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Missive on Pennsic from King Timothy and Queen Gabrielle

AEthelmearc Gazette - Wed, 2015-07-22 08:26

King Timothy and Queen Gabrielle. Photo by Christina Mary Lowe, called Jinx.

Unto Noble Æthelmearc do Timothy and Gabrielle send greetings,

It is time for battle. The combined might of the kingdoms of the East and the Middle has been massing at Our borders for months. All efforts at peaceful negotiations with them have proven fruitless. They have even been making overtures to draw others alongside them.

Through diplomacy, the mighty hosts from the Kingdoms of Atlantia, Ansteorra, Ealdormere, Northshield  and Caid have chosen to join Us. We have nearly secured a few more. We are proud that Our friends the Tuchux, House Clovenshield, the Mountain Confederation, the Dark Horde and a few others have also chosen to join Us.

Our Kingdom has worked very, very hard at preparations for months to ensure that we send these invading hordes back to their lands. Our hearts soar when We witness the efforts of each and every one of you. Fighters and fencers have been authorizing in vast numbers, and traveling great distances to attend regional and Kingdom musters. Members of our Scarlet Guard report people readying themselves for shooting the war points (you should join them).

We need to show the known world, both Our “enemies” and Our allies just how strong and committed Æthelmearc is. From the moment the war begins, we need to show them that THESE ARE OUR LANDS. We would love to see each and every one of you join Us at opening ceremonies clad in your AE Red. Banners, tabards, shields, anything with our kingdoms arms or badge should be present. Fighter, fencer or spectator, join Us at every battle and cheer your Kingdom on to victory!

We look forward to standing beside each and every one of you during these battles. Long Live Æthelmearc,

Timothy and Gabrielle

Categories: SCA news sites

Message from the Kingdom Seneschal

Trimaris (Kingdom) - Tue, 2015-07-21 21:50
Greetings to all from your Kingdom Seneschal! Camp Ocala Work Day

Prior to our last event there, Sarah from Camp Ocala asked if we would gather a team of folks to help break down the beds and equipment, and help load them into trailers. After polling the Kingdom Officers and Seneschals, we agreed to help with this project. For our efforts, Camp Ocala gave the Kingdom a $2,000 discount on our last event fee.

The Camp Ocala workday will be held on Saturday, September 19th. We need about 20 folks to commit to being there to help. Sarah has offered to let us sleep at the camp on Friday night to make it easier to get an early start. Anyone willing to help, please contact me at seneschal@trimaris.org or 407-712-5198.

Many hands make light work. Any help is much appreciated!

Sheriff’s Youth Camp – aka “The New Site”

Change is hard. Change is scary. Unfortunately, change it also inevitable.

When we first moved to Camp Ocala, the rules were very strict. Camp Ocala was initially a dry site. Over the years, by our actions, we earned the trust of the camp directors. We showed them we would leave their site better than we found it, and for the most part, we were responsible folks who would not leave beer bottles and spilled alcohol all over. We showed them that we would not have drunk people destroying their facilities. Because we did this, they relaxed the rules, and allowed us to have a discrete amount of alcohol on site.

Unfortunately, we also became so familiar with the camp, that some of us started treating the property as if we owned it. We took advantage of situations, plugged whole campsites into cabin plugs that were never intended to be used that way. Some of us decided that we had the right to use whatever we wanted. We “borrowed” tables and chairs from the buildings and did not return them. These practices are now at an end.

As we move to a new site, I want to remind everyone that the Sheriff’s Youth Camp directors don’t know us. They don’t yet know that we can be responsible, and not damage their property. They don’t know that we will leave things better than we found them.

The Sheriff’s Youth camp is essentially a dry site. They will not be checking coolers on the way in, but they expect us to respect their rules and not be drunk & stupid. They expect us to respect their property. There are areas on the site, that for our safety, we are not allowed to enter.

At the new site we will only be allowing folks with medical needs to run extension cords from the cabins to their tents. (e.g.: Cpap) Electric cords will be marked by the event staff, so be sure to ask about it at reservations. Please do not unplug these cords as they are medically needed. Folks using extension cords, please bring a splitter so the folks in the cabins can have access to power too! Household lights, fans, kitchens, etc will have to be powered in another manner. (e.g.: Batteries or propane) Unmarked extension cords will be investigated by the Constables, and possibly unplugged. Generators are not allowed.

Please remember that we are guests on the camp’s property. We do not have the right to use it in any way we wish. Also, please remember to be kind to the event staff and our Constables. They don’t make the rules; they just have to enforce them.

Let’s show the Sheriff’s Youth Camp the best we can be. Campsites large enough to accommodate events of our size are a rarity. I truly appreciate everyone’s cooperation.

In service,

Countess Brenna Jerabek, OP
Kingdom Seneschal

Pennsic Planning: Support Æthelmearc – Volunteer!

AEthelmearc Gazette - Tue, 2015-07-21 15:04

Is your head spinning with all there is to do at Pennsic? Not sure how you’ll keep it all straight? The Gazette is here to help! Here’s the second in a series of articles of Æthelmearc Kingdom Happenings at Pennsic.

Keep it together! Download a print-and-write blank schedule booklet, courtesy of Maestro Philip of the Marche. (For an online overall Pennsic schedule, click here.) 

There are many, many opportunities to volunteer at Pennsic. Volunteering for the War is even worth a War Point this year, so don’t forget to register your hours!

In addition, our fair Kingdom’s success at Pennsic also depends on you! Please give an hour or two (or more!) of your time to support Æthelmearc at PennsicNeeds include:

  • Kingdom Encampment Set-up and Tear Down
  • Kingdom Encampment Gate Guards
  • Kingdom Hospitality Tent
  • Royal Retaining
  • SASS (Sylvan Army Support Services)
  • Æthelmearc Kingdom Party
  • Inspection Point

Interested? Here are the details for each:

Kingdom Encampment Set-up and Tear Down
Contact: Dame Kateryna (damekateryna@gmail.com)
Dates/times: Set-up Sun Jul 26 10am; Tear Down Fri Aug 7th, 10am

The Royal encampment setup is scheduled to begin Sunday July 26 at 10 am. The flatbed should be at the camp at that point to go and load up.  However there is one GIANT Change starting this year…

Due to staffing issues for the Coopers, we have been advised that the flatbed will only be available for one trip per Kingdom encampment as of this year. Because of this change, we are going to need assistance from Aethelmearc citizens who can help haul equipment from the storage trailer behind the archery field to Aethelmearc Royal.  We are also going to need assistance hauling equipment back to the storage trailer during breakdown on Friday August 7th. If anyone can commit to assisting for even an hour or
two, we could really use the help.

