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Court Report: Shoot in the Wildwood, September 2, A.S. 52

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sun, 2017-10-08 21:03

From the Scrolls of the Reign of Timothy and Gabrielle, King and Queen of AEthelmearc, as recorded by Dame Kateryna ty Isaf, Jewel of AEthelmearc Herald with the assistance of THLady Sophie Davenport, Silver Buccle Herald at Shoot in the Wildwood in the Barony of Delftwood on September 2, Anno Societatis LII.

In the morning:

Their Majesties called Baron Artemius Andreas Magnus before Them.  They asked him if he was ready to sit vigil this day and receive the council of the Order of the Laurel.  With his agreement, Their Majesties called forth the Most Noble Order of the Laurel to take him to a place made ready for him to sit in contemplation of elevation to the peerage.

In the afternoon:

Their Majesties called forth Helen Hillson.  Their Majesties advised that Helen had served well and faithfully as a member of the Queens Guard completing the quest set before her by Sir Murdoch at Pennsic.  Seeing her enthusiasm as contagious to all around her, They felt it was right and just to induct her into the Order of the Silver Buccle.  The scroll is a work of Baroness Graidhne ni Ruaidh.

Their Majesties called forth rest of the children present.  Stating how they had grown too swift and wise about catching the runner, Their Majesties had determined to change the game.  Benjamin of Arindale was called forth and advised to hide the chest, whereupon the children would need to find it to retrieve a toy.  Benjamin did run from the court and snuck back in to lay the chest once again at Their Majesties feet where it was set upon by the children.

Their Majesties gave Their Excellencies, Marcus and Desiderata leave to hold court for the Barony of Delftwood.

At the conclusion of the baronial court, Their Majesties called Lady Elisabetta de Venetia before Them.  Their Majesties spoke of how her joy and enthusiasm for every aspect of the society is unbound.  They advised that for her kindness, courtesy and friendliness it would be hard to locate a more deserving member of the society and so did name her Jewel of AEthelmearc.  The scroll was created by the hands of Mistress Juliana Rosalia Dolce de Siena and THLord Padraig O’Branduibh.

Their Majesties called THLady Clarissa and Lord Kenneth to attend Them.  Her Ladyship Clarissa and Lord Kenneth thanked Their Majesties for Their patronage of the arts.

Their Majesties invited before Them Mistress Sǫlveig Þrándardóttir and and THLady Elska á Fjárfelli.  Mistress Mistress Sǫlveig invited THLady Elska to join Domus Minervæ, which is a confraternity of scholars dedicated to research, teaching, and publication.

Their Majesties called forth Elizabeth the Nameless.  For her service in setting up and tearing down for events in the Barony and her willingness to provide Their Excellencies with scroll blanks, They saw fit to make her a Lady of the court and Awarded her Arms.  The scroll was a work by Baroness Clarice Roan.

Their Majesties called Katelinn of Delftwood.  For her accomplishments in archery including making her own bow and learning fletching, Their Majesties Awarded her Arms and made her a Lady of the court.  The scroll created by the hand of Baroness Clarice Roan.

Their Majesties asked Amelia of Delftwood to attend Them.  Noting how pleasant she is to work with and her active participation within the Barony of Delftwood, They Awarded her Arms thereby making her a Lady of the court.  The scroll was limned by THLady Anlaith ingen Trena.

Their Majesties called Stephen of Delftwood to attend Them.  For his cheerful help with set up and tear down at events and classes, Their Majesties Awarded him Arms and made him a Lord of the court.  The scroll by THLady Rachel Dalicieux.

Their Majesties then called before Them THLady Gytha Oggesdottir.  For her outreach and welcoming hospitality for newcomers and her kindness to new and old members of the Society, Their Majesties inducted her into the Order of the Cornelian.

Their Majesties inducted Lord Rhys Penbras ap Dafydd into the Order of the Keystone for his work as Baronial Exchequer, merchant liaison for Ice Dragon and as event tollner in the Barony of Rhydderich Hael.  Scroll by THFool Dagonell the Juggler.

Their Majesties called Lady Saskia Feldmeyrin before Them.  For her skill in making pottery, Their Majesties inducted her into the Order of the Sycamore.  The scroll was created by Baroness Maddelena de Angeles.

Their Majesties called Lord Jan Langhe ten Walde into court.  For his dedication and the hard work achieving the fencing prowess necessary to place third in the Ice Dragon bear pit this year, Their Majesties inducted him into the Order of the Golden Alce.  The scroll was a work by the hand of THLady Mairghread Stiebhard inghean ui Choinne.

Their Majesties called Baroness Anastasie de Lamoure before Them.  Noting her diligence can be seen in the Thrown Weapons and archery marshallates as well as in her position as regional exchequer, Their Majesties felt it right and proper to summon before Them the Order of the Millrind and add Her Excellency to their number.  The scroll was by Meisterin Felicitas Flußmüllnerin.

Their Majesties asked that the Order of the Millrind remain as there were several pieces of business where they would be needed.  Next Their Majesties called Baroness Caitriona Fhial inghean ui Chonaill, called Kayley into court.  Their Majesties noted her long service as Kingdom, Regional and local exchequer and seeing her devotion to the society in such service is without limit, They inducted her into the Order of the Millrind.  The scroll was by the hand of Lady Genevote Nau d’Anjou.

Their Majesties then called Don Matteo Pesci before Them.  For his work as the backbone of Myrkfaelinn working for years as seneschal, exchequer, autocrat and marshal, Their Majesties inducted him into the Order of the Millrind.  The scroll was created by Lady Amalie Reinhardt.

Having noted that Lady Amalie is always contributing, Their Majesties called her forth.  As Kingdom Webmistress, They found her extremely responsive to any need and had seen the great work she has done overhauling the Kingdom website.  For these reasons, Their Majesties inducted her into the Order of the Millrind and Granted her Arms.  The scroll was created by Lady Felice de Thornton.

With that, Their Majesties bid the Order of the Millrind to greet their newest members.

Their Majesties called Baron Artemius Andreas Magnus to attend Them.  His Excellency presented himself and agreed that he did indeed sit vigil and received counsel and had resolved that it was his wish to continue.  Their Majesties called for the Order of the Laurel to attend Them.  They asked for worthies to attest to Baron Artemius’ qualifications to for this accolade.  As a Member of the Order of Chivalry, Sir Ruslan Igotavich Voronov spoke of the fact that Artemius was influential in nudging him back into the Society.  He stated he wanted to win crown if only to ensure this would occur.  As a member of the Order of the Pelican, Mistress Alheydis von Körckhingen spoke of how he welcomed her, the mother of six children, taking the time to answer the questions of eager young boys and never making them feel unwanted.  As a Master of Defense, Master Benedict Fergus atte Mede spoke of how he was an example before he was a Baron.  As Royal Peer, Duchess Ilish O’Donovan of Cork spoke of how we must be worthy of his art and how he fosters and encourages others.  As Lady of the Rose, Duchess Rowan de la Garnison spoke of how he seeks to be inspired daily.  As Jewel of AEthelmearc, Baroness Sadira bint Wassouf spoke of he was grace in motion with kindness and courtesy.  For the populace, THLord Timothy of Edgewood advised that his man inspires the populace to do better and thanked Their Majesties for what They do this day.  Finally as a member of the Order of the Laurel Master Kenhelm advised that in all ways Baron Artemius is his peer.

Having heard these words and the counsel of the Order of the Laurel, Their Majesties agreed it was right and fitting to elevate Baron Artemius Andreas Magnus by Letters Patent to the Order of the Laurel.  They called forth for a cloak to warm him, a Laurel’s medallion to denote his station and Laurel leaves so all may know him to be a peer.  Finally They called for the ancestral fruitcake as a reminder for Master Artemius to never take himself too seriously.  A scroll to mark the occasion was a work in progress.

