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Unofficial Baronial Court Report from An Dubhaigeainn

East Kingdom Gazette - Fri, 2017-10-13 09:36

Unofficial Court Report from the Last Court of Baron David Vasquez De Valencia and Baroness Suzanne Neuber DeLondres, and First Court of Titus Aurelius Magnus and Baroness Sorcha of Stonegrave, held at A Funny Thing Happened to St. Andrew on the Way to the Forum – An Investiture
On September 16, A.S. 52, 2017 C.E.


Invited into court by their majesties, serenaded by Hugoline the Delicate, Their excellencies began their court with welcoming everybody to the day. They first gave a gift to the King and Queen of the East, a bounty of treats native to our Duck Land.

Their excellencies invited Lord Kaalos Dymas into court, but not being in attendance yet, Suzanne requested their Herald to come before them. Speaking of all the service Lady Violet Hughes has done for the barony from crafting new regalia to getting the Baron to finally register a device, they awarded her the Silver Feather and the Baroness gave a gift of purple trim.

Lord Ronan Fitzrobert was requested to come into court, but since he is the autocrat he was busy running around outside the hall. While he was tracked down their excellencies brought attention to Lord Peter of Hawkwood. For his activities in archery, his woodworking, and his overall service to the barony, he is inducted into the Order of Perseverance.

Ronan was located and escorted before their Excellencies. For having served as seneschal, web minister, helping with setup and breakdown of many events, and getting others to participate in all sorts of activities, he was deemed worthy of the Sylvanus Doke.

Lady Sorcha of Stonegrave was invited before their excellencies. For her work as retainer and “second brain” to her Excellency she was given a gift of a girdle belt, and His Majesty led the room in a chorus of “Ooooh, Ahhhh, Ohhh!” in appreciation of its beauty.

There was mention of a silent auction of stained glass to raise funds for the barony archery fund.

With final emotional words from each of their excellencies of thankfulness to everybody whom they have led, that concluded the last court of Baron David Vasquez de Valancia and Baroness Suzanne Neuber de Londres.

To read about each award and order mentioned here, please go to: http://scaducks.org/baronialawards.php


Their new excellencies opened their first court on the beautiful day with inviting those who were coronets prior to them up for recognition. Murdoch and Maigret of Carrigart, Jean Xavier Boullier, and Gianetta Lucia Allegretta, Ateno of Annun Ridge and Lassar Ignen Aeda, David Vasquez de Valencia and Suzanne Neuber de Londres. With words and tokens of thanks, they were sent back to their beers.

Baron Titus, sad that he won’t be able to be the Baronial heavy weapons Champion for a while talked about the tourney he held that day. Baroness Sorcha, before Titus was able to name the winners, gave him the duck token of thanks that all past champions receive. Conrad Jarnhand and Muiredach Ua Dálaig were called up as second and third place winners and awarded each a length of rattan. Ozurr the Bootgiver was called as the winner of the tournament and the new Champion and given a prize and regalia. Ozurr resumed his post as guard, and all four were cheered.

Laird Eanraig the Bonesetter was invited into court to talk about his tournaments. The first was a Roman senate tournament, and Master Cain Ramsay was declared the winner and given a prize of a book and a wooden chest and tasked with distributing the loot within. The next tournament was the Lorenzo Quintain memorial tournament to remember the self-proclaimed worst fighter in the kingdom. The winner was Anne de Bastillion and she was given a silver octopus brooch. The “winner” who did the worst was Marion of York who was instructed to run a memorial tournament within the next year, and she was then handed her ass on a silver platter. She received a delighted round of applause when she held high the plastic equine statue and shiny display plate for all to see.

Their excellencies invited before them Lady Fiona the Volatile and Lady Hugoline the Delicate. The ladies explained that the children had a very busy day, making candle holders for feast, and completed a scavenger hunt that included talking to peers! And Royalty! And The Baron! Two children completed the entire list of tasks. Keira of House Three Skulls and Sterling of House Three Skulls (no relation). They both received golden Duck Trophies. All the rest of the children were invited up to present to the new Baron and Baroness regalia of quacking duck bills, much to the delight of their Majesties.

Keira and Dahlia were requested to stay on stage as the rest of the children went back to playing. His excellency showed great appreciation for their efforts at waterbearing at Pennsic and general help at baronial events, and they were awarded Silver Eggs.

Their excellencies called into court Lord Thorolf Egilsen, Stefan de Londres, Lord Magnus de Londres, and Lady Medb O’Donnchada and they were awarded silver Feathers. It was pointed out that it was Medb’s birthday, so Lady Jenna Childslayer led the court in (thankfully only a few rounds of) the birthday dirge.

Master Jean Xavier Boullier was requested before their excellencies, and with a description of his many many roles such as Baron, Seneschal, Chamberlain, and the unofficial role of “he does absolutely everything”, he was bestowed a large silver feather.

Lord Ozurr the Bootgiver, Tycho Mikkleson, and Lord Yisrael ben Baron were called into court and each were given a token and welcomed into the order of the Drake’s Spur.

Their excellencies invited before them Duchessa Isabella of York. Thanking her for her support she was given a token of a stone duck.

Mistress Suzanne Neuber the Londres was invited into court for her support and inspiration, and was also given a token of thanks of an amber duck.

After Lord Bleiddwn Emrys brought the clown god statue Horus to take his place next to His Excellency, thus ended the court of Baron Titus Aurelius Magnus and Baroness Sorcha of Stonegrave.

To read about each award and order mentioned here, please go to: http://scaducks.org/baronialawards.php

Filed under: Court Tagged: An Dubhaigeainn, baronial court, court report, Investiture

King’s and Queen’s Thrown Weapons Championships / Champions de Lancer d’Armes de Jet du Roi et de la Reine

East Kingdom Gazette - Thu, 2017-10-12 21:55

En français

On July 6-9th, the Province of Malagentia hosted the Great Northeastern War XXXI which included the East Kingdom King’s and Queen’s Thrown Weapons Championships. The championship brought throwers from the Kingdom’s many regions to compete for the honor of becoming King’s or Queen’s Champion. This year’s championship was deviously designed by Matteo Genovese of Quintavia, Queen’s Champion and Magnus the Broken of Hadchester, King’s Champion. Qualifiers to enter the championship consisted of a royal round thrown without breaks between distance or weapons forms with multiple chances to qualify. Twenty five people threw qualifying rounds from Thursday evening through Saturday morning. Of the twenty five, the top sixteen were chosen to compete in a bracket.

Spear Throwing at Kings and Queens Thrown Weapons Championships

Bryon de Burgh, Carolingia
Arlyana van Wyck, Carolingia
Mikael McCue, Caer Adamant
Serafina Della Torre, Glenn Linn
Peter the Red, Carolingia
Velikail of Deltuva, Hadchester
Patrick the Red, Quintavia
Gerry, Malagentia
Kazimierz, Carolingia
William the Mysterious, Anglespur
Safiya al-Naghira, Bergental
Sweyne MacAwliffe, Malagentia
Cristoff Gockerhan von Loch, Carolingia
Asher de Lincolia. Carolingia
Cedric of Thanet, Endewearde
Thorormr Barnakarl, Bergental

The first round of finals was crafted by Matteo. The target and format were unlike anything seen by most Eastern throwers. When asked about his motivations for designing this tournament, Matteo stated, “I wanted to test the throwers ability to adapt to changes in height, which effects rotation, and to the pressure that competing head to head against someone brings.” Throwers competed on an 8’x10’ board throwing wall. The format consisted of head to head competition between throwers evenly matched in number of weapons. Throwers took turns throwing for up to five minutes or fifty throws. The first round consisted of axes with a second round of knives with the winner moving on to the next round. In the case of a tie between Cedric of Thanet and Cristoff Gockerhan von Loch, there was a rousing spear-off.

Winners of the Axe Round:

Competitors throwing axes.

Bryon de Burgh
Mikael McCue
Velikail of Deltuva
Sweyne MacAwliffe
Cristoff Gockerhan von Loch
Cedric of Thanet

Finals included highly engineered, reactive targets constructed by Magnus the Broken, King’s Champion. His motivation came from both modern cinema and the interest in using thrown weapons to disorient foes carrying axes while armored with helmets. Kazimierz, Cristoff, Bryon, and Gerry competed in the final four, head to head. Throwers had the option to throw any three possible thrown weapon at targets. The first task was to hit the head of a shield wielding figure in order to knock the head back and cause the foe to drop their shield. Once this portion of the challenge was complete, throwers then had to throw another weapon at the direct center of the target, with the closest throw winning. Another challenge unlike we have seen in the East, throwers chose a variety of weapons. Axe, spear, and rocks were among the choices of our finalists. Fencers commented that they could hear our cheers from the fencing field.

Entrants and spectators, including the King Ioannes and Queen Honig, saw a clear winner and Queen’s Champion in newcomer Bryon De Burgh whose well executed throws defeated both the enemy and competitors with his deadly accuracy. Bryon said that he had great fun at the tournament. He felt that the tournament tested both one’s nerves and throwing ability. The number of spectators added to the pressure and excitement.

The King and Queen retired to hear counsel from the outgoing champions and trusted advisors regarding King’s Champion. At the Thrown Weapons range, assembled throwers and spectators commented on the camaraderie and courtesy show by competitors. Entrants competed with honor by sharing weapons and giving encouragement to rivals within the tournament.

Joy for a new Queen’s Champion and anticipation of word for a King’s Champion accompanied throwers to evening court. Before a large assembled crowd, the outgoing champions were thanked for their service and a successful champions tournament. Bryon De Burgh was called up to become Queen’s Champion and Sir Cedric of Thanet was announced as King’s Champion. When asked about his goals as King’s Champion, Cedric has a priority to bring people together for Thrown Weapons events. He would also like to see more folks get recognized for their abilities and contributions to the Thrown Weapons community. Bryon, Queen’s Champion has a goal to teach at as many events and practices as possible. He has a hope that Thrown Weapons will become as popular and competitive as the other martial activities in the SCA.

