coast of North Holland. A natural barrier between the North Sea and Wadden Sea, Texel was an important center of maritime trade. Ships anchored in the Texel roadstead, a sheltered area in the lee of the island, waiting for propitious winds, waiting out bad weather or taking on crew and cargo, only to be wrecked in sudden unexpected storms. Many wrecks are protected by the sand, but as currents shift they can be exposed to the more damaging elements of sea. Divers from the Texel Diving Club keep an eye on the condition of wrecks and recover artifacts that have been unburied and are in danger of destruction.

In August of 2014, divers discovered that artifacts from one known wreck, a well-armed merchant ship buried since it sank in the 17th century, had been exposed. They didn’t know what the objects were at first. It was just a bundle in the sand. It was only when the brought the bundle to the surface that they realized they’d recovered antique textiles. The find was not announced to protect the site from interlopers while conservators examined and stabilized the finds.

Conservators discovered that the bundle included a unique survival in exceptional condition: a silk damask gown of such high quality that it must have belonged to a noblewoman of very high rank, perhaps even royalty. Buried under the seabed for 400 years or so, the delicate silk was spared the ravages of both oxygen and animals. The dress has a bodice with loose-fitting sleeves and sleeve caps and a full pleated skirt open in the front. The neck has an upright collar. The style is of a type seen in paintings from the early 17th century.

The dress is just one element of an extensive wardrobe that includes a jacket, silk knee socks and silk bodices woven with gold and silver thread. All of these pieces are the same size, so archaeologists believe the clothes belonged to one full-figured woman. Only the gown shows signs of significant wear, which suggests it was intended for everyday use, as does the lack of rich silver and gold embroidery seen in the bodices.

The dress has been examined by experts from the Rijksmuseum, the University of Amsterdam and the State Service for Cultural Heritage (RCE), all of whom agree that it is one of the important textile finds ever made in Europe. Professor Emmy de Groot of the University of Amsterdam called it “the Night Watch of the costume world.”

Other artifacts were recovered from the wreck site. There’s Italian pottery, a silver gilt vessel, a red velvet pouch embroidered with silver thread that contained a two-sided lice comb made of cow horn, pomanders (openwork spheres that held sweet-smelling flowers or herbs for elegant people to sniff when the environment was particularly rank), and a number of leather book covers in different sizes, some with locks. One of them is stamped in gold with the coat of arms of King Charles I, which suggests at least part of the cargo was Stuart property. Perhaps the lady with the very fine wardrobe was a member of the Stuart family.

In addition to the passenger belongings, the ship’s cargo was remarkably varied. In addition to the wardrobe and expensive personal belongings, the ship was carrying boxwood — a dense, fine-grained wood widely used for musical instruments, chess sets and decorative carving — mastic from the Greek island of Chios, crates archaeologists believe held frankincense or myrrh, tobacco and aniseed. These objects found at the same time in the same context make the find a priceless historical time capsule that sheds new light on trade, politics and how people lived and worked on ships in the 17th century.

The gown and other treasures are now on display at the Kaap Skil Museum on Texel. The finds belong to the Province of North Holland. After the month-long exhibition ends on May 16th, the artifacts from the wreck will be further studied and conserved at North Holland’s Huis van Hilde archaeology center. Once the research is complete, the Kaap Skil Museum will display the finds in a permanent exhibition.

UPDATE: The likely owner of the gown has been identified.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Call for Content – EK Rapier Website

East Kingdom Gazette - Thu, 2016-04-14 18:31

Unto the Rapier Combatants of the Kingdom of the East do I, Master Frasier MacLeod, send greetings,

We have recently changed Webministers for the EK Rapier website. I would like to extend a heartfelt thank you to Mistress Analeda Falconbridge for stepping in at a difficult time and keeping the site afloat and viable until a permanent Webminister could be found.

