Bath Abbey, the late 15th century church that looms over the Roman ruins in Bath, England, is under siege -- by the dead. Not zombies, but over 6,000 bodies, threaten to lift the abbey's floor and collapse the building.
exotic-meats-msg (126K) 9/26/13 Period and SCA exotic meats. Swans, ostrich, crawfish, dormice, cat.
Dried-Bef-Qan-art (12K) 10/ 4/13 "Dried Beef for the Qan" by Mistress Ailleagan nas Seolta, OP.
Experts from the Caherconnell Archaeological School are pondering the discovery of the remains of a “45-year-old plus” woman" and two infants beneath the remains of the 10th century cashel (fort). The archaeologists believe that the remains belong to a wealthy family, possibly the local Gaelic rulers, the O’Loughlins.
crash-space-msg (32K) 9/26/13 'crash-space etiquette' for both the traveler and the crash-space provider.
Define-Yr-Win-art (4K) 10/ 6/13 "How do you define your win?" by THLord Ian the Green.
Chur-Bulgaria-art (4K) 8/21/13 "Medieval churches of Nessebur, Bulgaria" by Tamara of Thamesreach.
Semi-Pre-Gems-art (8K) 8/27/13 "Semi-Precious Gems in Period" by Lady Rutilia Fausta.
ovens-msg (138K) 9/24/13 Medieval ovens.
Sweet-Delights-rev (7K) 9/30/13 Review of "Sweet Delights From a Thousand and One Nights: The Story of Traditional Arab Sweets" by Urtatim Al-Qurtubiyya.
gillyflower-msg (29K) 9/27/13 Does "gillyflower" in period recipes mean "clove" or "carnation"?
At the Coronation of Kenric II and Avelina II, Their Majesties called Dukes and Duchesses to come before them and then summoned Kiena Stewart into court. King Kenric spoke of Kiena’s beauty as queen, the welcome she extended to newcomers and her support “of all endeavors practiced in this realm”.
The Earl Marshall presented a mantle, asking Kiena “Do you swear to protect the people of the East, to shield them from harm and to aid those in need?” Kiena answered yes, and the mantle was placed upon her shoulders.
The Seneschale brought forth a Chain of Estate and asked, “Do you swear to uphold the laws of the East and the Society. Will you defend the
rights of the people, of all stations, under these laws?” Kiena again answered yes and the chain was lowered over her head.
A Ducal Coronet was brought forward and presented to Their Majesties. They asked Kiena, “Do you swear to up hold the dignity and responsibilities of your rank; to use this rank and the privilege it confers wisely and justly; to counsel your Monarchs in times of peace and raise armies to defend your Kingdom in times of war?” After she answered yes, the coronet was placed upon her head. Thus, Kiena Stewart was invested as a Duchess.
Filed under: Court
Last Saturday morning, sunlight broke through the clouds as Easterners walked down a path in the woods in the Barony of Bridge to gather for the court of King Gregor IV and Queen Kiena II. The royal thrones were placed in a clearing beside a lake with trees turning Autumn colors surrounding them. As court began, Gregor announced that he was reaching his own Autumn years, and it was time to consider the welfare of his soul because the preceding years had been drenched in the blood of many battles.
The Order of St. Adrian entered court and struck an agreement with the King. Gregor bequeathed a portion of his lands to them in return for salvation.
The Order explained that he would have to go on crusade with them, which raised concerns about Queen Kiena’s welfare if Gregor fell in foreign lands. The Order offered to place Kiena in a nunnery in this event. The Queen rose with a dissenting opinion and instead it was agreed that she would receive a duchy in her own right so that she might live as befits her right noble station.
The King and Queen then set their affairs in order. Gregor’s children were made a Lord and Lady of the court. Devoted retainers and able servants were thanked. Two ladies were made Baronesses of the court, and others were given gifts made by the King and Queen themselves.