We are looking for several individuals with trucks or trailers who can help haul tents, poles, tables, benches and everything else out of the trailer.  I am asking for volunteers who would be willing to commit to doing so to contact me at damekateryna@gmail.com so that we can work out a time you can commit to helping.

We also need the normal help in Aethelmearc Royal to assist with set up of the Kingdom encampment tents, sheet walls, field pavillions, etc.  We will need people throughout the day on a rotating basis, either as individuals or as groups.  Even just an hour or two would be greatly appreciated.

Kingdom Encampment Gate Guards
Contact: Lady Aemilia Soteria (aemiliasoteria@gmail.com)
Dates/times: various

Unto the best gentles in the Knowne World does Soteria send greetings! Our beautiful Kingdom encampment at Pennsic needs your assistance. Can you lend but an hour or two of your time to help defend its walls from potential invasion? Please consider your Pennsic schedule and see if you can fit in even an hour to proudly stand guard at the gates of Your Kingdom encampment. No experience is necessary and everyone is welcome. Please contact me at aemiliasoteria@gmail.com and let me know when you may be available.

Kingdom Hospitality Tent
Contact: Tiarna Padraig (nihilxaos@gmail.com)
Dates/times: 10am to 6pm July 27th through July 31st;
9am through 7pm August 1st through August 7th

For those not in the know, hospitality is in charge of the populace pavilion at the AE Royal Encampment where we provide anyone who would like a place to sit, cool/dry off, hydrate, and socialize. We make sure people get answers to their questions, directed to wherever they need to go in the Royal Encampment, take messages, and accept gifts to the crown.

I am looking for volunteers to fill shifts throughout the war. We like to have two people manning the desk during open hours. We always make sure to schedule at least one experienced person in a shift, so if you’re new to hospitality feel free to sign up and we’ll get you up to speed in no time.

The hospitality schedule runs from 10am to 6pm July 27th through July 31st (peace week), and 9am through 7pm August 1st through August 7th (war week). Shifts are two hours long. Hospitality will be closed during kingdom court, and adjustments will be made for other activities taking place in the royal encampment or as demand requires it.

If possible please sign up in advance! I can be reached at this email address, nihilxaos@gmail.com. If you can’t commit yet to a time, the hospitality schedule book will be at the hospitality desk to sign up in once you get to Pennsic. Of course, early choice means the best times are available.

Royal Retaining
Contact: Lady Rowena (sodtigger@gmail.com)
Dates/Times: See linked Google doc

Greetings! Have you ever wanted to retain for Their Majesties at Pennsic? Do you have an hour here or there? If so, today is your lucky day! The Pennsic Retaining Schedule is available as an editable file in Google Drive. Please take a look a sign up for the shifts that work best with your schedule.

If we have gaps, we will have a copy at the hospitality tent for others to sign up on site as well. Our biggest need will be War Week during the days.

If you have questions or can’t access the file, please send me an email at sodtigger @ gmail DOT com.

Link to Google Doc

SASS (Sylvan Army Support Services)
Contact: Lady Aemilia Soteria (aemiliasoteria@gmail.com)
Dates/Times: All field battles, Heavy and Rapier

SASS, the Sylvan Army Support Service, is looking for your assistance. Every Pennsic, SASS provides watermelon, olives, pickles and water during the field battles to Aethelmearc and her allies. This year we will be including all fencing battles as well!!! This is something that cannot be done by one person. I am in search of donations and volunteers to help on the days of the battles. We will need help with all field battles, both Heavy and Fencing. If you have any question, please don’t hesitate to ask.

Æthelmearc Kingdom Party
Contact: Baron Janos (caseyodonovan@yahoo.com)
Dates/Times: Thurs, Aug 6th, 8pm – 11pm

We are looking for some more support in helping with the Æthelmearc Party on Thursday. Specifically we are looking for servers and those wishing to run one of the seven pilgrimage stations. Please reach out to me (caseyodonovan@yahoo.com) directly if you have an interest in joining the fun.

Inspection Point
Contact: Baroness Rynea (Kseib91@gmail.com)
Dates/Times: see below, but especially Fri July 31 through Mon Aug 3rd

Unto the Knowne World does Baroness Rynea Von Ingen send greetings.  With
Pennsic quickly approaching and our schedules filling up, I am putting out
a request for assistance at inspection point.  We are in need of MOL’s,
mollets and anyone willing to help sign fighters in as there is plenty to
be done.

Inspection Point’s schedule is as follows:

Tuesday             July 28th                9am – 4pm
Wednesday      July 29th                9am – 4pm
Thursday           July 30th                9am – 4pm
Friday                  July 31st              9am – 4pm
Saturday            August 1st           8am – 4pm
Sunday               August 2nd           9am – 4pm
Monday             August 3rd           8am – 4pm
Tuesday             August 4th            9am – 4pm
Wednesday      August 5th            CLOSED
Thursday           August 6th            9am – 4pm
Friday                  August 7th            9am -10 am

Inspections point will be CLOSED during all Battles.

Our busiest days are Friday July 31 through Monday August 3rd.  If you can
spare even as much as a hour it would be most helpful and much appreciated. Please email me your name, contact information as well as the days and hours that you are available to Kseib91@gmail.com.  Did I mention that it
is a great way to meet people and fun?


Information for this article was gleaned from the SCA-AE mailing list. If there’s anything that needs to be added or changed, comment here or email aethgazette@gmail.com ~Hilda

Categories: SCA news sites

Sharp flint dug cavity out of tooth 14,000 years ago

History Blog - Tue, 2015-07-21 14:30

Researchers have found the earliest known evidence of dentistry in the molar of a Palaeolithic man who lived between 13,820 and 14,160 years ago. The young man, who was around 25 years old at the time of death, had a cavity removed with a sharp flint, beating the dental work previously thought to be the oldest (a molar found in a Neolithic graveyard in Pakistan that was perforated by a bow drill) by 5,000 years.

The skeleton was found in the Ripari Villabruna rock shelter in the Dolomite mountains of northern Italy in 1988. The skeletal remains had been laid to rest in a shallow grave along with what were probably the hunter’s most prized possessions: a flint knife, a hammer stone, a flint blade and a piece of sharpened bone. Stones decorated with red ochre marked the burial mound. The bones were in usually good condition and a large cavity in his lower right third molar was noticed at the time, but the attempted treatment was not visible to the naked eye. It was only when researchers recently examined the molar with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) that they realized the cavity was signficantly larger than the decayed tissue and that there were striations and chips on the walls of the cavity even in the most inaccessible parts of the tooth.

