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Smithsonian seeks beer historian

History Blog - Mon, 2016-08-01 02:00

This is a real job posting and it’s a great one. The Smithsonian is looking for a historian to research the history of American brewing, with a particular emphasis on craft brewing. The new hire will be part of the National Museum of American History’s American Brewing History Initiative, a three year project to collect and conserve documents and artifacts relating to the history of beer and brewing in the United States, and to explore the connections between the history of beer and broader themes of American history including industry, advertising and social issues like the temperance movement. It is funded by a donation from the non-profit trade association the Brewers Association of Boulder, Colorado.

The National Museum of American History owns several collections of brewiana, mostly from the second half of the 19th century through the 1960s. There are artifacts from the brewing industry, instruments, ads, bottles, taps, technical documents, photographs, many of them collected by former Brewmaster Walter Voigt of Ruxton, Maryland. Just over a hundred items related to beer and brewing in the Smithsonian collection have been digitized.

“Brewing has a long and deep connection to our country’s history, and the museum’s collections explore the history of beer from the late 19th to early 20th centuries,” said John Gray, the director of the museum. “The support of the Brewers Association allows our staff to collect the more recent history, including the impact of small and independent craft brewers who continue to advance the U.S. beer culture and inspire brewers worldwide.”

The new staff beer historian will be working on that. Here is the full job posting (pdf):

Historian / Scholar
American Brewing History Initiative
IS-11 ($64,650 plus benefits)

The Smithsonian Food History project at the National Museum of American History, in Washington, DC, is seeking a professional historian / scholar to conduct archival and field research for a new initiative on American brewing history, with special emphasis on the craft industry. The position is located in the Division of Work and Industry and will be a three-year appointment. The successful candidate will have proven experience in scholarly research, organizing and conducting oral history interviews, writing for both scholarly and general audiences, and knowledge of material culture and archival materials. The candidate will work with members of the curatorial staff on collections work and develop content for a wide variety of programs and applications, including digital formats. Candidates with an advanced degree in American business, brewing, food, cultural, or similar specialization within history are encouraged to apply. Must be able to travel, work independently as well as within a team environment, to meet deadlines, and to communicate effectively with co-workers and the public.

So you have to have a solid grounding in scholarly research, not just beer research. Your degree doesn’t have to be in history per se, but it does have to be in a related field and you have to have experience using both archival and material resources in your research. As long as you have that background, all those years you’ve spent slaving over the minutiae of craft beers entirely of your own volition can finally pay off in more than just outré flavor adventures.

If this sounds like your dream job, send your CV, a cover letter, and names of three references to Abigail Karow at NMAHApplications@si.edu by August 10th, 2016.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Court Report: St. Swithin’s Bog Three-Day

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sun, 2016-07-31 21:30

Documented from the Rolls and Files of the Coram Regibus of Thomas Byron et Ariella, Rex et Regina Æthelmearc: Being a True Record of the Business of Their Majesties’ Royal Court at the Bog Three-Day Event, 16 July, Anno Societatis LI, in the Barony of St. Swithin’s Bog, accompanied by Their Heirs, Prince Marcus and Princess Margerite, and Their Excellencies Iago and Emilia of St. Swithin’s Bog. As recorded by Gwendolyn the Graceful, Brehyres, Jewel of Æthelmearc Herald, with the assistance of the Honorable Lady Gytha Oggesdottir, silent herald, the Honorable Lady Caitilin ni Mhaolchonaire, and Master Orlando di Bene del Vinta.

In the morning, Their Majesties received Master Lodovic of Grey’s Inn. Upon confirming that it was indeed his wish to proceed, They brought forward Their Order of the Defense to conduct him to the place of his Vigil, where any who wished to give him counsel could help him in the kitchen. Court was suspended.

Master Lodovic is sent to vigil for the Order of Defense. Photo by Lady Mary Christina Lowe, aka Jinx.

At mid-day, Their Majesties brought Their Champion, Duke Duncan von Halstern, before them to announce the winner of the tournament to determine his successor. Of the large number of combatants, His Grace, Duke Timothy of Arindale, was victorious over all. Her Majesty pointed out that His Grace is also the current holder of the Shield of Chivalry, and looked forward to an occasion when he might stand bearing both. His Grace was given a new belt token as regalia of his office, and one of the spears that held the canopies from Their Majesties’Coronation procession. He was then entrusted with the Sword of State and took up his rightful place in the Court. Scroll by The Honorable Lady Ursula of Rouen.

Next did Their Majesties desire the attendance of Mistress Aleea Baga. They noted with gratitude her tireless efforts to create tabards, fighting cotes, medallions, and other regalia for Themselves, Their Heirs, Their Champions, and other subjects of the Kingdom. In recognition of her efforts, They awarded her the Golden Escarbuncle (Vert), a new award given for a singular act of artistic merit.

Mistress Aleea is the first recipient of the Golden Escarbuncle (Vert). Photo by Jinx.

Their Majesties summoned before them Cheng Tai Ren. Well pleased were They to speak with this gentle of his dedication to fighting, particularly to recreating faithfully the armor and style of the Chinese court. For his skill and perseverance, They were moved to raise him to the nobility as a Companion of the Order of the Golden Alce, thus Awarding him Arms. Scroll by Fa Ren Zhang Ming Li.

Their Majesties next desired to speak again with Master Lodovic of Grey’s Inn, and demanded his answer whether he would join the Order of Defense. At his reply, the said Masters of the Order were called before the throne, and read a letter attesting to Master Lodovic’s courtesy, prowess, chivalric conduct, service, and humility, and the ways in which he will enrich the Order by his inclusion. Hearing these words, Their Majesties asked that the ancestral collar of the Masters of Defense be placed upon Lodovic’s shoulders. The book of the Masters of Defense was read by Maestro Bastiano de Iacopo and presented to Master Lodovic, who then swore his oath of fealty unto Their Majesties. Scroll by Duchess Dorinda Courtenay.

Their Majesties sought the presence of The Honorable Lord Juan Miguel Cezar. As he had been commanded the week before at Pax, Their Majesties directed His Lordship to sit vigil the remainder of the day to contemplate whether he would accept elevation into the Most Noble Order of the Pelican. With his assent, the Order took him forth to the place of his vigil, to hear the counsel of those who would speak with him.

THLord Juan Miguel is sent to vigil. Photo by Jinx.

Their Majesties required that Lady Vika Vyborgskaia attend Them next. Their Majesties, mindful that her time was about to be claimed by another priority, wished first to claim but a moment of it to praise her skill and dedication to fencing, and to name her a companion of the Order of the Golden Alce. Scroll forthcoming.

Lady Vika receives a Golden Alce. Photo by Jinx.

This being done, Their Majesties were prepared to receive The Honorable Lord Jussie Laplein. They reminded him that on this day, They had decreed he should sit vigil to contemplate whether he would accept the accolade of Chivalry. As it was indeed his wish, They did convene those members of the Most Noble Order of Chivalry present to take him to the place where they might counsel and commune with him in vigil and pas d’armes for the remainder of the day.

THLord Jussie is sent to vigil for the Chivalry. Photo by Jinx.

Spying one whom Their Majesties had not expected to see, They seized the opportunity to summon Meistari Urho Walterinen into Their Presence. His Majesty spoke of the long acquaintance He has enjoyed with Meistari Urho, His gratitude for the teaching, the support, and the friendship Urho has offered through the years. Her Majesty also reminded him of teaching the Royal Children to shoot, of many events held at Their home, and of long years of service not only to Them, but to the Kingdom and, indeed, the Known World. Thus, They did announce with privilege and pride Their decision to name Meistari Urho Their Jewel of Æthelmearc, the 41 st Jewel of the Kingdom. Scroll forthcoming. Court was once again suspended.