Gregor rose to address the assembled court with carefully considered remarks. He spoke of the pain caused by recent deaths of Easterners, saying “As long as we are together and continue as a Kingdom, they will be remembered.” He spoke of how his subjects had inspired him during his reign. “I thank you for all you’ve done and all you will do,” he said to the group gathered under the trees. Lastly he spoke of the inestimable worth of his Queen in his life, finally turning to her. “My love for you is unending but unfortunately our time must end as King and Queen.”
Kiena rose to thank the people of the East and spoke of how they also had inspired her as their Queen. She presented Gregor with the gift of a collar of state that she had made for him. In the center was a lion made by Duchess Athena of Ansteorra, whose husband, Duke Inman, was an important influence in Gregor’s life. Spaced around the collar were also stylized “G’s” and golden orbs that represented ICOD, Gregor’s household.
Their Majesties released their Royal Household. They also released the Royal Champions from personal service to themselves but not to the kingdom. They sent the Champions to find the Prince.
Brigantia called for Prince Kenric and Princess Avelina. The Prince stood on a shield carried by four men-at-arms who marched through the forest. The King’s and Queen’s Bards voices rang out in the poetry of the Old English as they told the story of Kenric’s kingmaking. Alongside Kenric marched a member of the Pelican, Master Feral, and the Chivalry, Master Arnwulf. Princess Avelina followed accompanied by a member of the Ladies of the Rose, Countess Svava, and the Laurel, Mistress Aelfgifu.
After Their Highnesses knelt before Their Majesties, the Admiral of the Armies, Sir Thomas of Ravenhill, was called to testify if this was the man who defeated him in the Crown Tournament and Sir Thomas assented.
Gregor and Kiena removed their crowns, passed them to retainers and brought forth crowns for Kenric and Avelina. Their Majesties spoke not only of the glory and joy of the crowns, but the honour, justice and good works that the crowns required. After the crowns were placed on the new King and Queen, the new and former rulers embraced and Kenric and Avelina were escorted to the thrones by their predecessors.
Kenric spoke of the inspiration Gregor and Kiena had been to him, offering his thanks for what they had done for him, his lady and for the Kingdom. Gregor took his lady by the hand and they departed to the Vivats of the crowd.
Kenric moved forward and stood on a large rock with the Royal Peers and landed Baronage assembled before him. Brigantia asked the Peers and Barons, “Is this man, Kenric, acceptable to you, having been chosen in accordance with the Laws and Ancient Customs of this realm of the East?” They responded that he was.
Kenric spoke an oath in Old English. The crowd listened quietly to the ancient words. After he stepped down, Avelina stood on the rock above the assembled Royal Peers and Barons, speaking the same oath. “In the name of justice, honor, and truth, we promise three things to the Eastern people subject to us. First, that all Eastern people in our dominions shall preserve true peace; the second is that we forbid robbery and all unrighteous things to all orders; the third, that we promise and command justice and mercy in all judgments, so that Our realm may be known to be established upon equity, courtesy, and truth.”
After Their Majesties returned to their thrones, the Kingdom Seneschale stepped forward to address the royalty. “Kings and Queens who hold these things, they earn for themselves worship in this world. If they then turn away from these promises that were vowed to their people, then shall it from that time very soon grow worse with their people, and it all shall in the end be upturned in that worst state, except they in the space of their reign repent before it. My Lord King and Lady Queen, hear especially and carefully for yourselves, and think of this often, for it is the duty of a crowned king and queen, that they misjudge no one, that they defend and protect widows, orphans, and strangers, that they forbid robbery and unrighteous acts and entirely prevent them, that they shall remove murderers and false swearers, that they nourish the poor, that they call the ancient, the wise, and the good to their councils, and set righteous persons as their ministers, because, whatsoever things these do wickedly through their fault, they shall be punished for it all on their own account, and whatsoever good these same do shall redound to their own honor and praise.”