Their Majesties summoned the Silver Buccle Herald, THLady Sophie Davenport before Them.  Knowing Their time upon the throne grew short, They asked her to summon the Jewel of AEthelmearc Herald and divest her of her title and duties.   Her Ladyship called Dame Kateryna ty Isaf before Their Majesties.  Releasing her from her oaths given to both the crown and office of herald, saving for the oath to keep Their Majesties confidences, Her Ladyship removed the tabard of Jewel of AEthelmearc Herald from Dame Kateryna.

Her Majesty asked Dame Kateryna to remain and thanked her for her diligent service as Jewel of AEthelmearc Herald.  Her Majesty advised that She would never know from Dame Kateryna’s performance of duties that she suffers from stage fright and that She could find no other person She felt more worthy to name as the Queen’s Inspiration of the day and did bestow upon her the Golden Escarbuncle.

Their Majesties asked that all scribes who contributed to the scrolls given during the courts today stand and be recognized.

There being no further business this day, Their Majesties court was thus concluded.

Categories: SCA news sites

Court Report: Æthelwald Proving Grounds, June 24th, A.S. 52 

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sun, 2017-10-08 19:14

Here is the Court Report of His Royal Majesties Timothy from the scroll of His Royal Court at Æthelwald Proving Grounds, June 24th a.s. 52 in the Shire of Sunderoak. As reported Maighstir Uilliam MacantSaoir, Sycamore Herald, Master Kieran MacRae, Comet Pursuivant, assisting.

His Majesty thanked the autocrat, and the staff of the event for their hard work on the event.

He then thanked all present for spending the day training and enjoying the event.

His Majesty called for Lady Mollie O’Donnell. His Majesty spoke of the friendly and enthusiastic work of Lady Mollie as chatelaine for the Shire of Sunderoak, and thus Lady Mollie is awarded with a Keystone.

Mollie receives her AoA

His Majesty the called for Don Jacob Martinson who ran the fencing tournaments that day. Don Jacob had run three tournaments of varying styles to increase the skill of the fencers in the Sylvan Kingdom. The winner of the first tournament was Lord Robert MacEwan of Thornhill. The winners of the second tournament were Don Jacob and Lord Gregory Beard. The winner of the third tournament was Lord Gregory Beard.

Don Jacob recognizes Lord Gregory’s tournament victories

His Majesty then asked for Mistress Arianna of Wynthrope to appear before him. He asked Mistress Arianna to give report on the Youth Combat activities of the day. Mistress Arianna told great stories of the youth combatants having the opportunity to fight three adult fighters who had come up as fighters in the youth program. Mistress Arianna then thanked Lady Runa, Lord Angus and Lord Torstein with tokens from her hand.

Torstein, Angus, and Runa, new youth sparring partners

His Majesty then requested the presence of Roderick Longshanks. His Majesty had heard great tales of the works of Roderick as a brewer, his skill on the combat fields and his welcoming of people new to our society. His Majesty found this work pleasing to him, he then awarded Roderick Arms, and let all know that he should be called Lord Roderick henceforth.

Roderick receives an AoA

His Majesty called for Aurora Deschain. His Majesty had been told of Aurora’s work in assisting her Shire of Hunter’s Home. His Majesty felt that someone doing these works is befitting of a court title. His Majesty awarded Aurora Arms and titled her as a Lady of the court.

Aurora receives an AoA

His Majesty then requested the presence of Brillo Gunnarson in his court. His Majesty expounded on the work and accomplishments of Brillo on the tournament lists and battlefields as part of the Borderwatch of Æthelmearc. His Majesty had also heard stories of Brillo’s willingness to help others in our society. These acts make a king happy, so His Majesty saw fit to make Brillo Gunnarson a Lord of the court and award him Arms.

Brillo receives an AoA

His Majesty then demanded the presence of Burgos the Tiny. Burgos has become a skilled fighter with a polearm as well as sword and shield. Seeing that Burgos entered the court without a title, and that Burgos is working hard to protect the Kingdom, His Majesty awarded Burgos Arms and bestowed on him the title of Lord.

Burgos receives an AoA

Brjann Feilan was then requested by His Majesty. His Majesty heard tell of works done by Brjann in his home group of Hunters Home including work in kitchens, carrying heavy items and spearheading the creation of a float for a parade in the Shire. His Majesty had also heard tales of Brjann’s accomplishments on the battlefield. His Majesty felt that this work deserved to be recognized. His Majesty saw fit to give Brjann an award of Arms and the title of Lord of the court.

Brjann receives an AoA

His Majesty then asked for the presence of Lord Alaric Acwulf. Lord Alaric has served as Herald for the Shire of Sunderoak for some time. Lord Alaric also works diligently to help his shire and the kingdom. Seeing this as great work, His Majesty Timothy saw fit to add Lord Alaric to the rolls of the Order of the Keystone.

Lord Alaric receives a Keystone

His Majesty asked for the presence of Omo Saimon Tokushou. Omo Saimon works hard at his job as Herald for the Shire of Ballachlagan. He also serves as the Cornelian Herald for the Kingdom, he cooks, and serves as steward for events in his home shire. His Majesty saw these as good works and saw fit to name Omo Saimon to the Order of the Keystone.

Lord Tokushou receives a Keystone

Lady Ida Thorbjornsdotter was called before His Majesty. His Majesty discussed the work that Lady Ida had done for the Shire of Hunter’s Home as Mistress of the Lists. His Majesty also discussed her work as list runner, assisting with youth combat, and her work running the Youth Polearm Tournament at Pennsic for years. His Majesty was pleased by this and added Lady Ida to the rolls of the Order of the Keystone.

Lord Gunnar and Lady Ida receive Keystones

His Majesty then sought the presence of Lord Gunnar Thorbjornson. Gunnar has organized and hosted the Youth Polearm tournament for years, he is also an enormous help in the set-up of Æthelmearc Royal encampment at Pennsic. For his hard work, His Majesty sees fit to add Gunnar Thorbjornson to the Order of the Keystone.

[Editor’s Note: A Golden Alce was awarded to Lord Angus Azurwolf at the event but was absent from the Court Report.]

Lord Angus receives a Golden Alce

Lady Grainne Shionnach was called forward before His Majesty. His Majesty has heard of the feats of Lady Grainne on the battlefield as a combat archer and on the target archery fields where she has reached the rank of Marksman. His Majesty is well pleased by her work and bestows upon Grainne the order of the Golden Alce.

Lady Grainne receives a Golden Alce

His Majesty called for the presence of Lady Ceirich na Hinnsi. Ceirich serves the army of Æthelmearc as a part of the Borderwatch Ballista Team. She also serves as a siege marshal. His majesty sees this as very helpful to the armies of Æthelmearc and awarded her a Golden Alce.

Lady Ceirech receives a Golden Alce

His Majesty then called for Lady Caoilfhionn of the Woods. His Majesty has heard good words regarding Lady Caoilfhionn’s work as a siege engineer with the Borderwatch. Lady Caoilfhionn also trains new siege engineers and helps maintain these machines and ammunition. Hearing this news, His Majesty then awarded Lady Caoilfhionn with a Golden Alce.

His Majesty again thanked the staff of the event for their hard work in preparing the armies of Æthelmearc for war.

The court of His Majesty was then closed.

Scribal information was not available for the report.

All photos by Lady Aine ny Allane.

Categories: SCA news sites

Court Report: Pax Interruptus XLI, July 8, A.S. 52

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sun, 2017-10-08 16:01

From the Scrolls of the Reign of Timothy and Gabrielle, King and Queen of AEthelmearc, as recorded by Dame Kateryna ty Isaf, Jewel of AEthelmearc Herald with the assistance of THLady Sophie Davenport, Silver Buccle Herald and THFool Dagonell the Juggler at Pax Interruptus in the Barony of Thescorre on July 8, Anno Societatis LII.

The Court of Their Majesties, Timothy and Gabrielle began in the morning.