Meistari Urho becomes the 41st Jewel of Æthelmearc. Photo by Jinx.

In the evening, Their Majesties asked the children forward and invited them to amuse themselves with activities provided by Lady Alethea Cowle.

Their Majesties gave leave to Their Excellencies Iago and Emilia to conduct the business of their Court.

Baroness Emilia and Baron Iago make a presentation to Their Majesties. Photo by Jinx.

Their Majesties summoned Dalton of Grey’s Inn into Their Presence. They spoke of the long years he has spent in kitchens, serving his Barony, and working both alongside his father and on his own. As a symbol of his dedication to the Society, They were minded to name him a companion of the Order of the Silver Buccle. Scroll forthcoming.

Dalton receives a Silver Buccle. Photo by Jinx.

Their Majesties next sought Jacen Teague, and spoke with him of his accomplishments in heavy fighting, thrown weapons, and leatherworking. In recognition of these efforts, They elevated him to the nobility by Awarding him Arms. Scroll by The Honorable Lord Tigranes de Rhina.

Next Their Majesties desired to see Rachelle L’ymagiere. They thanked her for her services as a water bearer, and praised her dedication to fencing. Moved by her efforts, They Awarded her Arms. Scroll by The Honorable Lord Aelric Ravenshaw.

Donatella da Fano was next called forward for audience with Their Majesties. Her skill as a scribe earned the praise of the Crown, as well as her assistance at demos and service to her Barony. For her acts of generosity and art, They were moved to elevate her to the nobility and Award her Arms. Scroll by Mistress Antoinette de la Croix, on text by Lady Elizabeth of the Bog.

Their Majesties summoned Lord Ru Cavorst into the Royal Presence. There did Their Majesties take note of his service as both archery and fencing marshall, in recognition of which, They did name him a companion of Their Order of the Keystone. Scroll forthcoming.

Lord Ru receives a Keystone. Photo by Jinx.

Next did Their Majesties wish to be attended by Lord Cyrus Auger. They found his service as seneschal of Silva Vulcani, and as rapier and archery marshal greatly worthy of praise, and noted that service to college shires in particular aids the growth of the Society. To acknowledge his efforts, They were minded to create him a companion of Their Order of the Keystone. Scroll by The Honorable Lady Rachel Dalicieux.

Their Majesties further desired words with Lady Ashling na Ngleannta’n. So many, so varied, and so marked are the skills and arts practiced by this lady, in leather work, wood carving, jewelry, painting, sewing, and music, to name but a few, that Their Majesties were well-disposed to bestow upon her the Order of the Sycamore. Scroll gilded and painted by Shirin of Susa and calligraphed by Mistress Antoinette de la Croix, on text by The Honorable Lady Rois O’Faye.

Their Majesties next invited La Comtesse Elena d’Artois le Tailleur to attend Them. For some time, Their Majesties had noted for some time the kind of service Her Excellency provides, particularly to the fencing community, but also to other activities within the Kingdom. While service is, of course, expected of a Royal Peer, there are acts and patterns of service that go beyond simple duty, and for these reasons, Their Majesties called forth Their Noble Order of the Millrind, that Her Excellency might be counted one of its Companions. Scroll by The Honorable Lord Kieran MacRae.

Next, Their Majesties somewhat nervously allowed Don Po Silvertop to approach. They expressed to him Their intention to recognize a gentle currently in Don Po’s service, to which he replied that he would bring forth the individual, one Lord Jehan LeBlanc, to discuss how he might further serve the Crown. Don Po reminded Their Majesties that Lord Jehan had indentured himself, and that the full indenture had not, as yet, been paid. Her Majesty offered payment in a form pleasing to Don Po: nuggets of fowl obtained from the house of Golden Arches, but still, Don Po remained unmoved and insisted that Lord Jehan’s debt was yet higher. Her Excellency, Comtesse Elena D’Artois, agreed that it was right and proper that the debt be satisfied so that Lord Jehan could be released to serve the Kingdom at large. At this, the Crown issued a call for any who could satisfy Lord Jehan’s obligations, which was met by Baron Perote Campbell, who bore into Court a creation of his hand which, Don Po agreed, satisfied Lord Jehan’s contract. Hearing this, Their Majesties called Their Order of the White Scarf, Don Po removed Lord Jehan’s cadet’s scarf, and the White Scarf was placed upon Lord Jehan’s arm. He was also presented with a sword baldric and blade to mark the Arms Granted by Their Majesties upon his induction. Scroll by The Honorable Lady Alianora Brunhille, upon text by Don Po Silvertop.

Then Their Majesties invited The Honorable Lord Juan Miguel Cezar forward and inquired regarding his answer whether he would be elevated into the Most Noble Order of the Pelican. Receiving his reply, They called for that Order to join them and heard words of testimony. La Comtesse Elena spoke as a Royal Peer, attesting to his humility and ability to simply get things done. Duke Timothy of Arindale recounted that in the recent past, it was unclear whether other martial specialties would be namd Peers as part of the Order of Chivalry, and that in preparation for that possibility, His Lordship was one of those His Grace had considered naming worthy to be deemed a Knight and his brother. Dame Crestienne de Waterdene attested to His Lordship’s hospitality and inclusiveness, producing scarves and tokens for the Scarlet Guard, and his creation of badges and other tokens for the enrichment of the Kingdom. Master William Parris offered his observations of one who works to sustain, to provide for, and to inject energy into a community. And Maistir Brandubh Ó Donnghaile read words from Master Robert the Grey, including a litany of acts of service that His Lordship has provided, such as cleaning the kitchens at nearly every Tournament of the White Hart, serving as regional marshal, and quietly supporting the community since the days of Principality, but more importantly, citing the way in which His Lordship inspires others, as a role model and a leader by example. Moved by these words, Their Majesties called upon Sir Murdoch Bayne to present the ancestral medallion and case. Countess Kallista Morgunova also presented a personal medallion, and Dame Chrestienne bedecked him with a hood made by her hand. Then did Maestro Juan Miguel swear his oath to the Crown, and he was greeted as a Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Pelican. Promissory scroll by Maestra Gianna di Aurelio.

Their Majesties next brought before Them The Honorable Lord Jussie Laplein. On affirming his wish to proceed, They invited Their Most Noble Order of Chivalry to attend Them. Duchess Morgen of Rye, as a Royal Peer, noted His Lordship’s boundless enthusiasm for fighting, the joy that he brings to the field, and that he exhibits off of it, the value he places in his family, and the way he inspires others. Mistress Arianna of Wynthrope further spoke of his teaching, which is one of the duties of the Laurel, and in particular the way that he teaches the youth fighters, with patience, with joy, and with enthusiasm, imparting technique but also instilling the fun into their young charges. Baroness Allessandra d’Avignon represented the Pelicans, speaking with pride of the many times they were among the last to leave a site after cleaning it, and of the many times he would leave the field without complaint just to help others. His Grace, Duke Adhemar, then recalled meeting His Lordship as a new fighter, and knowing even then that he would eventually achieve Peerage. He assured the Crown that His Lordship knows what it means to be a member of the Chivalry, and that indeed, he has taught His Grace as well, and inspired him. With these words, Their Majesties declared Themselves satisfied, and called for such symbols of Chivalry as His Lordship required to display his rank and station. His lady, Lady Vyka Vyborgskaia, brought forward a baldric that had been felted from their family dog’s own hair, which Their Majesties placed about his shoulder with her assistance. Duke Adhemar also presented him with the belt used to bestow the accolade of Knight upon Henri d’Artois, to keep and pass on as he sees fit. Master Jussie then swore an Oath of Service to the Crown, that his left hand may strike as needed, and his right may guard and defend the Kingdom. Their Majesties bid him to rise, and together, They did strike him and instruct him to let it be the last blow he received unanswered. He was then released unto his Order to be greeted accordingly. Scroll forthcoming.