Our new Webminister, Lord Brian of Stonemarche, has asked me to put out the call for CONTENT! If there is an article, an essay, a class, a presentation, or anything along those lines you think would make the Rapier website better and more useful, let us know! Feel free to send it along to Brian and myself, with a copy of the SCA Creative Work Copyright Assignment/Grant of Use Form found here: Link to Release so we can use your work legally and with your permission.

The EK Rapier website is for all of YOU, and without you we can’t make it better. Help us turn the site into something other kingdoms will look at and go “Wow, I wish my website was cool like the East’s is”.

In Service,

Master Frasier MacLeod, KRM, East

Filed under: Announcements, Rapier Tagged: call for content, fencing, from the ekmof, marshal of Fence, Rapier, websites

In Memoriam: Mistress Laura Hawkwood

East Kingdom Gazette - Thu, 2016-04-14 15:02

Mistress Laura Hawkwood (also known as Laura de Segovia), 43rd Laurel of the East, passed away in Carolingia on Tuesday, April 12th. She was awarded arms in AS X at the coronation of Alaric and Yseult, and was one of only 14 inductees into the now closed Order of Fatima, which honored illustrious clothiers and seamstresses. (She also helped design the badge for this order, as well as the badge for the Queen’s Order of Courtesy which is still in use today.) In AS XX, she was recognized as a companion of the Order of the Moon by the Baron of Carolingia for her achievements in the arts which further the progress of those arts in the Barony of Carolingia. She was a founder of House Silverwing, and active in the heraldic community.

Her obituary is available on-line here.

Filed under: Tidings Tagged: barony of carolingia, Carolingia, in memoriam, obit, obituary

Event Report: The Coronation of Byron and Ariella

AEthelmearc Gazette - Thu, 2016-04-14 12:06

As you may know, our new monarchs are deeply rooted in the culture of late 14th century England. Their home is based on Bodiam Castle, which was built in 1385, and their personae “live” in that year. They wished to have as authentic a Coronation ceremony as possible, and so they turned to Master Steffan ap Kennydd of the East Kingdom for assistance. Master Steffan designed the German Coronation ceremony for Duke Maynard and Duchess Liadain three years ago, and has adapted period ceremonies for monarchs from numerous kingdoms around the Known World. For Byron and Ariella, he began with the “Liber Regalis,” originally used for the Coronation of Richard II of England in 1367. In collaboration with then-Prince and Princess Byron and Ariella, he adapted the ceremony to suit SCA customs and traditions. The result was a Coronation ceremony that incorporated many actual lines of dialog from the source ceremony, along with appropriate choral music of the time period, and featured elements that enhanced the sense of actually being in 14th century England. Many of the gentles in attendance remarked on how moving the Coronation was. In addition, the mood was aided by some modern technology. The photos in our report show the hall having stone walls and large stained glass windows, but in reality it has plain white walls and no windows. The illusion was created by a projection system, with assistance from the autocrat, THLord Thomas LeStrange, and Danielle DePalma of Unity Community Church. Mistress Arianna of Wynthrope reports on this unique ceremony and the event where it was held.

Some unseasonal light snow overnight on Friday and into the day on Saturday slowed or deterred some travelers, especially those who had to cross mountain paths, but on the morning of April 9th, the Last Court of the Imperatori, Tindal and Etain, commenced only slightly behind schedule.

The Augustus and Augusta processed in wearing garments that came as a breathtaking surprise: instead of Their usual Romano-Celtic clothing, They and Their children wore beautiful 16th century German outfits with puffs and slashes in green, black, and white.

Photo by Duchess Siobhán inghean uí Liatháin.

The Imperatori gave Their last awards, which included Sigils for Their children in thanks for their excellent behavior throughout the reign, and Court Baronies to Meisterin Felicity Flußmüllnerin and her husband, Lord Fridrich Flußmüllner, for their constant service during Their time on the thrones. They also made THLady Beatrix Krieger a Court Baroness for her service as Captain of the Queen’s Guard.

THLady Beatrix is made a Court Baroness. Photo by Duchess Siobhán inghean uí Liatháin.