Their Majesties called forth Katherina von Bamberg to present her as a Lady of the Court upon the will of Their predecessors, King Marcus and Queen Margerite who had given her an Award of Arms during the previous reign.

Their Majesties called Baroness Juliana Rosalia Dolce de Siena to ask her if she had made a decision to accept Their invitation to sit vigil this day to contemplate induction to the most noble Order of the Pelican.  They invited before Them Don Behrend von Elmendorf and Mistress Sthurrim Caithnes who had business with Baroness Julianna before she would be able to give an answer unencumbered by prior oaths.  Don Behrend accepted back his cadet scarf and Mistress Sthurrim her apprentice belt.   Baroness Julianna then confirmed her willingness to sit vigil and Their Majesties invited forth those members of the Order of the Pelican present to take her forth and give her good counsel.

In the afternoon Their Majesties gave leave to Her Excellency Sadira of Thescorre to hold Baronial court.

At the conclusion of the Baronial court, Their Majesties invited THFool Dagonell the Juggler to come forth.  His Foolishness asked that Their Majesties and the court please honor the life of his friend Brandric Slaywrock.  Their Majesties agreed and a moment of silence was observed.

Their Majesties invited Their Heir, Prince Gareth to speak before the court.  His Highness asked Lady Lasairfhiona Inghean Aindraisa to please come forth and presented her with tokens for Aethelmearc Royal hospitality at the Great Pennsic War.

Their Majesties called forth Carter of Thescorre.  For his many works of service, setting up tents, cooking in the kitchens and hauling all manner of equipment to where it is useful, Their Majesties inducted him into the Order of the Silver Buccle.  The scroll by Mistress Roberta Rhiannon McMorland.

Their Majesties called forth the rest of the children present.  They asked that Alton of Misty Highlands to take the toy chest and run from the court.  The children were instructed, once they caught Alton, to take one toy each, beginning with the youngest child present.  After a countdown the children gave chase.

Their Majesties called forth Serafina Kowalewska.  Noting that youthfulness does not preclude the hard work done by this fine lady, Their Majesties awarded her Arms and made her a Lady of the court for all the work she does in the kitchen and service of high table.  Scroll created by the hands of THL Sophie Davenport.

Their Majesties invited into the court Duke James Ahern.  For his works in teaching many how to fashion armor, opening up his home and his shop to create excellent works pieces of martial gear, They inducted him into the Order of the Sycamore.  Scroll by Mistress Roberta Rhiannon McMorland.

Their Majesties called before Them Lord Colnneach Mac an Leigh.  Knowledge of Elizabethan garb and the teaching of the proper construction of a button or ruff should never go unrecognized and so Their Majesties inducted him into the Order of the Sycamore.  The scroll was a work from the hand of Mistress Gillian Llywellyn.

Their Majesties called forth Lord Waldyslaw Poznanski.  Remarking upon his skill in upon the field of combat, Their Majesties inducted him into the Order of the Golden Alce.  Scroll by Lady Isabella Montoya.

Their Majesties called forth Lord Wolfgang Starke and Lady Katherine Starke.  Their Majesties remarked upon the faithful service both had given to the Kingdom and asked the Order of the Millrind to attend Them.  For their willingness to travel to work wherever their hands are needed and for their ceaseless toil to better our Kingdom and Society, Their Majesties inducted both into the Order with a Grant of Arms.  Scroll for THL Wolfgang Starke was created by THL Mary Elizabeth Clausen and the scroll for Katherine Starke was a work in progress by Don Po Silvertop.

Their Majesties invited Mistress Ysabeau Tiercelin into Their presence.  She begged leave to present her Protégé with her belt to mark the renewal of their formal relationship.  Given leave, she asked that Baroness Elisabeth Johanna von der Flossenburg to come forward and take again her belt so that all might know her to be a worthy protégé.  Their Majesties hearing these words, suggested that there might be a more fitting mark of her station and invited before them the most noble Order of the Pelican.  They instructed Baroness Elisabeth to present herself to Their Heirs to sit vigil in contemplation of induction into said order.

Their Majesties called forth Baroness Juliana Rosalia Dolce de Siena.   Receiving her answer that she wished to proceed, They asked for those who would speak to her worthiness to be inducted to the Order of the Pelican.  Mistress Cori Ghora spoke on behalf of the Order of the Pelican, Mistress Othindisa Bykona for the Order of the Laurel, Her Grace, Sir Rowan de la Garnison on behalf of the Order of the Chivalry, and Master Benedict Fergus atte Mede for the Order of Defense.  Baroness Nest verch Rys spoke words written by Duchess Meirwen uerch Owein as a Royal Peer and THLady Zosia Kowalewska spoke on behalf of the populace.  All praised her for the work she has done for two decades within the Society speaking movingly of how she is always there, always helping and always kind.

Having heard these exemplary words in support of the Baroness, Their Majesties determined They would proceed.  The ancestral medallion of the Pelicans of Aethelmearc was place around her neck.  A personal medallion was also presented to her.   A capelet was placed upon her shoulders to mark her station.  Their Majesties accepted her oath of service and confirmed her as a member of the most noble Order of the Pelican with a Patent of Arms.  The scroll is a work in progress by Mistress Yvainne d’ Castel.

Their Majesties called forth Baron Caleb Reynolds.  For his enthusiasm and skill in brewing, They inducted him into the Order of the Fleur d’Aethelmearc.  The scroll created by Lady Edana the Red.

Their Majesties thanked all the scribes who contributed to the works presented this day.

Her Majesty then requested the presence of Baroness Graidhne ni Ruaidh.  Speaking on how often her name was read throughout the courts during Their Reign, She stated there could be no other inspiration for the day than the Baroness and presented to her a Golden Escarbuncle.

There being no further business this day, the court of Their Majesties concluded.

Categories: SCA news sites

Copper axe blade found in Switzerland matches Iceman’s

History Blog - Sat, 2017-10-07 22:30

Analysis of a copper axe blade found in Switzerland in 2008 has revealed that it matches the copper axe carried by Ötzi the Iceman, the traveler who was felled by an arrow 5,300 years ago in the Ötztal Alps on the border between modern-day Italy and Austria and was frozen in the ice until some German tourists stumbled on him in 1991. Ötzi is Europe’s oldest human mummy and has proven a seemingly endless font of knowledge about Copper Age Europeans, every new approach, study and technology adding more pieces to the puzzle.

Last year, researchers discovered that the Iceman’s copper axe blade was remarkably pure at 99.7% copper and very much to their surprise, was mined in the Colline Metallifere area near Campiglia Marittima in southern Tuscany. There were active copper mines in the Alps at this time, so the expectation was that Ötzi’s gear would have been produced locally. Instead, either the ingot or the manufactured axe head was traded hundreds of miles to the north of where it was mined or made.

The axe blade unearthed at the prehistoric site of Riedmatt, in canton Zug, Switzerland, in 2008 appears to have made much the same trip. Riedmatt was a small pile-dwelling village on the shores of Lake Zug and a rich density of archaeological remains were found in the small space protected by a coffer dam for excavation.

University of Bern researchers sampled the copper and found through Lead Isotope analysis that the material is virtually identical to that in axes used by Neolithic peoples to the south, most notably Ötzi. The copper was mined around Campiglia Marittima and made its way north from there over the Alps. It is half the weight of Otzi’s axe and shorter in length, but it shares the same distinctive trapedoizal shape.

Unlike Ötzi’s blade, which was complete with its yew haft and the leather strips binding the two parts together, the Riedmatt axe is the blade alone. Also unlike Ötzi’s, the Riedmatt blade is almost pristine, excepting a single notch and surface pitting from several thousand years spent underground. The Iceman used his a lot and there is evidence of extensive wear and regularly resharpening on the blade. The Swiss axe may not have ever been hafted; it’s impossible to determine because corrosion has eliminated any traces left on the blade of the joining. The finishing of the blade had been completed at the time of its deposition between 3250 and 3100 B.C. Archaeologists believe it may have been deliberately left on the lakeside as a ritual offering.