His Grace, Duke Matthew Blackleaf, was given time to address the populace. He announced the winner of the day’s leg of the Æthelmearc 500: In a shocking upset, it was His Grace, Duke Maynard von dem Steine.

Her Highness congratulates Duke Maynard for winning the AE 500 tourney. Photo by Jinx.

Her Majesty then announced her Inspiration for the day: The Honorable Lady Alianora Brunhille. Her Majesty noted that at Her Rapier Championship, She had remarked to Lord Durante Her desire to see him garbed as befit his station; Her Ladyship Alianora rose to meet this whim, not only for Lord Durante, but for his lady, Lady Lasairfhiona, with new attire. In gratitude for fulfilling Her wish in so short a span, Her Majesty presented Her Ladyship with Her token.

THLady Ailianora is Her Majesty’s Inspiration. Photo by Jinx.

Their Majesties recognized all those who contributed scrolls, medallions, and regalia for those recognized in Court that day. They further thanked all the staff who had worked to make the event enjoyable and successful, and the Barony of St. Swithin’s Bog for their generosity and hospitality.

There being no further business, the Coram Regibus was closed.

Faithfully Submitted,

Gwendolyn the Graceful, Brehyres
Jewel of Æthelmearc Herald

Categories: SCA news sites

From the Brigantia Herald

East Kingdom Gazette - Sun, 2016-07-31 18:35

Greetings from Ryan Brigantia, Principal Herald of the East.

Last year we announced that we would be able to accept Heraldic submissions from Tir Mara in Canadian dollars. We, at the time, were under the impression that a bank account for the Tir Mara College of Heralds would be an easy thing to have created and we could begin this process quickly.

Despite a year of trying to get this arranged, due to several complications both in the Canadian Banking system and the US and Canadian requirements for a 503(c) non-profit organization, we have been unable to open the required account. The Tir Maran regional heralds, the Kingdom, regional and Society Exchequers, and members of the Heraldic Senior Staff have poured weeks and months into this endeavor only to get stymied by the requirements of the Society and Canadian Banking system.

Unfortunately I have to suspend the Acceptance of cheques in Canadian Dollars starting now, and until further notice. Once a Tir Maran bank account is established we will revisit this endeavor. The submissions heralds of both the Kingdom and Tir Mara have worked around the problems, hand delivering checks to each other. To Mistress Alys and Baroness Jeanne, you have my continuing and eternal thanks for all the hours you have both sunk into this endeavor to try to make it work.

To the populace of Tir Mara, I can only say that we will continue to endeavor to make it as easy for you to make a heraldic submission as it is for the other three regions of the Kingdom. We will continue to work on this problem.

-Ryan Brigantia

Salutation de Ryan Brigantia, héraut principal du Royaume de l’Est.

L’an passé nous avions annoncé que nous allions accepter les soumissions héraldique des citoyens de Tir Mara en argent canadien. À ce moment nous étions sous l’impression que la création d’un compte de banque pour le Collège des Hérauts de Tir Mara allait être facile.

Après un an de travail acharné et dù à plusieurs complications avec les systèmes bancaire canadien et américain ainsi que les éléments requis pour les organismes à but non lucratif 503 (c) nous avons été dans l’incapacité d’ouvrir le compte requis. Le héraut régional, celui du Royaume, les échiquiers régional et de la SCA inc. ansi que les membre séniors du College des Hérauts ont travaillés d’arrache pied durant des semaines et des mois pour répondre au exigences des systèmes bancaires canadien ainsi que de la SCA inc., malheureusement ce fut un échec.

Malheureusement je me dois de suspendre l’acceptation de chèque en argent canadien à ce moment et ce jusqu’à avis contraire. Quand Tir Mara sera munis d’un compte de banque nous pourrons revisiter cette avenue. Les hérauts responsable des soumissions ont travaillé durant l’année en contournant le problème en délivrant les chèques en main propre. À Mistress Alys et à Baronne Jeanne, vous avez mes remerciements continue et éternel pour toute les heures que vous avez placés dans ce projet tentant de le faire fonctionner.

À la population de Tir Mara, nous continuerons de travailler pour faire que les soumissions héraldique soit le plus facile possible comme il en est pour les trois autres régions du Royaume. Nous continuons à travailler sur le problème

-Ryan Brigantia

Filed under: Announcements, En français, Heraldry Tagged: brigantia, heraldric submissions, Tir Mara

NYU student finds 12th c. brooch on Irish beach

History Blog - Sun, 2016-07-31 14:25

An American film student at New York University discovered a rare 12th century brooch during a field trip in Ireland earlier this month. McKenna McFadden was on a walking tour of Omey Island in Connemara, western Ireland, led by archaeologist Michael Gibbons when she spotted the back of a metal brooch while exploring rabbit burrows on the shore.

“When I first looked at it, I really thought nothing of it! It was really pretty and I thought someone had possibly dropped it,” [McFadden] recalled, not thinking that whoever dropped it did so centuries ago.

“I kept it with me until I caught up with Michael and he was very intrigued. He had me take him back to the site at which I found it. I didn’t fully realize how important the find was at the time. Now, I’m amazed and surprised and I’m very happy that I was able to place it in the hands of people who would appreciate it.”

A local radio personality took umbrage at an American making such a discovery in between stops on her bus tour of tourist traps. They worked it out with Ms. McFadden later after their listeners took them to task for being mean, but she didn’t get a chance to explain on the air that while it is her first time in Ireland, she’s gone quite a bit beyond the cheesy leprechaun-logo tour. McFadden is enrolled in NYU’s Summer in Dublin, a six-week program based at Trinity College, Dublin, in which students study Irish culture through multi-disciplinary classes in sociology, history, literature, Irish language, creative writing and faculty-led educational and cultural excursions like the one she was on when she stumbled on a 12th century kite brooch poking out of the sand.

The radio people went off on a goofy fantasy ramble about the great diplomatic incident that would ensue should McFadden have kept the brooch, but there was never any question of that. According to Ireland’s National Monuments Act, all archaeological objects found in Ireland belong to the Irish state. Anyone who makes an archaeological discovery must report it to the government or face a fine of up to 60,000 euros and five years in prison. Of course Connemara-born Michael Gibbons, a professional archaeologist with 30 years experience, was well aware of the legal requirements, and McFadden was just delighted to have found so beautiful and significant an archaeological treasure on her archaeology field trip to Omey Island.

They reported the piece to Galway city heritage officer Jim Higgins who identified it as a kite brooch from the 12th century. These types of pins were used to fasten cloaks and shawls 900 years ago. Only a handful of them have ever been found in Ireland. The brooch is now at the National Museum of Ireland where it will be studied and conserved.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Armada Portrait of Elizabeth I saved!

History Blog - Sat, 2016-07-30 13:00

Thanks to an outpouring of support from the public and big donations from private organizations, the Armada Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I has been purchased by the Royal Museums Greenwich for £10 million ($13,225,500). It will now enter public ownership for the first time in its more than four centuries of existence.

The Royal Museums Greenwich and the Art Fund launched the campaign needing to raise £8.6 million ($11,374,000) to meet the asking price for the painting. The museum had contributed its entire annual acquisitions budget, £400,000 ($530,000), the Art Fund £1 million, but unless they could come up with the full asking price, the painting would be auctioned off to the highest bidder.

Painted in around 1590, the oil-on-panel depicts Queen Elizabeth I presiding serenely over a vast new global empire while in the windows behind her the English navy and divine intervention in the form of great winds defeat the Spanish Armada. The unusual landscape orientation, the queen’s lavish adornment, the famous sea battle in the background have made this portrait iconic, used in textbooks and period movies alike as a classic image of Elizabeth’s rule and the English Renaissance.