The striations look like tiny versions of cut marks on bone. The research team experimented with sharpened wood, bone and flint points on the enamel of three molars and confirmed that the striations and enamel chipping on the cavity walls were made before death by pointed stone tool scratching and digging into the lesion. That means someone took a very small, very sharp tool, probably a flint, and dug out as much of the decay as they could. The striations go on in all different directions so the cavedentist really got down in there, changing angles and positions to clean out the rotted parts. The pain and difficulty of this procedure suggests that the dangers of tooth decay were known in the Late Upper Palaeolithic.

Evidence of Palaeolithic concern for dental hygiene has been found before. They were known to use toothpicks made of bone or wood to clean food particles stuck between their teeth, but this is the first evidence of treatment of tooth decay. It’s the first evidence of surgical intervention period.

The find represents the oldest archaeological example of an operative manual intervention on a pathological condition, according to researchers led by Stefano Benazzi, a paleoanthropologist at the University of Bologna.

“It predates any undisputed evidence of dental and cranial surgery, currently represented by dental drillings and cranial trephinations dating back to the Mesolithic-Neolithic period, about 9,000-7,000 years ago,” Benazzi said.

You can read the full study here (pdf).

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Unofficial Court Report: Northern Region War Camp

East Kingdom Gazette - Tue, 2015-07-21 11:26

Their Royal Majesties King Omega V and Queen Etheldreda IV held Court at Northern Region War Camp, in the Shire of Glenn Linn on July 4. The Gazette thanks Reporting Herald Lady Maria von Ossenheimn for providing the following list of business conducted.

1. Sophia of Ragnesfolke, AoA, Scroll by Aesa feilinn Jossursdottir

2. Lisabetta Vidova de Allesandro, AoA, Scroll by Leonete d’Angely

3. Kit de Coldwood, AoA, Scroll by Onóra ingheann Uí Rauirc

4. Anna Dokeianina Syrakousina, Seamstress to the Crown, Scroll by Brangwyne of Wentworth

5. Olivia Baker, Burdened Tyger, Illumination Robert of Stonemarche Words: Aislinn

6. Finnguala ingen Neill meic Chuircc, Burdened Tyger, Illumination Robert of Stonemarche Words: Aislin

7. Rory MacLellan CB with GoA, Scroll by Shadiyah Al-Zhara

8. Kamini, CB with GoA

9. Vladimir Bathory, CB with GoA

10. Ophelia of Serpentius, CB with GoA, Scroll by Aleksei Dmitriev

11. Albert Faulke of Sandford, Golden Rapier, Scroll by Aesa Lokabrenna Sturladottir

12. Marguerite ingen Lachlainn, Silver Rapier, Scroll by Heather Rose DeGordoun

13. Alesone Gray of Cranlegh, Silver Rapier, Scroll by Nest verch Tangwistel

14. Christophe de Frisselle, OSC

15. Geoffrey de Tosni, OSC

16. Nathaniel Wyatt, OSC, Scroll by Charis Accipiter

17. Geoffrey de Tosni, Maunche Scroll by Lada Monguligin

18. Yvan Wolvesbane, Maunche Scroll by Ignacia la Ciega

19. Aiden of Coldwood Writ for Chivalry, Scroll by Jan Janowicz Bogdanski

20. Ketilfastr Thorkilson Writ for Chivalry Scroll by Catarina Giaocchini

21. Marietta da Firenza CB with GOA, Scroll by Nest verch Tangwistel

22. Ogedei Becinjab, Writ for MoD Scroll by Eleanor Catlyng

23. Pascual del Mar MoD, Illumination: Melisande of the Griffon Wood Calligraphy: Jonathan Blaecstan Words: Alys Mackyntoich

24. Caine Ramsey MoD Illumination: Adrienne d’Evreus, Calligraphy: by Alexandre St. Pierre, Words: Alys Mackyntoich

25. Jean Paul Ducasse MoD Scroll by Jonathan Blaecstan

Filed under: Court

UPDATED Pennsic Court Schedule

East Kingdom Gazette - Tue, 2015-07-21 09:26
There was a minor error in yesterday’s Court Schedule. The Correct Court List is as follows: SUNDAY, AUGUST 2: Opening Ceremonies at 9:00 a.m. Battlefield Court at 2:30 p.m. (will start immediately after the Century Battle concludes). This Court will include the Children’s Toy Box and Newcomer Tokens. MONDAY, AUGUST 3: Small Court with two Elevations before Rapier Battle at 12:00 noon TUESDAY, AUGUST 4: Short Battlefield Court  at 12:30 p.m. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 5: Main Court at 6:00 p.m. in the Barn FRIDAY, AUGUST 7: Short Court on the Battlefield at 12:00 noon Closing Ceremonies at 4:00 p.m. I apologize for the typos in yesterday’s post.
Filed under: Announcements, Court

Exchequer Office Changes

AEthelmearc Gazette - Tue, 2015-07-21 07:50

Greetings unto my beloved friends and Kingdom. I want to take the time to thank everyone who has been an exchequer over the last 4 years and thank you for your patience with me at times when things went sideways. It has been a long 4 years and I am ready to retire. As Master Tofi will be taking over the position of Kingdom Exchequer as of Pennsic Aethelmearc Court, this will be my last official missive as the Chancellor of the Exchequer.

The Society Audit has been completed by the outside auditors and based on their recommendations the following changes are effective immediately.

1) All groups MUST submit a signed, balanced statement of all accounts monthly to the Kingdom Regional Exchequer.

The bank statement must be balanced with the check register and account for all outstanding items. The statement (and if separate, the accounting form) must be signed and dated by both the Exchequer and the Seneschal. The documents can be scanned and emailed, but must be to the Kingdom by no later than the last day of the following month. Please send all prior months for 2015 by August 31st. Any group needing assistance with how to complete this should send someone to the Exchequer meeting at Pennsic or contact Master Tofi after Pennsic.

2) All NMS must be turned into the Kingdom NMS Secretary by 10 Calendar days after the close of the event and this includes mail time. The kingdom will be required from July on to turn in all NMS funds to the Society Monthly so this is a hard deadline. I ask that you prepare the form and check when closing gate at the event and put it in the mail on the way home to ensure receipt. We will be contacting Seneschals and Exchequers privately for events occurring in July, August and September to ensure they are aware of the changes.