“It was a very efficient general-purpose ax, especially proper for woodworking,” said Gishan Schaeren, an archaeologist with the Office for Monuments and Archaeology in the Swiss canton (or state) of Zug. But in addition to chopping trees to build stilted houses, people could use these axs as lethal weapons, Schaeren added. […]

“Mainstream research normally does not consider the possibility of intense contacts between south and north in the Alps” during this time, Schaeren told Live Science in an email.

He thinks Copper Age people should be given more credit.”We have to consider that people who traveled in the Alps had a very profound knowledge of the landscape and its conditions due to their experience with hunting, herding and exploring natural resources in these areas,” he said.

Stronger links to southern Europe, Schaeren added, could explain certain styles of rock art, pottery, burial customs and other phenomena seen in the north.

The find has even larger implications that upend commonly held positions about how metallurgy developed in this area of Switzerland in the 4th millennium B.C. Because local production of copper artifacts seems to have cratered after 3500 B.C. — a smattering of copper objects and crucibles from this time have been found north of the Alps, the frequency increasing again only after around 2600 B.C. — scholars have long thought that the local copper mines must have been exhausted and as a consequence the metal had lost its appeal, perhaps even come to be treated with hostility, by the Neolithic peoples living in the regions between Lake Constance and Lake Zurich.

From the initial results of the study published in this paper (pdf):

However, the copper axe blade of Zug-Riedmatt with its link to metallurgical traditions south of the Alps demonstrates that copper metallurgy at the end of the 4th millennium BC on the Swiss plateau is not to be understood as a very humble end-of-range model of the earlier metallurgy (3800-3500 BC) north of the Alps. In fact, this metallurgy is a new kind derived from the hotspots of metallurgical innovation in the regions of the Tyrrenian-Ligurian coast. This contradicts the theory proposed in Artioli et al. (2017, 9–11), in which the Alps are depicted as “a neat cultural barrier separating distinct metal circuits”. The as yet unpublished isotopic analyses of the copper finds from Lake Biel confirm our theory that Italian ores played a major role in lake-side dwellings north of the Alpine divide (Löffler, in press). The copper axe blade of Zug-Riedmatt accentuates a multitude of contemporaneous cultural bonds to the south, which seemed to be unconnected and had been underestimated until now (Röder & Gross, 2007, 230–236). Furthermore, it challenges the evolutionistic and one-track perceptions of a time that marks a watershed in early metallurgy.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Sven and Siobhán are Æthelmearc’s New Heirs

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2017-10-07 12:52

Baroness Ekaterina Volkova reports from today’s Fall Crown Tourney and We Are The Escarbuncle 20th Anniversary Celebration that Duke Sven Gunnarsson and Duchess Siobhán inghean uí Liatháin are now Prince and Princess of Æthelmearc.

Prince Sven won best two out of three bouts in the finals, with great sword and two sword.



Vivant! Vivant! Vivant!

Categories: SCA news sites

Fall Crown Tourney 2017: Finals

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2017-10-07 12:30

Baroness Ekaterina Volkova reports today’s finals in Crown Tourney are Duke Malcolm, fighting for Viscountess Rosalinde Ashworth, and Duke Sven, fighting for Duchess Siobhán inghean uí Liatháin.

Finals will be best of three bouts.

Categories: SCA news sites

Fall Crown Tourney 2017: Semi-Final List

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2017-10-07 12:21

Baroness Ekaterina Volkova has posted the names of the semi-finals of today’s Crown Tourney:

Categories: SCA news sites

Fall Crown Tourney 2017: Fourth Round Winners Side

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2017-10-07 12:11

Baroness Ekaterina Volkova reports that the final two on the winners side are Duke Sven Gunnarsson and Count Andreas Morgan.

Categories: SCA news sites

Fall Crown Tourney 2017: Third Round

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2017-10-07 11:41

Baroness Ekaterina Volkova has posted the following winners round in today’s Crown Tourney:

Winners side:Duke Syr Malcolm, Duke Sir Sven, Count Andreas, Sir Murdoch

Categories: SCA news sites

Fall Crown Tourney 2017: First and Second Rounds

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2017-10-07 11:29

Baroness Ekaterina Volkova has posted the following updates from today’s Crown Tourney:

First-round winners

First-round losers

First-round losers, continued

Second-round winners

Categories: SCA news sites

Follow Æthelmearc’s Crown Tourney

East Kingdom Gazette - Sat, 2017-10-07 11:03

The Kingdom of Æthelmearc is holding its Crown Tournament today, and the Æthelmearc Gazette is providing coverage. The starting tree has been posted, and updates will follow.

Filed under: Tidings Tagged: aethelmearc, Crown Tourney

Fall Crown Tourney 2017: The Lineup

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2017-10-07 10:44

Baroness Ekaterina Volkova has posted the starting tree for today’s Crown Tourney (with 29 combatants) and plans on making regular updates.
Please be aware that the cell phone coverage on site is inconsistent.

Categories: SCA news sites

Irma canoe could date to the 1600s

History Blog - Fri, 2017-10-06 22:27

Researchers have wasted no time studying the dugout canoe churned up in Brevard County, Florida, by Hurricane Irma and rescued by photographer and local history buff Randy Lathrop. The first round of radiocarbon dating results are in and they tease a solid likelihood that the canoe is much older than Lathrop thought it might be. Or younger. Or a little of both.

According to the Florida Division of Historical Resources archaeologist who examined it and performed the radiocarbon analysis, there is:

• A 50 percent probability the wood used to make the canoe dates between 1640 to 1680.

• A 37.2 percent probability the wood dates between 1760 to 1818.

• An 8.6 percent probability that it dates to 1930 or later.

“It is important to note that this gives us the probability of when the log used to make the canoe died or was cut down,” said Sarah Revell, Florida Department of State spokeswoman.

“The canoe has some interesting features, like the presence of paint and wire nails, that indicate it may have been made in the 19th or 20th century, so this adds to the mystery,” she said. […]

Revell offered some possible explanations. In one scenario, the canoe was made in the 1800s or 1900s, but from an old log. Or, perhaps the canoe was made in the 1600s or 1700s, saw use for many years, and was modified over time. Then again, though the probability is lower, someone could have crafted the canoe during the 1900s, she said.

“Florida has the highest concentration of dugout canoes in the world. We have more than 400 documented dugout canoes in our state. Each canoe is important in that it adds to our database and helps fill out the picture of how people used these canoes over thousands of years,” Revell said.

“This canoe is unique in that the radiocarbon dating indicates the wood is very old, but it has features that indicate it is more modern — so it is a bit of a mystery,” she said.

The Bureau of Archeological Research (BAR) will be doing some additional testing on the paint as they begin conservation protocols to keep the wood from drying out. The aim is to put the canoe on display in Brevard so it can be enjoyed in the community where it was found. That won’t happen until the wood is stabilized and that can take more than a year, even for a smaller piece like this canoe.

While it is being cleaned and soaked in a bath of polyethylene glycol for months, the canoe will still be able to be studied by researchers near and far. It has already been laster scanned and documented in high resolution detail to generate a 3D model that will give scholars, conservators, experts and educators the opportunity to virtually examine the canoe. This will help with every aspect of the study — determining its age, origin, design style, condition, conservation needs — and in future education efforts. This video shows University of South Florida Libraries 3D imaging experts working with local archaeologists to scan the dugout canoe.

And here is the end-result of that effort, a highly accurate 3D model that can be turned and zoomed and seen every which way:

Wooden Canoe Discovered after Hurricane
by University of South Florida Libraries
on Sketchfab

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

More Bronze Age gear found on Swiss Alpine pass

History Blog - Thu, 2017-10-05 22:18

In the same pass in the Swiss Alps where the Bronze Age wooden lunchbox with wheat residue was discovered, archaeologists have unearthed more prehistoric artifacts that may have been part of the Bronze Age equivalent of an Alpine survival kit. Last month, experts from the Archaeological Service of the Canton of Berne Lötschen Pass unearthed assorted tools dating to the Bronze Age.

