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A Reminder About Pennsic Herald’s Point

East Kingdom Gazette - Fri, 2016-06-17 17:37
Many people wait until Pennsic to visit Herald’s Point to try to register their name and armory.  Mistress Alys Mackyntioch reminds us that for Easterners, this is not the best strategy.  The East gets between 150 and 200 submissions from Pennsic, substantially more than any other Kingdom, and substantially more than is possible to review in a single month.  We can do a meaningful review of only about 50 submissions a month (again, substantially more than any other Kingdom), so submissions done near the end of Pennsic may not get to the first level of review until November. If you want to get a name or armory done, do it now before Pennsic. Requests for assistance can be sent by e-mail to pantheon@eastkingdom.org or blue.tyger@eastkingdom.org or diademe@eastkingdom.org.   Also, Herald’s Point is always looking for volunteers.  Even if you know little or nothing about heraldry, we need people to draw and color armory submissions, help greet people and manage the line, and do administrative work to free up heralds for consults.
Filed under: Announcements, Heraldry, Pennsic Tagged: heraldry, Pennsic

Pennsic Volunteers Needed

East Kingdom Gazette - Fri, 2016-06-17 15:50

Lady Sabina Lutrell, the East Kingdom Minister of Lists is looking for your help. The Pennsic Inspection Point and Marshals Tent on the battlefield is probably the second busiest place at Pennsic besides the gate and they need our help. Inside the tent, we need lots of hands to check authorization cards, ID, and Pennsic medallions. Do you have an hour or two to spare so that everyone’s vacation is a little bit more enjoyable?

We could really use your help. A sign up sheet has been created. Please click on the link below to sign up. No experience is necessary. Share with your friends. Sign up for one shift, or multiple shifts.

I look forward to working with you!

https://www.volunteersignup.org/MHFF9

 


Filed under: Announcements, Pennsic Tagged: Pennsic, volunteers

Restored 6th c. purple gospels return home

History Blog - Fri, 2016-06-17 03:30

The Codex Purpureus Rossanensis is a 6th century Greek manuscript written in uncial script (upper case script with rounded letters in use from the 4th-8th centuries) that contains the gospel of Matthew, most of the gospel of Mark (verses 14-20 of chapter 16 are missing) and the Epistula ad Carpianum (a letter from Eusebius of Caesarea, the “Father of Church History,” to Carpianus on the concordance of the four gospels). Because of the letter and an illumination of all four evangelists, scholars believe the 188-page codex was originally more than double the size and included all four gospels. It’s not certain where it was written. Comparisons with other manuscripts suggest Antioch is a possibility, as is Byzantium.

It is one of several surviving manuscripts of the New Testament known as the Purple Uncials or Purple Codices after their reddish or purple pages. The vellum was dyed the royal color and the text written in silver and gold ink. St. Jerome, author of the Vulgate, the first comprehensive translation of most of the Bible into Latin, defended himself against charges that he was rejecting the authority of the Greek writers of the Septuagint in his translation by dismissing the purple codices as pretty but inaccurate.

“Let whoever will to keep the old books, either written on purple skins with gold and silver, or in uncial letters, as they commonly say, loads of writing rather than books, while they leave to me and mine to have poor little leaves and not such beautiful books as correct ones.”

For them to have been held up as examples of old-fashioned scholarship, the purple Bibles must have been widespread in Christian theological circles when Jerome wrote that in 394 A.D.

Most of the surviving Codices Purpurei date to the 6th century, but there are examples as early as the 4th or 5th century (Codex Vercellensis Evangeliorum,
Codex Veronensis, Codex Palatinus) and as late as the 9th century (Minuscule 565, Minuscule 1143). There are Purple Codices written in Greek and Latin, and one in Gothic (Codex Argenteus). They were created in numerous place within the Roman’s former sphere of influence, from Syria to Anglo-Saxon England to Byzantine Greece.

The Rossano Codex is particularly notable for its 14 illuminations depicting the life and ministry of Jesus. It’s one of the earliest surviving illuminated gospels and contains two of the first and most significant representations of Pontius Pilate. He’s depicted as a white-haired judge seated on a curule chair, a symbol of Roman political power because only magistrates were allowed to sit on them. Only one other purpureous codex from the 6th century, the Vienna Genesis, is illuminated, and it’s a fragment of the Septuagint, specifically the Book of Genesis, so no Jesus or Pilate. Images include the above-mentioned four evangelists, Lazarus being raised from the dead, the entry into Jerusalem, the parable of the ten virgins, the Last Supper (in which Jesus and Peter recline to dine) and washing of the feet, Jesus healing the blind man, the Good Samaritan, the suicide of Judas and the Pilate scenes.

It was first brought to light by poet, literary critic and journalist Cesare Malpica in 1846, but the first to track it down to the sacristy of the cathedral of Rossano, Calabria, in southern Italy, and study it with scientific rigour were German theologians Adolf von Harnack and Oscar von Gebhardt published it internationally to great scholarly acclaim in 1879.

The manuscript has suffered many centuries of dismemberment, arduous travel, fire and a botched restoration in 1919 which applied hot jelly to the illuminated vellum leaves causing them to turn transparent. Alarmed by its deteriorating condition, the Rossano archdiocese enlisted the aid of Rome’s Central Institute for Restoration and Conservation of Archival and Library Heritage (ICRCPAL). From 2012 until 2015, ICRCPAL conservators worked with chemists, physicists, biologists and the latest technology to analyze and repair the Codex. There’s a nice selection of photos of the Codex and its restoration on the project website. They’re small, sadly.

In 2015 was added to UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register of documentary heritage. Now that the restoration is complete, the Codex will return to the Diocesan Museum where it is the featured exhibit. Three newly renovated galleries are dedicated to the manuscript: one to display the Codex itself, one in which a documentary film about the work is played, one dedicated to the restoration. A new climate-controlled, continuously monitored display case will house the fragile document. The Codex Purpureus Rossanensis goes back on display on July 2nd.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Long-lost Neolithic figurine found in Orkney museum

History Blog - Thu, 2016-06-16 01:20

I don’t know why stories sometimes form little geographical clusters, but it seems to happen fairly regularly. Last month it was Denmark and now it’s Scotland. Today’s Scottish report comes to us from the Stromness Museum which has rediscovered a highly significant Neolithic figurine that was undocumented and unrecognized its collection for almost a century.

It’s an anthropomorphic figurine 9.5cm (3.7 inches) high and 7.5cm (3 inches) wide carved out of whale bone. Holes were carved to indicate eyes, a mouth and a navel. There are also holes carved through the sides of the head and body, possibly used to hang it as a pendant. The figurine was discovered in the Neolithic village of Skara Brae, Orkney, in the 1860s. Skara Brae is the most complete Neolithic village in Europe with eight dwellings clustered together. was found in the stone bed compartment of Skara Brae’s House 3, a structure that stratigraphically and from radiocarbon testing of the context to between 2900 and 2400 B.C., so the figurine is about 5,000 or 4,500 years old. It is one of only a handful of prehistoric representations of humans discovered in Britain. It was the first one found and the only one made of whale bone.

The figurine was found by William Watt, Laird of Skaill House and owner of the property, who had discovered the site in 1850 when a storm exposed stone walls and a midden previously hidden under drift sand. Watt excavated the entire site with occasional visits from other amateur archaeologists James Farrer and George Petrie. The only existing documentation of the figurine is in Petrie’s 1867 report (pdf) in the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland on the Skara Brae settlement and its artifacts. He described it as a “small piece of Whalebone, cut as if intended for an idol or ‘Fetish.’” Petrie also made a sketch of it in his notebook.

The historical significance of the piece wasn’t recognized at the time. The artifact was assumed to be in the private museum Watt created at Skaill House, but there was no record of it. When the collection was broken up in the 1930s and distributed to various museums including the Stromness Museum, the figurine appeared in none of the inventories. It was believed lost forever.

The figurine was rediscovered by Dr. David Clarke who was going through Stromness Museum’s Skaill House artifacts as part of a research project on Skara Brae. None of the Skaill pieces included a provenance, so Dr. Clarke had to look through the entire collection for anything that might have come from Skara Brae. When he saw that little face peering out of a bed of tissue in the last box of the day, he immediately recognized it from Petrie’s illustration.