Photo provided by Sara Swetechicke

En français – traduit par Behi Kirsa Oyutai

Les 6 au 9 juillet, la Province de Malagentia a été l’hôte de la Grande Guerre du Nord-est XXXI, ou se sont déroulés les championnats de Lancer d’armes de jet du Roi et de la Reine du Royaume de l’Est. Le championnat a amené de nombreux lanceurs provenant de toutes les régions du Royaume à se présenter pour l’honneur de devenir Champion du Roi ou de la Reine. Le championnat de cette année a été machiavéliquement imaginé par Matteo Genovese de Quintavia, Champion de la Reine, ainsi que Magnus the Broken de Hadchester, Champion du Roi. Les qualifications pour entrer le championnat consistaient en une ronde royale lancée sans pause entre les distances ou les armes, avec de multiples chances de se qualifier. 25 personnes ont lancé des rondes de qualifications, entre la soirée de jeudi, jusqu’au matin du samedi. Des 25 personnes, les 16 meilleurs scores ont été sélectionnés pour s’affronter.

Bryon de Burgh, Carolingia
Arlyana van Wyck, Carolingia
Mikael McCue, Caer Adamant
Serafina Della Torre, Glenn Linn
Peter the Red, Carolingia
Velikail of Deltuva, Hadchester
Patrick the Red, Quintavia
Gerry, Malagentia
Kazimierz, Carolingia
William the Mysterious, Anglespur
Safiya al-Naghira, Bergental
Sweyne MacAwliffe, Malagentia
Cristoff Gockerhan von Loch, Carolingia
Asher de Lincolia. Carolingia
Cedric of Thanet, Endewearde
Thorormr Barnakarl, Bergental

La première ronde de finales a été faite par Matteo. Les cibles et le type de lancers étaient nouveaux pour la majorité des lanceurs de l’Est. Lorsqu’interrogé à propos de l’inspiration derrière la conception de ce tournoi, Matteo dit: “Je voulais tester l’habileté des lanceurs à s’adapter aux changements de hauteur, qui affectent la rotation, et à la pression de devoir compétitionner directement contre un autre lanceur.” Les lanceurs se sont affrontés en visant un mur de 8×10 pouces. Il s’agissait  de lancer côte à côte avec un autre participant avec un nombre égal d’armes. Les lanceurs ont lancé chacun leur tour pendant cinq minutes, ou 50 lancers. La première ronde s’est complétée avec des haches, avec une seconde ronde de couteaux, duquel le gagnant progressait ensuite à la prochaine ronde. Dans le cas d’une égalité entre Cedric of Thanet et Cristoff Gockerhan von Loch, il y a eu un excitant bris d’égalité à la lance.

Gagnants de la Ronde des Haches:

Bryon de Burgh
Mikael McCue
Velikail of Deltuva
Sweyne MacAwliffe
Cristoff Gockerhan von Loch
Cedric of Thanet

Les finales incluaient des cibles hautement techniques et réactives construites par Magnus the Broken, Champion du Roi. Son inspiration lui est venue aussi bien du cinéma moderne que de son intérêt d’utiliser des armes de lancer afin de désorienter des ennemis portant des haches, tout en étant armurés d’un casque. Kazimierz, Cristoff, Bryon, et Gerry ont compétitionné dans les demi-finales, un contre un. Les lanceurs avaient l’option de lancer n’importe lequel des trois armes possibles sur les cibles. La première tâche était de frapper la tête d’un soldat protégé d’un bouclier afin de faire tomber la tête, ce qui forçait l’ennemi à lâcher son bouclier. Une fois que cette portion du défi était complète, les lanceurs devaient ensuite lancer une autre arme au centre de la cible, le compétiteur le plus proche du milieu étant déclaré gagnant. Un autre défi comme nous en avons rarement vu dans l’Est, les lanceurs ont choisi une variété d’armes. Haches, lances et même roches ont été parmi les choix de nos finalistes. Des escrimeurs ont commenté qu’ils pouvaient entendre nos applaudissements du terrain d’escrime.

Les participants et les spectateurs, incluant le Roi Ioannes et la Reine Honig, ont identifié un gagnant sans équivoque et Champion de la Reine en la personne du nouveau Bryon de Burgh, dont les lancers superbement effectués ont anéanti tant les ennemis que la compétition avec précision mortelle. Bryon a dit qu’il avait eu beaucoup de plaisir pendant le tournoi. Il pensait que le tournoi avait testé autant la contenance des compétiteurs, ainsi que leur habileté. Le nombre de spectateurs ajoutait au stress et à l’euphorie.

Le Roi et la Reine se sont ensuite retirés afin d’entendre les conseils des champions sortants et de leurs conseillers de confiance au sujet du Champion du Roi. Sur le champ de tir d’armes de jet, les lanceurs assemblés ainsi que les spectateurs commentaient la camaraderie et la courtoisie qui avait été démontré par les compétiteurs. Les participants ont concouru avec honneur en partageant leurs armes et donnant les encouragements à leurs rivaux pendant le tournoi.

Ô joie, car un nouveau Champion de la Reine et l’anticipation d’un résultat sur le Champion du Roi accompagnaient les lanceurs à la cour du soir. Devant une grande assemblée, les champions sortants ont été remerciés de leur service, ainsi que de leur fabuleux tournoi. Bryon de Burgh a été appelé pour devenir le Champion de la Princesse et Sir Cedric of Thanet a été annoncé comme étant le Champion du Roi. Quand nous lui avons demandé ses plans en tant que Champion du Roi, Cedric a répondu qu’il souhaitait faire une priorité d’inciter plus de gens à se réunir pour des événements de lancer d’armes. Il aimerait aussi voir plus de gens reconnus pour leurs habiletés et contributions à la communauté de lancer d’armes de jet. Bryon, Champion de la Reine, a pour sa part comme but d’enseigner au maximum d’événements et pratiques possibles. Il espère que le Lancer d’Armes deviendra aussi populaire et compétitif que les autres activités martiales dans la SCA.

Photos provided by Sara Swetechicke

Filed under: En français, Events, Thrown Weapons Tagged: champions, thrown weapons

Update 2: National Portrait Gallery bought Adams portrait

History Blog - Thu, 2017-10-12 11:48

The best-case scenario for history and museum nerds has come to pass! The buyer of the 1843 daguerreotype of John Quincy Adams sold at auction last week for $360,500 is the Smithsonian Institution’s National Portrait Gallery.

This could not be a more perfect fit. Collecting images of US presidents has been a key part of the NPG’s mission since the museum opened in 1968. Today it houses the only complete collection of presidential portraits outside the White House, from formal oil paintings by portrait masters like Gilbert Stuart and John Trumbull to bronze sculptures of political cartoons, plaster casts of presidential body parts, medals, prints, silhouettes and of course, photographs. The Smithsonian already has two other daguerreotypes of John Quincy Adams in its collections, one in the NPG taken a few months after the Haas portrait in August of 1843, the second in the National Museum of American History taken in 1846.

The Haas daguerreotype one will take pride of place because it is older than the others in the collection and indeed the earliest known surviving photographic portrait of an American president.

“John Quincy Adams, son of John Adams, was the last President to have a direct tie back to the Founding generation, and the fact that he sat in front of a camera to have his portrait taken, is sort of remarkable,” said Kim Sajet, director of the National Portrait Gallery. “It confirms that in many ways America was born modern; embracing not only new government ideals but also the latest technologies that helped its leaders to become accessible to the public. To have acquired this unique piece of American history on the eve of our 50th anniversary has particular resonance because one of our goals is to remind people that the individual actions of our leaders and how we record their legacies impact the future.” […]

Adding to the significance of bringing this historic portrait to the museum is the crucial role Adams played in establishing the Smithsonian Institution. For over a decade, Adams tirelessly advocated for the implementation of James Smithson’s bequest to establish an institution dedicated to the increase and diffusion of knowledge. With this acquisition, the Portrait Gallery brings this singular treasure to its permanent collection and enriches the way the museum portrays Adams’ remarkable story as President, statesman and champion for the Smithsonian.

The newly acquired portrait of John Quincy Adams will go on public display next year in the National Portrait Gallery’s revamped America’s Presidents exhibition.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Largest Old Kingdom obelisk fragment found in Saqqara

History Blog - Wed, 2017-10-11 23:55

A joint French-Swiss archaeological mission has discovered the tip of an obelisk from the Old Kingdom in the necropolis of Saqqara. At more than eight feet in length, the red granite fragment is largest piece of an Old Kingdom obelisk ever found. Archaeologists estimate that the complete obelisk was around 16 feet high. A groove around the top of the obelisk, the pyramidion, indicates that it was originally capped with copper plates or gold foil so it could reflect the sun and shine brightly during the day.

An incomplete inscription on one side of the obelisk identifies it as dedicated to 6th Dynasty Queen Ankhnespepy II (ca. 2350 B.C.), wife and mother of multiple pharaohs.

Mostafa Waziri, secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, told Ahram Online that the artefact was found at the eastern side of the queen’s pyramid and funerary complex, which confirms that it was removed from its original location at the entrance of her funerary temple.

“Queens of the 6th dynasty usually had two small obelisks at the entrance to their funerary temple, but this obelisk was found a little far from the entrance of the complex of Ankhnespepy II,” Waziri pointed out, suggesting it may have been dragged away by stonecutters from a later period.

Most of the necropolis was used as a quarry during the New Kingdom and Late Period.

Ankhesenpepy II was no stranger to powerful women. Her mother Nebet was the first female vizier in Egyptian history (that we know of, at least), appointed by Pharaoh Pepy I. There would not be a second woman to hold that position until the 26th Dynasty. Both of her daughters married and gave birth to pharaohs. Ankhesenpepy I and II married their mom’s boss Pepy I. After his death, Queen Ankhesenpepy II married her sister’s son Pharaoh Merenre Nemtyemsaf I, which is why she also went by Queen Ankhnesmeryre II. According to the South Saqqara Stone annals which record the reigns of Sixth Dynasty pharaohs, Merenre reigned for about a decade and was succeeded by his and Ankhesenpepy II’s son Pepy II.