They’ve known there was something there since 2011 when Beat Dietrich, the guardian of the pass, notified them he’d seen artifacts exposed in the melting glacier. Archaeologists recovered some of them, including what would later prove to be the Bronze Age lunch box containing coarsely ground flour, the next summer. When the brief clement weather closed, the remaining objects were covered by snow and continued to be so for five years. It was only in September of this year that archaeologists were able to fully excavate the find site and remove the artifacts they had been unable to get to in 2012.

So now, on top of the box, the fragments of bows, three flint arrowheads, a cow horn vessel and snippets of leather recovered from the earlier dig, archaeologists can add four fragments of bows, more strips and bands of leather, broken arrows, pieces of birch bark and a cord made from animal fibers with a horn button.

Archaeologists believe this may well have been gear carried by the same mountaineer trudging through the Bernese Alps 4,000 years ago. His box of comestibles was supplemented by a bag in which he carried his bows and arrows. All those strips of leather and birch bark fragments could have been used to create a quiver or backpack kind of container.

Even if the objects didn’t all belong to one person, the discovery of so much Bronze Age mountaineering gear is unique. Dating to around 2,000-1,800 B.C., they are the oldest artifacts ever found in the pass.

The melting of the glaciers has also revealed later finds from the Iron Age, Roman era, Middle Ages and modern times, including human remains of people lost in the mountains decades ago. An archaeological survey performed by researchers in Bern has unearthed a wooden artifact of indeterminate purpose dating to Roman times, wooden stave buckets from the Middle Ages and a wood vessel from the Iron Age that bears traces of fire. Researchers believe it may have been used to carry embers through the mountains so people could quickly make fire in all weather conditions.

The range of dates and artifacts in these discoveries underscore that the Lötschen Pass has been used consistently by human travelers between the Bernese Oberland and the Valais for at least 4,000 years.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

We Are the Escarbuncle – Æthelmearc’s 20 Year Anniversary Celebration & Fall Crown Tournament

AEthelmearc Gazette - Thu, 2017-10-05 07:24

The staff of Æthelmearc’s 20 Year Celebration and Fall Crown Tournament share some insight on what promises to be a very special event.

There have been many questions about this weekend’s Æthlemearc’s Fall Crown and Twentieth Anniversary Celebration. Why are they being held together? What makes this event special? It’s really exciting, so the staff and I wanted to fill you in.


This event is about celebrating the creation of our Kingdom and the choosing of new Royal Heirs, so we sought out a site that’s central for everyone: All Saints Camp (110 All Saints Rd, Emlenton, PA 16373.) We are pleased to offer tent camping space free of charge on both Friday and Saturday nights.

Troll will open at 3 pm on Friday evening, and Lady Zianna beguy urdina de Zabaleta has graciously provided us with a Traveler’s Repast; Vegetable soup , beef stew, bread, butter , vegetables, hummus, and a cookie.

On Saturday, there will be a brief Morning Court at 10 am on the List field followed by the Crown Tournament Processional. If you wish to have a shade on the field; please reach out to our Day Shade Coordinators – Lady Arthes MacLeod (Brandy Straub, blueduckie666666@yahoo.com, 412-352-0978) and Lord Alister MacLeod (Greg Straub, gstraubjr@gmail.com, 412-216-5443). We are giving priority to Combatant and Consort Pairs.

Lunch will be served to the Tournament Field with a seated lunch near our arts and sciences display. Mistress Illadore de Bedegrayne has provided a gracious menu. Please contact her directly at rani23@gmail.com with any food allergies or other issues.

Feast Menu from the THL Ottilige van Rappoltsweiler; a remove for each style of cooking she has studied. A love letter to her Kingdom through food! Please reach out to her with any food allergies at ottilige@rocketmail.com You will find the menu here.

Commemorative Token made by Edena the Red and Countess Anna Leigh.

We have a merchants row with several great vendors. A commemorative token for 20th year has been cast which will be sold as a personal fund raiser with proceeds to be split between the works of the Pewter Guild and Travel Expenses of their Majesties. The pewter work is by the hands of Edana the Red with detail beading by Countess Anna Leigh. They will be available onsite for $5.00. We have 100 minted and Edana has graciously offered to make more for those that would still want one after we sell out or are not able to attend the event. You will need to mail her a self-addressed envelope and the funds for your piece and she will send one out to you(Bridgette Montgomery; 128 Russellton Dorseyville Rd., Cheswick, PA 15024). The pewter token is based on an original pendant housed at the Cleveland Museum of Art. Created in 13th c. France during the Gothic period, the materials are gilded copper and champlevé enamel. It measures 4 x 3 1/2 inches. The difference in size accounts for the changes in details. Pewter tokens were used to mark an occasion such as a pilgrimage or royal event.

Reverse of Commemorative Token

Now, I know what you are thinking, this doesn’t sound all that different from a Fall Crown – but on the occasion of our Twentieth Anniversary, there will be an opportunity to enjoy almost anything that our fair kingdom has to offer. We have archery, atl-atl, thrown weapons, arts, history, heraldry, cut and thrust is starting a new competition, and the equestrians will be out in force. We’ve added a Friday evening torchlight tournament for rattan combat and a melee scenario after Crown Tournament on Saturday that will include the youth rattan fighters alongside the adults! There will be Fencing starting with Friday night pickups and an early bird tournament and activities all day Saturday. The Kingdom Historian’s Office is preparing a display of the origins or our Beloved Kingdom so that we can reminisce and celebrate our beginnings and the ways that we have grown!

All are welcome to participate in the arts and science display run by THL Eleanore Godwin! “We need your items for display! Please bring one item you’ve made for display that represents “We are the Escarbuncle” to you. No documentation is required! There will be 3×5 cards for your name and information about your item. There will be a book to write your name in and about your item and how it represents “We are the Escarbuncle” to you. Items will be accepted on Saturday, from 9:30am to 11:00am. Display will be open to the populace from 11:00am to 8:00pm.”

Prefer other Arts or Sciences? We have a Brewer’s Round Table so that you can taste and talk about what you are making, how you can improve it, and see what other brewers have learned. Consider bringing your potable to share. Stop by the heraldic consult table to discuss a new device, badge, or registering your name. The Debatable Choir will give a concert of Æthelmearc Songs, and we will end Saturday in celebration: a ball with choral music and live musicians! All are welcome to come dance, and musicians are wanted – speak with THL Sionn the Lost (Email jfkyle at gmail.com) about joining the players!

There’s simply too much to keep listing; our schedule and contacts are here.
We have already sold out of feast and cabins but bring your tent and we’ll find you a place to set up! There are also several hotels close by; the site if off I80 between Grove City and Clarion:
Quality Inn at 137 Gibb Rd, Harrisville, PA 16038; Motel 6 at 1010 Dholu Rd, Harrisville, PA 16038; Holiday Inn 225 Singh Dr, Seneca, PA 16346; and Microtel Inn and Suites 121 North Point Drive, Clarion, PA 16214.

More questions? If the website doesn’t answer them; please reach out to the Autocrats; THL Muirgheal inghean Dubhghaill (muirgheall at gmail.com, 724-683-7558) Baroness Elena de la Palma (elenadelapalma at gmail.com, 916-704-2367

Categories: SCA news sites

New video of wreck of Mars warship

History Blog - Wed, 2017-10-04 22:34

The wreck of the 16th century Swedish warship Mars, flagship of King Eric XIV (r. 1560-1568), son of Gustav Vasa, first of his dynasty and first king of an independent Sweden, has been captured in defiance of visibility conditions at the bottom of the Baltic in a crystalline combination of footage and 3D rendering.