Two other versions of this portrait, probably by different unknown artists, are already in public museums, but this version is exceptional because it was owned by Sir Francis Drake, who probably commissioned it. Drake was vice admiral in command of the English fleet when it went up against the great Spanish Armada in 1588, so he was in the thick of the action depicted at Queen Elizabeth’s back. The painting has been passed down by his descendants ever since, for 425 years. When they decided to sell, the Tyrwhitt-Drake family offered the state first crack at it.

The campaign was launched on May 23rd and quickly captured the public’s imagination. Prominent historians vocally supported the cause. Seven-year-old Christina Ryder threw a bake sale at her school to donate to the fund, making cupcakes with an awesome frosting Elizabeth I on top inspired by the Armada Portrait.

An overwhelming response from the public saw 8,000 donations in just 10 weeks, with every donation matched pound for pound, raising £1.5m in total. Major contributions were made by the Linbury Trust, the Garfield Weston Foundation and the Headley Trust. In total, £10.3m has now been raised. The extraordinary level of support from the public makes this one of the most successful campaigns ever for a work of art.

Stephen Deuchar, Director, Art Fund, said, ‘This campaign has been a triumph of popular will. The painting captured the national imagination in 2016 as surely as the defeat of the Armada itself had done in 1588. Record numbers of donors, large and small, stepped forward with determination and generosity, creating an irresistible momentum that has brought this great work into public ownership at last.’

A big grant of £7.4 million ($9,787,000) from the Heritage Lottery Fund took them over the top.

The portrait will go on display at the newly renovated Queen’s House (construction completed in 1635), today part of the Royal Museums Greenwich. Designed by Inigo Jones, the Queen’s House was built just south of former Greenwich Palace, demolished in the 17th century, where Elizabeth I was born. The renovated museum will be able to maintain the fragile work in ideal environmental conditions. On October 11th, the portrait will be the star of the official reopening of the Queen’s House.

After a brief showing, the portrait will spend 2017 in treatment. It’s in dire need of conservation. It spent most of its life hanging over the mantlepiece of a fireplace in Shardeloes, the Buckinghamshire country house built for William Drake in the 18th century, ravaged by constant heat and moisture fluctuations, never kind to panel paintings. The all-important background was overpainted at same point in its past. There are areas of paint loss and varnish discoloration has given it an overall bilious hue. Once the Armada Portrait is conserved, cleaned and stabilized, it will go on permanent display at Queen’s House.

Here is historian David Starkey explaining the significance of the painting:

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Duke Timothy and Prince Marcus to Hold the Field at Pennsic

AEthelmearc Gazette - Fri, 2016-07-29 13:28

Unto all those who aspire to the Order of Chivalry does Sir Timothy of Arindale send greetings,

Good gentles, noble warriors, on Thursday August 4th and Friday August 5th, I will once again be taking the field from 9am until 5pm to fight you, to train you, to spar with you until such time as I no longer have the energy to lift my sword. Æthelmearc’s Prince Marcus has vowed to be at my side on both days, and our King and Queen Sirs Thomas Byron and Ariella have graciously offered to join us on Friday.

We invite the chivalry from throughout the Known World to join us.

If you want to be a knight, with all your heart and soul, this is the place to show us you will one day belong at the side of your brothers, at the side of your King and Queen. Push yourselves. Bring your friends. Please spread word of this such that others throughout the Known World join us,

In service to the Society, I remain,

Sir Timothy of Arindale

Duke Timothy vs. THLord Guillaume le Noir. Photo by Lady Mary Christina Lowe.


Categories: SCA news sites

Beasts and Monsters are coming to Pennsic!

East Kingdom Gazette - Fri, 2016-07-29 11:26

There are Medieval Heraldic Beasts at Pennsic. Don’t count on your electronics to catch them, though. Some of you may have seen earlier posts about this, and it is indeed true. Beasts and Monsters are coming to Pennsic! Actual beasts you can see and touch.

The medieval & analogue fix for avid Pokemon hunters (and those who just enjoy a good challenge) is coming to Pennsic during War Week. Pensimon Go: The Menagerie Quest will run from 9 AM Mon morning on August 8th through noon on Wed August 11th, is intended for all ages, and will have you finding public places at war you may never have visited.

Supplies are slightly limited (privately funded and free to participate), but sharing is allowed. Participants will collect sightings of magical creatures hidden in public spaces (please leave the critters where you find them). Prizes will be awarded for both over age 12 and under age 12 players. Results will be tallied and the winners announced in the Independent after the contest closes. Come by the offices of the Pennsic Independent Monday morning to pick up your very own Pensidex! Tour Pennsic’s public spaces, aided by location clues, to catch them all.

An online printable Pensidex, for those with electronic wizardry skills, will also be available soon.  This project is sponsored in part by Viceroy Gui avec Cheval.

Filed under: Announcements Tagged: Pennsic

Beasts and Monsters are Coming to Pennsic!

AEthelmearc Gazette - Fri, 2016-07-29 06:59



There are Medieval Heraldic Beasts at Pennsic. Don’t count on your electronics to catch them, though. Some of you may have seen earlier posts about this, and it is indeed true. Beasts and Monsters are coming to Pennsic! Actual beasts you can see and touch.

The medieval & analog fix for avid Pokemon hunters (and those who just enjoy a good challenge) is coming to Pennsic during War Week. Pensimon Go: The Menagerie Quest will run from 9 a.m. Monday, August 8th morning through noon on Wednesday, August 11th, is intended for all ages, and will have you finding public places at War you may never have visited.

Supplies are slightly limited (privately funded and free to participate), but sharing is allowed. Participants will collect sightings of magical creatures hidden in public spaces (please leave the critters where you find them). Prizes will be awarded for both over age 12 and under age 12 players. Results will be tallied and the winners announced in the Independent after the contest closes. Come by the offices of the Pennsic Independent Monday morning to pick up your very own Pensidex! Tour Pennsic’s public spaces, aided by location clues, to catch them all.

An online printable Pensidex, for those with electronic wizardry skills, will also be available soon – stay tuned!




Categories: SCA news sites

Grave of early Celtic woman found in Germany

History Blog - Fri, 2016-07-29 02:17

The burial an early Celtic woman with rich grave goods was unearthed last August at Kirchheim unter Teck, 20 or so miles southeast of Stuttgart in the southern German state of Baden-Württemberg. State Conservation Office archaeologists had been excavating the site slated for development on the outskirts of city since July of 2014, a comprehensive and thorough salvage operation to recover any remains from a Neolithic settlement from the sixth millennium B.C. that was known to have been at that location. They were shocked to find a far more recent archaeological treasure.

No skeletal remains have survived due to the high levels of lime in the soil, but archaeologists were able to get some idea of the layout of the burial from the position of the artifacts. Immediately visible were three small gold rings which may have been earrings and/or hair jewels, so they marked where he head would have been. Underneath the presumed skull area were two round objects made of sheet gold. Archaeologists believe they were part of a headpiece or hood of some kind which has not survived. A pair of bronze anklets and a bracelet of jet beads were also found.

The style of the gold jewelry dates the grave to around 500 B.C., which puts it within a few decades of the fabulously rich chieftain’s grave mound discovered at Hochdorf, less than five miles north of Kirchheim unter Teck, in 1978. Very few graves of Celtic women from such an early date have been found, even fewer with such high quality goods. It’s possible she too may have had a burial mound marking her grave. It has eroded to nothingness, but there are discolorations in the soil which suggest the was once a burial mound surrounded by a rectangular enclosure. She may not have been alone either, as evidence of two more enclosures was found nearby, but there were no artifacts or remains of any kind within them.