Meisterin Felicity and Lord Fridrich receive Court Baronies. Photo by Duchess Siobhán.

Next, the Imperatori joyfully called Maestro Bastiano di Iacopo forth to be elevated to the Order of Defense. Maestro Bastiano was commended by Master Iago Benitez speaking for the Pelicans and the Order of Defense, Master Quinn Kerr on behalf of the Laurels, and Duke Timothy of Arindale on behalf of the Chivalry and Royal Peers. A coat with the insignia of his new rank was placed upon his shoulders, and he received the ancestral livery collar from the hand of Master Anias Fenne, as well as a personal collar from Master Iago. The populace greeted the new Master of Defense with great cheers.

Master Bastiano is elevated to the Order of Defense. Photo by Duchess Siobhan.

Prince Thomas Byron of Haverford then came forward to remind the Imperatori that “Times Change” and warn that Vandals and Visigoths threatened the doorsteps of the realm, requiring new leadership. The Augustus asked if Prince Byron’s claim to the throne was just, to which the Kingdom Seneschal, Duke Christopher Rawlins, the Silver Buccle Herald, Master Kameshima Zentarou Umekai, and the one of the Ministers of the Lists who presided over the Crown Tournament in Misty Highlands last October, Baroness Aemelia Soteria, all confirmed that it was. Seeing that all was in order, Augustus Tindal asked Prince Byron to allow Him time to set His affairs in order. The Imperatori thanked Their guard and retainers and dismissed them, then called for Prince Byron to claim the crown.

Prince Byron and Princess Ariella, clad in gold, white, and red brocade garments with deeply dagged sleeves, processed into the hall under a canopy borne by eight gentles, each representing one of the Grant-level orders of the Kingdom, to the choir chanting Firmetur Manus Tua, (Let thine arm be strengthened, and thy right hand be exalted. Righteousness and equity are the habitation of thy seat: mercy and truth shall go before thy face).

Canopies borne by members of each of the Kingdom Grant Orders. Photo by Master Fridrikr Tomasson.

The Prince and Princess were accompanied by four Knights as their escort. Princess Ariella entered with her long blonde hair flowing loose down her back, as was customary for a Queen at her Coronation. Upon reaching the dais, Prince Byron prostrated himself before the thrones in prayer while Princess Ariella knelt to do likewise. Augustus Tindal then bade Byron rise, saying “If thou be made the master, lift not thyself up, but be among them as one of the rest.” The Prince was assisted in rising by Sir Koredono and Viscount Bear.

Prince Byron prostrates himself before the thrones while Princess Ariella kneels in prayer. Photo by Master Augusto Giuseppe da San Donato.

After affirming to the Crown and the Silver Buccle Herald that They were ready to assume the burden of the crown, Prince Byron and Princess Ariella were turned to face the populace. The Silver Buccle Herald asked the populace if it would be ruled by them, to which the assembled gentles responded heartily with “Aye!” and “So be it!”

Byron and Ariella are presented to the populace. Photo by Duchess Siobhán.

The Prince and Princess were then asked to swear on the book of the Kingdom Laws that they would protect and defend the Kingdom, its laws, and its customs. They further promised to defend the people of the realm, whether rich or poor, to honor the peers and barons, and to dispense justice to Their people. Duke Christopher Rawlins, Seneschal of Æthelmearc, enjoined them to be wise and just rulers.

Duke Christopher addresses the Prince and Princess. Photo by Duchess Siobhán.

The Imperatori then removed the crowns of Æthelmearc from their brows. Augustus Tindal placed the crown upon Byron’s head and named Him King.

Tindal crowns Byron as King, Photo by Master Augusto.

Augusta Etain gave the Queen’s crown into King Byron’s hands, and He crowned His lady wife, Ariella, as Queen.

Byron crowns Ariella Queen. Photo by Master Fridrikr Tomasson.

The new King and Queen were escorted to the thrones by Tindal and Etain, who then departed to the cheers of the populace and the choir singing Alle Psallite Cum Luya.