Additional research by Clarke and museum experts confirmed the identification and its original find spot. The figurine has been given a new name, Skara Brae Buddo (“buddo” is the Orcadian word for “friend”), and is now on display in the Stromness Museum’s new Rediscovered exhibition along with other artifacts from Skara Brae that have never been on display before.

You can explore Skara Brae Buddo’s amiable mien in this 3D model created by Dr. Hugo Anderson-Whymark.

Skara Brae 'Buddo' Figurine, Orkney
by Stromness Museum
on Sketchfab

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Updated East Kingdom Awards Overview and Other Award Resources

East Kingdom Gazette - Wed, 2016-06-15 21:25

The East Kingdom Awards Overview (created by Tola knitýr) has been updated to reflect the addition of the new AoA awards (Apollo’s Arrow, Silver Wheel, Silver Tyger, Silver Brooch) as well as the Golden Lance.

East Kingdom Awards

 

East Kingdom Awards (printable version)

Other Award Resources

How to Write an Awards Recommendation by Queen Avelina II
How Web Pollings and Recommendations Work by Lady Raffaella Mascolo
How the Awards Process Works by Queen Avelina II
On the Scheduling of Awards by Brennan II, Princeps

Save


Filed under: Court Tagged: awards, chart, resources

Polling Order Recommendations Due July 9th / Recommandations des Ordres nécessitant devoir faire par le 9 juillet

East Kingdom Gazette - Wed, 2016-06-15 07:01

En français
Recommendations for TRH Brion and Anna’s first order polling are due on July 9, 2016.

The orders that require polling are: 

Peerages (society level awards): Order of Chivalry (heavy weapons), Order of the Laurel (arts & sciences), Order of the Pelican (service), Order of Defense (rapier combat)

Orders of High Merit (East Kingdom): Order of the Silver Crescent (service), Order of the Maunche (arts & sciences), Order of the Tygers Combatant (heavy weapons), Order of the Sagittarius (archery), Order of the Golden Rapier (rapier combat), Order of the Golden Lance (equestrian).

Recommendations for awards that do not require polling (including Awards of Arms and the new Armigerous (“Silver”) Orders) may be submitted to the Crown at any time.

Full descriptions of all East Kingdom awards can be found in East Kingdom Law available on-line here (.pdf document), in Section IX Awards, starting on page 23. Additional information about the new Armigerous Orders can be found online here.

Anyone may recommend any person for any award. You do not need to be a member of an order to recommend someone for that order or award.

An excellent summary of how to write a good recommendation letter is available on the East Kingdom Wiki by clicking here.

Her Majesty Avelina also wrote this excellent article on how to recommend someone for an award.

You may submit recommendations for any award by using the EK Awards Web Form. Click here to access the form.

En français
Traduction par Ekaterina Solov’eva Pevtsova

Les recommandations pour les Ordres nécessitant un vote à leurs Altesses Royales Brion et Anna doivent être reçues au plus tard le 10 Juillet 2016.

Les Ordres nécessitant un vote sont :

Pairs (Ordres de la SCA) : Ordre de la Chevalerie/Chivalry (Combat en armure) Ordre du Laurier / Laurel (Arts et Sciences), Ordre du Pélican/ Pelican (Service) et l’Ordre de la Défense / Defense (Escrime).

Ordres de Haut Mérite (Ordres du Royaume de l’Est) : L’ordre du Croissant d’Argent / Silver Crescent (service), de la Rapière dorée / Golden Rapier (escrime), de la Manche / Maunche (Arts et Sciences), du Tigre Combattant / Tygers Combatant (combat en armure), du Sagittaire / Sagittarius (tir à l’arc) et de la Lance dorée / Golden Lance (équestre )

Les recommandations ne nécessitant pas de vote (ce qui inclut les décernement d’armes (Award of Arms) ainsi que les nouveaux Ordres non-votant) peuvent être envoyés à la Couronne en tout temps.

La description de toustes les reconnaissances du Royaume de l’Est se retrouve dans la Loi du Royaume de L’Est ici (en document .pdf) dans la section IX, Awards, débutant à la page 23. Les informations additionnelles pour les nouveaux ordres non-votant sont disponible ici.

Tous peuvent recommander une personne pour une reconnaissance. Il n’est pas nécessaire de faire partie d’un Ordre pour pouvoir recommander une personne pour cet Ordre ou cette reconnaissance.

Une très bonne description expliquant comment écrire une bonne recommandation est disponible sur le wiki du Royaume de l’Est en cliquant ici.

Sa Majesté Avelina écrit également cet excellent article sur la façon de recommander quelqu’un pour une reconnaissance.

Vous pouvez soumettre vos recommandations pour toutes les reconnaissances en utilisant le formulaire EK Awards Web Form en cliquant ici.


Filed under: Announcements, Court, En français, Official Notices, Tidings Tagged: award recommendations, awards, polling deadlines, polling orders, pollings

The rediscovery of a Pictish silver hoard

History Blog - Wed, 2016-06-15 02:44

In 1838, a Pictish hoard of silver was unearthed on the grounds of Ley Farm near Fordyce, Aberdeenshire. Two prehistoric stone circles, Gaulcross North and Gaulcross South, were located a few hundred yards from the farmhouse, and the hoard was discovered a few feet south of the north circle. Maybe. Found by labourers clearing the land for agricultural use by the new tenant, the silver pieces were poorly documented at the time. The precise find spot was not recorded, nor were the pieces themselves. There were vague, conflicting accounts of what was found. Some said a silver chain four feet long, assorted buckles, pins and brooches; others reported just a silver chain, pin and armlet. The stone circles were all but destroyed during the brutal clearing process (dynamite was involved), leaving just one stone standing by 1867 when the first account of the hoard was written by John Stuart. He said the artifacts were buried inside the stone circle.

The fate of whatever pieces were found was also unclear. The property owner, Sir Robert Abercromby, 5th Baronet of Birkenbog, was said to have kept the hoard. He was also said to have given some pieces to the Banff Museum (his maternal grandfather was Alexander Ogilvie, 7th Lord Banff) in Aberdeenshire or to the Antiquarian Museum in Edinburgh. The three surviving pieces of silver were in fact at the Banff for a while. They are now at the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh.

In 2013, the University of Aberdeen’s Northern Picts project and National Museums Scotland’s Glenmorangie Research Project combined their efforts to investigate the site in the hopes of finding out more (anything, really) about the context of the original Gaulcross Hoard. Since they didn’t know exactly where the first pieces of the hoard had been found in the 19th century, the team had to cover a great deal of ground. A geophysical survey of the site was followed by metal detector enthusiasts scanning the Gaulcross site.

Archaeologists expected to find no more than a few fragments of silver here and there, just enough to pinpoint the find site, but on the second day metal detectorist Alistair McPherson found three Roman silver siliquae (a type of 4th century Roman silver coin that was widely cut up for use in the 5th century when fresh Roman currency was no longer imported into Britain), pieces of folded hacksilver, the endpiece of a silver strap and a silver bracelet fragment. With the tantalizing prospect of greater finds than they had expected and the daunting prospect of the field being ploughed and planted soon, the team got cracking with metal detectors and two trenches.

They ultimately unearthed more than 100 pieces of hacksilver chopped up from Roman and Pictish coins, jewelry, dishes, flatware, between the 4th and 6th centuries. It is the northernmost hoard of pre-Viking hacksilver ever discovered. The finds also included intact artifacts: a crescent-shaped pendant with double-loops at each end, a double-link chain, and two silver hemispheres that may have originally been part of a single piece.

Compared to other two other hacksilver hoards found in Scotland — the Traprain Law hoard and the Norrie’s Law hoard — the discovery of so much material left in the ground after the 1838 find gave researchers new insight into the evolution of silver in Scotland since its introduction during the Roman era.