An ampulla was brought forth by Dextrochere Herald with which Brigantia annointed the King with the water from “The Bay of the Mistlands, where at the World was born” so they would be reminded of the rule of those who came before them. The King’s Amored Champion, Duke Konrad, presented Kenric with the Sword of State, so that he could “resist and throw down all your enemies and all the adversaries of Right and Trust, to defend the kingdom entrusted to you”. Avelina was presented with the ring of faith by her Archery Champion, Master Krakken Gnashbone, so that she “may be able to avoid all unseemly vices, and lead the barbarians and unruly persons unto good, and to summon them to the recognition of truth”.
The Champions of Fence, Don Davius Sainct-Jacques and Don Nathaniel Wyatt, presented scepters to Their Majesties. Kenric and Avelina were charged with defending their kingdom from the wicked, correcting the bad and giving peace to the upright. The Admiral of the Armies brought forth a reliquary, which contained sacred earth of the lists of the First Tournament and presented it to Their Majesties.
The final words of the ceremony were spoken to Their Majesties. “Stand and retain now the state which you hold by lawful succession, attained by right of arms, and by this our present delivery, that is, of all the officers and the people of the East, and inasmuch as you have beheld the peers and baronage nearer the royal thrones, so much remember to afford them due honor in suitable places; so may you be confirmed the mediators of the nobility and the common people on the throne of your kingdom.” Brigantia announced to the court. “People of the East, I here present you Kenric and Avelina, your undoubted King and Queen, wherefore all ye who have come this day to do your homage before them, are you willing to do the same?” The answer rose from the crowd. “Long live King Kenric! Long Live Queen Avelina! Long live the Kingdom of the East!”
Filed under: Court, Events
The land under social services and government buildings in Bicester, England once belonged to a community of monks who worked the land and may have partaken of as much as "10 pints of beer a week."
Archaeologists excavating the Bronze Age mound of Seyitömer Höyük near the Western Anatolian city Kütahya in Turkey discovered a skull with a preserved brain still inside in 2010 and have now published the results of extensive scientific analysis of the brain and its archaeological context in the Journal of Comparative Human Biology. The brain was found in a middle Bronze Age layer, dating it to around 4,000 years ago. Optically stimulated luminescence testing on the samples dated them at 1900–2000 B.C., confirming the stratigraphic results.
The layer showed signs of a devastating fire. Charred wooden debris was found along with partially burned human skeletons. Four of those skeletons contained the remains of brain tissue inside skulls cracked by the ancient conflagration. Tissue from two of the partial brains was sampled for histological analysis and the most intact, best preserved specimen was removed for study and for a future museum display.
Unlike the glistening, rubbery 2500-year-old Heslington brain (still one of my favorite all time pictures), this one is blackened and hard. Its grooves and basal ganglia are still distinct giving it the look of a sponge but the texture of petrified wood. Researchers used computerized tomography to look inside the brain and found surviving diencephalic (the posterior of the forebrain), metencephalic (the cerebellum and pons) and occipital (back of the head) tissue.
This is an exceptional instance of soft tissue survival, particularly notable because the brain is one of the first organs to liquefy after death because of its high fat content. The fire that devastated the tumulus 4,000 years ago played a major role in this preservational fluke. A fault line crosses the layer in which the brains were found and the area is seismically active. Professor Meriç Altinoz from Haliç University in Istanbul posits that an earthquake leveled the settlement after which fire burned through the debris and human remains. The brains boiled in their own fluids until there was no fluid left. The fire consumed all the oxygen in the rubble layer, which left behind brain tissue dried to a crisp and in a low oxygen environment, a recipe for long-term survival of organic material.
The particular chemical composition of the soil was also a significant factor. From analysis of the brain matter, bones, teeth, soil surrounding the skeletons, researchers found high levels of boron, potassium, magnesium, aluminum. The Kütahya area had the largest boron mines in the country, a resource that made it a center for glazed tile production under the Ottoman Empire. Boron naturally repels insects and bacteria which is why the Egyptians used boron in the mummification process. The naturally high levels of boron in the soil may have aided in the preservation of the carbonized brains in the 4,000 years since the fire, converting the tissue into a ceramic of sorts, a bioporcelain, as the researchers term it. Potassium, magnesium, aluminum create the highly alkaline environment necessary for the formation of adipocere, aka corpse wax, which preserved the shape of the brain tissues.