The choir performing for the Coronation ceremony. Photo by Master Fridrikr Tomasson.

Their Majesties, Byron and Ariella, then gave Their crowns into the keeping of Their pages and knelt before the Silver Buccle Herald, who anointed Them with water from the River Thames in remembrance of the lands of Their ancestors and as a reminder to rule wisely and well, after which the Crowns were once again placed on Their heads.

Queen Ariella is anointed with water from the River Thames. Photo by Duchess Siobhán.

Duke Duncan von Halstern, King’s Champion, brought forth the Sword of State, which King Byron drew as the Silver Buccle Herald advised Him to use the sword in defense of the poor and those in need, and only in a righteous cause. His Majesty returned the sword to His Grace, saying ” I place this naked sword in your hand, that seeing it, the people will know that I will faithfully do all that I have promised.”

King Byron returns the sword to His Champion. Photo by Master Augusto.

The new King and Queen were invested with the symbols of Their new estate, presented to Them by various peers of the realm: armills of sincerity and wisdom, rings of royal dignity, the scepter of virtue and equity, and mantles of royal estate. The Kingdom Seneschal once again admonished them to be good sovereigns, and to support and protect Their people. The choir chanted the Roll of Kings and Queens of Æthelmearc, honoring all those who have borne the weight of the Crowns in days past, and adding the names of Byron and Ariella.

Their Majesties watch as the choir sings the Roll of Kings and Queens. Photo by Master Augusto.

The King and Queen next called for Their children. Their eldest son and Heir, Joshua of the Debatable Lands, was away on crusade, but Their daughter Leah and son Ian joined them on the dais. King Byron noted that, in ancient days, the sons of the King were known as Æthelings, and therefore instructed Ian that he and his brother would be known as Joshua Ætheling and Ian Ætheling for the duration of Their reign. His Majesty then turned toward His daughter, Leah, and pondered what title was appropriate for her. After entreating the populace for suggestions, He concluded that she could only be… Princess Leah! This caused some merriment among the populace as well as with the new Princess Royal.

Their Majesties with Ian Ætheling and Princess Leah. Photo by Lady Silence de Cherbourg.

Their Majesties next summoned Their Predecessors, Tindal and Etain, and recognized their rightful titles of Duke and Duchess of Æthelmearc and the Society. Mistress Felicity with Baroness Helene and a group of ladies then invested Duchess Etain with a cloak stitched with roses, and Their Graces departed to their estates.

Tindal and Etain are invested as Duke and Duchess. Photo by Duchess Siobhán.

King Byron and Queen Ariella accepted the fealty of Their Great Officers, then of each Barony in turn, and then of the peerage orders: Knights, Laurels, Pelicans, and Masters of Defense, as well as the Royal Peers. Likewise, They call forward Their retainers to swear their fealty.

Click to view slideshow.

Then Their Majesties summoned Their Royal Herald, Bryheres Gwendolyn the Graceful, and with Master Kameshima, the Silver Buccle Herald, invested her with the title of Jewel of Æthelmearc Herald, receiving her promise to serve Them faithfully as Royal Court Herald for the duration of Their reign.

Bryheres Gwendolyn the Graceful is made Jewel of Æthelmearc Herald. Photo by Master Fridrikr.

The Silver Buccle Herald presented Their Majesties to the populace as their true and rightful monarchs, to which the populace responded “Long Live the King! Long Live the Queen! Ad Gloriam Æthelmearc!” Their Majesties then departed court to the sounds of the choir singing Gloria.

King Byron and Queen Ariella. Photo by Lady Silence.

After a break for a sideboard lunch consisting of fish, mushrooms pies, fruits, and bread, Their Majesties sat in state while various artisans placed items on display for the enjoyment of the populace. Numerous gentles offered fealty, congratulations, or gifts to Their Majesties, including a small group of pilgrims who sang several new songs from the Red Book of Montserrat.