Silver was not mined in Scotland during this period, instead it had its origins in the Hacksilber from the late Roman world, as exemplified by the Traprain Law hoard. The differing compositions of individual objects in the three Scottish Hacksilber hoards will show how, through time, late Roman silver was recycled and re-cast into high-status objects that underpinned the development of elite society in the post-Roman period. During the process of recycling, the Roman silver was remade into new objects, but its origin may not have been entirely forgotten. Some of these later objects may have also directly referenced the late antique world, with items such as hand-pins showing the adaptation of late Roman military styles, both in terms of design and decorative techniques. As Gavin notes, the use of Roman models may have been intended to evoke military prowess and ostentation amongst elites in early medieval Britain and Ireland.

You can read the full report of the investigation and discoveries in the journal Antiquity.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Court Report: Palfreys and Polearms

AEthelmearc Gazette - Tue, 2016-06-14 21:18

Documented from the Rolls and Files of the Coram Regibus of Thomas Byron and Ariella, Rex et Regina Æthelmearc: Being a True Record of the Business of His Majesty’s Royal Court at Palfreys and Polearms, 28 May, Anno Societatis LI, in the Barony of the Rhydderich Hael, as recorded by Dagonell Whitehorn and Cigfran Heronter

His Majesty asked for a moment of silent remembrance in honor of Baron Malcolm Fitzwilliam.

His Majesty commanded that Maple be brought into His presence and He declared her to be a Sylvan Steed of Æthelmearc.  Yes, Maple is a horse.

His Majesty called THL Maeve ni Siurtain into court and declared that, with the advisement of The Princess Royale Leah, she had been chosen as Queen’s Equestrian Champion.  Scroll by Rowena Moore, Baroness Alex, and Ana Ianka Lisitsina.

His Majesty called Lady Aaliz de Gant into court and proclaimed her the winner of the equestrian competition and King’s Equestrian Champion.  Scroll by Rowena Moore, Baroness Alex, and Ana Ianka Lisitsina.

When Lady Aaliz rose to leave, His Majesty bid her stay as he was not quite done with her yet.  Having heard of her great skill in the equestrian arts, he inducted her into The Order of the Golden Lance.  Scroll by Baroness Ekaterina.

Her Majesty gave leave to Their Excellencies Magnus and Miriel of the Barony of the Rhydderich Hael to hold court.  When the skies turned black, both courts were suspended and resumed 10 minutes thereafter in the great horse barn.

When royal court resumed, His Majesty commanded that due to the dirt and … other things… on the floor of the horse barn, his subjects were forbidden to kneel.

It should be noted that Rhys Benbras ap Dafydd had been called into baronial court and made Chancellor of the Exchequer for the barony. His Majesty declared that this was not proper and a commoner should not be allowed to handle money. Therefore His Majesty had no choice but to award him arms and declare him Lord Rhys for his hard work in setup, cleanup, and as troll and reservations clerk at previous events. Scroll by Baroness Ekaterina.

His Majesty desired words with Tadgh Mag Uidhir. Having heard words of his great prowess with heavy weapons, skill with armor making, and the general enthusiasm he brought to every event, His Majesty awarded him Arms.  Scroll by Theodulf FitzRenault.

Lord Wolfgang Starke was summoned before His Majesty.  For his fine skill in fencing, he was made a Companion of the Order of the Golden Alce.  Scroll by Baron Caleb Reynolds.

His Majesty requested that THL Govindi Dera Ghazi Khan come before him.  Having heard of her many works in organizing and running events, holding baronial offices, marshalling thrown weapons, and creating scrolls he was moved to induct her into the Order of the Millrind.  Scroll by Baroness Ekaterina.

His Majesty commanded the presence of Mistress Irene von Schmetterling.  For her many fine works in the fiber arts – sewing, wool spinning, and dyeing – she was presented with a writ for the Order of the Laurel.  Writ by Jacqueline de Molieres, Janos Meszaros, and Fredeburg von Katzenellenbogen.

The Princess Royale Leah entered court and spoke of the gentle who had most inspired her that day.   Not only was today the first time that m’lady Isobel Johnson had entered an equestrian competition, it was also her very first SCA event.  She was given a token of remembrance by Her Highness.

His Majesty thanked the staff of the event for all their hard work and asked that all the scribes, illuminators, and calligraphers rise in their seats that they might be cheered by the populace.  Gentles who had received scrolls in either court were reminded to take a scroll carrier to protect their scroll and to have their scroll photographed before leaving.  There being no further business before the court, His Majesty’s Court was closed.


Categories: SCA news sites

Pierced Roman sling-bullets whistled when hurled

History Blog - Tue, 2016-06-14 09:26

Archaeologists studying Roman artillery at the ancient Roman battle site of Burnswark Hill in Dumfriesshire, southwest Scotland, have discovered that a type of sling-bullet that whistled when thrown. They believe this was a deliberate design intended to instill fear in enemy troops under assault.

Burnswark Hill is an Iron Age hillfort embraced by two Roman camps, one of the north slop, one of the south. The camps were first believed to be siege camps built to assault the fort, but in the 1960s some archaeologists postulated they might instead be training camps. There are references in ancient sources to the assiduous Roman training procedures, but evidence of them in the archaeological record is almost impossible to pinpoint. Training exercises could be the reason for the large number of Roman projectiles — 130 lead sling-bullets, 11 ballista shots, nine iron arrowheads — found on Burnswark Hill in earlier excavations.

Initial research found that the bullets, cast from lead and thrown with a sling apparatus, came in two main varieties: type I, larger and lemon-shaped, and type II, smaller and acorn-shaped. When Dr. John Reid of the Trimontium Trust secured a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund to survey and dig the site, his team found a third type: a small oblong in which a hole had been drilled on one side. The type III bullets weigh 20 grams (type I goes up to 60 grams) and the holes are just .5 mm in diameter. They are all the same standard size.

Drilling holes in cast lead is time and labour-intensive for a projectile that is going to be thrown and almost certainly lost. It also lightens the ball which means it will cause less damage in a direct hit. Reid at first considered whether the holes might have been used to deliver poison, a form of early chemical warfare, but his brother had a better idea.

Reid’s brother, a keen fisherman, offered some insight into their possible purpose when he suggested the bullets were designed to make noise in flight.

“I said, ‘Don’t be stupid; you’ve no idea what you’re talking about. You’re not an archaeologist,’” Reid joked. “And he said, ‘No, but I’m a fisherman, and when I cast my line with lead weights that have got holes in them like that, they whistle.’”

“Suddenly, a light bulb came on in my head — that’s what they’re about. They’re for making a noise,” Reid said.

Experiments with replica bullets and slings confirmed that Reid’s brother was onto something. They were useless for holding poison. The hole was tiny and there was no guarantee the small, ballistically inferior bullets would even penetrate the skin. While flying towards their targets, however, the projectiles did make a whistling or high-pitched buzzing noise like an irate bee. The replica experiments also confirmed that the bullets could be successfully thrown in small clusters of three or four for a grapeshot effect.

The point of the sound was to intimidate and make the enemy crouch down or dodge around in the attempt to avoid the strike. If you throw a projectile and it hits, you take out a guy, but if you throw a projectile and it makes a sound as it approaches, anyone in the line of fire is going to duck or dodge reflexively. In a full-on assault, the missile storm would generate a huge amount of noise as hundreds, even thousands of bullets whistled toward the enemy lines.

It total, the Burnswark Project found 700 sling-bullets, more than have been found on any other Roman battlefield in Europe. The projectiles ranged over a full half kilometer (third of a mile) across the battle front. The type III bullets are unique. They have been found on no other Roman battlefields. Examples of pierced sling-bullets have been found on Greek battlefields from the second and third centuries B.C., but they were ceramic, not cast from lead.

The Burnswark Project findings do not support the training camp theory. That high of an expenditure in effort and materiel would be wasteful in training. Reid believes the fort on Burnswark Hill was targeted by a sustained Roman attack probably during the reign of Antoninus Pius who went north of Hadrian’s famous border wall in an attempt to conquer Scotland. He did gain some ground — see the Antonine Wall — but Roman legions retreated to Hadrian’s Wall in less than a decade.