To preserve whatever microscopic fragments of organic material might be present and make sure they covered as much ground as possible, the team excavated a big soil block weighing 500 kilos (1100 pounds) which encompassed the artifacts. The block was then moved to the State Conservation Office in Esslingen where archaeologists could excavate it punctiliously in laboratory conditions. Quite literally punctilious, in fact, since among the tools used to excavate the artifacts from the soil block were porcupine quills.

It took two months to dig through the thick soil block with quills and small spatulas. They unearthed a total of six ornate gold rings and five sheet gold spherical objects. The pressure of being underground for 2,500 years has deformed the sheet gold artifacts, but the gold rings are in very fine condition.

The excavation of the Neolithic settlement ended in September of last year and the development of the industrial park on the site went forward. The artifacts from the Celtic woman’s grave will likely go on display at a museum in Kirchheim near where they were found.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

When Is My Kingdom Thing at Pennsic?

AEthelmearc Gazette - Thu, 2016-07-28 17:05

Mistress Ts’vee’a, the Kingdom Camp Scheduler, gives us this list of Æthelmearc Happenings at Pennsic – parties, vigils, Courts, Order Meetings, tournaments, and more! All activities are in Æthelmearc Royal Encampment unless otherwise noted:

Social Gatherings

Open Bardic Circle: Tuesday, August 2, 8-10pm

Haakon Oaktall Anniversary Bardic Circle: Wednesday, August 3, 8-10:30pm

Æthelmearc Bardic – Come and Perform!: Thursday, August 4, 8-10pm

Æthelmearc Teen and Tween Party: Saturday, August 6, 7-9pm

Laurel Vigil for AElfrun Ketta: Saturday, August 6, 8-11pm in Akeru Thunder (E17)

MOD Vigil for Clewin Kupferhelbelinc: Sunday, August 7, following Rapier Champion  battles, Æthelmearc Rapier Shade, Rapier field

*Known World Queens’ Tea: Sunday, August 7, 2-4pm

Debatable Lands Potluck Dinner and Court: Sunday, August 7, 5-8pm

Pelican Vigil for Timothy of Arindale: Sunday, August 7, 6-?pm in Camp Arindale (B08)

Laurel Vigil for Irene von Schmetterling: Sunday, August 7, 8:30-12 in Debatable Lands (N10, Fletcher Rd) (send-off in Debatable Lands court in AE Royal ~7-8pm)

Celebration of Life of Countess Aidan ni Lear: Sunday, August 7, 8:30-10:30pm

*Scribal Tea: Monday, August 8, 2-4pm

Memorial for Dave Cooper: Monday, August 8, 4-5pm, Dave’s Drive on the Battlefield

Æthelmearc Family and Children Party: Monday, August 8, 6-8pm

Æthelmearc Party: Arthurian Legends: Monday, August 8, 8:30-11pm

Known World Hatter’s Tea: Tuesday, August 9, 11:30am-1pm

Kingdom Exchequer Meet ‘n Greet: Tuesday, August 9, 4-5pm

Known World Chatelaine Meeting: Wednesday, August 10, 9-11am

Known World Equestrian Gathering: Wednesday, August 10, 4-5pm

*Seven Pearls Dinner: Wednesday, August 10, 6-9pm

*Ladies of the Rose Happy Hour: Thursday, August 11, 3-6pm

*Private or semi-restricted event

Musters and Courts

Muster for Opening Ceremonies: Saturday, August 6, 5:15pm

Opening Ceremonies: Saturday, August 6, 6-7pm in the Great Hall (New Barn)

Muster for and Procession to Æthelmearc Court: Tuesday, August 9, 5:30pm

Æthelmearc Court: Tuesday, August 9, 6-9pm in Great Hall (New Barn)

Muster for Closing Ceremonies: Friday, August 12, when war points end, on the Battlefield

Closing Ceremonies: Friday, August 12, after the war points, at the Fort on the Battlefield

Note: Their Majesties will be on the battlefield approximately half an hour before each War Point battle to rally the troops and distribute Queen Ariella’s favors.

Order Meetings

Chivalry: Wednesday, August 10, 2:30-3:30pm, AE Pavilion on Battlefield
Laurel: Saturday, August 6, 1-3pm
Pelican: Saturday, August 6 10am-12pm
Fleur d’AEthelmearc: Saturday, August 6, 9-10am
Gage: Wednesday, August 10, 1:30-2:30pm, AE Pavilion on Battlefield
Millrind: Saturday, August 6, 3-4pm
Scarlet Battery: Saturday, August 6, 2-3pm, AE Pavilion on Battlefield
White Scarf: Saturday, August 6, 1-2pm, AE Pavilion on Battlefield

No Pennsic Order Meeting:

Order of Defense
Golden Lance
Scarlet Guard
White Horn

Æthelmearc-hosted Pennsic events (not in AE Royal)

Ædult Swim  (Battlefield): Thursday, August 4 and Friday, August 5, 9am-5pm, Red and Green lists

Æthelmearc Rapier Novice Tournament: Wednesday, August 10, 12-2pm, Rapier List 1

Youth Combat Night with the Knights: Sunday, August 7, 7-9 pm, Youth list
Youth Polearm Tourney, Monday, August 8, 7-9 pm, Youth list
Æthelmearc Youth/Adult Tag Team Tournament: Wednesday, August 10, 7-9pm, Blue List
Youth Combat Reindeer Games (melees), Thursday, August 11, 7-9 pm, Youth list

 Scribal Tent Schedule (Located in Æthelmearc Royal)

Tent # Date Time Title Scribal tent  2 08-03 9-10am A Hand A Day: Uncial and Artificial Uncial Scribal tent  2 08-03 12-1pm How to Draw Manuscript Flora Scribal tent 1 08-03 1-3pm Open Scribal Time/Scribal Play Time Scribal tent 1 08-04 12-1:30pm Introduction to Scribal Materials Scribal tent  2 08-04 2-4pm Open Scribal Time/Scribal Play Time Scribal tent  2 08-05 9-10am A Hand A Day: Early Gothic Calligraphy Scribal tent  2 08-05 10am-12pm Open Scribal Time/Scribal Play Time Scribal tent  2 08-05 1-3pm *Shūji*: Taking the Brush – Japanese Calligraphy Scribal tent 1 08-05 2-3pm How to Draw Manuscript Flora Scribal tent  2 08-06 9-10am A Hand A Day: Insular Majuscule Scribal tent 1 08-06 2-4pm Open Scribal Time/Scribal Play Time Scribal tent  2 08-07 10am-12pm Open Scribal Time/Scribal Play Time Scribal tent 1 08-07 1-3pm I Spy: Calligraphy Scribal tent  2 08-07 1-2pm At a Loss for Words Scribal tent  2 08-07 2-3pm Developing a Flourished Hand by Bocskay Scribal tent 1 08-08 9-10am A Hand A Day: Rotunda Minuscule Scribal tent  2 08-08 12:30-1:30pm Gothic Hybrid Drolleries and Grotesques Scribal tent 1 08-08 2-4pm Æthelmearc Scribal Tea Scribal tent  2 08-09 9-10am A Hand A Day: Rotunda Capitals Calligraphy Scribal tent  2 08-09 10-11am Redaction: A Recipe for Scrolls – First Course Scribal tent  2 08-09 11am-12pm Left-Handed Calligraphy Scribal tent  2 08-09 12-1pm How to Draw Manuscript Flora Scribal tent 1 08-09 1-2pm Beginning Celtic Knotwork Scribal tent 1 08-10 9-10am A Hand A Day: Italic Calligraphy Scribal tent  2 08-10 10-11am Beginning Scribal…A Family Affair Scribal tent  2 08-10 11am-12pm Whitework Illumination Scribal tent 1 08-10 3-4pm Painting Italian Renaissance Gems and Pearls Scribal tent  2 08-10 4-5pm Visualizing Scrolls from Manuscripts Scribal tent 1 08-11 9-11am A Hand A Day: Gilded Letters Scribal tent  2 08-11 10-11am Redaction: A Recipe for Scrolls – Second Course Scribal tent 1 08-11 11am-12pm Wordsmithing for Everyone


Categories: SCA news sites

Unofficial Court Report – Southern Region War Practice

East Kingdom Gazette - Thu, 2016-07-28 11:33

At Southern Region War Camp, in the Barony of Carillion, on June 10, 2016, the following awards were given by Their Majesties, Kenric and Avelina, Reporting Herald – Master Thomas de Castellan, Treblerose.