Pilgrimage singers offer their music to the new King and Queen. Photo by Mistress Arianna of Wynthrope.

Meanwhile, the most determined fighters and fencers braved the cold and even some light snow to do combat. Lord Boden the Lost won the heavy weapons tournament, while Doña Emily of Dunvegan won the fencing tournament in a tiebreaker against Don Lodovic, thereby gaining a short black velvet cape of the style worn over the shoulder by 16th century dandies,  crafted by Countess Elena d’Artois as the tournament’s prize.

Click to view slideshow.

Slide show of A&S Display entries.

In the evening, Their Majesties held their First Court as King and Queen. It began with the King’s Champion, Duke Duncan, casting his gauntlet to the floor in challenge to any who would contest the right of Byron and Ariella to rule. No challenge was made, and court continued.

Their Majesties bestowed many awards on deserving gentles, including Awards of Arms on several worthy members of the Shire of Gryffyn’s Keep, hosts of the event, as well as Sycamores and Keystones. Notable were the elevation of Lady Alimé bint Yorgi to the Millrind for her many years of service to numerous groups around the western regions of Æthelmearc, Countess Rosalinda of Castile to the White Horn for her skill in thrown weapons, and Duchess Siobhán inghean uí Liatháin to the Fleur d’Æthelmearc for her Finnish spiral beadwork.

Grant-level awards given at court. Click a photo above to see them as a slide show.

Finally, King Byron and Queen Ariella summoned Duke Timothy of Arindale before them. They asked him how long he had lived in Æthelmearc, to which he responded that he had been here for 5 years. His Majesty mused on the impact that His Grace has had on the Kingdom in such a short time, teaching, inspiring, and rallying heavy fighters to train harder and become a unified force on the battlefield, as well as encouraging gentles of all interests, from archers to artisans, to strive and achieve greatness. Their Majesties then called forth the Order of the Pelican and asked if they would have Duke Timothy numbered among them, to which there was a resounding “Aye!” His Grace received a Writ of Summons for the Pelican to be answered at a date of his choosing.

Duke Timothy receives a Writ for the Pelican. Photo by Master Augusto.

Their Majesties announced that, after due consideration, Æthelmearc will fight on the side of the East Kingdom at Pennsic 45.

After some additional announcements, including a request for assistance in creating Queen’s Favors for SCA 50 year and Pennsic, court was concluded.

A feast of three removes, cooked by Maestra Tomasia da Collavento and her staff, featured dishes ranging from whole chickens to mushroom and onion pies, pasta, venison, meatballs, and a variety of sweets. At the end of the feast Maestra Tomasia particularly commended two gentles who were attending their first event and had spent the entire day assisting in the kitchen.

High table at the feast. Photo by Lady Catalina.

The day complete, gentles wended their way homeward through a night that was cold but no longer snowy, with pleasant memories of a Coronation filled with beauty and camaraderie.

The Royal Family: Ian Ætheling, King Byron, Queen Ariella, Princess Leah, and Joshua Ætheling. Photo by Lady Catalina.

Categories: SCA news sites

Viking treasure pokes finder in Denmark

History Blog - Thu, 2016-04-14 03:45

Søren Bagge had only been metal detecting for a couple of months in August of 2015. With no particular expertise, he picked a field near Lille Karleby on the Hornsherred peninsula of Zealand, Denmark, to scan just because he happened to have grown up nearby and so could easily stop at home for coffee breaks. The first couple of days he found a few Arabic silver coins. The next signal from his metal detector was weak too, but when he dug into the top soil, he found a small silver cup. He’d felt something pointy stabbing him as he was digging up the cup, so he suspected there was more to be found in the spot and rushed to alert the Roskilde Museum.

It was the weekend, though, and nobody was around to pursue his lead. Bagge put the cup back where he found it and reburied it to keep it safe until Monday. On Monday Roskilde Museum archaeologists did a small excavation on the spot. About a foot below the surface they encountered multiple artifacts and realized they had a Viking hoard on their hands. They removed the entire lot in a soil block to excavate it with careful deliberation in laboratory conditions.