3) No signer on a checking account may sign a check for themselves or any family member. To accommodate this, I am going to suggest strongly that whenever possible each group have 3 local signers plus the Kingdom signer on the account. If this is not possible, checks will need to be endorsed by the Kingdom signer in cases of conflicts with this rule.

If anyone would like to discuss anything with me, I will be camping in Æthelmearc Royal this year and I will be available for private conversations.

Thank you all.

Yours In Service,
Dame Kateryna ty Isaf
Chancellor of the Exchequer

Categories: SCA news sites

Pennsic Planning: What’s Happening in Æthelmearc Royal

AEthelmearc Gazette - Mon, 2015-07-20 22:12

Is your head spinning with all there is to do at Pennsic? Not sure how you’ll keep it all straight? The Gazette is here to help! Here’s the first in a series of articles on Æthelmearc Kingdom Happenings at Pennsic.

Keep it together! Download a print-and-write blank schedule booklet, courtesy of Maestro Philip of the Marche. (For an overall Pennsic schedule online, click here.) 

Æthelmearc Royal, the Kingdom encampment at Pennsic (block N04), is much more than just the home our our Royalty and their staff; it’s a hub of Kingdom activity – gatherings, order meetings, parties…. We also show our famous Æthelmearc hospitality by hosting Known World functions, the Medieval Food Lab, a robust Scribal Track, and this year, the A&S War Point!

Below is a list of the meetings, gatherings, and classes at Æthelmearc Royal. The schedule in the Hospitality tent on site will guide you to which area within Royal each activity takes place.

Kingdom Order meetings

Millrind Meeting*              Saturday August 1, 9-10am
Pelican Meeting*              Saturday August 1, 10am-noon
Laurel Meeting*               Saturday August 1, 1-3pm
Fleur Meeting*                 Saturday August 1, 3-4pm
White Scarf Meeting*        Saturday August 1, 4-5pm
Scarlet Battery Mtg*         Sunday August 2, 2-3pm
Gage Meeting*                 Thursday, August 6, 2-3pm
Chivalry Meeting*             Thursday, August 6, 3-4pm

Officer, etc meetings

Exchequer Meeting                              Sunday August 2, 11am-noon
Knowne World Chatelaine Meeting       Wednesday August 5, 9:30-10:30am
Equestrian Marshal Training                 Wednesday August 5, 3-4pm
Knowne World Equestrian Meeting       Wednesday August 5, 4-5pm


Haakon Oaktall Anniversary Bardic        Wednesday, July 29 8:30-10:30pm
Debatable Lands Baronial Dinner           Sunday, August 2 5-7:30pm
KW Masters of Defence Reception*        Sunday, August 2 8-9:30pm
Knowne World Hatter’s Tea                    Monday, August 3 11:30am-1pm
Knowne World Scribal Tea                      Monday, August 3 1-4pm
Ladies of the Rose Happy Hour*             Monday, August 3 3-6pm
Hrefna Ulfarinsvindottir Pelican Vigil        Monday, August 3 6:30-9:30pm
Seven Pearls Baronial Dinner*                Wednesday, August 5 6-10pm
Kingdom Family/Youth Party                   Thursday, August 6, 6:30-8pm
Kingdom Party (Seven Pillars of Virtue)    Thursday, August 6, 8:30-10:30pm

Official Pennsic Activity

Pennsic A&S War Point                  Wednesday, August 5, 9am-5pm

Food Lab Schedule

You can read more about the Food Lab here. All classes are registered with the Pennsic University (Check it out! You can look at all the University classes ahead of time!)

Thursday July 30:
12PM to 3PM – Oven Building Day 1

Friday July 31:
12PM to 3PM – Oven Building Day 2

Saturday August 1:
12PM to 3PM – Oven Building Day 3

Sunday, August 2:
10AM to 12PM – Hard Cheese Made Easy
2PM to 4PM – Pirogi

Tuesday, August 4: Baking Day
12AM to 2PM – Sourdough Bread
3PM to 5PM – Islamic Bread

Wednesday, August 5:

Assuming the weather holds and the oven lasts, they will also be firing the oven each morning for baking. If you have something that you’d like to get into the oven one morning, please make sure to touch base with Baron Janos (caseyodonovan@yahoo.com) the day prior so they can make sure there is room enough for everyone.

Scribal Track Schedule

All classes are registered with the Pennsic University (Again, check it out!), where you can find class descriptions and other details. Classes are an hour unless otherwise noted.

Wednesday July 29:
11AM – How to Draw Manuscript Flora
1PM – Mixing Paints for Scribes: Shading and Highlights
1PM to 5PM – Scribal Playtime

Thursday July 30:
10AM to 12PM – Beginning Illumination: Loving the Dot
1PM – Mixing Paints for Scribes: Shading and Highlights
1PM to 5PM – Scribal Playtime

Friday July 31:
10AM to 11:30AM – Cadels and Flourishes for Late Period Scrolls
10AM to 12PM – Beginning Illumination: Loving the Dot
1PM – Cutting a Quill Pen
1PM to 3PM – Taking the Brush: Japanese Calligraphy
1PM to 5PM – Scribal Playtime

Saturday August 1:
10AM – Scribal Wordsmithing 101
11AM – Calligraphy 101
11AM -Creating Armigerous Scrolls Without Tears
1PM – Script Analysis
2PM – How to Draw Manuscript Flora
3pm to 7PM – Scribal Playtime
4PM – Mira Calligraphiae Monumenta: A Masterful Model

Sunday, August 2:
10AM to 12PM – Beginning Scribal Track
1PM – Creating a Sampler of Medieval Pigments
2PM – Beginning Celtic Knotwork
4PM – Creating a Flourished Hand by Bocskay

Monday, August 3:
10AM to 12PM – Beginning Scribal Track
10AM – The Calf-to-Codex Project
11AM – Gilding the Scroll
1PM to 4PM – Known World Scribal Tea
4PM to 6PM – I Spy: Calligraphy

Tuesday, August 4: Baking Day
10AM to 12PM – Beginning Scribal Track
10AM – Taking the Pain Out of Period Pigments
11AM – Creating Pigments – Period Style
1PM – Intro to Celtic Knotwork: 5-Dot Technique
2PM – Script Analysis
2PM – Scroll Personalization Without Modernization