Pepy II was a young boy when he acceded the throne, no older than six, and it’s likely that his mother served as regent in the early years of what would become a very, very long reign (spanning at least seven decades and possibly as long as 88 years). A beautiful alabaster statue now in the Brooklyn Museum portrays them both as rulers. The mother, much larger than her boy king son, holds him in her lap. His small size and position on his mother’s lap indicate his youth, but they are formally posed, each looking forward in different directions, and he is adorned and titled with the ornaments of his office. He wears the nemes headdress with the cobra of a pharaoh, and an inscription under his feet declares him “King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Pepy II, beloved of the god Khnum, given all life, like Re, forever.” An inscription under Ankhesenpepy’s feet reads: “Mother of the King of Upper and Lower Egypt, the god’s daughter, the revered one, beloved of Khnum, Meryre-anhknes.”

A relief of Ankhesenpepy at the ancient site of Wadi Maghareh on the Sinai Peninsula depicts her as the same size as her adult son, a meaningful distinction in Egyptian art. While there are no explicit references to her regency in the archaeological record, this iconography and the realities of a six-year-old pharaoh strongly suggest she was the effective ruler until he came of age, and thereafter continued to hold an elevated place at her son’s court. The size of her funerary pyramid, built during Pepy II’s reign, also attests to her unique importance. It is second only to his in size.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Court Report: Pennsic, August A.S. 52

AEthelmearc Gazette - Wed, 2017-10-11 20:50

From the Scrolls of the Reign of Timothy and Gabrielle, King and Queen of Æthelmearc , as recorded by Dame Kateryna ty Isaf, Jewel of Æthelmearc Herald with the assistance of THLady Sophie Davenport, Silver Buccle Herald, Lord Cormacc Mac Gilla Brigde, Raindrop Herald, Lord Arias Beltran del Valle, Misty Highlands Herald, Master Liam Mac An TSaoir, Sycamore Herald, Lady Matilda de Creppelgate, Onyx Herald, THLord Michael Langley of Riversmeet, Baroness Isabel Fleuretan, Baroness Isolda filia Georgii, Baron Magnus de Lyons and Freiherrin Helena Mützhasen at Pennsic War in the Canton of Steltonwald in the month of August, Anno Societatis LII.

The Court of Their Majesties, Timothy and Gabrielle opened in Æthelmearc Royal Encampment on Tuesday, August 1, Anno Societatis LII, during Haakon Oaktall’s Annual Celebration of the Bardic Arts, did Their Majesties, Timothy and Gabrielle, presented Viscountess Eleanor of Waldren with an Augmentation of Arms, and to present Viscount Sir Haakon Thorvaldson, known as Oaktall, with Heraldic Supporters of two hounds. A drinking horn for Eleanor and a spear for Haakon were presented as tokens. The combined scroll is a work in progress by Sophie Davenport with text by Master Fridrikr Tomasson.

On Thursday, August 3, Anno Societatis LII, in the merchant area, Their Majesties asked Lady Una von Rabenwald, called Oonaugh, to come forward.  For her work sharing research and teaching Persian and Indian garb as well as fiber arts, Their Majesties inducted her into the Order of the Keystone.  The scroll was created by the hand of Lady Edana the Red.

Their Majesties next asked Lord Drogo Rabenwald to step forward.  For his beautiful work in Metal and blacksmithing, Their Majesties, after counsel with Their Order, did induct him into the Order of the Fleur d’Æthelmearc and grant him Arms thus titling him The Honorable Lord Drogo Rabenwald.  The scroll was a work by THLady Abigail Kelhoge.

Later that evening, in the camp of the Shire of Ballachlagan, Their Majesties called before Them, Conwre Ravenson to discuss how helpful he has shown himself to be to his shire with set up and tear down from many events.  Further, They saw how diligently he worked as timekeeper at Pennsic and were moved to Award him Arms thus making him a Lord of the court.  The scroll was by Lady Edana the Red.

Their Majesties also called for Sienna Ravenshaw to present herself unto Them.  Having been advised of her tireless endeavors to keep the Shire of Ballachlagan running smoothly as a waterbearer, as a troll at the gate and with set up and tear down from events, They were moved to make her a member of the Order of the Keystone and thereby confer upon her an Award of Arms.  Lady Sienna’s scroll was a work by Mistress Arianna of Whynthrope.

On Saturday, August 5, Anno Societatis LII, at the AEdult Swim Pennsic Edition Pas d’Arms, Their Majesties thanked those gentles in attendance from all over the Known World and asked that they please be patient whilst matters concerning Æthelmearc were attended to.

Their Majesties called forth The Honorable Lord Tegrinus de Rhina.  Having seen his prowess upon the Rattan field increase and noting his willingness to travel far and wide to learn and teach the art of combat, Their Majesties felt it fitting to ensure that he consider taking his place among the peerage.  They invited before Them the most noble Order of the Chivalry present and asked that they take His Lordship forth to sit vigil in contemplation of becoming a member of said Order.

Their Majesties bid Sir Stevan Ulfkellson to remain before Them.  Knowing of his extensive research into the Viking way of life and arts as well as his woodworking skill, They invited before Them those members of the Order of the Laurel present and asked Sir Stefan to consider joining this noble Order.  They advised They would confer with him further to accept his response once he had sought the counsel of his peers.

Their Majesties then called for Baron Eric Grenier de Labarre, known as Grendel, to present himself before Them.  Their Majesties spoke on how grateful They were to find Themselves the first King and Queen able to create members of the Order of Defense when They were last upon the thrones.  They were pleased with how far the Order had expanded since then, but felt it was lacking still.  They invited before Them the Masters of Defense present and asked they take forth Baron Grendel to give him wise counsel so that he might answer Their summons and answer if he would take his place amongst his peers of the Order.

On Monday, August 7, Anno Societatis LII upon the battlefield prior to the Field Battle, Their Majesties called before them the Order of the Chivalry, and finding the number lacking, called forth Baroness Beatrix Kreiger.  For the Order of the Rose, Countess Caryl Olesdatter spoke on Baroness Beatrix’s fierce and brave heart, how she inspires and will continue to inspire. For the Order of the Laurel, Meisterin Felicitas Flußmüllnerin spoke on how an artist looks for inspiration and needs to teach, and how Baroness Beatrix was that inspiration and leads and teaches freely. For the Order of the Pelican, Sir Murdoch Bayne spoke on how Baroness Beatrix inspires new generations, sets the bar to show newcomers that “I can do that too” and that is a great service. For the Order of Defense, Master Benedict Fergus atte Mede spoke on Baroness Beatrix’s defense of the Kingdom, but further her joy and delight in being a warrior. For the Order of the Chivalry, Duke Magnus Tindal spoke of the chivalric virtue of Renown and how Baroness Beatrix was known throughout the known world, and how she was the example of what chivalry is and how it can inspire. The following regalia was presented: spurs made by made by THL Kai Saer Pren, presented by Sir Jan Javonivich; a belt presented by THL Thorsol Solinauga; a cloak made by Meisterin Felicitas Flußmüllnerin and Freiherrin Helena Mützhasen, presented by Duchess Etain ingen Dalaig. The ancestral chain was brought forth by Sir Morgan of Rye, who recited the lineage of the Knights of Æthelmearc . Baroness Beatrix swore fealty to the Crown and was further presented with a legacy chain presented by Sir Rowan de la Garnison on behalf of Sir Sichelgaita von Halstern, with instructions to pass it on to someone worthy; and a personal chain made by Baron Ulrich Drachendonner of both new links as well as links from the chains of Sir Yngvar the Dismal, Sir Murdoch Bayne, and Sir Magnus Tindal. King Timothy, with the assistance of Earl Yngvar the Dismal, then dubbed Baroness Beatrix a Knight of the Society by letters Patent. His Majesty then delivered the buffet. Scroll by Sir Murdoch Bayne with inspiration by Baroness Rioghnach ny Rise and Lady Abby Rose as reported by herald at large Freiherrin Helena Mützhasen.

Later that same day, upon the battlefield at the conclusion of the 10 Man Battle, Their Majesties called forth The Honorable Lord Ulrich von Swartzburg.  Their Majesties having seen the prowess of this man in battle and the noble bearing with which he comports himself did feel it a worthy thing that They were to do.  They invited before Them the most noble Order of the Chivalry and having taken counsel from this order did ask them to take THL Ulrich forth and conduct him to his vigil for contemplation into their Order.

In the Barony Marches of the Debatable Land’s dinner at Æthelmearc Royal Encampment that afternoon, Their Majesties called forth Lord Kumagaya Kentarou Masamoto.  For his work in the Thrown Weapons community running practices and ranges and volunteering for any work needing done, They inducted him to the Order of the Keystone.  The scroll was by Lady Edana the Red.

That evening, in the camp of Talbot’s Keep, Their Majesties, invited Sir Stevan Ulfkellson before Them. Having sat vigil and contemplated that day, he answered that yes, he would indeed accept elevation to the Most Noble Order of the Laurel.  Syr Hrothgeirr and Sir Alric of the Mists spoke as The Order of Chivalry.  Master James Irvin known as Quinn Kerr spoke as Master of Defense.  Viscountess Isegerdr spoke as a Pelican. Duchess Ilish O’Donovan spoke as a Lady of the Rose. It was noted that Her Grace spoke of Stefan’s kindness and generosity. giving of his knowledge, sharing his ideas, and his hospitality to open his home and his workshop to others.  Duke Duncan von Halstern spoke as a Royal Peer.   Mistress Marsi of Hadley spoke as a Laurel.   Then, Their Majesties received his oath and created Stefan a member of the Order of the Laurel.  As reported by herald at large Baron Magnus de Lyons.