In an ironic twist that isn’t all that ironic given the length of time involved, King Gustav Vasa had begun to build a permanent, state-run Swedish navy (as opposed to the medieval system of drafting merchant vessels for war duties as needed) with ships he bought from the Hanseatic city of Lübeck. After his death in 1560, his son Eric picked up where Dad left off, investing heavily in the development of a navy that could protect his crown, still tenuous given his father’s rebellion. Grasping at straws of legitimacy wherever he could find them, Eric slapped all those numbers after his name, claiming descent from ever so many Erics before him, real or legendary, related or not.

His Danish cousins were not impressed. They considered him a usurper just like his father. One of Eric’s solutions was to ramp up Swedish naval strength to control trade on the Baltic. Big ships were a key part of this plan. In 1561, he engaged master shipwright Holgerd Olsson to build the biggest ship yet. It was Eric’s idea to call it the Mars after the Roman god of war, telegraphing even more clearly his bellicose intent. Mars was completed in the fall of 1563, just in time for the fireworks. Also known as the Makalös (Matchless), the ship was big, the largest ever up until that point on the Baltic. It was said to be longer than Lübeck’s cathedral of St. Peter.

The Danes didn’t appreciate Eric’s ambitious encroachment on their turf in the lucrative Baltic market and neither did Lübeck. In 1563, the conflict escalated into the Northern Seven Years’ War. It was Sweden against Denmark–Norway, Lübeck and the Polish–Lithuanian union. Sweden’s navy was already intimidating compared to its rivals. It had 38 ships, 16 of them large warships. The Mars was armed with at least 100 guns, perhaps as many as 200, depending on which source you believe. Its heavy artillery enabled it to fight at a distance, eschewing the old-fashioned boarding followed by hand-to-hand combat tactics that had dominated naval warfare for so long.

When the Mars and other Swedish warships went up against the fleets of Denmark, Lübeck and the Polish–Lithuanian union off the coast of the Swedish island of Öland on May 30th, 1564, at first Mars seemed to dominate the field. With those big guns of hers, she disabled the Danish flagship Fortuna and sank the Lübeckian ship Alte Bark. The Danish and Lübeckian commanders realized they would have to board her or face certain defeat. On day two of the engagement, they managed to do just that. The only problem is the Mars was on fire. The enemy crews only had enough time to board her and initiate looting procedures before they were all blown sky high in an explosion so powerful that it shot the ship’s mainmast straight up in the air like a crossbow bolt. The Mars sank quickly, taking many coins, cannons and lives to the cold Baltic seafloor with it.

After decades, centuries even, of fruitless searches, in 2011 the wreck of the Mars was found near Öland 250 feet below the surface of the water. Even though it went down in such a spectacular fashion, it was in excellent condition. Its guts were exposed in the explosion, but the wood has been perfectly preserved by the Baltic’s slow currents, cold water and lack of woodworm.

From its discovery in 2011 through 2015, marine archaeologists have been studying the wreck under very difficult conditions. It’s so deep and cold, visibility is literally zero and it’s not possible to dive in a regular way. They needed a special mix of gases to protect them from the bends, and documenting the wrack in total darkness required specialized scanning equipment.

Over the course of several years, a research team led by Johann Rönnby, professor of maritime archaeology at Sweden’s Södertörn University, has photographed and scanned the 453-year-old wreck Mars, the legendary flagship of Swedish King Erik XIV. […]

The Mars wreck site was discovered in 2011 by Rönnby’s team near the Swedish island of Öland. Initial investigations of the vessel, lying at a depth of 250 feet, indicated that a combination of slow currents and a dark and cold environment helped to facilitate the stunning preservation of the wooden warship.

National Geographic helped fund the research, so keep your eyes peeled for the story to air on its cable channel. Meanwhile, here’s a taste of the breathtaking footage and rendering drawn from a site that requires hand-held Klieg lights to see even a tiny part of it.

Deep Sea Productions filmed the exploration of the wreck for a documentary. Below is a brief introductory video to the production and a surprisingly enjoyable clip of reenactments from the film. I’m not a fan of what I deem to be an overreliance on reenactments in history documentaries because I find them a cheesy shortcut to generate feeble “action scenes” as if the history itself couldn’t possibly keep bums in seats. I have to admit these look not too bad. (Still not good tho.)

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Court Report: Agincourt, September 23, A.S. 52

AEthelmearc Gazette - Wed, 2017-10-04 07:41

Here continues the Record of the Reign of Gareth and Juliana, King and Queen of Sylvan Æthelmearc, at Agincourt, September 23, Anno Societatis 52, in Their Shire of Sunderoak; as recorded by Lord Arias Beltran del Valle with the assistance of Lord Ronan O’Conall.

Their Majesties first gave leave to Their Excellencies Brandubh and Hilderun, Baron and Baroness of the Debatable Lands, to hold their court.

Their Excellencies’ court having been concluded, Their Majesties invited before them Mistress Arianna of Wynthrope to discuss the tournament held earlier in that day to determine Their Royal Majesties’ Youth Champion. Mistress Arianna informed Them that from the field of 6, two rose above the others, and Fox and Fritz were named Youth Champions in their divisions.

Mistress Arianna asked further leave of Their Majesties to discuss efforts to support those subjects of the Kingdoms of Ansteorra and Trimaris most recently affected by Hurricanes Harvey and Irma. She thanked the populace for their donations thus far, and informed them of further opportunities to donate at future events.

Their Majesties then called forth Lord Robert MacEwin of Thornhill. They tasked him, with the assistance of the other Lord Robert present, to take the toy box away to be found by the children of Æthelmearc, who were then asked to assemble before Their Majesties. Seeing their opportunity, the two Lords Robert sped from the room before the children of the Kingdom were sent to give chase by Their Majesties.

Their Majesties next invited Master Jacopo di Niccolo to attend them. Master Jacopo spoke of the tournament held that afternoon to determine Their Majesties’ Archery Champion. He summoned his Lordship Alrekr Bergsson and Lord Ronan O’Conall, the final two competitors on the day. Lord Ronan finished in second place, and was acknowledged by Their Majesties and granted a token in recognition of his skill.  But his Lordship Alrekr had emerged victorious on the day, and for this was he name Their Majesties’ Archery Champion. He was then granted the trappings of the champion and invited to join Their retinue in Court.

Photo by Lord Arias Beltran del Valle.

Their Majesties then called for the presence of Stiofan of Hahvehbier. Having heard of his efforts for decades in teaching new skills to SCAdians and spending time working with the Pennsic Land Staff, They were moved to recognize his efforts and awarded him Arms, creating him a Lord of Their Court. Illumination by Baron Caleb Reynolds,calligraphy not credited.


Photo by Lord Arias Beltran del Valle.


Their Majesties then demanded the presence of Wolfgang von Ostheim. They spoke of Wolfgang’s commitment to fighting for the Kingdom army, even returning from an injury to defend the Sylvan lands, as well as his assistance provided at events doing whatever needs done. For this was he, too, awarded Arms and made a Lord of Their Court. Scroll by Lady Felice de Thornton.

Photo by Lord Arias Beltran del Valle.


Lord Tertius Maximus Drusus was next summoned before Their Majesties. Word of his work as exchequer of Silva Vulcani, his teaching on the archery range, and his service in organizing transportation and other needs for his College had reached their ears. For this they thanked him and inducted him into the Order of the Keystone. Scroll by Thea Denes.

Photo by Lord Arias Beltran del Valle.


Their Majesties next called for Takamatsu-san Gentarou Yoshitaka. Their Majesties were of a similar mind, and so named him a member of the Order of the Keystone for his service as archery marshal in Their Barony-Marche of the Debatable Lands and his time spent working in Their kitchens and as a herald, and his efforts in building a camp gate for the Barony. Scroll by Lady Kolfina Jodisdottir.

Their Majesties summoned Lord Otto Boese before them. They thanked Lord Otto for his willingness to take on the role of exchequer in Their home Shire of Misty Highlands, and for making himself available to paint shields for Vikings at Miklagard and helping to set up and tear down other events. For this was he named a companion of the Order of the Keystone. Illumination by Baron Caleb Reynolds,calligraphy not credited.