Wednesday, August 5:
10AM to 12PM – Beginning Scribal Track
10AM – Taking the Pain Out of Period Pigments
11AM – Creating Pigments – Period Style
1PM – Advanced Celtic Knotwork Class
1PM – At a Loss for Words
2PM – Calligraphy 101
2PM to 4PM – Drawing with a Proportional Scale
3PM – Cutting a Quill Pen
4PM – Beginner Russian Calligraphy

Thursday, August 5:
10AM – How to Draw Manuscript Flora
10AM – Heralds and Scribes – Oh My!
11AM – A Droll Challenge: Itty Bitty People
1PM to 5PM – Scribal Bootcamp

*Event not open to the public

Thank you Mistress Ts’vee’a, Maestro Philip, Baron Janos, and the Pennsic University Thing for providing content for this article. ~Hilda

Categories: SCA news sites

Metal detectorist finds actual Nazi gold

History Blog - Mon, 2015-07-20 16:14

On October 10th of last year, licensed metal detectorist Florian Bautsch struck gold on the outskirts of Lüneburg in the northern German state of Lower Saxony. Nazi gold. Scanning an area with hillocks that archaeologists suspected might be ancient burial mounds, Bautsch first found a single gold coin and then nine more in the hollow under a pine tree. He recorded the find location by GPS and notified the relevant authorities at the Lüne­burg Museum .

Thanks to Bautsch’s conscientiousness, archaeologists were able to do something they rarely get the chance to do: excavate a portable treasure in its proper context. The two-week excavation unearthed another 207 gold coins buried under that three, bringing the total up to 217. The oldest coin dates to 1831, the newest to 1910, and none of them were minted in Germany. The majority — 128 coins — are Belgian. Another 74 coins were minted in France, 12 in Italy and the last three in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Despite their diverse origins, all of the coins have the same diameter (21 millimeters) and weigh the same (6.45 grams). The total coin weight is 1.4 kilos (3 lbs). These are not circulation coins. They were minted in large batches to be purchased by individuals and banks for investment purposes.

Archaeologists also found two aluminium seals bearing the swastika, the imperial eagle and stamped “Reichsbank Berlin 244.” They also found remnants of tar paper and some individual fibers. These elements are what’s left of two coin bags, lined with tar paper and sealed by the Berlin Reichsbank during World War II. Those type of seals were used starting in 1940 and the chemical composition of the tar paper identifies it as a type produced before 1950. It is the greatest treasure from this period ever found in northern Germany. Had the finder just dug it all out himself and taken the gold, nobody would have been the wiser and the key evidence identifying it as Nazi gold, as fragile as it is important, would have been lost forever.

The working theory right now is that the gold coins, likely looted by Nazis from occupied territories before being grouped by exact size and weight, bagged and sealed, were stolen in the waning days of the Second World War. If so, it was almost certainly an inside job, a theft by a bank employee looking for some financial security in the most insecure of times.

As the coins were buried relatively recently under shady circumstances, at first authorities gave any potential legitimate owners the opportunity to claim the treasure. It was a long shot (although it has been known to happen) and indeed, nobody stepped forward to claim ownership. Then, because the find bears the marks of a previous government bank, state authorities contacted the German Ministry of Finance but they weren’t interested in claiming the coins either. Finally the orphaned gold was adopted by Lower Saxony which of course had wanted it all along.

England’s Treasure Act has a mechanism that gives finders and landowners a reward in the amount of the discovery’s market value as assessed by a valuation committee. German monument protection laws (they differ from state to state) have no such mechanism, so while the estimated value of the coins is €45,000 ($49,000), Florian Bautsch will receive a €2,500 ($2,710) reward from the state of Lower Saxony. He’s a proper history nerd, bless his heart, so the money isn’t what matters to him. The archaeological significance of the find is reward enough.

The gold coins went on temporary display at the Lüne­burg Museum yesterday. Curators are now discussing how best to integrate the hoard into the museum’s permanent display in the future.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Pennsic Court Schedule

East Kingdom Gazette - Mon, 2015-07-20 13:28
With the amount of Court Business occurring at Pennsic War, Their Majesties have asked that a listing of the scheduled Courts be posted. The list is as follows: SUNDAY, AUGUST 2: Opening Ceremonies at 9:00 a.m. Battlefield Court at 2:30 p.m. (will start immediately after the Century Battle concludes). This Court will include the Children’s Toy Box and Newcomer Tokens. MONDAY, AUGUST 3: Small Court and Rapier Elevation before Rapier Battle at 12:00 noon TUESDAY, AUGUST 4: Short Battlefield Court  at 12:30 p.m. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 5: Main Court at 6:00 p.m. in the Barn FRIDAY, AUGUST 7: Short Court on the Battlefield at 12:00 noon Closing Ceremonies at 4:00 p.m.
Filed under: Announcements, Court

Unofficial Court Report for Dinner at the Kasbah

East Kingdom Gazette - Mon, 2015-07-20 12:16

Their Royal Majesties King Omega V and Queen Etheldreda IV held Court at the Dinner at the Kasbah, in the Barony of Ruantallan on June 20. The Gazette thanks Reporting Herald Baron Ernst Nuss von Kitzingen and additional Court Herald Lady Maria von Ossenheim, for providing the following list of business conducted. Here is the Unofficial Court Report. (Additional items of business supplied by Mistress Bess Darnley)

The Court opened with Baron Guthfrith and Baroness Isobel of Ruantallan swearing fealty to the Crown, after which they opened a brief court to award new-comers tokens to the populace in attendance for whom this was a first event or a first visit.

Baron Guthfrith Yrlingson & Baroness Isobel Mowbray swear fealty. Photo courtesy of Lady Cat Lennox

Then began the business of the Royal Court. First to be called in was Augustine the Treacherous who, after explaining how he received this descriptor, was awarded a Tyger’s Cub. Scroll: Illumination by Laurentia of Caledonia, Calligraphy by Nest verch Tangwistel.

The children in attendance were then summoned into court and a game of chase Lord Spurius with the toys ensued. He lead them on a merry chase but soon he was subdued and toys were received by all the young people who ran him down.

Augustine receives his Tyger’s Cub – photo courtesy of Lady Cat Lennox

Next called was Sir Gareth Grey de Wilton who swore fealty to the Crown.  Syr Yesungge Altan was then  presented with his peerage coat, not having received this item of regalia upon his elevation in 2007.

The following people were called and the awards bestowed in absentia, to be given out by the Baron and Baroness of Ruantallan at their next court:

Juliote de Castlenou D’Arry   –    AoA  Scroll by Svea the Short-sighted

Mairead of Ruantallan –  AoA  Scroll by Inga Torgandottir

Alison nic Angus –  AoA  Scroll by Elena O’ Sirideain.