Later that evening, in the vigil for Baroness Anna Eisenkopf, Their Majesties called Baroness Rynea Ingen of Stormsport to attend Them.  Speaking of her long dedication and tireless efforts as Mistress of the Lists, They felt moved to issue a writ for her to sit vigil and contemplate induction to the most noble Order of the Pelican.  Furthermore, owing to Their Majesties’ imminent retirement, They advised her that Their Heirs and she would need to confer upon a time when she would be elevated to the peerage.

On Tuesday, August 7, Anno Societatis 52, upon the conclusion of the Rapier Field Battle, Their Majesties called forth Baron Eric Grenier de Labarre, known as Grendel.  Upon confirmation that it was his wish to proceed, They invited before Them the Order of Defense.  Their Majesties asked for those who would speak to his worthiness for this honor.  First to speak was Count Thomas Byron of Haverford  for the Order of Chivalry noting how Grendel had persevered and came back from injury to become a better fencer.  Next Mistress Alys Mackyntoich spoke for the Order of the Laurel of how he has the heart of a peer.  Then came words written by Mistress Rhiannon the Curious and read by Mistress Nataliia Anastasiia Evgenova Sviatoslavina vnuchka about how he always does the work needed without complaint and teaches to be patient and count to 30 before replying in difficult moments.  After this Countess Elena d’Artois le Tailleur speaking as a Royal Peer and Lady of the Rose told about his virtue of Franchise and how he smiles through adversity.  As a Jewel of Æthelmearc , Duchess Dorinda Courtenay stated his service was multifaceted as a guard, champion and leader.  Words from Master Christian de Launey were read by Baroness Katja Davidova Orlova Khazarina of how he has given freely of himself to any in need.  For herself, as Mrs. Grendel, Baroness Katja advised that he has been a peer in her eyes for many years.  Lastly Master Benedict Fergus atte Mede spoke of how he learned to be a better man because he learned to be more like Grendel.  Their Majesties, having received such good counsel, resolved to proceed.  They called for a collar to be place about his neck, a cloak to be draped upon his shoulder and a pie to be eaten later.  Then Their Majesties inducted him into the Order of Defense, named him a Peer of the Society by Letters Patent and accepted his oath.

That evening in the Æthelmearc Pennsic Court in the Great Hall, Their Majesties called forth Fox.  They spoke of the prowess of Their Youth Champion and seeing the good work done that brought Fox to this point, They recognized the dedication shown by inducting him into the Order of the Silver Alce.  The scroll was unattributed.

Their Majesties called for William of Arindale the Younger and bid he take up the toy chest.  Then Their Majesties, called the children present to come before Them and knowing the children had become wise to the process of chasing the chest, asked they please be gentle with Their son.  A countdown was given and the youth chased William out of the court.

Their Majesties announced that the following gentles were to now be known as citizens of the Kingdom of Æthelmearc : Robeke von Heidelberg, Matthew of Sable Maul now known as Reinhard Doebbeler, John of Sable Maul now called Skjoldr Skotandi,  and Jamie of Sable Maul.

Their Majesties called forth the Order of the Fleur d’Æthelmearc.  Once assembled, They advised there was a member of the populace who should be added to the Order.  They then called Lord Johannes Ramsey to attend Them.  For his skill in Ironwork, They granted him arms and made him a member of the Order of the Fleur d’Æthelmearc .  The scroll was created by THL Mary Elizabeth Clausen.

Their Majesties then called for Baron Edward Harbinger and Lord Snorri skyti Bjarnarson to attend Them.  Their Majesties spoke of the level of skill required to attain the rank of Master Bowman and advised that both had acquired such a prowess and wished to congratulate them within the court.

Their Majesties invited Mistress Jacquetta de Mehun to Their court.  For her long term service at both local and Kingdom levels, They created her a Baroness of the Æthelmearc court.  The scroll made by the hand of Lady Felice de Thornton.

Their Majesties invited before Them Mistress Sarah of the Erie Sea.  They thanked her for her willingness to travel to Their Kingdom to support Combat Archery throughout the western half of Æthelmearc.  They advised that such service had not gone unnoticed and while she was not a citizen of our Kingdom, They nevertheless felt her service here deserved acknowledgement, thus They inducted her into the Order of the Keystone with a scroll created by Lady Felice de Thornton.

Their Majesties called forth Lady Sigrid Schreiber.  For her generous sharing of her tremendous talent in creating beautiful portraits, often for those she does not personally know, Her Majesty was moved to add her to the Queens Order of Excellence. [Editor’s note: this is the Æthelmearc Award of Excellence]

Their Majesties asked Beatrix Ghijs to attend Them.  For her help in the kitchens, with child minding and her kindness to others at events and practices, They Awarded her Arms and made her a Lady of the court.  The scroll was by Bronwyn of BMDL.

Their Majesties summoned Gwyn de Brymore.  Having heard of his assistance waterbearing at every battle at Pennsic and willingness to look after anyone in need, They were moved to induct him into the Order of the Keystone and confer upon him an Award of Arms, thus making him a Lord of the court.  The scroll was a work by Lord Leo Dietrich.

Their Majesties then called forth Baron Friderich Swartzwalder.  For his work as Kingdom Combat Archer Marshal, They inducted him into the Order of the Keystone.   The scroll was by the hand of THLady Eleanor Godwin.

Their Majesties called forth Lady Alita of Hartstone.  For her prowess on the fencing field and her active work within Silva Vulcani, Their Majesties inducted her into the Order of the Golden Alce.  The scroll was created by THLady Zofia Kowalewska.

Their Majesties called before Them Lord Olafr the Mercenary.  Knowing him to be a dedicated member of Borderwatch always ready with mace and sword, They saw fit to induct him into the Order of the Golden Alce.  The scroll was unattributed.

Next Their Majesties summoned Lord Hrungnir Hjaldarbjorn.  For his tooled leather skills, They inducted him into the Order of the Sycamore.  The scroll was limned by Mistress Maria Christina de Cordoba and calligraphed by Lady Isabella Montoya.

Their Majesties called forth Lady Vera Ivanova Tostikova.  For her service and leadership in the Archery community, They inducted her into the Order of the Keystone.  The scroll was a work by THLady Zofia Kowalewska.

Their Majesties called for Lord Takeda Jiro Masahige, known as Doga, to attend Them.  As he is a dedicated fighter who fought for the honor of our kingdom twice at the Gulf Wars, They saw fit to induct him into the Order of the Golden Alce.  The scroll was a work by the hand of Lord Sasson della Sancta Victoria.

Their Majesties then called forth Lord Grimbald Deth and Lady Angel Deth.  For his teaching of new fighters and her leading the water bearers of Sable Maul, Their Majesties made each a member of the Order of the Keystone.  The scrolls were works on copper plate by Her Highness Juliana, Princess of Æthelmearc.

And because we could always use just a bit more death, Their Majesties called forth Lord Justin Deth.  For his leadership on the battlefield and work teaching new fighters, They inducted him into the Order of the Keystone.  The scroll was created by Lady Lyse Gunther.

Their Majesties then called Lady Ceirech na Hinnsi before Them.  Moved by her gleeful ballista fire with Borderwatch Artillery and her service to the community as a Siege Marshal, They inducted her into the Order of the Golden Alce.  The scroll was created by Baron Caleb Reynolds.

Their Majesties then called for Lord Wilhelm Isenhart to attend Them.  For his excellence in fencing using period techniques, They inducted him into the Order of the Golden Alce.  The scroll was created by Sala Chapman.

Their Majesties warily asked Lady Maggie Rue to come forward but remain at a small distance.  Having noted her extensive knowledge of period poisons and her being a founding member of the Assassin’s Guild, They were moved to induct her to the Order of the Sycamore and bid her to look upon Them kindly.  The scroll was a work by THLady Vivienne of Yardley.

Their Majesties called forth Viscountess Lucilla Theresa de Courtenay.  For her work as Mistress of the Lists, creating and providing garb to newcomers and her volunteer work at the Great Pennsic War, They inducted her into the Order of the Keystone.  The scroll was created by the hand of Katyusha Yanakova.

Their Majesties called forth the Order of the Fleur d’Æthelmearc and bade them to take comfort as They had several pieces of business They wished the order present for.

Their Majesties then invited before Them Master Annanias Fenne and inducted him into the Order of the Fleur d’Æthelmearc for his skill with metal and stone in the making of jewelry.  The scroll was by limned Lady Felice de Thornton and calligraphed by Lady Ashling Na Ngleannta’n.

Next Their Majesties called forth Baron Tovaldr Torgarson.  For his research into all things Viking and teaching thereof, They inducted him into the Order of the Fleur d’Æthelmearc .  The scroll was created by Master Ragnarr Ivarson.

Their Majesties called Lady Brigette De Sainte Mere-Eglise to attend Them as well.  For her accomplishments with Hammered Dulcimer, They were moved to Grant her Arms and induct her to the Order of the Fleur d’Æthelmearc.  The scroll was a work by THLady Mairghread Stiebhard inghean ui Choinne.

Their Majesties also called for Lord Enzo di Pazzi.  For his excellence in Armoring, They were minded to Grant him Arms and inducted him to the Order of the Fleur d’Æthelmearc. A promissory note was given & forthcoming scroll will be by Mistress Ysabeau Tiercelin.

And lastly They called before them Lady Lucetta di Cosimo.  For her research into the afterlife of the body and the reanimation of corpses, Their Majesties inducted her into the Order of the Fleur d’Æthelmearc and Granted her Arms.  The scroll was created by Lady Shirin of Susa.

Their Majesties then released Their Order of the Fleur d’Æthelmearc to greet their newest members.