Dr. Reid’s full article on the Burnswark project, “Bullets, Ballistas, and Burnswark,” is available in the print edition of Current Archaeology. There’s a tantalizing exerpt of the beginning of the article on the magazine’s website. There’s also a cool drone flyover video of Burnswark Hill with Roman fortlet and camps labeled. There are sheep on the Roman north camp now and I don’t think they don’t like the drone much.

Here’s a recording of the sounds the replica type III bullets made when thrown with a replica sling. The thwack-pew combination is pretty badass. It would surely have been scary hurtling at you or whizzing past you, downright terrifying when multiplied by hundreds.

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Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Royal Processions Planned for this Summer

AEthelmearc Gazette - Mon, 2016-06-13 17:17

Their Majesties have asked the Gazette to share the following with the populace:

The Royal Family: Ian Ætheling, King Byron, Queen Ariella, Princess Leah, and Joshua Ætheling. Photo by Duchess Siobhán.

Unto the Good Gentles of Sylvan Æthelmearc do King Byron and Queen Ariella send Fond Greetings!

Summer has come to Our Sylvan lands, and with it a string of joyful events.  In the month of July, We shall be traveling to Pax Interruptus, St. Swithin’s Bog 3-Day Celebration, and, at the very end of the month, the Pennsic War will begin with Land Grab on the final weekend of July.

It is Our goal to set up Our Royal camp on the Sunday of Land Grab (July 31).  We will be working from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., and We ask that all the people of AEthelmearc who are available that weekend spend an hour or two helping Us to make the Royal encampment an inviting and enjoyable place.  Many hands make light work!  Bring your friends!  Bring your campmates!

At the end of War, We will tear down the pavilions and tents, probably on Saturday morning.

The Wild Hunt for fencing has begun!  Seek out the strongest fencers in our Kingdom and challenge them to a pass or two.  Report your wins at TheWildHunt1@yahoo.com.  We remind you that We are each worth 5 points – come and get Us!

We extend a hearty Vivant to the new Kingdom champions who distinguished themselves in June:

  • Lord Jacob Martinson (Rapier)
  • Takamatsu Gentarou Yoshitaka-dono (Archery)
  • Baroness Amelia Soteria (Thrown Weapons)
  • THL Aaliz de Gant (King’s Equestrian)
  • THL Maeve Ni Siurtain (Queen’s Equestrian)
  • El Tigre (Youth Combat)
  • Duke Timothy of Arindale (Shield of Chivalry)

Yours In Service to the Dream,

Byron and Ariella

King and Queen of Sylvan Æthelmearc


Categories: SCA news sites

King’s and Queen’s Archery Championship

East Kingdom Gazette - Mon, 2016-06-13 17:07

On a sunny field in Quintavia, 84 archers shot for the honor of serving Their Majesties as Royal Archery Champions. Queen Avelina proclaimed that Her Champion would be the winner of the tournament, and that only an archer who could out-shoot Her could hold that title. King Kenric declared that he would select His Champion based on who impressed Him during the competition. The Captain General of Archers and outgoing King’s Champion, Mistress Jehannine de Flandres, reminded all participants of the duties of the Champions and said that anyone who wished to withdraw from the final round could do so with honor.

The day’s tests of skill were designed with a Chinese theme. Outgoing Queen’s Champion, Master Li Kung Lo, explained that Emperor Chin has called forth all mercenaries to defeat his aunt, the evil Empress Wu.

She has used her magic to cause dragons and other creatures to do her bidding. As dragons are avatars of the gods, it would anger the gods if any dragons were shot, thus any hits on dragons throughout the day would score negative 1 point. All participants were able to shoot the full course of 8 targets, at the end of which the finalists would be selected.

The tournament began with a long-distance shoot at Empress Wu with an ensorceled dragon at her feet.

The second shoot was at increasing distances; archers could only proceed to the next distance if they did not miss. There followed a sumptuous lunch, after which competitors formed into small groups and proceeded to each of 6 stations. Three stations had timed shoots: Rats and Rat King, Egg-Stealing Monkeys, and Bats. The other three stations were 6 shots, untimed: Empress Wu being overpowered by a Dragon (a friend/foe shoot), an Assassin, and a Hunting Shoot (at 3D animals).

The following top scorers declined to participate in the finals:
Rupert the Unbalanced (71)
Colin Ursell (69)
Kusunoki Yoshimoto (67)
Phillip the Facetious (59)
Meruit Kieransdottir (57)
Maxton Gunn (55)

There was a 5-way tie of archers with a total score of 38. Two of these archers — Kira Asahi and Cosimo di Venezia — were no longer on-site. The other three — Nest verch Tangwistel, Alec Craig and Julienne Ridley — shot-off for the 16th spot, and Julienne prevailed.

The final round was a version of the now-traditional head-to-head pairing. In this story, Emperor Chin has reneged on his promise to pay his mercenaries. So, each archer had to knock down 5 “coins”, and the first to shoot Chin would win and advance to the next opponent.

Top 16 Quarter-Finals Semi-Finals Finals 1. Godric of Hamtun (73) Godric Godric Peter (winner) 16. Julienne Ridley (38) Treya Devillin Godric (2nd) 2. Peter the Red (66) Peter Peter 15. Rolland Ian MacPherson (39) Stefan Squirrelsbane 3. Nathaniel Wyatt (65) Wyatt 14. Elizabeth Hawkwood (39) Squirrelsbane 4. Miles Boweman (63) Osmond 13. Osmond de Berwic (41) Devillin 5. Devillin MacPherson (55) 12. Hawkmoon (42) 6. Mark Squirrelsbane (55) 11. Otto Gottlieb (42) 7. Stefan O’Raghaillagh (54) 10. Ygraine of Kellswood (43) 8. Ryan MacWhyte (48) 9. Treya min Teanga (46)

YouTube: King’s and Queen’s Archery Championship Finals

Photos and text by Mistress Ygraine of Kellswood, additional photos by Eleanora Stewart.  Video by Baroness Arlyana van Wyck.

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Filed under: Archery, Events

Event Report: Queen’s Rapier Championship

AEthelmearc Gazette - Mon, 2016-06-13 10:40

Baroness Katja Davidova Orlova Khazarina (Chris Adler-France) reports on spring Queen’s Rapier Championship:

On a boiling-hot early summer day, Æthelmearc’s fencers arrived at the event site in Abhainn Ciach Ghlais to find… the wonderful surprise of an indoor, air-conditioned  list!

While His Majesty was on the northwestern side of the kingdom at the equestrian championship, Palfreys and Polearms, on May 28th, Her Majesty observed her rapier championship in comparative coolness and shade.

Everyone needs to watch out for these two. Neither are White Scarves but they’re definitely both fencing badasses! I’m really glad they got to shine and showcase themselves today.

After receiving encouragement and roses from Queen Ariella, 21 fencers of all skill levels entered the tournament, which began with three pools of round robins.  Double kills were counted as a loss for both combatants. The top two combatants from each pool were promoted to a double elimination round, along with two fencers selected by Her Majesty.

The brackets progressed swiftly to the top eight total from the three pools, who were culled by double-elimination rounds to the semi-finals of best two-out-of-three rounds: Don Po Silvertop, Lord Jacob Martinson, Master William Parris, and Lord Durante de Caravaggio de Florenza.

In a rather rare occurrence in this kingdom’s history, neither of the two finalists were members of the Order of the White Scarf (or equivalent or higher rank): Lords Jacob and Durante.

Lord Jacob steps up as Kingdom Rapier Champion. Photo by Lady Wilhelmina Marion Bodnar.

In a final best three-out-of-five rounds, Lord Jacob Martinson won case, single, and rigid parry rounds, while Lord Durante won a case round.

Outgoing kingdom champion Doña Fiora d’Artusio applauded the tournament for being “ridiculously smooth” and all the combatants for being “particularly courteous.” She was happy that the tournament format gave each entrant as many fights as possible before elimination.

“Everyone needs to watch out for these two,” she remarked of Lords Jacob and Durante. “Neither are White Scarves but they’re definitely both fencing badasses! I’m really glad they got to shine and showcase themselves today.”