Greta Thorfinsdottir  – Maunche Scroll by Robin dit Dessaint

Mistress Zanetta Gavlinne Angiolieri  was called forth and awarded a Queen’s Order of Courtesy, then the Queen gave the staff of Dinner at the Kasbah her personal tokens.

Next to be called before the throne was Ellice de Valles who was made a Baroness of the Court. Scroll: Words by Conogan mab Rioc , Calligraphy & Illumination by Mergriet van Wijenhorst.

Baroness Ellice de Valles – photo courtesy of Lady Cat Lennox

Katherine Murray, Tir Mara Prince’s Champion of A&S, was called forth and, shortly there after, the rest of the maunches assembled joined this newest recipient. Scroll by Nest verch Tangwstel

Lastly, Their Majesties had Hedda Bonesetter called forward and she, too, was presented with a coronet and made Baroness of the Court.

Baroness Hedda Bonesetter – photo courtesy of Lady Cat Lennox

Filed under: Court, Tidings

ANZAMEMS 2015 - Medieval Conference in Australia

Medievalists.net - Mon, 2015-07-20 12:08
Kiera Naylor collected the tweets from the Australian and New Zealand Medieval Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies conference at University of Queensland in Brisbane. The conference was held from July 14-18, 2015. [View the story "ANZAMEMS 2015 - Medieval Conference in Australia" on Storify]
Categories: History, SCA news sites

Could the Vikings slay cancer? - Medieval News Roundup

Medievalists.net - Mon, 2015-07-20 11:42
Our latest medieval news roundup takes a look at cancer research in Iceland, a new Byzantine research centre in Turkey, and the discovery of the remains of a boy in Siberia who lived back in the 12th century.
[View the story "Could the Vikings slay cancer? - Medieval News Roundup" on Storify]Photo credit: Yamalo-Nenets regional Museum and Exhibition Complex
Categories: History, SCA news sites

Unofficial Court Report War of the Roses

East Kingdom Gazette - Mon, 2015-07-20 10:57

Their Royal Majesties King Omega V and Queen Etheldreda IV held Court at The War of the Roses, in the Barony of Concordia of the Snows on May 23. The Gazette thanks Reporting Herald Baron Ernst Nuss von Kitzingen, and additional Court Heralds Lady Maria von Ossenheim, Lord Yehuda ben Moshe, and Master Ryan McWhyte, for providing the following list of business conducted.

1. Goerijs Goriszoon Silver Crescent, scroll by Nest verch Tangwistel

2. Adam de Gallus Maunche, scroll by Jonathan Blaecstan

3. Katrusha Skomoroch Maunche, scroll by Lada Monguligin

4. Celia of Midland Vale Tyger’s Cub i: Edelfuica Diadre c: Nest

5. Gwwendolyn of Midland Vale Tyger’s Cub i: Margaret Twygge c: Nest

6. Newcomers to the SCA Presented with tokens

7. Marjorie de Catesby Court Barony with Grant, scroll by Conrad Connor MacAllyn

8. Marcus Isenax Award of Arms, scroll by Magdalena Lantfarerin

9. Loretta de Siena Presentation

10. The Baroness of Concordia, Lylie of Penhyll Presentation

11. Concordian Brewers Guild Presentation

12. Aislinn Chiabac Court Barony with Grant, scroll by Svea the Shortsighted w: Muirgheall

13. Gwenhwyfar atte Lake Award of Arms, scroll by Henna Sinclair

14. Maria de Moura, also known as Seonaid MacPhie Court Barony with Grant, scroll by Aleksei Dmitriev

15. Bakkar al-Bukhari, called Bruka the Saracen Court Barony with Grant, scroll by Eleanor Catlyng

16. Melisande of the Griffon Wood Laurel, scroll by Vettorio Antonello

17. Nadezhda Voronova or Nadia Laurel, scroll by Altani Khatagidai


NOTE: There are several Court Reports that will come out, most without photographs.

Filed under: Court, Tidings

Unofficial Court Report Crown Tournament

East Kingdom Gazette - Mon, 2015-07-20 10:51

Their Royal Majesties King Omega V and Queen Etheldreda IV held Court at Crown Tournament, in the Barny of An Dubhaigeainn on May 2. The Gazette thanks Reporting Herald Baron Ernst Nuss von Kitzingen, and additional Court Heralds Mistress Rosalind Bennett, Master Thomas de Castellon, Mistress Alys Macyntoich, Master Rowen Cloteworthy, Master Ryan McWhyte, and Lady Azure Brennan, for providing the following list of business conducted.

1. Brennan mac Feargus Prince

2. Caoilfhoinn ingan Faoilan Princess

3. Ionus Aurelius Serpentius Admiral of the Armies

4. Randall of the Dark Shield of Chvalry

5. Uilliam Twit of Witlow, called Twit Tyger of the East, scroll by Emma Makilmone

6. Sterling of House Three skulls Tyger’s Cub No scroll

7. Children of the East Presentation

8. Cassandra Backlog AoA

9. Eliayhu Al-Talhi Court Barony with Grant, scroll by Vettorio Antonello

10. Sandrine de Berry Court Barony with Grant, scroll by Jonathan Blaecstan

11. Goerijs Goriszoon Court Barony with Grant, scroll by Shadiyah Al-Zhara

12. Katheryn Fontayne Court Barony with Grant, i: Conor O Ceallaigh c: lada

13. Lucius Aurelius Serpentius Court Barony with Grant, scroll by Palotzi Marti

14. Eanraig the Bonesetter Award of Arms, scroll by Leonete d’Angely

15. Eanraig the Bonesetter Silver Rapier No scroll

16. Antonio Patrasso Order of Defense, scroll by Ro Honig von Somerfeldt

17. Frasier MacLeod Order of Defense scroll by Alexandre St. Pierre w: Alys Mackyntoich

18. Donovan Shinnock Order of Defense, scroll by Nataliia Anastasiia Evgenova


NOTE: There will be several Court Reports posted, without photographs.

Filed under: Court, Tidings

Unofficial Court Report The Tourney of Daffodils

East Kingdom Gazette - Sun, 2015-07-19 20:41

Their Royal Majesties King Omega V and Queen Etheldreda IV held Court at The Tourney of Daffodils, in the Shire of Midland Vale on April 25. The Gazette thanks Reporting Herald and Eastern Crown Herald, Baron Ernst Nuss von Kitzingen, as well as Court Heralds, Mistress Rosalind Bennett, Lady Maria Erika von Ossenheim, and Baroness Mathilde deCadent for providing the following list of business conducted.