Their Majesties then called for Lord Kumagaya Kentarou Masamoto.  Their Majesties advised that the ability of a community to grow and prosper rests upon the shoulders of those who take on the tasks of fostering the art and because of this, They asked the Order of the White Horn to attend Them.  For his many years of extreme dedication to the Thrown Weapons community of the Kingdom, They conferred upon him a Grant of Arms and inducted him into the Order of the White Horn.  Scroll forthcoming.

Their Majesties bid the Order to remain while They called forth Lord Ian Campbell of Glenmore.  For his many years of service to the Thrown Weapons community and his skill at the range, Their Majesties inducted him to the Order of the White Horn and granted him arms.  Scroll forthcoming.

Then Their Majesties advised that to Their sorrow, They are making the following member of the Order of the White Horn in memorium but that it was the will of Their Majesties and with consent of the Order that Lord Peter Kotok be inducted as the fault in delay of this recognition was not his.  Therefore, Their Majesties stated that the word of his deeds should not go unrecognized and Granted Arms unto him as a member of the Order of the White Horn for his long years of valorous service to the Thrown Weapons community.  Furthermore, They requested that the scroll be carried forth to the hands of his lady so that all in the kingdom may mourn the passing of the Honorable Lord Peter Kotok and remember him fondly.  The scroll was unattributed.

Their Majesties asked Lady Lasairfhiona Inghean Aindraisa and Baroness Oddkatla Jonsdottir to attend Them.  His Majesty apologized to Lady Lasairfhiona for the catastrophic failure of his gift to her for the Æthelmearc Artisan’s Exchange and explained that the casting broke in twain in cooling but that He wanted to publically thank her for her patience and promised that He would complete her gift once He returned from the pilgrimage He was bound to embark upon at the conclusion of the War.  Next He advised Baroness Oddkatla to please kneel before Her Majesty and Himself as They had business with her regarding her work with the Artisan’s Exchange among other things.

Their Majesties then called the Order of the Millrind to attend Them.  They spoke movingly of the work and progress They had seen in Their subject Baroness Oddkatla.  For her cooking throughout the Kingdom, her work in bringing the Artisan’s Exchange to Æthelmearc for the enrichment of Their populace and for the works great and small she has done behind the scenes, They inducted her into the Order of the Millrind.  They also conveyed to her that although the scroll had been completed, the work was unfortunately burnt beyond retrieval before it could be delivered but promised a new work was being created in its stead.  Her Excellency remarked that as a cook she could well understand the dangers a fire placed upon all manner of things and was genuinely moved for the scribe’s loss.

Their Majesties asked the Order of the Millrind to please remain with Them and called forth Lady Adeliz Argenti.  They noted that as she is often carrying means for the Autocrat and staff of Pennsic to reach her, it was fitting for her to be doing so at present, but would she please ensure They would be uninterrupted for the moment.  They spoke of how her contributions for the Disablity Assistance Carts at Pennsic had been of great help to many and how she spends so much of her time at DART that she is almost never seen at War anywhere else.  For this work in helping those in greatest need of assistance, They were moved to induct her into the Order of the Millrind and Grant her Arms.  The scroll was an annotated work by Freiherrin Helena Mützhasen.

Next Their Majesties called forth the Honorable Lord Madoc Arundel.  For his many years of service especially within the Heraldic community, They inducted him into the Order of the Millrind.  The scroll was a piece written in the style of Master Leonardo di Vinci’s journals by Lady Amalie Reinhardt.  His Majesty advised he had found from this work that He had a newly discovered skill, the ability to calligraph backwards and Her Majesty acknowledged it was a skill She was pleased His Majesty could employ for both of Them.

Their Majesties then gave leave for the Order of the Millrind to greet their newest members.

Their Majesties called forth The Honorable Lady Astrid Vigaskegg and William the Fox.  His Majesty advised that for many within the Society, we consider each other family but there are those who exemplify this beyond words.  With permission, His Majesty relayed the tale of how Lord Sasson came to His Majesty to request a boon from Their Majesties.  Lord Sasson explained that as a child he was a ward of the state and had no family to call his own.  He spoke of how THLady Astridr took him into her home and hearth and made her family his.  When he struggled with homelessness, she gave shelter to him many years ago and it is because of her he is still with us.  Recently, while he was once again struggling with homelessness William the Fox did the same for him again.  He asked is there some way Their Majesties can make manifest the love he has for these two people?  Moved as He was to tears by this, His Majesty spoke with Her Majesty and together They felt that perhaps there was.  And so on this day do They confer upon THLady Astridr Vigaskegg an Augmentation of Arms, a demi escarbuncle in chief, that she might forever been known as being the best of what it means to be of Æthelmearc.  Further did They Award Arms to William the Fox and advise him to speak with Their Heralds so that he might bear arms with the demi escarbuncle in chief that all might know that we loudly and proudly proclaim him to be Ours, for his kindness and nobleness are what the Society strives to be.

Their Majesties invited before Them the most noble Order of the Pelican.   They then called forth Baroness Constance Glyn Dwr.  They stated that They wished to recognize her for her many years of service as the Kingdom Chiurgeon but as Their time upon the thrones was growing very limited They advised that she should speak with Their Heirs as to the date she wished to sit vigil for contemplation of becoming a member of the Order of the Pelican.

Their Majesties bid the Order to remain and called forth Baroness Anna Eisenkopf.   Their Majesties called for those who would speak for her worthiness.  Viscount Bear the Wallsbane carried words from Mistress Aleea Baga as a member of the Order of the Laurel.  She stated Anna has always been encouraging of others with open invitation to try new skills.  For the Order of the Rose, Duchess Rowan de la Garnison spoke the words of Duchess Meirwen uerch Owein.  She stated that as Princess of the Principality of Æthelmearc, she asked Anna to be on her princess’s guard to represent the Thrown Weapons form.  She advised Anna was no nonsense, hardworking and fearless.  She knows that Anna tells you when you are going astray and stated “I became a better Princess because of her willingness to speak truth to power and later a better Queen.”  As a Royal Peer, Duke Malcolm Duncan MacEoghainn spoke of how being a sovereign is the greatest duty one can take upon themselves.  He advised it is very hard to stay true to the dream as Crown and Anna stood with him through all his reigns ever reminding him that he was mortal.  She was his touchstone.   For the Order of the Chivalry, Count Isenwulf Thorolfssone spoke of her courage to stand up for what she holds dear no matter the rank or station of those who she needed to address and that she is fierce.  Sir Bear the Wallsbane spoke for her as a Jewel of Æthelmearc.  He advised she is his peer for her courage and directness.  Master Annanias Fenne then spoke as a Master of Defense.  He stated that for the 20 years he has signed in at a MOL table, Anna was almost always there and fixing every issue brought to her.  Lastly, Baroness Julietta spoke for the Order of the Pelican.  She said although she became friends with her, it was hard to speak to her because the red blur would go by at every event with things to do and help to offer.  She stated Anna’s service is not circumscribed by title, or goal, it is her very nature.  Their Majesties, so moved by these words, did grant her Arms by letter Patent.  They called for the ancestral medallion and placed this upon her neck.  They called for personal medallions to be also presented to her.  They called for a peer’s coat to be placed on her shoulders and then accepting her vow of service and named her a member of the Order of the Pelican.

On Thursday August 10, Anno Societatis LII at the Alllied Champions Battle upon the battlefield, Their Majesties called forth the Honorable Lord Tegrinus de Rhina.  They asked the members of the most noble Order of the Chivalry to attend Them and called for those who would speak for his worthiness to become a Knight.  For the Laurel, Mistress Katla Ulfhedinn advised that his chainmail adorns necks throughout the Known World and that he sees the heart of a person.  For the Pelican, Mistress Mahin Banu Tabrizi stated he gives of his heart.  He works to include new people and bring back joy to those who have lost their way.  For the Order of Defense, Master Clewin Kupferhelbelinc advised he will make the Order of the Chivalry better because when you stop answering, they stop calling and Tegrinus never stops answering.  As Royal Peers Count Andreas Morgan and Countess Kalista Morganova spoke of how his queen was his inspiration when he had no lady to inspire him that day and how he transports others so they may be at events and practices often over great distances.  For his former Knight Sir Finn Kirkpatrick, Count Jehan de la Marche and Count Thorbrandr spoke of how he was to be the 6th Knight of his lineage which spans 3 Kingdoms and he will be the representative of that lineage to the 4th Kingdom.  For the Chivalry, Sir Thorgrim Skullsplitter advised when he speaks for someone he looks for the knightly virtue of the person that stands above the others.  In this man, he finds no one virtue does because he embodies all the knightly virtues together.  Having heard these words, Their Majesties called for spurs to be fixed to his boots as the symbol of a knight.  They called for a knight’s white belt to be wrapped about his waist.   They called for a cloak to mark his station to be lain across his shoulders.  Finally, They called for the ancestral chain of Æthelmearc.  Sir Beatrix Kreiger recited the line of the Knights of Æthelmearc, the chain was laid upon the sword of state and Tegrinus swore fealty to the Crown of Æthelmearc.  The chain was placed round his neck and he was dubbed Knight by letters Patent.  His Majesty bid Sir Tegrinus to rise and delivered the buffet.  Scroll forthcoming.

On Friday August 11, Anno Societatis LII upon the Battlefield, Their Majesties called forth the Company of the Black Talon, House Iron Lance and the Meduseld MercanariesTo each house, Their Majesties awarded a Golden Alce.  For the Black Company it was given for the hard work they did in assisting AEthemearc in the Woods Battle and Bridge Battles.  For House Iron Lance, for their vigor and enthusiasm in the Woods Battle.  For the Meduseld Mercanaries, it was granted for their dedication to and assistance of the Kingdom in the Woods Battle.  Their Majesties thanked all and presented a medallion to each house that they might be known for their willingness to face overwhelming odds at the behest of the Kingdom of Æthelmearc.