“It’s great we had two finalists who weren’t White Scarves. This keeps the Scarves and MoDs accountable,” agreed Master Will, head of the Academy of Defense. He noted that the tournament had a wide variety of entrants from Award of Arms-level of recognition to Masters of Defense. He was especially happy to see “people adapting, learning, changing their game when they lost a bout, which meant that some of the finalists came out of the losers list.”

“Whoa, what a day!” Lord Jacob enthused after the tourney. “First and foremost, thank you to the Queen of Æthelmearc, Ariella of Thornbury, for granting me the opportunity to be her fencing champion. I will do my best to represent our kingdom to the best of my abilities, and will protect her at all costs with my steel.”

In addition to thanking the shire for hosting a great event, and Countess Elena d’Artois le Tailleur and Duke Titus Scipio Germanicus for training him, Jacob expressed deep gratitude to his inspirations: “My wonderful wife, and our children, who put up with me stabbing all the things and constantly running off to practices or events.”

Bearpit and Food

Her Majesty Ariella faces Lord Jacob in the list. Photo by Lady Wilhelmina Maron Bodnar

A relaxed bearpit tournament followed the championship, with marshals continuously crying “Table for one!” when a combatant needed a new “dancing partner” and “Table for two!” when both combatants died or a combatant successfully held the list five times in a row. Queen Ariella good-naturedly accepted challenges in a separate list, offering fencers who are participating in the Wild Hunt the opportunity to nab the highest score, a five-point kill (since royalty are worth even more than Masters of Defense).

“My Rapier Championship had many highly skilled and chivalrous fencers compete,” Her Majesty commented after the event. “They honored Æthelmearc and Me in entering the tournament and it was a pleasure to watch.  As My outgoing Champion, Doña Fiora, said, it was a very courteous tournament but with intensity as well.  Congratulations to My new Champion, Lord Jacob Martinson, and to the other finalist, Lord Durante!  Thank you to the Shire of Abhainn Ciach Ghlais for hosting such a well-run, enjoyable event!  It will be a meaningful, good Royal memory for Me.  As a bonus, I had the opportunity to fence almost everyone in the tournament and some who marshaled, which gave Me joy.”

Throughout most of the day, the St. Lawrence Guild of Cooks offered a copious repast of tasty finger foods, including sliced Pyes of Paris and spinach pies, several different kinds of marinated hard-cooked eggs, sliced cold cuts and cheeses, bread, dried fruit, fresh fruit, raw vegetables, and a variety of pickled  vegetables. (The delicious pickled onions and carrots were lacto-fermented in whey.)

Court and Wild Hunt

After opening Court with a moment in remembrance of Baron Malcolm Fitzwilliam, and allowing a brief Endless Hills baronial court, Her Majesty awarded a Silver Buccle, Golden Alce, and Keystone. (See Court Report.)

Countess Elena and Master William presented prizes (including a copy of Talhoffer’s Medieval Combat) to the three top three bearpit entrants: Lord Durante, Lord Andreas von Halstern, and Don Po. Master Diego Miguel Munoz de Castilla, one of the four coordinators of the Wild Hunt, reminded everyone that both the bearpit and championship that day counted toward the year-long competition.

“Don’t worry about the math about how much someone is worth, we’ll do that for you,” he said. “Just remember who you fought and email us that.”


Categories: SCA news sites

Bones in Trondheim well confirm Norwegian saga

History Blog - Mon, 2016-06-13 03:19

On November 17th, 2014, archaeologists from The Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research unearthed a skeleton at the bottom of a well on the grounds of Sverresborg, the castle of King Sverre Sigurdsson of Norway (r. 1177–1202). Bones had been found there before in 1938, but they weren’t removed or studied. The well was refilled to preserve the remains. Then World War II and the German occupation of the area blocked further archaeological investigation. The 2014 dig was the first time archaeologists returned to the spot in the hope there was still something left to excavate. There was.

The location of the remains was notable because it matched a story in the Sverris Saga, one of a series of sagas that recount the lives of historic kings of Norway. There are few other sources for the history of this period, so any evidence that might corroborate one the accounts in the Kings’ sagas is exciting.

From 1130 to 1240, Norway was gripped by civil wars in which pretenders and puppets of various factions vied for the throne. Sverre claimed the throne on the grounds that he was the illegitimate son of King Sigurd II Haraldsson who was killed by his brother in 1155. Magnus V Erlingsson had been installed as king in 1161 when he was five years old. His father Erling Skakke held the real power when his son was a child and after he’d reached his majority, fighting off pretenders with even more tenuous claims than Sverre’s.

Supported by Swedish earls and a Norwegian rebel party known as the Birkebeiner (birch bark shoe-wearers), Sverre challenged Magnus and in 1177 declared himself king. The king and his father begged to differ, however, and it took another seven years before Magnus was finally defeated and killed in the Battle of Fimreite on June 15th, 1184, and Sverre was elected king.

Sverre and the Birkebeiner were proponents of a strong centralized monarchy that brought the Church to heel as well as secular potentates. His choice to build Sverresborg on a plateau in the city of Nidaros (modern-day Trondheim), see of the archdiocese and center of Christian Norway, was a pointed one. The Archbishop of Nidaros, Eysteinn Erlendsson, had fled to England in 1180 and remained there until 1183. Sverre took advantage of his absence to build the castle. Conflict between the archdiocese and the king was abated for a few years only to flare up again in 1188 with Eysteinn’s death and the appointment of Eirik Ivarsson as his replacement.

Conflict between the Church and its supporters and the king and his supporters continued throughout Sverre’s reign. In 1197, a pro-Church faction that would later become known as the Baglers attacked Sverresborg when Sverre was wintering in Bergen after a successful but costly assault on Oslo. The small garrison of about 80 men held the castle thanks to its excellent defensive position, but their commander turned coat and let the enemy into Sverresborg.

The event is described in the Sverris Saga:

The [Baglers] seized all the property in the castle, and then they burnt every building of it. They took a dead man and cast into the well, and then filled it up with stones. Before they left the castle they called upon the townsmen to break down all the stone walls; and before they marched from the town they burnt all the King’s long-ships. After this they returned to the Uplands, well pleased with the booty they had gained in their journey.

The skeletal remains found at the bottom of the well in 2014 were indeed covered with stones, just as the saga said. A fragment of bone recovered from the site was radiocarbon dated and found to be about 800 years old, so just the right age to match the story of the Baglers poisoning the castle’s water supply with a dead body. Analysis of the bones indicated they belonged to a man of about 30-40 years of age when he died.

Now the Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research has returned to the site to fully excavate the well and the entire skeleton.

The excavation of the stone debris down to the very first stone that hit the Birkebeiner’s body has given the archaeologists additional insight into the nature of events in 1197. In addition, it exposed the timber posts and lining for the large castle well. [...]

“This is truly astonishing. As far as I know there is no known example of the discovery of an individual historically connected with an act of war as far back as the year 1197. And the fact that this actually corroborates an event described in Sverre’s saga is simply amazing,” says lead archaeologist at the site, Anna Petersén.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Antikythera Mechanism was an astronomy text

History Blog - Sun, 2016-06-12 15:01

It’s been 115 years since sponge divers off the coast of the Greek island of Antikythera recovered a bronze gear device that we now know as the first analog computer, and researchers are still working on solving the mysteries of the Antikythera Mechanism. The mechanism has been at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens since its discovery. For the first couple of years, nobody had any idea what a unique treasure it was. Museum staff focused on the more showy objects from the shipwreck — the divers had raised 36 marble statues, many pieces of bronze statues, jewelry, glassware, lamps and amphorae from the site — and paid little attention to the corroded lump of bronze in storage. In 1902, an archaeologist noticed there was a gear in that lump, and there were words on that gear. The lump broke up as corrosion loosened its grip, eventually splitting up into 87 fragments.

Launched in 2005, the Antikythera Mechanism Research Project (AMRP) brings together an international team of researchers and the latest technology to thoroughly reexamine the Antikythera Mechanism in the hopes of shedding new light on how it worked, what it was used for, who made it and a panoply of other questions raised by the remains of the complex device. The first research published in the 1970s dated the mechanism to around 80 B.C., but the AMRP has confirmed a later date, between 150 and 100 B.C., based on the form of the lettering.