1. Johanne aff Visby – Vicerene Ostgardr Fealty

2. Midland Vale Presentation

3. Aislinn Chiabach QAE

4. Brochfael the Anglespurian QAE

5. Lorenz Greylever QAE

6. Mark Groob von Appenzell QAE

7. Arthur le Taverner QAE

8. Hassan ibn ‘Abd al-Malik QAE

9. Yasemin bint al-Hajjar QAE

10. Ekaterine of Anglespur QAE

11. Wentliana Benegrek QAE

12. Liam St Liam QAE

13. Aislinn Chiabach Seamstress to the Crown C&I: Sorcha Dhocair inhean Ui Ruairc W: Ulrich Reinhart

14. Children’s Toy Chest

15. Newcomers to the SCA  received Queen’s favors

16. Alexia Reid QoC No scroll

17. Wentliana Benegrek Seamstress to the the Crown Despina de la Brasov (No Scroll)

18. Briony of Chatham QoC

19. Mark Grob von Appenzell AoA I: Lorita de Siena; C: Nest Verch Tangwistel (2nd Scroll C: Harold von Auerbach; I: Carmelina da Vicari)



20. Wir Coleshulle AoA Eowyn Eilonwy of Alewife Brook

21. Brochfael the Anglespurian QoC (No scroll)

22. Ibrahim al-Rashid Maunche Promissory scroll by Faolán an Screcain


NOTE: More Court Reports to come, many without photographs

Filed under: Court, Tidings

Unofficial Court Report for Balfar’s Challenge

East Kingdom Gazette - Sun, 2015-07-19 20:34

Their Royal Majesties King Omega V and Queen Etheldreda IV held Court Balfar’s Challenge, in the Barony of Dragonship Haven on April 18. The Gazette thanks Reporting Herald and Eastern Crown Herald, Baron Ernst Nuss von Kitzingen, for providing the following list of business conducted.

1. Peter the Red QAE

2. Cristoff Gockerhan von Loch QAE

3. Alec Craig QAE

4. Asher de Lincolia QAE

5. David of Quintavia QAE

6. Thomas of Carolingia QAE

7. Arlyana van Wyck QAE

8. Astrid Elfvensdottir QAE

9. Clarice d’Allaines le Comte AoA C & I – Heather Rose DeGordon

10. Bronwen rose of Grayling, known as B’Rose Writ for Laurel C & I Henna Sinclair

11. Isabeau du Valle Court Barony with Grant C & I – Mikel Almond de

12. Auriana Filia Germani Writ for Pelican C & I Jonathon Blackston W – Nest Verch Tangwistel

13. Sara di Salaparuta AOA C – Nest Verch Tangwistel I Angelo the Bookmaker

14. Michel Almond de Champagne Augmentation of Arms C & I – Nest Verch Tangwistel


NOTE: Further reports to follow, many will not have photographs.

Filed under: Court, Tidings Tagged: court report

Unofficial Court Report for Coronation of Omega V and Etheldreda IV

East Kingdom Gazette - Sun, 2015-07-19 20:30

Their Royal Majesties King Omega V and Queen Etheldreda IV held Their First Court at The Coronation of Omega V and Etheldreda IV, in the Barony of Bhakail on April 11. The Gazette thanks Reporting Herald and Eastern Crown Herald, Baron Ernst Nuss von Kitzingen, for providing the following list of business conducted.

1. Thank You Scroll Edward Grey C&I by Mistress Eloise of Coulter

2. Duchess þóra Eiríksdóttir C&I by Mistress Rhonwen glyn Conwy W: Mistress Aildreda de Tamwurthe and Master Lucien de Pontivy

3. Queen’s Guard

4. Edict: Order of Defense Polling

5. Moment of silence for Master Adhemar de Villarquemada

6. Her Grace Persephene Psaras di Salaparuta, Sovereign Queen of Acre Presentation

7. Vachir Arslajin AoA (Backlog) Scroll by Aestrid Feilan

8. Kit of Serpentius AOA (Backlog) C – Kayleigh McWhyte I – Lady Lilly of the Valley

9. Patraic O’Donagal AoA Vettoria Antonello

10. Melody of Bhakail AoA C – Nest Verch Tangwistle I – Robert of Stonemarch

11. Patrick of Bhakhail AoA

12. Damiana Almodóvar de Sevilla OSC C- Nest verch Tangwistle I – Lady Lilly of the Valley

13. Baron Ernst Nuss von Kitzingen Troubadore C- Nest verch Tangwistle

14. Markus der Yaeger AoA C&I – Nataliia Anastasiia Evgenova, W: Alys Mackyntoich

15. Roseia Poseia AoA I – Pam Ansi C- Constance de St. Denis W – Alys Mackyntoich

16. Antonio Patrasso Writ for MOD Henna Sinclair

17. Frasier MacLeod Writ for MOD C&I: Elenor Catlyng W – Alexandre Lerot d’Avigne

18. Donovan Shinnock Writ for MOD Aesa Sturludottir


NOTE: More Court Reports to come, many without photographs.

Filed under: Court, Tidings

“Forgotten Winchester” had cartridge in butt stock

History Blog - Sun, 2015-07-19 18:16

The cracked and weathered Winchester ’73 rifle found leaning against a Juniper tree in Nevada’s Great Basin National Park like its owner just stepped away for a moment 132 years ago and forgot to come back gets more mysterious the more it’s studied. The rifle was found in November of last year by park archaeologists and was sent to the Cody Firearms Museum in Cody, Wyoming, for conservation and additional research.

When the rifle arrived, the wood of the stock was chipping and a white salt encrusted it. Museum curators first stabilized the wood with a solution of adhesive, distilled water and ethanol and then sent the weapon to nearby West Park Hospital for non-invasive examination of its insides. At the hospital patient “Rifle” — literally, that’s the name on the file — was X-rayed and found to have an object lodged in its butt stock, namely a cartridge stuck in the trap. To remove the cartridge, conservators lubricated the butt plate with penetrating oil* so it would loosen up enough that it could be unscrewed without damaging the splintered stock. The cartridge was taken out and identified as a Union Metallic Cartridge Company .44 WCF cartridge, manufactured between 1887 and 1911.