Their Majesties then called forth The Honorable Lord Ulrich von Schwartzburg.  They asked the Order of the Chivalry to attend Them.  Seeing this man worthy of elevation, They asked for those who would speak on his behalf.  First to speak was Master Annanias Fenne for the Order of Defense.  He spoke of the fire and steel that Ulrich was and how fire shapes steel to be tempered and of use.  Next Master Skalla-Valgardr Gunnarsson, for the Order of the Pelican, stated he has known this man for a dozen years and he is a most honorable fighter to stand before or against.  He does not strike in anger and does quiet unassuming service but the job is always done well.  For the Laurel, Her Royal Highness, Princess Juliana spoke of how he started out making his own armor and now makes clothing for his family.  She spoke of how he crafts people as well, taking and shepherding them along.  As Royal Peers, Count Jehan de la Marche and His Royal Highness, Prince Gareth spoke.  Count Jehan advised that a King must earn loyalty from his followers but a Knight must bring those followers to the King and lead them.  Ulrich already has those eager to follow him to the call of the King.  His Highness Gareth spoke of how as his squire Ulrich always kept his oath.  He stated that the man embodies the virtue of Largess, giving of himself and gifting armor to others so they may take the field.  For the Chivalry, Sir Alonzio of the Peacemakers spoke of his consistent prowess.  He spoke of his Humility and working to put others on the field noting how even at this War he was repairing armor for others so they would not be absent from the field.  Their Majesties accepted these words and having resolved that such accomplishment would be recognized called for spurs to be affixed to his heel and a belt to mark his station be placed by his lady about his waist.  They then called for the ancestral chain of the Knighthood of Æthelmearc to be brought forward.  Sir Tegrinus de Rhina presented the chain and read forth the lineage of the Knights of Æthelmearc.  They called for his lineage’s chain of fealty to also be brought forward and both were placed upon the sword of state.  His Majesty accepted Ulrich’s oath of fealty as Knight and His Majesty, along with His Highness, dubbed Sir Ulrich von Swartzburg, Knight of the Society.     He bid Sir Ulrich to rise and receive the buffet.  Scroll forthcoming.

Later that afternoon upon the fencing field at the Novice Tourney, Their Majesties thanked the fencers for their dedication to the Kingdom throughout the war.  They called for Lord Simon Caminante to present himself before Them.  For his active support of cut and thrust and his work on the Æthelmearc rapier website, They inducted him into the Order of the Keystone.  The scroll was unattributed.

Next Their Majesties called Lady Alianora Bronhulle to attend Them.  Advising her that They wished to not block her entry into the Novice Tourney, They held this piece of business until now so that she would be able to compete.  They then inducted her into the Order of the Golden Alce for her prowess and determination on the Rapier field.  The scroll was to be held for her until the conclusion of the Novice Tourney.

As the final piece of business of the court conducted in the Æthelmearc hospitality tent, Their Majesties let it be known that Lord Tassin Treseol had become a citizen of the Kingdom of Æthelmearc and welcome him to his new home.

Their Majesties court was thus concluded.

Categories: SCA news sites

Update: John Quincy Adams daguerreotype sells for $360,500

History Blog - Tue, 2017-10-10 22:29

A daguerreotype of John Quincy Adams taken in March of 1843 by photographer Philip Haas sold at a Sotheby’s New York auction on October 5th for $360,500, including buyer’s premium. This exceeds even the high end of the pre-sale estimate of $150,000–250,000, not a surprising outcome given the rarity and historical significance of the image. There were four active bidders duking it out, driving up the hammer price. As of yet there has been no announcement about who placed the winning bid and unless it’s an institution or a collector who plans to loan it out or do something else public with it, there’s a good chance there never will be any such announcement.

The Haas daguerreotype is the earliest known surviving original photographic portrait of a US president. Two earlier daguerreotypes of presidents were taken, one of William Henry Harrison in 1841 around the time of his inauguration, the other of John Quincy Adams in 1842. Neither of those originals are extant, as far as we know. The Harrison portrait exists only as reproduction created around 1850; the first J.Q. Adams portrait is lost.

Adams gave this half-plate to his friend and fellow member of the House of Representatives Horace Everett who had been sitting for his own daguerreotype portrait in Haas’ Washington, D.C. studio when Adams arrived to have his redone. It has remained by descent in the Everett family all this time, nobody realizing that it was a picture of the sixth President of the United States. The seller assumed the man in the portrait was Horace Everett until he was told of its real subject and historical significance.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Dark Ages Skóla A&S Display and Youth A&S Tournament

AEthelmearc Gazette - Tue, 2017-10-10 00:13

By THL Elska á Fjárfelli

As part of its focus on the the Arts & Sciences, the Dark Ages Skóla (organized by the Dominion of Myrkfaelinn) also hosted both a Dark Ages-themed A&S Display and an unthemed Youth A&S Tournament. Both displays were situated in the main hall and enjoyed many visitors throughout the day. Thank you all for participating, and we’re looking forward to seeing what you’ll come with next!

Entries in the A&S Display:

Hedeby shoes. All photos by Elska

  • Hedeby shoes for a youth by Abigaile Kelloge.

Abigaile writes: “The Hedeby shoes are based on a boot found in the excavation of that Norse settlement, 8th to 11th century Germany. They are similar to boots located in the Viking ship Museum in Oslo, which were grave goods from a ship burial of around 900 CE. This pair of kid’s shoes is based on a pattern from the Internet and are made from lightweight leather, handsewn with waxed nylon thread, with a machine sewn wool insole for comfort.” She did not anticipate how well loved the shoes would be come in the few weeks between events and when he’ll outgrow them, so she did not decorate the edges.


  • Thorsberg Trousers, machine sewn from a repurposed cotton duvet cover,  by Erin Pence.


  • Vierpass Beaker (four-spouted beaker) stoneware by Algirdas Wolthus.


Algirdas comments: “Modeled on examples excavated from a tavern in Nuremberg, dated to c. 1400 to 1425. Published by the German National Museum “Aus dem Wirtshaus zum Wilden Man”, 1983.” He made several of these beakers and often uses them in his feast fear.

  • Machine-embroidery samples in preparation for a medieval silk outfit, by Aldeeza Wolthus.


The Youth A&S Tournament had six entries (yes, there were more kids entries than adult A&S entries, shame on you!):

  • Katriona Iainsdottir entered a leather cover book with handmade paper inside.
  • Cornelia entered an inkle woven shoulder strap made of gold and black.
  • Sungiva entered an inkle woven belt, and a second one she was working on.
  • Simon entered an illumination on parchment he was working on.
  •  Konrad entered a weaving he is working on.
  •  Galen entered a macrame bracelet he was working on.

Konrad showing off his weaving on his Cricket loom to Mistress Rhiannon.

Master Bedwyr Danwyn and Mistress Rhiannon y Bwa undertook the difficult task of coming to some sort of order in which the entrants could choose their price. Taking their task very seriously, they talked with each entrant while watched by an eager flock of kids, making sure to note each accomplishment while also gently teaching a trick or two to help their project grow.

Master Bedwyr demonstrating smudge free illuminating.

The concentration the gathered children exhibited while Master Bedwyr demonstrated to Simon how to prevent edge smudgings on his calligraphy by covering up exposed edges with a piece of paper was mesmerizing, and the eagerness everyone followed Mistress Rhiannon into the kitchen to do a burn test to learn if the yarn used to weave with was natural wool, or not, when Konrad could not tell one way or the other, was truly inspiring!

Cornelia showing of her entry to her sister Marie of Hartford and her friend Emma Wolthus.

In the end, Cornelia won first pick with her inkle woven rabbit skin pouch strap, made with polyester gold thread. The rest of the kids quickly gobbled up the remainder prizes (there are never enough swords, we adults learned) and a good time was had by all. I overheard talk about what project to work on next and thought, what a great experience this was to inspire A&S into our new generation.

Categories: SCA news sites

Medieval iron hoard found in Slovakian oven

History Blog - Mon, 2017-10-09 23:31

Archaeologists have discovered a hoard of 10th century iron hidden in a medieval oven in the village of Bojná, western Slovakia.

The Slavic inhabitants of the region hid it in a stone oven at the beginning of the 10th century. Iron was in that era was a very precious metal; as the metal “hrivna” it was used for currency.

“The surprising discovery consists of 36 hrivna, bridle bits from a horse harness, two keys from a Slavic settlement and other iron objects,” said head of research in Bojná Karol Pieta from the Archaeological Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, as quoted by the SITA newswire.

Strategically located at the foot of the Považský Inovec mountain range where a pass through the mountains connects the Váh and Nitra river basins, the town’s history long predates the presence of the actual town. The first historical records alluding to Bojná date to the 15th century, but the area was dotted with hill forts defending the pass under the Slavic kingdom of Great Moravia (833 – ca. 906/907).

One of those hill forts, today known as Bojná I – Valy, has been found to be a rich source of archaeological materials even predating the Great Moravian fortifications. The oldest writing in Slovakian history were found there, Latin inscriptions dating to the late 8th, early 9th century, the earliest days of Christianity in the area. It was in the 9th century when Great Moravia was at its zenith that the fortress became a hive of activity. The remains of several blacksmith shops from this period have been unearthed and their work products have been found by the thousands — farming and craftsmen’s tools, battle axes, knives, swords, seaxes, horse fittings, chain mail, spurs. Some of the weaponry and armature is gold and silver plated, evidence of the presence of a significant number of elite warriors.

The fort was conquered in the early 10th century by invading Hungarians who burned it down. It was never rebuilt and the people who had lived and worked there moved on, leaving behind their cached valuables in the rubble. The stone oven containing the iron pieces was found on the west side of the Great Moravian-era fortification. They had been placed in an earthenware vessel and then stashed in the oven, a brilliant hiding place when there’s a real threat of fire and destruction looming. In fact, it was so effective that archaeologists found the vessel intact and undamaged, unmoved even. It stood in the same exact spot where some 10th century Slav left it doubtless in the hope of recovering his treasures when the carnage was over.