The first inscriptions read from the mechanism in 2,000 years were “Venus” and “sun ray.” Within months another 600 characters were deciphered and published. The advances slowed down after that, with 923 characters deciphered into the 1970s. Using 3D CT scanning, surface imaging and high resolution photography, the Antikythera Mechanism Research Project (AMRP) was able to more than double the number of characters deciphered on the device. Their first publication in 2006 brought the total up to 2,160. The most recent data, presented on Thursday, June 9th, at the Aikaterini Laskaridis Foundation, brings that number up to 3,400 characters. There are 14,000 characters discovered this far on the device — even the smallest fragments have proved an important source of inscriptions — so there’s still plenty of deciphering left to do.

By examining the structure of the gears, the numbers of teeth, how they interact with each other, and the inscriptions, the AMRP confirmed that the device was an incredibly detailed astronomical calendar that could predict eclipses, calculate the dates of the Olympics, the positions of the sun, moon and planets in the solar system and more. There is nothing else like it known from antiquity, and no other mechanical device would even come close to its complexity until the Middle Ages.

The latest research suggests that this mechanism wasn’t used by astronomers in their daily work, however.

“It was not a research tool, something that an astronomer would use to do computations, or even an astrologer to do prognostications, but something that you would use to teach about the cosmos and our place in the cosmos,” Jones said. “It’s like a textbook of astronomy as it was understood then, which connected the movements of the sky and the planets with the lives of the ancient Greeks and their environment.”

“I would see it as more something that might be a philosopher’s instructional device.”

The letters — some just 1.2 millimeters (1/20 of an inch) tall — were engraved on the inside covers and visible front and back sections of the mechanism, which originally had the rough dimensions of an office box-file, was encased in wood and operated with a hand-crank.

There is so much more to be learned about this precious device, and hopefully there will be new pieces of the puzzle discovered. The Return to Antikythera project, which in October of 2012 began exploring the shipwreck site for the first time since Jacques Cousteau’s two-day 1976 survey, proceeds apace. Artifacts like pottery, sculptures, a huge anchor and a bronze spear two meters long have been recovered from the shipwreck. Fingers crossed they’ll find more of the Antikythera Mechanism too. The newly deciphered texts have given researchers a much better idea of what parts are still missing, so marine archaeologists have a precise idea of what to look for now. The new diving season began in late May.

This video, produced four years ago for the Antikythera Shipwreck exhibition at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens, gives an overview of the wreck and its many inestimable treasures.

Also, I love this picture so much I had to feature it. It’s a marble statue of a wrestler that was half stuck in the sand and mud of the sea floor and half exposed to the water. One guess which side is which.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Herald’s Thanks for Palfreys and Polearms

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sun, 2016-06-12 08:27

Master Dagonell, Whitehorn Herald for Western New York region, asked the Gazette to share the following with the populace:

photo by THL Rhiannon

I had the honor last weekend to serve as Royal Herald at Palfreys and Polearms, which was both the Rhydderich Hael’s Champions event and the Royal Equestrian Championship.

Attending an SCA event is like watching a swan floating across a pond. On top, all is peaceful, calm, beautiful, and serene. Under the surface, things are churning like mad to make it that way. Royal Court ran like a well-oiled machine and I owe it all to the many volunteers who worked hard to make it that way.

First, my thanks to Baroness Ekaterina, the current Ice Dragon Herald. The changes to the court docket started a week before the event and ended as we were lining up for court. She took every curveball I tossed and rolled with it. Court went off as though everything had been set it stone from the start. As we processed in, her brag not only beat mine but out-did a number of former Silver Buccles I’ve heard. Whoever is running Heralds and Scribes this fall: make her teach a class on Heraldic Boasting.

A big thank-you also to Baroness Gwendolyn, Jewel Herald, who provided me the docket prior to the event, and helped to coordinate with Baroness Ekat so that everyone was on the same page.

The biggest headache for a herald is getting all the scrolls in one place. My thanks to Baroness Alex and Baroness Juliana, Sylvan and Ice Dragon Signet Clerks respectively, who took over the tasks and gathered all the scrolls and carriers for both courts. I didn’t need to touch a scroll until it came time for them to be signed.

To the artists, scribes, calligraphers, and illuminators who produced all the scrolls for this weekend, I am in awe. I saw so much gorgeous artwork at this event, I was starting to wonder if Their Excellencies were holding the entire Order of the Laurel hostage.

[An aside to Baron Caleb: I always find a private place before court and read the scroll aloud quietly to myself. This helps me catch any exotic names or unusual turns of phrase that might give me a problem. I caught the horrid pun you inserted in the middle of the scroll documentation hoping I’d read it aloud in court. I’m still trying to decide if I should warn the other heralds about you or stand by quietly and see who you catch the next time. ]

My thanks to THL Renata and to m’lady Mina, Baroness Miriel’s young daughter, who took very seriously her job of handing out scroll carriers to protect the lovely scrolls. As each recipient was being cheered, Mina took a carrier from Ren, walked up to stand behind them in court and, when they turned to leave, gave them the carrier and escorted them to Joe the Just (Maestro Giuseppe) to have their picture taken. Speaking of which, His Majesty requested that all scrolls be photographed. Maestro Giuseppe volunteered to photograph each scroll, and each recipient with their scroll, for both royal and baronial courts. Thank you so much.

My second for court was Lady Cigfran, Heronter Herald, my wife of a quarter century and my other right hand. If court functioned like a Swiss watch, it was due to her organization, not mine. She declined to stand in court, but it wouldn’t have happened nearly so smoothly if not for her.

And, while it is not the place of a herald to thank the Royalty he serves, let me just say that His Majesty, King Byron is a joy to work for.

Finally, my thanks to all the volunteers who made offers to help, either in general or with specific tasks, that I had to turn down because it was already taken care of. We heralds talk about this sort of thing on the Heraldry FB pages and people think we’re BSing them, because everyone “knows” that heralds have to beg for help and end up doing most of work themselves. I’m proud to live in Æthelmearc, a shining jewel in the SCA.


Categories: SCA news sites

Royal Thanks: QRC

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2016-06-11 20:47

Her Majesty has asked the Gazette to share the following with the populace:

Lord Jacob Martinson receives a rose from Her Majesty before winning her tournament. Photo by Lady Antoinette de Lorraine.

Unto the Good Gentles of Abhainn Ciach Ghlais and all who staffed the Queen’s Rapier Championship does Ariella, Regina, send fond Thanks!

The Queen’s Rapier event went wonderfully, with much delicious food and gracious event staff.  The air-conditioned site was so welcome and held the four large Kingdom lists perfectly.  Lady Antoinette de Lorraine, the autocrat, can be proud of her staff, including the Royalty Liaison, for taking care of all Royal needs.  The Rose Garden special reception and welcoming drinks for all further enhanced the hospitality of your Shire.

The Championship tournament and further bear pit tournaments were efficiently run thanks to the marshals and the MOL, Baroness Aemelia Soteria.  All the fencers showed chivalry.

Vivant to all who entered and vivat to My new Champion Lord Jacob Martinson!
Yours,
Ariella, Regina


Categories: SCA news sites

Pennsic Pre-Registration Deadline: June 18th

East Kingdom Gazette - Sat, 2016-06-11 11:34

Paid registration for Pennsic ends on Saturday, June 18th at 11:59pm EDT.  The size of the land allotted to a group is determined by the number of people who preregister by this deadline. Unpaid online registration is available until July 8th.

Reminder: The last day of pre-registration almost always has technical difficulties, we suggest not waiting until then.

 Preregistration is available at this website.


Filed under: Pennsic

A romp through the Prelinger film archive

History Blog - Sat, 2016-06-11 10:43

It’s been a while since I had a proper weekend romp through historic films. The Prelinger Archive, a wonderfully eclectic group of home movies, commercials, government and corporate educational and instructional films and a wide range of other assorted clips is today’s fertile field.