Photo by Lord Arias Beltran del Valle.


His Lordship Oliver Sutton was then called before Them. Their Majesties had followed his Lordship’s work creating his own inks for scrolls and in researching and creating period furniture. For this They were well pleased, and did then induct him into the Order of the Sycamore. Scroll by Lady Rivka of the Debatable Lands.

Photo by Lord Arias Beltran del Valle.


Mistress Arianna of Wynthrope was then invited again before Their Majesties. They spoke of Mistress Arianna’s tireless devotion to the Kingdom over many decades, most notably as Kingdom Youth Marshal, and as one who serves where it is needed and is a role model for others to follow.  For these reasons were they moved to claim her as one of Æthelmearc’s own and did give her right to an Augmentation of Arms to be determined in consultation with Their Heralds. Scroll by Master Kieran MacRae.

Photo by Lord Arias Beltran del Valle.


Their Majesties then invited Master Jacopo di Niccolo to return once again to Their presence. Her Majesty spoke about the success of his tournament to choose the next archery champion, not simply as a way to determine his successor, but also as one of the most entertaining tournaments They had witnessed. For this was Master Jacopo named Her Majesty’s inspiration for the day and given a Golden Escarbuncle.

Their Majesties then bid all those who had worked on those scrolls awarded this day stand and be recognized amongst the populace. They also recognized Mistress Elisabeth Johanna von Flossenburg and Baroness Sybilla Detwyller for their efforts in creating their garb for the day.

There being no further business, the Court of Their Majesties was then closed.


Categories: SCA news sites

Yeovil Hoard on display at Museum of Somerset

History Blog - Tue, 2017-10-03 22:14

A hoard of 3,339 Roman coins unearthed in March of 2013 has gone on display at the Museum of Somerset in Taunton, just a hop, skip and a jump from where they were found in Yeovil.

The hoard was discovered neither by archaeologists nor by metal detector enthusiasts. This one was found by bulldozer driver Mark Copsey who was moving masses of earth during installation of a fake turf hockey pitch at the Yeovil Recreational Centre. We have his exceptionally keen eye to thank that the hoard wasn’t scattered to the four corners of the earth and the vessel destroyed. After he leveled the old hockey field, he looked back upon his works, ye mighty, and saw a green stain on the newly exposed surface of the soil. Upon further investigation, he saw coins and the remains of the pot (the top of it had been sheered off by the bulldozer). He contacted South West Heritage Trust who sent experts to explore the find site. The coins he had already picked up and put in a sealed bag were sent along to the British Museum for examination. The in situ coins and greyware vessel fragments were raised en bloc and excavated in controlled conditions in the BM lab.

Conservators found that all of the coins date to the 2nd-3rd centuries A.D., most to the 3rd. The most recent coins in the hoard date to around 270 A.D., which is probably around the time they were buried, a period of turmoil in Britain when usurpers created a splinter “Gallic Empire” and ruled as rivals to the official Roman emperor. The overwhelming majority of the coins, 3335, to be precise, are base silver coins. Out of that number, only 165 are silver denarii. The rest are less valuable radiates which became the most circulated denomination in the 3rd century. The remaining four of the 3,339 coins are large brass sestertii. In the 3rd century, four sestertii were worth a single silver denarius.

At least some of them had been stacked in little piles and wrapped with textiles before being buried in the pot. In one of those great archaeological flukes that descend upon us all too rarely, the corrosion from the metal created a sort of caked-on crust that ensured the survival of fragments of organic textiles even though the ground wasn’t waterlogged or a peat bog or extremely dry or extremely cold.

The hoard contains a large array of different coins struck under different emperors (40 emperors and empresses, to be precise) some of them of significant historical note. There’s a series of coins struck in 248 A.D. during the reign of Emperor Philip I which commemorate the 1,000th anniversary of the founding of the city of Rome. Their reverse sides depict exotic animals — hippos, elephants, lions — thousands of whom were slaughtered in the games celebrating the millennium birthday.

Two months after its discovery, the Yeovil Hoard was declared Treasure and valued by the Treasure Valuation Committee at £53,500 ($71,000). The usual practice is for a local museum to be offered the treasure contingent on their paying the assessed value as a reward to the finder and landowner. At first it looked like they might be in for a bumpy ride. One of Mark Copsey’s co-workers claimed it was a “group find” and that they all should get a cut, but the coroner’s inquest determined there was no basis for the claim. Copsey was declared the finder free and clear.

The Museum of Somerset declared its desire to acquire the hoard in no uncertain terms and launched a fundraiser. The South Somerset District Council, owners of the hockey pitch and rec center where the hoard was discovered, were very much in support of the goal of keeping the hoard close to where it was found. They decided to waive their rights to half the reward, leaving the museum with £26,750 to raise. They got donations from individuals, the Friends of the Museum of Somerset and grants from several art/cultural patrimony funds. It took more than a year, but the fee was raised in full and now the Yeovil Hoard will be exhibited in a local museum, albeit one that was recently renovated for millions of pounds and is now a state-of-the-art facility.

Somerset has been on a long roll hoard-wise. The spectacular Frome Hoard, 52,503 Roman coins buried in a single pot, was found less than 30 miles northeast of Yeovil and is now on display at the Museum of Somerset, as is the Shapwick Hoard, discovered in 1998 and still the largest group of silver denarii found in Britain. The museum is also the permanent home of the Priddy Hoard, gold jewelry buried 1300-1100 BC. during the Bronze Age, and from the same date range, a twisted gold torc that is widely acknowledged as the finest piece of gold work ever discovered in Somerset.

Stephen Minnitt, head of museums at South West Heritage Trust, said: “Somerset has gained a reputation for the exceptional number of Roman coin hoards discovered in the county – these include the well-known Shapwick and Frome hoards.

“We are delighted that, thanks to the support of our funders and the district council, we have also been able to secure the Yeovil Hoard for the county.”

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Artifacts of Life III

East Kingdom Gazette - Tue, 2017-10-03 20:19

The third Artifacts of a Life was held Sept. 30, 2017, in the Barony Beyond the Mountain. This very special arts and sciences competition format encourages participants to present items which a person from our period of study could have possessed. There were categories for entries which covered “elite” displays of 6 to 9 articles, “typical” collections of 3 to 5 items, and “team” or “village” entries by a group of participants (though there were no entries in that category this time).

Throughout the day, visitors and judges admired the presentations and discussed them with the seven entrants.

Lord Brendan Firebow

Lord Brendan Firebow’s display was of various items found on his person at the time of his untimely death (possibly in a duel) in the late 1500’s. Presented were glasses, a knife sheath, a belt, and a pouch. Decoration on the pouch, the edges of the belt, and the leather frames of the glasses, was chemically stained black with an iron solution. The strapless pouch was worn against the body and held in place by the belt. His research into the leather framed glasses led him to discover that these were important 16th century trade items.

Lady Aibhilin inghean Ui Phaidin

Lady Aibhilin inghean Ui Phaidin

Lady Aibhilin inghean Ui Phaidin presented glass bead jewelry as found in the Deer Park Farms Settlement site in County Antrim Ireland. Beads, such as those in the strung grouping of 11, were found scattered in the bedding in one of the homes of the site, and a glass-topped pin like those shown was found in another structure. The beads Aibhilin reproduced were among the most common types found throughout the site. The description of her experimental bead furnace was fascinating. Her research into the beads has ignited her desire to learn much more about medieval Irish history.

Baroness Ysabella de Draguignan

Baroness Ysabella de Draguignan

Baroness Ysabella de Draguignan’s artifacts were discovered while repairing WW2 damage to Maison Draguignan. An old box was found under broken floorboards. It contained a few playing cards, a pewter token, a padlock key, a fire-damaged pendant, a toy horse, a gravoir (a hair parting tool), and several handwritten notes and letters – items that would have been lovingly treasured by her 14th century persona. Participating in Artifacts of Life allowed Baroness Ysabella to explore art forms she had never attempted before.