Archaeologists are currently working on a reconstruction of the east gate of the Bojná I – Valy fortifications. This 9th century Great Moravian monumental gate was enormous with a tower 40 feet high and thick defensive walls to match. The hill fort already has a few modest reconstructions — three private dwellings — from its heyday, but the hope is the added drama of the reconstructed 9th century gate will draw tourism to the site. Construction is scheduled to be complete in the middle of next year.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Jeremy Bentham’s head goes back on display

History Blog - Sun, 2017-10-08 23:51

Philosopher Jeremy Bentham, father of utilitarianism, relentless advocate for social and political reforms from public education to animal rights to the rehabilitation of prisoners to women’s suffrage, wanted his body to be of use to humanity after he had finished with it. In keeping with what would become the key principle of his philosophical viewpoint, “the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong,” he decided that his dead body should be employed for the public good 63 years before he vacated it.

It was 1769 and Bentham, then just 21 years old, included a codicil in his will that his body be left to his friend and kinsman physician George Fordyce for dissection and preservation. He explained his reasoning in that document:

“This my will and special request I make, not out of affectation of singularity, but to the intent and with the desire that mankind may reap some small benefit in and by my decease, having hitherto had small opportunities to contribute thereto while living.”

The public dissection aspect was a challenge to the widely-held revulsion at the idea of cutting up a human body even though the surgical profession was then growing by leaps and bounds from it barber-chair origins and the proliferating medical schools were desperate for anatomical specimens. Bentham’s position was typically utilitarian: why, he reasoned, should corpses not be converted from potential sources of anti-social evils (the spread of disease, overcrowded burial grounds, the financial strain of funeral and interral driving the poor into debt, prison, penury) into sources of great benefit to society? And what greater utility could a dead person provide than to give anatomists the opportunity to learn and teach life-saving skills? Instead of being a societal pathogen, the cadaver would be an instrument of healing, a role only it could play.

But there was another instruction Bentham had for his body after death. He wanted his head to be preserved by such means as to ensure that his looks remained fundamentally unchanged, and joined to his skeletal remains in a tableau he called an Auto-Icon. He would become his own statue, he noted with delight, so there would be no need for marble effigies and solemn funerary monuments.

Two months before his death he reaffirmed this long-held position attaching a memorandum to his latest will that left his body, the duty of public dissection and creation of the auto-icon to his good friend and disciple in utilitarianism Thomas Southwood Smith.

I direct that as soon as it appears to any one that my life is at an end my executor or any other person by whom on the opening of this paper the contents thereof shall have been observed shall send an express with information of my decease to Doctor Southwood Smith requesting him to repair to the place where my body is lying and after ascertaining by appropriate experiment that no life remains it is my request that he will take my body under his charge and take the requisite and appropriate measures for the disposal and preservation of the several parts of my bodily frame in the manner expressed in the paper annexed to this my will and at the top of which I have written ‘Auto-Icon.’

The skeleton he will cause to be put together in such manner as that the whole figure may be seated in a Chair usually occupied by me when living in the attitude in which I am sitting when engaged in thought in the course of the time employed in writing I direct that the body thus prepared shall be transferred to my executor He will cause the skeleton to be clad in one of the suits of black occasionally worn by me. The Body so clothed together with the chair and the staff in my later years borne by me he will take charge of And for containing the whole apparatus he will cause to be prepared an appropriate box or case and will cause to be engraved in conspicuous characters on a plate to be affixed thereon and also on the labels on the glass cases in which the preparations of the soft parts of my body shall be contained as for example as in the manner used in the case of wine decanters my name at length with the letters ob. followed by the day of my decease.

Three days after Bentham’s death on June 6th, 1832, Dr. Smith followed his mentor’s instructions to the letter. Scholars, doctors, men of letters and other luminaries were invited to the dissection held at the Webb Street School of Anatomy and Medicine. Again as instructed by Bentham, Smith delivered a lecture “on the Usefulness of Knowledge of this kind to the Community” over the dead body before proceeding with the dissection.

Once the anatomical demonstration was over, he went ahead with the auto-icon preparations. He made a skeleton of the bones of Bentham’s body. The philosopher’s head was preserved by putting it over sulphuric acid in a sealed cabinet. An air pump circulated the fumes, drawing out the fluids and drying the head completely, just as Bentham had discussed in his Auto-Icon memo. What Bentham hadn’t planned for was that his head came out looking like the Cryptkeeper’s long-lost twin. A little color adjustment was not going to be able to fix that.

Smith saw that putting so ghastly and unrecognizable a head on top of the stuffed and dressed skeleton would not be in keeping with Bentham’s intent, so he commissioned a wax model of Jeremy’s head from Jacques Talrich, a French artist who created a realistic impression using an 1828 bust, a portrait painted from life by Henry Pickersgill and Southwood Smith’s own memorial ring, one of 24 Bentham had made before his death bearing his profile and a few strands of hair that he willed to his closest friends. Some of Bentham’s hair from his Cryptkeeper head was embedded in the avuncular and warm Ben Franklin-esque wax head.

Continuing to pay scrupulous attention to Betham’s instructions, Smith created the auto-icon. The skeleton was stuffed and dressed, topped with the realistic wax head and put in Jeremy Bentham’s preferred chair. In one hand he held his favorite walking stick, Dapple. The whole set piece when then placed in a mahogany and glass display case. Southwood Smith kept the whole shebang in his New Broad Street home until he moved to a smaller place in 1850 and had no room in which to keep his friend’s mounted remains. He arranged to donate it to the University College London (UCL) which holds Jeremy Bentham as a spiritual founding father because so many of the co-founders were his followers.

Now the UCL had this remarkable effigy and relic of its philosophical role model and had no idea what to do with it. Putting him on open display seemed … awkward. Locking it up … rude? So they stuck the auto-icon in a back room and took people to see him by enquiry only. Dr. Smith wrote to a friend that “the authorities seem to be afraid or ashamed to own their possession.”

Smith was right. Bentham’s auto-icon was all but forgotten until it was rediscovered in the university’s anatomical museum in 1898 by Professor George Thane and curator T. W. P. Lawrence. They described their examination in this freaking amazing report. Seriously one of the greatest all-time reports. (I realize now I totally should have saved this story for Halloween.)

January 3, 1898
We opened the case containing the figure of Jeremy Bentham, and took out the latter. It was rather dusty, but not very much so. The clothes were much moth eaten, especially the undervest, and if taken off it would probably have been impossible to get the last on again. We undid the clothes, and found that they were stuffed with hay and tow, around the skeleton, which had been macerated and skilfully articulated. Both hands are present inside the gloves -the feet were not examined.

In place of the head is a wax bust, which is supported on an iron spike. The head was found, wrapped in cloth saturated with some bituminous or tarry substance (a sort of tarpaulin) and then in paper, making a parcel, in the cavity of the trunk-skeleton, being fastened by strong wire running from the ribs to the vertebral column. On unpacking this the head itself was found to be mummified, dried, and prepared, by clearing any suboccipital soft parts, so that it looks not unlike a New Zealand head. In the sockets are glass eyes. The atlas, which had been macerated, is fastened in its natural place below the occipital bone. At the top of the head is a small hole in the skull, where the tip of the spike had doubtless come through, and round the hole is an impression formed by a circular washer and nut which had fitted the screw on the end of the spike, and by which the head was formerly fixed on the trunk.

The face is clean shaved-hair scanty, grey and long.
(Signed) T. W. P. LAWRENCE and G. D. T.

Yes, Southwood Smith stashed Jeremy Bentham’s mummified head inside his skeleton’s chest cavity. Is that not the greatest real-life Washington Irving story you’ve ever heard? So practical too! I’m sure Bentham would have been delighted to have his rib cage serve as a handy storage compartment for his head.

Anyway, the auto-icon stayed in the anatomy museum for the next few decades before passing into the possession of the UCL library in 1926. The mummified head became part of the display. It was placed on a platter between the auto-icon’s feet, oddly enough. It would be another 13 years before Jeremy Bentham’s auto-icon finally got a thorough restoration, and by then it was 1939 and London was getting to be a very dangerous place. He was moved to two different locations for his safety after the war broke out, only returning to UCL after it was over.

The head was removed from its peculiar position on the floor of the cabinet between the effigy’s feet before World War II, nobody is sure exactly when. It was placed in a display case of its own on top of the auto-icon cabinet, only returning to its former surroundings for the length of a photo session in 1948. It hasn’t been publicly displayed since then and only recently has it begun to receive the punctilious conservation attention it needs. So delicate that ambient movement alone can cause hairs to fall out, Jeremy Bentham’s head is now kept locked in a safe under strict security protocols in environmentally-controlled conditions at the university’s Institute of Archaeology. Only rarely are select researchers allowed access.

For a few months this fall and winter, however, he’s back and has such wonders to show you.

What does it mean to be human? Curating Heads at UCL, which is a pretty great name for an exhibition (although I think it would have been punchier using just the two words: Curating Heads), runs at UCL’s Octagon Gallery from October 2nd, 2017, through February 28th, 2018. Bentham’s remarkable auto-icon is a lens through which visitors can see the changing attitudes towards the display of human remains, the complexity of the issues, the cultural biases and taboos which delimit what human remains are displayed and why. There are events and lectures connected to the exhibition, including one on a favorite topic of mine, extracting and sequencing ancient DNA and what we can learn from it.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Court Report: Shoot in the Wildwood, September 2, A.S. 52

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sun, 2017-10-08 22:03

From the Scrolls of the Reign of Timothy and Gabrielle, King and Queen of AEthelmearc, as recorded by Dame Kateryna ty Isaf, Jewel of AEthelmearc Herald with the assistance of THLady Sophie Davenport, Silver Buccle Herald at Shoot in the Wildwood in the Barony of Delftwood on September 2, Anno Societatis LII.

In the morning:

Their Majesties called Baron Artemius Andreas Magnus before Them.  They asked him if he was ready to sit vigil this day and receive the council of the Order of the Laurel.  With his agreement, Their Majesties called forth the Most Noble Order of the Laurel to take him to a place made ready for him to sit in contemplation of elevation to the peerage.