Confused by those newfangled rotary dial phones? Have no fear, AT&T is here (or was, in 1927).

This is how you brush your teeth, boys and girls of 1928. To reinforce the message, Goofus and Gallant apply for a summer job to the man with the pince-nez glasses. Goofus’ blackened grill and busted outfit does not impress, while Gallant’s sparkly whites and sharp suit win the day. Mr. Gorman is pretty mean to poor Bill about it.

This is a 1945 Army picture about insomnia associated with what was then called Combat Fatigue and is now PTSD. It’s not the most compelling of reels — perhaps it was designed to help cure insomnia — but there are two elements of note: 1) the movie within a movie starring Donald Duck, and 2) Dick York, best known as the first Darrin from Betwitched, in the role of the lead insomniac’s friend Lucky who laughs uproariously at Donald Duck’s entirely unfunny antics and generally babbles way too much. Bonus points for the shower scene.

Lessons learned from a 1961 prom. Shake hands with the receiving line of chaperones. The boy fills in the dance card, putting his own name in the first and last positions. Showing off on the dance floor is bad; accompanying a girl off the dance floor “so she’s not stranded” is good. Shake hands with the exit line of chaperones. Enjoy the midnight supper offered by parents afterwards. Say goodnight. Nobody even come close to making out. Enjoy Coca Cola.

The Prelinger Archive was assembled in New York in the 1980s, but it acquired a collection of California pictures so they have quite a few films of the aftermath of the San Francisco earthquake of 1906.

It starts off in the Western Addition neighborhood which surviving the earthquake with limited damage. Many of its Victorian homes still stand today. A shot at the beginning shows one of those amazing thickets of overhead cables from electric and telephone companies so common in cities before consolidation and monopolies began to thin out the volume of them. Around the 3:07 mark, the view changes starkly from the comparatively unscathed Western Addition to the rubble-filled war zone of Market Street.

This one captures one of the fires that devastated the city even more than the quake had. It’s remarkable how crowded the streets are, and there’s one car zipping down the street, driving around horse-drawn vehicles, people and rubble. The film rate is sped up, so it’s not actually going fast as it looks to be, but you can see later in the film that other kinds of vehicles stayed in their lanes a lot more. There’s a running streetcar and the destroyed dome of San Francisco’s grand City Hall makes an appearance.

This one was taken from Market Street and has a wider view of what was left of the City Hall and Hall of Records complex.

San Francisco passed the first anti-drug legislation in the country in 1875 and opium was its target. The law made it illegal to own or frequent an opium den, but as usual, prohibition did nothing to stop the growth of opium in the city. By the turn of the century there were hundreds of opium dens in Chinatown. In the end it took force majeur to bring down the opium dens. Unfortunately the earthquake also took down the rest of the city with it. In 1907 the sale of the drug itself was outlawed, except for prescription purposes. The police tried to combat the scourge of opium with very public bonfires of confiscated opium and smoking accessories, but other than creating huge, dense clouds of opium smoke in downtown San Francisco for passersby to get inadvertently high off of, the autos-da-fé accomplished little.

Here’s a video of one of these opium bonfires from 1914. In an interesting contrast to the earthquake films, in the background you can see the new City Hall with its dome still under construction. It would open a year after this film was shot.

Speaking of vice, since it’s Saturday and one hopefully doesn’t have to worry about keeping one’s viewing safe for work, perhaps you might enjoy the archive’s significant group of old-timey stripper videos. This is burlesque dancing, mainly from the late 1940s and 1950s, I would guess, although there may be earlier ones in the mix. They are not dated, alas. There is a hint of nudity here and there — sheer undies, the occasional glimpse of underbutt or rhinestone pasties, that sort of thing — but nothing to clutch pearls over.

Red-Headed Riot has a Rita Hayworth thing going on.
Dance of the Doves” involves no doves whatsoever, but rather one cockatoo and one macaw. Nora the Quivering Torso lives up to her name by moving more than the rest of them put together. This lady is unnamed but is notable for her proto-twerking skills and the black censor band built into her panties to obscure her scandalous butt cleavage.

Betty Rowland, “Burlesque’s Ball of Fire,” closes out the show. She starts off with a fine gown and ends up behind the curtain (still in her underwear, of course) à la Gypsy Rose Lee.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

East Kingdom Results From The March 2016 LoAR

East Kingdom Gazette - Fri, 2016-06-10 11:36

The Society College of Heralds runs on monthly cycles and letters. Each month, the College processes name and armory submissions from all of the Kingdoms. Final decisions on submissions are made at the monthly meetings of the Pelican Queen of Arms (names) and the Wreath Queen of Arms (armory). Pelican and Wreath then write up their decisions in a Letter of Acceptances and Return (LoAR). After review and proofreading, LoARs generally are released two months after the meeting where the decisions are made.

An “acceptance” indicates that the item(s) listed are now registered with the Society. A “return” indicates that the item is returned to the submitter for additional work. Most items are registered without comments. Sometimes, the LoAR will address specific issues about the name or armory or will praise the submitter/herald on putting together a very nice historically accurate item.

The following results are from the March 2016 Wreath and Pelican meetings; these items were submitted to the East Kingdom at Pennsic 2015.

Acceptances

* Aharon ben Zach. Name.

* Amis Mwyn. Device. Or, a fret azure its mascle gules, a bordure sable.

* Brandr nefsbrjotr Aronsson. Name change from Cian Mac Fhearghuis.

The submitter wanted a constructed byname meaning “nosebreaker”. The form refsbrjotr uses the genitive singular form of “nose”, whereas all of the examples of “breaker of X” or “X breaker” in Old Norse that could be found use the genitive plural form of X. Examples include hornabrjótr (“breaker of horns”), øxnabrjótr (“oxen breaker”), and garðabrjótr (“breaker of fences”), and haugabrjótr(“breaker of cairns, grave-robber”), all found in Geirr Bassi. Therefore, the plural form of the byname would be nefjabrjotr (“breaker of noses”).

We note that at least one prior registration allowed the genitive singular form in a similar name:

Submitted as Ragnarr rifbrjótr, all the documented examples of X-brjótr that were supplied on the LoI and by the commenters have the X element in the genitive case. We have changed the name to Ragnarr rifsbbrjótr [sic] to match the documented examples and fix the grammar. [Ragnarr rifsbrjótr, August 2008, A-Atlantia]

Similarly, a more recent registration stated that the genitive singular form was registerable:

The byname is constructed, with the intended meaning of “stone breaker”. The byname needs to use the genitive form of “stone”, Steins- (“breaking one rock”) or Steina- (“breaking many rocks”). Kingdom confirmed that the submitter prefers the latter, so we have changed the byname to Steinabrjótr. [Óláfr Steinabrjótr, February 2015, A-Æthelmearc]

Therefore, we will allow the submitted form of the byname in this case, but future registrations of “X breaker” in Old Norse should either use the genitive plural form of X or include documentation to support the use of the genitive singular. If the submitter prefers the plural form nefjabrjotr, he can submit a request for reconsideration.

The Letter of Intent incorrectly stated that the submitter’s previous name, Cian Mac Fhearghuis, was to be released. However, in accordance with the submission form, it is retained as an alternate name.

* Charlotte Orr. Name and device. Quarterly argent and sable, a hedgehog statant gardant gules.

Nice late 16th century English name!

* Constancia de Vianne. Name and device. Purpure, a crossbow bendwise sinister and on a chief argent five musical notes inverted sable.

* Hasanah bint al-Khalil ibn Habib and Ingvar Thorsteinsson. Joint household name Erlendsstaðir.

Although the form only included Hasanah’s name as the submitter, it was confirmed in email that this is a joint registration.

* Ignacia la Ciega. Badge. Gules, a chevron between a demi-sun and a shamshir inverted Or.

There is a step from period practice for the use of a shamshir.

* Ingvar Thorsteinsson. Device. Erminois, a boar’s head cabossed sable and a chief gules.

* Ingvar Thorsteinsson and Hasanah bint al-Khalil ibn Habib. Joint badge for Erlendsstaðir. (Fieldless) A tree blasted and eradicated per fess gules and sable.