Silver Tyger:

Recipient                                                      Scroll

Vachir Arslajim                                             Elisabeth Greenleaf

Alexi Gensel                                                 C&I: Mari Clock van Hoorne, Words: Shoshana Gryffyth

Brom Der Fechten                                        Elen Alswyth of Eriskay

Alexandros von Halstern                               Wynefryde Bredhers, c: Nest verch Tangwistel

Order of the Tygers Combattant:

Recipient                                                      Scroll

Rory MacClellan                                            Elizabeth eleanor Lovel, c: Alys Mackyntoich

Anton Machinevik                                         Randall Vihar Farkas & Camma an Daraich

Simon Montgomery

Order of the Pelican:

Recipient                                                      Scroll

Erhart von Stutgart                                      Christiana Crane

Silver Wheel:

Recipient                                                      Scroll

Lu Ann Hua                                                  Sakurai no Kesame

Dionise O’ Towie                                           Ignacia la Ciega

Arnora Ketilsdottir                                        Sarah Davies of Monmouth

Margretha La Fauvelle                                  Sorcha Dhocair inghean Uí Ruairc

Order of Chivalry:

Recipient                                                      Scroll

Erich Hunderman                                         Vettorio Antonello

Silver Wheel:

Recipient                                                     Scroll

Declan Gobha                                              Aesa Lokabrenna Sturladottir

Evalina von Schaidag                                   Marieta Charay

Katherine Meade                                          Conor O Ceallaigh, c: Lada Monguligin

Sybilla of Rona                                             Aaradyn Ghyoot

Silver Brooch:

Recipient                                                      Scroll

Tim the Humble                                           Magdalena Lantfarerin

Mongu Chinua

Engracia de Madrigal                                     Aziza al Shirazi

Apollo’s Arrow:

Recipient                                                      Scroll

Suuder Saran                                               i:Mergriet van Wijenhorst, c:Nest verch Tangwistel

Order of the Maunche:

Recipient                                                      Scroll

Vivian de Dunbar                                          Jonathan Blaecstan

Order of the Silver Crescent:

Recipient                                                      Scroll

Tanczos Ilona                                               i:Ellesbeth Donofrey, c:Palotzi Marti, w: Alys Mackyntoich

Robert the Doubtful                                      i:Lillian atte Valleye, c: Kayleigh Mac Whyte

Order of the Laurel:

Recipient                                                      Scroll

Naomi bat Avraham                                      Lada Monguligin

Writ for Laurel:

Recipient                                                      Scroll

Brunissende Dragonette                                Alys Mackyntoich

Order of the Master of Defense:

Recipient                                                      Scroll

Orlando Sforza                                              i:Nataliia Anastasiia Evgenova, i: Alys MAckyntoich

Filed under: Court, Uncategorized Tagged: court

Gotta Catch Them All – A Pennsic Challenge

East Kingdom Gazette - Thu, 2016-07-28 11:19

The following is being posted on behalf of Her Grace, Mary of Northshield, formerly of the East.

Greetings unto the Known World and those going to Pennsic from Duchess Mary of Northshield!

If you were ‘going to catch them all’ at Pennsic, what would you catch?  We have the most exotic creatures all around us, we just have to look.  This year I am sponsoring a quest for young and old to ‘catch’ – SCA style.

The goal is simple – seek and find people from every stage of progression from every kingdom.  I have a form to help you keep track and if you bring that form back to the Games Tent by 8/11 you will get a prize for your efforts. Whoever caught the most/’them all’ gets a special prize.

Truly, the real prize will be the people you meet and the things you learn!

Forms can be obtained at the Games Tent, or you can print the PDF: Pennsiccatchthemall

And since we are an increasingly digital society if you feel inclined, and, it is not offensive to your ‘catch’ please post pictures with #Pennsiccatchthemall

Duchess Mary of Carrigart, Kingdom of Northshield

Filed under: Pennsic

East-Middle Bardic Showcase at Pennsic War

East Kingdom Gazette - Thu, 2016-07-28 11:18
East-Middle Bardic Showcase When: 6:30-9:30 p.m., Sunday, August 7th Where: East Kingdom Royal Mistress Alys, Queen’s Bard, and Lady AEthelflied, King’s Bard, along with Mistress Zsof, King’s Bard of the Midrealm, invite one and all to attend the annual East Middle Bardic Showcase at Pennsic.  The Showcase is not a competition; it is intended as a celebration of the performing arts.  Each Kingdom that can trace its descent from the East or the Midrealm has been asked to send one experienced performer and one newer performer to present on the Kingdom’s behalf.  Performers will then have the opportunity to talk to other performing artists about their presentations.  Members of the public are also welcome and encouraged to attend.   Questions can be directed to Mistress Alys (alys.mackyntoich@gmail.com OR Shark Pit, N21) or Lady AEthelflied (Shauna’s Camp), or Mistress Zsof (Camp Spartii, N15, Brewers & By The Way) 
Filed under: Announcements, Pennsic, Tidings Tagged: Bardic, Pennsic

Spanish colonial adobe bricks found at the Alamo

History Blog - Thu, 2016-07-28 10:07

The Alamo Mission of San Antonio, location of an 1836 battle during the Texas Revolution that has attained legendary status and given the site reputation as “the shrine of Texas liberty,” is Texas’ greatest tourist draw, with approximately 2.5 million visitors a year. It isn’t in the greatest condition, however. Many of its walls were torn down and outbuildings burned by the retreating Mexican army when the war ended a few months after the Battle of the Alamo. Later construction, poor moisture control and political conflicts over ownership and restorations have left the complex in need of extensive refurbishing to emphasize its historical features. In conjunction with the 180th anniversary of the famous siege, the Reimagine the Alamo project seeks to effectuate much-needed renovations, repairing rotting wood beams and roof damage, removing eyesores like random storage shacks attached to the historic walls and condenser units and building new visitor and museum facilities.

As part of the Reimagine project, earlier this month archaeologists began the first systematic archaeological study of all five and a half acres of the Alamo complex. Only the the church and the lower floor of the long barracks of the 1836 fort still stand above ground. The project’s aim is to rediscover the footprint and any remains of the original 18th century Spanish mission, the Mission San Antonio de Valero, and the 19th century fortress, particularly the mission’s western and southern walls. They also hope to find materials from the mission period — ceramics, trash, glass, personal items — and from its military days — weapons, ammunition, household goods. The archaeology is integral to determining where the new facilities will be built and in the accuracy and rigor of the historical interpretation of the Alamo which last year was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The team started with a geophysical survey of the complex, using ground penetrating radar to narrow down areas of interest. Then they raised the flagstone pavers and began digging. On July 22nd, the excavation team unearthed the remnants of an adobe brick wall 23 inches below the surface. The Spanish colonial adobe bricks were found in what archaeologists believe was the location of the original mission’s west wall.

Discovery of the bricks on Friday marked a major step toward uncovering the construction history of the world-famous Texas landmark.

“Because we’ve got something from the Spanish colonial period, we know we are digging in the right place,” archaeologist Nesta Anderson said in a press conference Monday. “Now we know we can get information from the ground over here that will support the master plan and the reinterpretation.”