“The level of preservation in combination with the age is remarkable,” says Frank Rühli at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, who has examined medieval brain tissue. Rühli says that most archaeologists don’t bother looking for the remains of brain tissue because they assume it is seldom preserved. “If you publish cases like this, people will be more and more aware that they could find original brain tissue too.”
In cases where the brain is as well preserved as this, Rühli says it might even be possible to look for pathological conditions such as tumours and haemorrhaging, and maybe even signs of degenerative disease. “If we want to learn more about the history of neurological disorders, we need to have tissue like this.”
We invite you to join us on Saturday 10/26/13 for our Shire’s INAUGURAL event – a Novice Schola. This is a truly historical happening as Rockland county NY returns to our roots from the forest from whence it sprouted its first oak.
No pre-registration is required, however an RSVP is greatly appreciated so we know how much food to prepare and our teachers know what materials to bring.
We offer a smorgasbord of beginner/entry level classes. Below is the list as of Saturday, October 5th. Please continually check the event website for updates.
** classes are Family Track. We also plan to have some classes that are child specific! This is subject to change – please contact the autocrat for particulars.
In the afternoon we will host a Queen’s Tea with Her Majesty Avelina Keyes of Lockwood and Vicereine Johanne i Visby from the Crown Province of Ostgardr. Her Majesty will welcome questions about protocol and SCA history. This is a great opportunity for new people to have an informal visit with the Queen and ask all the questions they need! We are asking everyone to possibly consider making/bringing baked goods such as cookies for the Queen’s Tea if at all possible.
A special Fundraiser will be held. A one of a kind, custom piece of jewelry to be created and offered up for sale by silent auction – a pin rendered in copper featuring the Viking vessel from the Shire device and handmade by our own Gretta Coerfan (Margo Konikoff, a professional jeweler and member of our Shire). Own a piece of history as only one will ever be made. You can see her work here:www.MargalitaDesigns.com
Lunch will be served:
The site is Handi-Capable
Site Opens: 10:00 AM
Site : $10.00 + $5.00 non-member surcharge as applicable. We are also offering a 25.00 family cap and children under 12 are FREE.
Some classes will have a materials fee. This is the responsibility of the student. All fees will be minimal.
Lunch will be served and is included in the site fee. For dietary and allergy concerns, please contact AmeliaJoan called Molly – email@example.com
Coffee, tea and refreshment service throughout the day.
If you choose to PRE-REG, please make checks payable to: SCA NY – Crown Province of Ostgardr.
Event Location (see event website for directions):
Town Of Ramapo Senior Citizen’s Community Center
Event Contact Information:
E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Send Reservations to:
Filed under: Events Tagged: east kingdom events, event, event announcement, events, New Jersey, newcomers, Nordenfjord
For centuries, everyone knew that the Battle of Bosworth, which led to the death of Richard III and the ascendence of the Tudors, took place on Ambion Hill, but new research by Glenn Foard and Anne Curry places the site two miles away by a marsh called Fen Hole.
In 1361, the Thracian city of Perperikon, now in Bulgaria, was besieged by the Ottoman Turks. Among the artifacts found during recent excavations of the site was a bronze plate, believed to have been part of the armor of an Ottoman commander.
Under an unassuming village church in Rothwell, England lies a 700-year-old crypt containing hundreds of skeletons, only one of two still remaining in the country. Why were they there? Experts from the University of Sheffield's Department of Archaeology think they know. (photos)
Baronsfru Othindisa Bykona reports that at Their Shoote in the Wildwoode in the Barony of Delftwood, Their Majesties Maynard and Liadain placed Baroness Jennet the Gentle on vigil to contemplate elevation to the Order of the Pelican.