Before excavating the soil block, archaeologists took it to Roskilde Hospital where it was CT scanned in the Radiology unit. The scan showed there were a great many artifacts encased in that soil block. It gave archaeologists a blueprint of how to proceed. There is video of the block’s arrival at the hospital and the scan. This video is in Danish, but you don’t have to understand what they’re saying to appreciate the excitement of the CT reveal.

The excavation revealed an exceptional treasure of 392 pieces. The silver cup Bagge found was one of two. There were 53 gilt bronze and silver pendants, more than 300 beads made of glass, amber, rock crystal and silver, 18 Arabic and Western European coins, a braided silver chain, a bracelet or arm ring with five smaller rings attached, elaborately decorated pieces from France, Eastern Europe and Ireland or Scotland. Some of the objects of Scandinavian manufacture were already antiques when they were buried in the second half of the 10th century.

I hesitate to play favorites with so many beautiful and important pieces, but the large ball penannular brooch, also known as a thistle brooch, is breathtaking. Penannular brooches were relatively common in the Viking era, but nothing like this one has been found in Denmark before. It’s Irish or Scottish and was made in the 10th century. It’s called a thistle brooch because it is decorated with three spheres in the shaving brush shape of the thistle bud. The brooch is large — 10 inches long — with a wicked long pin. It was that pin which poked at Søren Bagge when he was digging.

These large brooches were worn by elite men, high-ranking clerics and royal family members, with the pin facing upwards. There was a law on the books in Scotland that provided compensation for people who were accidentally stuck by long-pins. In a little historical irony, the reason the thistle is the national emblem of Scotland is that, according to legend, a barefoot Norse invader stepped on a thistle during an attempted nighttime raid on a Scottish army encampment. His cries of pain warned the Scots that the Vikings were coming and Scottish forces successfully repulsed the attack.

Another impressive import/pillaged piece in the hoard is a trefoil strap mount with acanthus decoration. This was a Frankish design which would later be copied in Scandinavia, only the Norse usually put stylized animal designs or geometric shapes inside the three leaves rather than the French acanthus motif. The French used trefoils as fittings on a sword strap. The Vikings converted them into a jewelry — belt buckles, brooches — and they’re usually discovered in women’s graves where there are no swords or any other weapons, for that matter. The Frankish style dates the piece to between the late 8th century and the 10th century.

Seven hollow silver beads in the hoard are of both Scandinavian and Slavic origin. The six largest, most elaborate beads decorated with rich filigree and showing the remains of gilding were probably manufactured in Poland or West Russia in the 9th or 10th century. They are very rare finds in Scandinavia. The seventh bead, on the other hand, is rounder with a silver spiral applique’ that is more typical of Scandinavian beads.

The bracelet or arm-ring with the rings attached is certainly a Scandinavian piece. The four smaller rings are closed with a knot, and the fifth and smallest ring is threaded through a heavy silver bead. The rings would have clinked together and chimed when the wearer moved her arm. Archaeologists think the design might represent Odin’s dwarf-forged gold ring, Draupnir (“the dripper” in Old Norse), which “dripped” eight rings of equal weight to the original every ninth night. In Norse mythology, it’s a symbol of fertility and prosperity.

As for the silver cup that started all of this, it and its companion are different. One is decorated with triangle designs close to the lip. One is plain. The decorated one is bigger and heavier than the plain one. Both were likely drinking goblets for the upper echelons of Norse society. Other Viking hoards also include silver cups, one larger and more ornamented than the other. Archaeologists think the uneven sets may have been used during important banquets or festivals where the honored guest would get to use the fancier cup and the host would take the plainer one. The style of the cups indicate they were made between 700 and 1000, but since the treasure was buried up to 50 or so years before the latter date, we can shave a few years off of that broad estimate.

The treasure went on display at the Roskilde Museum in December and is now in the National Museum for further study.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History