Adobe is very delicate and soft and these bricks have been hard-used by centuries of conflict and the elements. The team is studying the bricks to confirm their Spanish origin, pin down the date of construction and determine the wall’s place in the structure of the 18th century mission. As far as we know, the mission didn’t have a full exterior wall around its perimeter. Instead, the walls of some of the buildings became defacto outside walls. If the adobe bricks were not part of the western wall, they could have been part of another building on the mission grounds or even one of the Native American dwellings that grew up around the mission.

Here’s a short video of an archaeologist pointing out the adobe bricks in the trench.

The excavation is scheduled to last four weeks. For regular updates on the dig, follow Reimagine the Alamo’s Facebook page.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Æthelmearc Royal Camp Set-up and Tear-down Help Needed

AEthelmearc Gazette - Wed, 2016-07-27 21:23

Hello fellow citizens of Æthelmearc!

As we all finish packing up for War, your help is needed to make our Kingdom shine and to provide the space for all people of Æthelmearc to use! Many hands make light work, and a few hours of your time (or as much as you can offer) will make the effort much lighter for all.

The AE Royal Setup-Takedown schedule is:

Sunday July 31
9AM – 1130AM Truck at Trailer, 4-6 person truck crew loads the truck and brings the material over to Royal. Then unloads it there. Truck team released.

12 NOON – 5PM Set up team starts with Scribe 1 and begins to set up all the canvas. By 5 everything should be up. The ground team is released with many thanks.

Friday, August 12
9AM – 1PM Break down of camp commences. The truck will be onsite and as things are broken down, they go right into the truck. Once loaded the ground crew is released.

1 PM – 5PM Loaded truck heads over to the trailer. Unload team will be there to move items from in the truck into the trailer. Once loaded and closed the truck crew is released and we are done for the year.

Please consider coming out and donating a bit of your time to help out. You simply need to show up at the appointed time. If you want to be part of the truck crew send a note to Master Janos (caseyodonovan@yahoo.com). Pains have been taken to make sure that no-one’s time will be wasted and refreshments will be available at both set up and take down.

Thank you in advance for your service!

In Gloriam AEthelmearc!


Categories: SCA news sites

Stinky cheese found on 17th c. Swedish shipwreck

History Blog - Wed, 2016-07-27 15:09

Divers have recovered a tin of very old, very stinky cheese from the wreck of the Swedish royal ship Kronan off the coast of Öland in the Baltic Sea. The ship went down in 1676, so the cheese is 340 years old. (One hopes it hadn’t been on the ship a full year or more before it went down.)

“It looks a bit like some kind of granular Roquefort cheese. It’s been in the mud, so it’s reasonably well preserved, but at the same time it has been at the bottom of the sea for 340 years – we’re not talking Tutankhamun’s burial chamber,” [Lars Einarsson of the Kalmar County Museum] said.

Einarsson said the thick, gooey find smells strongly of cheese and yeast.

“I think it smells quite nice, because I like exotic food. But I would not want to taste it.”

I wonder why. What, you can’t handle 340-years worth of bacterial growth in unpasteurized cheese, Mr. Einarsson? Somebody get Andrew Zimmern over there.

The cheese is being kept cool at the Kalmar County Museum for now. It will be subjected to a battery of scientific test to identify it first as cheese (it’s almost certainly a dairy product, but it could have gone bad and been contaminated by God knows what to make it clumpy and smell like cheese), and then perhaps what type it is.

The royal ship Kronan was built by shipwright Francis Sheldon who had fled England after participating in a failed attempt to free King Charles I from prison. He was received in Sweden most warmly by King Charles X Gustavus who promptly put him to work building ships for his navy. In 1655, the Swedish admiralty hired Sheldon as master shipwright of the navy. He was in the right place at the right time. In the 1660s Sweden began a program of replacing its aging fleet with new warships, larger, more heavily armoured and armed, capable of withstanding the popular tactic of brutal broadside attacks that had replaced the old-fashioned style of short-range artillery exchanges culminating in boarding the wounded but functional enemy vessel.

Construction on the Kronan began on October 27th, 1665, when the keel was laid in Stockholm’s royal shipyard. It was meant to replace the previous flagship and bearer of the name which was by then 33 years old. Made entirely out of oak (about 20 acres of a 100-year-old oak forest was cut down to make the ship), the Kronan was 197 feet long and 42 feet wide, the third or fourth largest ship in the world at that time. It took another three years before the hull was laid. The admiralty and Sheldon fought the whole time, them accusing him of delaying construction by working on private projects, including a lucrative side business selling some of that oak to England; he accused them of holding back promised funds making it impossible for him and his crew to do the job.

Finally in 1672 the Kronan was finished. The gaudy ship, so known because of the decorative style meant to intimidate the enemy with gloriously gilded details, sailed for the first time in December in the celebration of Charles XI’s coronation. When loaded for bear, the ship carried 126 bronze cannons on three decks. It was manned by a large crew of 500 sailors and 350 soldiers. In 1675, the new Kronan officially became the flagship of Sweden’s royal navy. It only had a year to live.

During a storm before the beginning of an action at the Battle of Öland on June 1st, 1676, the Kronan capsized after making a sharp turn with too much sail unfurled. The gunpowder stores ignited and the bow of the ship exploded. Laden with cannon, coin, weapons and the personal items of nearly a thousand men who called it home much of the year, the Kronan sank rapidly, taking 800 souls with it. Only 50 men survived. Its fellow gaudy ship the Svärdet, whose wreck was found in 2011, sank after a fireship attack in the same battle, an immense toll on Sweden’s navy inflicted in just one encounter.

Some of the cannons were salvaged from the Kronan wreck in the 1680s, but it wasn’t until 200 years later that the wreck of the Kronan was rediscovered off the southwest coast of Öland and fully explored by maritime archaeologists. It was found by Anders Franzén, famous for having found the exceptional wreck of the Vasa in Stockholm harbour, and has been dived regularly ever since. In the 36 years since its discovery, more than 30,000 artifacts have been recovered from the wreck site, including Sweden’s largest ever find of gold coins — 255 ducats minted in Sweden, central Europe, Egypt, Syria and Turkey — and Sweden’s largest ever find of silver coins.

The dives this month that discovered the cheese also found another 14 gold coins, the most that have been recovered the Kronan in 16 years, a large number of pharmaceuticals, many of them for gastrointestinal illnesses (cheese, we’re looking in your direction), and a very rare gold and diamond ring. A jeweler in Kalmar who examined the ring said it was the oldest diamond ring he’d ever seen.

The wreck is about 90% mapped now. Lars Einarsson estimates it will take another three years of summer dives to complete the survey, which means the Kronan will have provided archaeologists with fascinating new material every year for 40 years. The Kalmar County Museum has a permanent exhibition dedicated to the Kronan with many of the artifacts recovered from wreck on display. Visitors can even load one of the cannons.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Her Majesty’s Garden at Pennsic

AEthelmearc Gazette - Wed, 2016-07-27 11:27

Fountain that will be in the Queen’s Garden.

Greetings from Filipia Capriotti, OL, Head Gardener for Her Majesty!

It is my pleasure to invite all to visit, enjoy and participate in the Queen’s Garden, featuring a  labyrinth by Master Ambros Kyriel.  It will be open to the public whenever the Royal encampment is open to the public.

We will begin assembling the Queen’s Garden and Labyrinth on Monday, August 1. Those who are bringing plants for the garden may drop them at Æthelmearc Kingdom Encampment beginning the first Sunday evening, through the middle Saturday. If you wish to retrieve your plants at the end of Pennsic, please mark them with a wooden stake, there will be some available. There will be a visitors book, with an area to communicate with other gardeners for possible swaps, and I will have a number of plants in the ‘nursery’ for sale to defray costs of the garden. I will need a small amount of muscular assistance for placing boards and fencing; if you can cut neat turf blocks there is a bonus for you!