Although the form only included Ingvar’s name as the submitter, it was confirmed in email that this is a joint registration.

* Ingvar Thorsteinsson and Hasanah bint al-Khalil ibn Habib. Joint badge. (Fieldless) A tree blasted and eradicated quarterly gules and sable.

Although the form only included Ingvar’s name as the submitter, it was confirmed in email that this is a joint registration.

* Johannes von Braunschweig. Name.

The byname is found in the title of Gründlicher Bericht, wie es mit Herzog Friderich von Braunschweig und der Stadt Braunschweig in der Belägerung ergangen (https://books.google.com/books?id=ArJKAAAAcAAJ), dated to 1615.

* Margaret of Rochester. Badge. Azure goutty, a chevron argent.

Nice badge!

* Matteo Genovese. Name and device. Vert, a spear and in chief two axes argent, a bordure argent semy of daggers inverted vert.

Nice 15th-16th century Italian name!

* Matthildr Skotsdottir. Name.

* Micchelle Vitalis. Name and device. Or, a bend vert between a bunch of grapes slipped and leaved proper and two arrows in saltire gules.

The submitter requested authenticity for “Italian any time in our time period”. This is an authentic 13th century Latinized Italian name.

* Michel Almond de Champagne. Name change from Michal Almond de Champagne and augmentation of arms. Per chevron lozengy argent and sable and purpure, in base a fleur-de-lys argent and for augmentation on a canton Or a tyger passant azure.

The bynames Almond and de Champagne are grandfathered to the submitter.

The submitter’s previous name, Michal Almond de Champagne, is released.

Please advise the submitter to draw the lozengy portion of the field with more and smaller lozenges.

The submitter has permission from the East Kingdom for her augmentation to conflict with the East Kingdom’s populace badge: (Fieldless) A tyger passant azure.

* Moire MacGraha. Badge. (Fieldless) A musical note argent entwined by an ivy vine vert.

* Mountain Freehold, Shire of. Badge. (Fieldless) A seahorse argent atop a trimount couped vert.

* Mountain Freehold, Shire of. Badge. (Fieldless) A seahorse Or atop a trimount couped vert.

* Nicolae Munteanu. Name and device. Or, a tree issuant from a mountain between in chief two falcons striking respectant vert.

Submitted as Nicolae Muntean, the correct patronymic is Munteanu. We have changed the byname to this form to register this name.

* Nicole la bouchiere. Name and device. Per pale argent and azure, a cleaver bendwise sinister counterchanged.

Nice late 13th century French name!

Nice choice of charge for this occupational byname!

* Oodachi Jirou Tsu’neyasu. Name.

* Osc of the Harbours. Device. Argent, five geese migrant in chevron sable and in base a torteau.

There is a step from period practice for the use of birds in the migrant posture.

* Piers Campbell. Acceptance of transfer of household name Clan Campbell of Applecross from Tomasz Tomashevskoi.

* Richard Holland. Name change from Ragnarr Sigurðarson.

The given name Richard is found in “English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th C Marriage Records” by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/richard.html) in 1575, the same year as the byname.

Excellent 16th century English name!

The submitter’s previous name, Ragnarr Sigurðarson, is retained as an alternate name.

* Robyn Wolf Claw. Name and device. Per bend argent and vert, a phoenix gules rising from flames Or and a wolf’s head cabossed argent.

The submitter requested authenticity for “1580s Tudor England”. All elements in this name and the pattern of double bynames can be documented to late 16th century England.

* Rose Therion Storie. Name.

Therion and Storie are grandfathered to the submitter, as they are elements from the registered name of the submitter’s father, Therion Sean Storie.

After the Pelican decision meeting, the question was raised whether this submitter would also need a letter of permission to conflict from her father, as Therion Storie is a possible use name for her father. PN3D of SENA states:

To be clear of relationship conflict, the submitted name must not unmistakably imply close relationship with a protected person. This includes, but is not limited to, a claim to be the parent, child, or spouse of a protected person. An unmistakable implication generally requires the use of the entirety of a protected name.

In the present submission, Rose Therion Sean Storie would make such an unmistakable claim of relationship. However, the submitted name, which does not incorporate her father’s complete name, does not. Therefore, we are able to register this name within requiring an additional letter of permission to conflict.

* Rowen Cloteworthy. Heraldic title Red Lozenge Herald.

Lozenge is a lingua Anglica form of the period losenge.

* Stanislaw Polaski. Name and device. Azure, a chevron inverted Or between three dragons passant two and one argent.

Both elements are found in Zofia Abramowicz, Lila Citko, and Leonarda Dacewicz, S{l/}ownik Historycznych Nazw Osobowych Bia{l/}ostocczyzny (XV-XVII), vol. 2, s.nn. Po{l/}aski and Wojno, dated to 1580.

Nice late 16th century Polish name!

* Tigernan MacAlpin. Device change. Gules, an alphyn rampant argent and a bordure compony sable and Or.

The submitter’s old device, Sable, a bear rampant, on a chief Or three spruce trees eradicated sable, is retained as a badge.

* Tomasz Tomashevskoi. Transfer of household name Clan Campbell of Applecross to Piers Campbell.

* Tryggvi Stefnisson. Device. Vert, a seal erect and in chief seven gouttes argent.

* Ulrich van Kathen. Device. Per pall inverted vert, azure, and argent, three musimons rampant counterchanged argent and sable.

* Védís Iðunardóttir. Device. Gules, a seal erect and in chief seven gouttes Or.

* Violante Valeriano. Device. Argent, on an ounce rampant regardant azure a comet argent, a sinister tierce urdy azure.

There is a step from period practice for the use of a tierce with another charge.

* Zipora du Bois. Name and device. Purpure, a winged fleur-de-lys Or.

Zipora is a 14th century Jewish name found in Germany and France. The combination of a Jewish name from France and a French byname is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

Returns 

* Rowen Cloteworthy. Augmentation of arms. Lozengy argent and sable, a chief gules and for an augmentation a canton purpure charged with four millrinds in cross Or.

This augmentation is returned for contrast issues. SENA A3a3 states “Because an augmentation adds complexity, augmented devices are often allowed to violate certain style rules, such as allowing charges on tertiary charges or a complexity count of greater than eight, as long as the identifiability of the design is maintained. However, they may not violate the rules on contrast.” While the canton is overall and has good technical constrast with the field, it also substantially overlies the gules chief and mostly touches black parts of the neutral field. Thus, the purpure canton largely lies against a color background and does not have good contrast. In consequence, this must be returned.


Filed under: Announcements, Heraldry

Artisan’s Village Event Promotes the Arts and Sciences Community

East Kingdom Gazette - Fri, 2016-06-10 09:39

The Shire of Hartshorn-dale held its second Artisans’ Village event over the weekend of June 3rd – 5th. Artisans Village is an event entirely focused around the Arts and Sciences community.

The event featured 8 “villages” where artisans, led by a village coordinator, displayed their art and conducted hands on demonstrations of their crafts. Period blacksmithing, cooking, brewing, and music demonstrations were featured at the event, along with lampworking, bookbinding, the fiber arts, and more.

The event also featured two full tracks of classes, including classes focused on supporting the Arts and Sciences community itself. A round-table discussion about creating positive and supportive A&S competitions was held by Mistress Amy Webbe, current kingdom MoAS; a class on beginning A&S projects was held by Master Magnus Hvalmagi, current King’s Arts and Sciences Champion, and a class on writing effective A&S documentation was led by Lady Judith bas Rabbi Mendel.

This year, a new feature was also added to the event, the “Artisans’ Progress.” Attendees at the day’s events were encouraged to collect a bead from each village they visited. Those who collected 7 beads could then enter a raffle for a chance to win a basket full of gifts kindly donated by the villages and other artisans. The winner of the “Artisans Progress” was Melanie, who joined the SCA all of two weeks ago.

Thank you to everyone who came out to spend the day at the event, and to the teachers and village coordinators!

For more pictures or information about the event, please visit our photo gallery of the event and the event website.

For those on facebook there is another album available here 


Filed under: Arts and Sciences, Events