Lord Bartholomew of Northampton was an archer on board the Mary Rose when it sank. His personal possessions include his yew longbow, arrows, wooden comb, embroidered purse, bracer (arm guard), wooden plate and bowl, bollock dagger and sheath, and a leather jerkin. It takes a special technique to pull a 104 pound bow.

Lord Bartholomew and his longbow

Lady Elaine Howys of Morningthorpe

Lady Elaine Howys of Morningthorpe

Lady Elaine Howys of Morningthorpe was the widow of a Master Broderer who left the service of Queen Elizabeth to start his own shop. Her will leaves the contents of the shop to her son-in-law and daughter, as he was in the trade as a journeyman and pattern drawer. Presented were merchandise, supplies, tools, patterns and work samples of various forms of Tudor and Elizabethan embroidery.

Lady Tola knitýr

Lady Tola knitýr was a 14th century Swiss noblewoman. She made two knitted purses, likely to be used as reliquary bags in her church. Spools of her handspun silk thread survive, on her spool stand. The tiny scale of the knitting, and the complex patterns, are evidence of her skill. She is looking forward to continuing her explorations of natural dyeing techniques.

Lady Rosamund von Schwyz

Lady Rosamund von Schwyz presented the tools and technique of bobbin lace. Her pillow includes a roller, to facilitate making lengths of lace, and she made several of the many bobbins in use.


These skillful entrants demonstrated both breadth and depth in their explorations of medieval life. Their enthusiasm for their work was readily apparent. In Baronial Court, the event stewards, Mistress Elizabeth Vynehorn and Baron Jehan du Lac, thanked the entrants and judges, and announced the results:
Lord Bartholomew of Northampton was the winner in the “elite” category.
Lady Tola knitýr was the winner in the “typical” category.
Lady Elaine Howys of Morningthorpe received the stewards’ choice prize.
Baroness Ysabella de Draguignan was honored with the Baron and Baroness’ choice prize.

Information and rules for Artifacts of a Life III can be read here:

Event staff requested that this report announce that the next Artifacts of a Life will be held in the Fall of 2019, so artisans and researchers should start planning their entries NOW!

Photos provided by Baron Joseph of the Red Griffin and Baroness Ygraine of Kellswood. Article written by Mistress Ose Silverhair and Baroness Ygraine of Kellswood.


Filed under: Arts and Sciences, Events Tagged: Arts and Sciences, events

Harvest Raids, the Making of Knights, and the Bonds We Share

AEthelmearc Gazette - Tue, 2017-10-03 19:57

By Lord Christian Goldenlok

Sir Thorsol is knighted. Photos by Baron Steffan.

In relation to each other, the rubber band of geographical life is made from unequal parts time and distance. When it stretches, all too often we have too much distance between us and not enough time to spend when we are together.

The opposite is also true. While it’s nice to visit with old friends around the fire, hearts become restless to look out to the horizon and build bonds away from home. In a perfect world, we could all live within walking distance. Until then, we have to use our time effectively. I am terrible at time management, mostly because I spent half my raids hugging people. It’s a rough life.

At Court at Harvest Raids, an Æthelmearc event in Western New York, my King and Queen made the first set of knights of their reign. Two men were presented, two men with whom I have very different relationships.

The first man to be brought forth was His Lordship Thorsol Solinauga. The Thorsol and I have been friends for years. He sought me out from the VERY beginning of my journey and has never once not made me feel welcomed at an event. He is either a saint or an incredible actor.  We have fought against and beside one another, and we have shared laughter, a love for this society, and many good conversations and will continue to do so. Thorsol is a popular man and inspired me to strive to build up people outside of the household and shire that I could love.

I have always measured my goodness based on his example. He is the gauge of inclusiveness to which I try to measure up. I have never heard him raise his voice in anger. Besides his deeds on the battlefield, I am sure that his diplomacy is something others should emulate. He can and will out-humble you. He is a dirty hippie. Sir Thorsol was the first man my King knighted. He is absolutely worthy of the station.

If he lived in Pittsburgh, we would throw pottery together, sing and play guitar together, or play boardgames together. He would be a part of my life because I would make him do so whether he wanted to or not. I love The Thorsol, and the beauty of the words spoken for him by friends I also know told me what I already knew for years: that many people are joined with me in sharing in my love for him. Thorsol spoke words of fealty on the Sword of State, he received his last unanswered blow from King Gareth, and he made his way, humbly and happily, to be with his new Chivalric brothers.

His ceremony was fantastic, and I wept happy, ugly tears for my friend, a man I wish I had more time with and less space away from. My house is a Bon Jovi-free zone.

After Sir Thorsol got the hell out of the way (Thorsol, GIT!), the crown proceeded to its next point of business and called forth Baron Dominic I-don’t-even-know-his-last-SCAdian-name. (Editor’s Note: Morland)

Sir Dominic is knighted.


Down the isle processed a handsome man with his beautiful wife whom I can’t recall I’ve ever met. As he and his retinue processed I thought to myself, “I don’t know her, nope, don’t know that guy, nope not him, nope don’t know her.”

The stranger knelt before my King and Queen, the King and Queen I know better than ANY other SCAdians, are masters of the fighting house to which I belong, and with whom I have spent countless hours. As the seconds passed, dichotomies between Dominic and Thorsol and the differences in my familiarity with the Royals and my familiarity with Baron Dominic began shooting through my mind.

As the introductory words were spoken, I searched my memory and couldn’t remember a time I had ever interacted with this man save a handshake or two, maybe a pat on the back in passing. Dominic and I have NEVER had the opportunity to sit and talk together. Earlier, as I had passed his vigil tent, I actually couldn’t recall any of the people who were standing guard for him or in that general vicinity. I’m Christian (expletive) Goldenlok and I know everybody… yet an entire group of people were unintentionally foreign to me.

Dominic’s heraldry is stunning, however.

To my delight, as the moments went on, I started to become slowly, intensely connected to these people, the man being knighted, and the ceremony.

Other people I didn’t know stood before the crown and offered their endorsements of Dominic. I started to feel a connection between their love for this man in relation to my love for the people that I hold dear. Tears streamed down the faces of many friends of Dominic, the majority of whom I have never become acquainted.

I began to feel the spirit of reverence that emanated through the ceremony. Words like honor, mental toughness, and graciousness poured out of the mouths of his friends, and I began to see that the same kinship that exists between me and Sir Thorsol absolutely exists between these fine people and their fine friend and brother, Dominic.

He began to tremble while kneeling before Their Majesties. You could visually comprehend that all his sacrifice, all his time spent in harness, all his time serving his friends, family, and the kingdom he calls home were about to manifest into becoming a Knight of Æthelmearc. He was aware of all this and, I imagine, was reacting to it. I empathized with the weight he was feeling. You could see he was humbled at being exulted by his friends. His dream, and the dreams and hopes and expectations others had of him, seemed to turn into a heartfelt, tangible reality with every word that filled the hall of that great Court. With the mounting of spurs, the clasp of cloak, and the fitting of the belt, he was being reworked, remade.

And then I started freaking ugly crying.


With so much strife in the modern world, it isn’t surprising that we occasionally need to be reminded that there is so much positivity and so much commonality that transcends the boundaries of time and distance in the SCA. As we struggle, as we toil in the fields, we must be reminded that there will come a time for harvest because of our collective dedication. It was obvious to me that many placed stones for Sir Dominic to walk on in his path to knighthood, and it was truly inspiring to see the love his friends showed him.


In closing, we must learn to become even more inclusive, to become even more open and honest and caring, and to realize that there is so much love in this world to be seen if only we fix our collective eyes to see it. I felt that love for you, Sir Dominic, and I hope we have time in the future. I’m grateful for both of these men, their separate retinues, their relation to us all, and their example to me.


Harvest Raids was fantastic!

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