Please contact me if you have questions or contributions.

Yours in Service – maestro Filipia

Example of a renaissance garden with a labyrinth. Image courtesy of Mistress Filipia.

Categories: SCA news sites

Canal system found under Pakal’s tomb

History Blog - Tue, 2016-07-26 11:30

Archaeologists with Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) have discovered a system of canals that was built underneath the Temple of Inscriptions in Palenque where the Maya king K’inich Janaab’ Pakal (603-683 A.D.) was buried. The main canal is made of rows of large cut stones, clay and rubble. It has a limestone floor and is capped by a roof made of larger stones. It is a near square at 50 x 40 cm (1.6 x 1.3 feet) and is about 17 meters (55.8 feet) long. The main channel follows a straight line south under the temple, eventually widening into a basin 80 x 90 x 60 cm. To the southeast, there’s a second smaller channel (40 x 20 cm) that runs parallel to the main channel but about 20 cm higher level. The second channel eventually joins the main one which changes direction to the southwest and goes on at least another five meters (16.4 feet).

Because the canals are so small, archaeologists could only explore them by sending a remote-controlled vehicle equipped with a camera. The vehicle could not go around the sharp turn in the main canal, so as of now we don’t know where the canal ends. Archaeologists believe they are connected to an active water source as there is still running water in the canals today. Construction dates to the Maya late Classic Period (600-900 A.D.).

Excavations began in 2012 after a crack developed in the pyramid. A geophysical study found anomalies under the pyramid’s front steps. Concerned there might be a sinkhole or weak spot that could lead to serious structural damage to the pyramid, archaeologists dug test pits at the bottom of the temple’s main facade. They encountered a layer of large stones sealed together with clay. Underneath that was another layer of heavy stones packed with mud, and then a third and fourth layer of the same. It was under the fourth stone layer than the channel was found. The stone layers are all level and their width matches that of the north wall of Pakal’s burial chamber.

Pakal, who ruled the city-state of Palenque for 68 years, the longest known reign of any ruler in the Western hemisphere and the 30th longest reign in the world, began construction of his funerary monument in the last decade of his life. After he died, Pakal was deified and the temple completed by his son and successor K’inich Kan Bahlam II. When the tomb was discovered by archaeologist Alberto Ruz Lhuillier in 1952, Pakal’s remains were found in a sarcophagus with an elaborately carved lid. His face was covered by a jade death mask with large ear flares, also made of jade. The ear pieces have an inscription that claims that in order to be received by the god of the underworld, Pakal had to submerge himself in the waters of the rain god Chaac.

One of the newly discovered canals run directly underneath Pakal’s burial chamber, and the matching dimensions of the stone cap layers are probably not a coincidence. Archaeologists believe the canals were built first, tapping into the unknown source that is still supplying fresh water to the tunnels today, and the funerary pyramid constructed above them. One possibility is that they were originally built to drain rainwater from the terraces of Temple XXIV, just south of the Temple of the Inscriptions, but they wouldn’t need a river or spring source for that purpose. Although there has been no vertical conduit found connecting the burial chamber to the canal below, archaeologists believe there was a religious significance to the canals in keeping with the inscription on the ear flares on top of any practical purpose. The builders may have directed a river to flow under his tomb so that the king’s soul could travel unimpeded to the underworld via the waters of Chaac.

Investigations into the channel system will continue. Archaeologists would like to explore the main channel to its end, if not by remote camera that by using geophysical tools like ground penetrating radar to track the underground architectural features.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Unofficial Court Report: GNEW

East Kingdom Gazette - Tue, 2016-07-26 08:43

Here follows the unofficial court report from Great Northeastern War, held in the Province of Malagentia, on July 9, 2016.  Reporting herald: Donovan Shinnock

Item Recipient Award Scribe 1 Magnus the Broken AoA   2 Matteo AoA   3 William of Wyndhaven Silver Tyger Mari Clock van Hoorne 4 Fionn Mac Con Dhuibh Silver Tyger Camille des Jardins 5 Hugh of Ruantallan Silver Tyger Harold von Auerbarch 6 Greadden Scath Cath Beirte Olthurson Silver Tyger Wulfgar Silverbraid and Treannah 7 Eoghan Bastard Mac Lachlainn OTC   8 Matthias Grunwald Chivalry (Knight) Eva Woderose 9 Abigail Crane Tyger’s Cub Rhonwen Glyn Conwy 10 Leon Cristo del Camino AoA Myrun Leifsdottir

c: Nataliia Anastasiia Evgenova 11 Ragnarr Inn Grai AoA Constance de St. Denis 12 Cuan hua hOcain AoA Leonete d’Angely 13 Roslyn of Giggleswick AoA Mariette de Bretagne 14 Odam an Doire AoA Nyfain merch Cohel 15 Shadiya al-Zahra Laurel Kayleigh Mac Whyte 16 Peter of Ruantallan AoA Sorcha Dhocair inghean Ui Ruairc 17 Benjamin of Thanet House AoA Sunniva Ormstung 18 Axyl Steinhoffman AoA Eowyn Eilonwy of Alewife Brook 19 Myrun Leifsdottir AoA Aaradyn Ghyoot 20 Urraka al-Tha’labiyya AoA Svea the Short Sighted 21 Eva Sutherland AoA Aleksei Dmitriev 22 Albrecht Ostergaard AoA Aziza al Shirazi 23 Wynefryd Bredhers Silver Wheel Lisabetta Medaglia

c: Faolan an Screcain 24 Katherine Murray Silver Wheel Aesa Feilinn Jossursdottir 25 Margaret Twygge of Sky Hill Silver Brooch Isa of Ruantallan 26 Delyth ferch Aeron Silver Brooch Vettorio Antonello 27 Garth of Golden Oak Silver Brooch Eleanor Catlyng 28 Mallaidh of Huntley Silver Brooch Mergriet van Wijenhorst 29 Izzo Silver Brooch Katherine Barr 30 Sunnifa Heinreksdottir Laurel Nest verch Tangwistel 31 Sabina Luttrel Court Barony Nest verch Tangwistel 32 Seamus na Coille Aosda Maunche Agatha Wanderer

c: Nest verch Tangwistel 33 Mary Elizabeth Ryan Silver Crescent Eadaoin Chruitire 34 Isobel Mowbray Silver Crescent Fiona O’Maille o Chaun Coille

w: Guthfrith Yrlingson 35 Erik Oxnalls Silver Crescent   36 Guthfrith Yrlingson Golden Rapier Nataliia Anastasiia Evgenova 37 Barbeta Kirkland Writ for Laurel Henna Sinclair 38 Agatha Wanderer Laurel Edward MacGyver dos Scorpus


Filed under: Court

A&S War Point Artisans for Pennsic

AEthelmearc Gazette - Mon, 2016-07-25 21:54

Their Majesties are pleased to announce the following individuals are representing Æthelmearc for the Arts & Sciences War Point this year:

Mistress Fredeburg von Katzenellenbogen
Mistress Irene von Schmetterling
THL Ian Campbell of Glen Muir
Lady Elska Fjarfell
Lady Kalishka Peredslava

From the Pennsic website: For the second year in a row, the Artisans and Scientists throughout the Known World have the chance to compete for a War Point! Teams were preselected from throughout their Kingdoms and allies, but we need YOU to determine the winners! All are welcome to view, and anyone with a Kingdom level A&S award may vote (this would mean a Sycamore or higher in Æthelmearc, or the equivalent from another Kingdom)! The War Point takes place in the Great Hall on Thursday, August 11 from 9 -3.

So come support Æthelmearc and add your voice to the War Point determination this year.

In service,
Fridrikr and Orianna
Kingdom Ministers of the Arts & Sciences

Categories: SCA news sites