The Winchester also had an unusual modification. The carrier block and carrier lever are missing. These parts are necessary for the rifle to fire repeatedly, so that means someone deliberately customized the a repeating rifle so that it could only fire a single shot. As a single shot rifle it could still be used for hunting, but it would be less than adequate for personal defense. What the advantage might be to the modification is unclear to me. It’s not like you have to fire back-to-back shots just because it’s a repeater. What’s to prevent hunters from firing one cartridge at a time, if that’s what they want?

As far as identifying the owner or even any elements of the story behind the rifle’s century of Rip Van Winkling, that continues to be an enterprise with a very remote chance of success. When the Winchester was first discovered, Great Basin Cultural Resource Program Manager Eva Jensen found the serial number of the lever action repeating rifle listed in the Cody Firearms Museum’s archive of Winchester factory data, but the only information noted was its year of manufacture: 1882. The information of the cartridge shaves five early years off the possible date of the rifle’s abandonment.

So far nothing else has been discovered to help narrow down the dates. Park archaeologists examined the find site for clues, maybe even human remains, and found nothing. Nor do area records help. Researchers perused fire records to see if there was one in the area. Since there is no evidence of fire damage to the Forgotten Winchester, if there had been fire in there then that the rifle could only have been left leaning against the tree significantly after the flames were doused. They found no recorded fire in the area. Cody Museum researchers are still studying the museum’s vast collection of Winchester company records to see if anything else might be buried in the files.

The Forgotten Winchester is currently drawing crowds at the Cody Firearms Museum where it is on display with another example of the same rifle in good condition so visitors can make a before and after weathering visual comparison. It will stay in Cody until this fall when it will return to Great Basin in time for the park’s 30th anniversary and the centennial of the National Park Service in 2016. After that it will remain on permanent display behind security glass at the Great Basin Park visitor’s center.


Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Mayan hieroglyphic stele found in Guatemala

History Blog - Sat, 2015-07-18 23:56

Archaeologists from the La Corona Regional Archaeological Project have discovered Mayan hieroglyphic stone panels (pdf) at the archaeological sites of La Corona and El Achiotal in Western Petén, Guatemala, that lend new insight into important periods of Mayan history.

La Corona was occupied in the Maya Classic period (Classic period (c. 250–900 A.D.) while El Achiotal, a smaller site 12 miles east of La Corona, was occupied earlier, in the Late Preclassic and Early Classic between 400 B.C. and 550 A.D. Both sites, which are about 12 miles away from each other in the dense Petén jungle, have been heavily preyed upon by looters who left deep trenches and tunnels in almost all of the buildings, but archaeologists have only recently reached the remote area. For 40 years it was known from the plethora of looted stone panels in museums, galleries and collections all over the world as the mysterious Site Q. Mayanist Ian Graham and University of Texas at Austin epigrapher David Stuart finally found Site Q in 1997 and named it La Corona after its ring of five temples that resemble a crown. The discovery of a hieroglyphic stone panel in 2005 that was made of identical stone and had identical content to Site Q monuments confirmed La Corona’s identity.

That discovery led to the creation of the La Corona Regional Archaeological Project, co-directed by Marcello Canuto of Tulane University (discover of the 2005 panel) and Tomás Barrientos of the Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, in 2008. Its aim was to recontextualize the looted artifacts, Since then, the Project has been excavating La Corona and environs, establishing a permanent camp, involving residents in creating a long-term plan to protect this center of ancient lowland Maya civilization from looters, poachers and illegal settlers who burn the jungle to make pasture land for cattle. Despite the destruction wrought by looters, archaeologists have made momentous discoveries, including a hieroglyphic staircase in 2012 that documented 200 years of Maya history and referred to the December 21st date that made so many people freak out about the so-called Mayan apocalypse that year.

What the excavations have found is that La Corona, a very small city compared to the great Mayan powers like Calakmul and Tikal, had a disproportionately high number and quality of stone inscriptions. Like El Perú-Waka’, La Corona was a key city on the essential trade route from Calakmul (in modern-day Mexico) through the Mayan lowlands to its southern allies. It therefore had close ties to Calakmul — generations of Calakmul Snake dynasty princesses married lords of La Corona — access to the best scribes and artisans, and, coincidentally, a rich source of limestone all of which combined to give rise to a unique carving tradition. While the inscriptions found at other small Mayan cities tend to focus on local history and rulers, La Corona’s also detail the history of people and places far outside of its boundaries, including important city-states that are not mentioned anywhere else in the epigraphic record.

The newly discovered panels fit neatly into this tradition. They are extremely high quality carvings and describe people and events described nowhere else. In La Corona, two stele in excellent condition were found embedded in a wall in the palace on the main plaza. They had originally been installed elsewhere in the city, possibly a temple, and were later reset in a masonry bench near the northeast corner of the palace. One, depicting a Calakmul king mid-dance, dates to 702 A.D. The other is a grid of glyphics from the late 7th century that describes the deeds of a ruler of La Corona named Chak Ak’ Paat Yuk.

The panel inscriptions tell fascinating stories of rituals of kingly accession that involve travel, costuming, dancing, invocation of gods and reverence of ancestors. Stuart, who also deciphered the panels, states: “The gorgeous hieroglyphs give us new insights about the ceremonies that led up to a new king being crowned. And they fill important gaps we had in La Corona’s rich history.”

David Stuart has written a fascinating blog entry about the glyphs on the La Corona panels here.

At El Achiotal, researchers found two pieces of a 5th century stela placed in a shrine in a building in the central plaza. They had also been moved in antiquity from their original site to the enclosed shrine. The panel was already broken when the pieces were installed in the shrine and El Achiotal residents left offerings to it for generations, underscoring its cultural importance. Although broken, the carving and stone are in such good condition that much of the original red paint is intact.

Expert epigrapher David Stuart of the University of Texas at Austin estimated the stela’s date to be November 22, A.D. 418. “This was a time of great political upheaval in the central Maya area, when a Teotihuacan warrior-ruler named Siyaj K’ahk’ arrived in A.D. 378 and set up a new political order centered at Tikal. It seems that the Achiotal king came to power shortly after that time” says Stuart.

So, besides individual accolades, this stela places the long reign and accomplishments of El Achiotal’s king into a larger historical framework. “Based on parallels known from other sites, we think that this stela relates to this watershed event in Maya history — the installation, in the Maya lowlands, of a foreign power that can ultimately be traced to Teotihuacan. Indeed, although details of this event remain murky, this stela provides another piece of the Maya historical puzzle,” says Canuto.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History