In the afternoon:

Their Majesties called forth Helen Hillson.  Their Majesties advised that Helen had served well and faithfully as a member of the Queens Guard completing the quest set before her by Sir Murdoch at Pennsic.  Seeing her enthusiasm as contagious to all around her, They felt it was right and just to induct her into the Order of the Silver Buccle.  The scroll is a work of Baroness Graidhne ni Ruaidh.

Their Majesties called forth rest of the children present.  Stating how they had grown too swift and wise about catching the runner, Their Majesties had determined to change the game.  Benjamin of Arindale was called forth and advised to hide the chest, whereupon the children would need to find it to retrieve a toy.  Benjamin did run from the court and snuck back in to lay the chest once again at Their Majesties feet where it was set upon by the children.

Their Majesties gave Their Excellencies, Marcus and Desiderata leave to hold court for the Barony of Delftwood.

At the conclusion of the baronial court, Their Majesties called Lady Elisabetta de Venetia before Them.  Their Majesties spoke of how her joy and enthusiasm for every aspect of the society is unbound.  They advised that for her kindness, courtesy and friendliness it would be hard to locate a more deserving member of the society and so did name her Jewel of AEthelmearc.  The scroll was created by the hands of Mistress Juliana Rosalia Dolce de Siena and THLord Padraig O’Branduibh.

Their Majesties called THLady Clarissa and Lord Kenneth to attend Them.  Her Ladyship Clarissa and Lord Kenneth thanked Their Majesties for Their patronage of the arts.

Their Majesties invited before Them Mistress Sǫlveig Þrándardóttir and and THLady Elska á Fjárfelli.  Mistress Mistress Sǫlveig invited THLady Elska to join Domus Minervæ, which is a confraternity of scholars dedicated to research, teaching, and publication.

Their Majesties called forth Elizabeth the Nameless.  For her service in setting up and tearing down for events in the Barony and her willingness to provide Their Excellencies with scroll blanks, They saw fit to make her a Lady of the court and Awarded her Arms.  The scroll was a work by Baroness Clarice Roan.

Their Majesties called Katelinn of Delftwood.  For her accomplishments in archery including making her own bow and learning fletching, Their Majesties Awarded her Arms and made her a Lady of the court.  The scroll created by the hand of Baroness Clarice Roan.

Their Majesties asked Amelia of Delftwood to attend Them.  Noting how pleasant she is to work with and her active participation within the Barony of Delftwood, They Awarded her Arms thereby making her a Lady of the court.  The scroll was limned by THLady Anlaith ingen Trena.

Their Majesties called Stephen of Delftwood to attend Them.  For his cheerful help with set up and tear down at events and classes, Their Majesties Awarded him Arms and made him a Lord of the court.  The scroll by THLady Rachel Dalicieux.

Their Majesties then called before Them THLady Gytha Oggesdottir.  For her outreach and welcoming hospitality for newcomers and her kindness to new and old members of the Society, Their Majesties inducted her into the Order of the Cornelian.

Their Majesties inducted Lord Rhys Penbras ap Dafydd into the Order of the Keystone for his work as Baronial Exchequer, merchant liaison for Ice Dragon and as event tollner in the Barony of Rhydderich Hael.  Scroll by THFool Dagonell the Juggler.

Their Majesties called Lady Saskia Feldmeyrin before Them.  For her skill in making pottery, Their Majesties inducted her into the Order of the Sycamore.  The scroll was created by Baroness Maddelena de Angeles.

Their Majesties called Lord Jan Langhe ten Walde into court.  For his dedication and the hard work achieving the fencing prowess necessary to place third in the Ice Dragon bear pit this year, Their Majesties inducted him into the Order of the Golden Alce.  The scroll was a work by the hand of THLady Mairghread Stiebhard inghean ui Choinne.

Their Majesties called Baroness Anastasie de Lamoure before Them.  Noting her diligence can be seen in the Thrown Weapons and archery marshallates as well as in her position as regional exchequer, Their Majesties felt it right and proper to summon before Them the Order of the Millrind and add Her Excellency to their number.  The scroll was by Meisterin Felicitas Flußmüllnerin.

Their Majesties asked that the Order of the Millrind remain as there were several pieces of business where they would be needed.  Next Their Majesties called Baroness Caitriona Fhial inghean ui Chonaill, called Kayley into court.  Their Majesties noted her long service as Kingdom, Regional and local exchequer and seeing her devotion to the society in such service is without limit, They inducted her into the Order of the Millrind.  The scroll was by the hand of Lady Genevote Nau d’Anjou.

Their Majesties then called Don Matteo Pesci before Them.  For his work as the backbone of Myrkfaelinn working for years as seneschal, exchequer, autocrat and marshal, Their Majesties inducted him into the Order of the Millrind.  The scroll was created by Lady Amalie Reinhardt.

Having noted that Lady Amalie is always contributing, Their Majesties called her forth.  As Kingdom Webmistress, They found her extremely responsive to any need and had seen the great work she has done overhauling the Kingdom website.  For these reasons, Their Majesties inducted her into the Order of the Millrind and Granted her Arms.  The scroll was created by Lady Felice de Thornton.

With that, Their Majesties bid the Order of the Millrind to greet their newest members.

Their Majesties called Baron Artemius Andreas Magnus to attend Them.  His Excellency presented himself and agreed that he did indeed sit vigil and received counsel and had resolved that it was his wish to continue.  Their Majesties called for the Order of the Laurel to attend Them.  They asked for worthies to attest to Baron Artemius’ qualifications to for this accolade.  As a Member of the Order of Chivalry, Sir Ruslan Igotavich Voronov spoke of the fact that Artemius was influential in nudging him back into the Society.  He stated he wanted to win crown if only to ensure this would occur.  As a member of the Order of the Pelican, Mistress Alheydis von Körckhingen spoke of how he welcomed her, the mother of six children, taking the time to answer the questions of eager young boys and never making them feel unwanted.  As a Master of Defense, Master Benedict Fergus atte Mede spoke of how he was an example before he was a Baron.  As Royal Peer, Duchess Ilish O’Donovan of Cork spoke of how we must be worthy of his art and how he fosters and encourages others.  As Lady of the Rose, Duchess Rowan de la Garnison spoke of how he seeks to be inspired daily.  As Jewel of AEthelmearc, Baroness Sadira bint Wassouf spoke of he was grace in motion with kindness and courtesy.  For the populace, THLord Timothy of Edgewood advised that his man inspires the populace to do better and thanked Their Majesties for what They do this day.  Finally as a member of the Order of the Laurel Master Kenhelm advised that in all ways Baron Artemius is his peer.

Having heard these words and the counsel of the Order of the Laurel, Their Majesties agreed it was right and fitting to elevate Baron Artemius Andreas Magnus by Letters Patent to the Order of the Laurel.  They called forth for a cloak to warm him, a Laurel’s medallion to denote his station and Laurel leaves so all may know him to be a peer.  Finally They called for the ancestral fruitcake as a reminder for Master Artemius to never take himself too seriously.  A scroll to mark the occasion was a work in progress.

Their Majesties summoned the Silver Buccle Herald, THLady Sophie Davenport before Them.  Knowing Their time upon the throne grew short, They asked her to summon the Jewel of AEthelmearc Herald and divest her of her title and duties.   Her Ladyship called Dame Kateryna ty Isaf before Their Majesties.  Releasing her from her oaths given to both the crown and office of herald, saving for the oath to keep Their Majesties confidences, Her Ladyship removed the tabard of Jewel of AEthelmearc Herald from Dame Kateryna.

Her Majesty asked Dame Kateryna to remain and thanked her for her diligent service as Jewel of AEthelmearc Herald.  Her Majesty advised that She would never know from Dame Kateryna’s performance of duties that she suffers from stage fright and that She could find no other person She felt more worthy to name as the Queen’s Inspiration of the day and did bestow upon her the Golden Escarbuncle.

Their Majesties asked that all scribes who contributed to the scrolls given during the courts today stand and be recognized.

There being no further business this day, Their Majesties court was thus concluded.

Categories: SCA news sites

Court Report: Æthelwald Proving Grounds, June 24th, A.S. 52 

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sun, 2017-10-08 20:14

Here is the Court Report of His Royal Majesties Timothy from the scroll of His Royal Court at Æthelwald Proving Grounds, June 24th a.s. 52 in the Shire of Sunderoak. As reported Maighstir Uilliam MacantSaoir, Sycamore Herald, Master Kieran MacRae, Comet Pursuivant, assisting.

His Majesty thanked the autocrat, and the staff of the event for their hard work on the event.

He then thanked all present for spending the day training and enjoying the event.

His Majesty called for Lady Mollie O’Donnell. His Majesty spoke of the friendly and enthusiastic work of Lady Mollie as chatelaine for the Shire of Sunderoak, and thus Lady Mollie is awarded with a Keystone.

Mollie receives her AoA

His Majesty the called for Don Jacob Martinson who ran the fencing tournaments that day. Don Jacob had run three tournaments of varying styles to increase the skill of the fencers in the Sylvan Kingdom. The winner of the first tournament was Lord Robert MacEwan of Thornhill. The winners of the second tournament were Don Jacob and Lord Gregory Beard. The winner of the third tournament was Lord Gregory Beard.

Don Jacob recognizes Lord Gregory’s tournament victories

His Majesty then asked for Mistress Arianna of Wynthrope to appear before him. He asked Mistress Arianna to give report on the Youth Combat activities of the day. Mistress Arianna told great stories of the youth combatants having the opportunity to fight three adult fighters who had come up as fighters in the youth program. Mistress Arianna then thanked Lady Runa, Lord Angus and Lord Torstein with tokens from her hand.

Torstein, Angus, and Runa, new youth sparring partners

His Majesty then requested the presence of Roderick Longshanks. His Majesty had heard great tales of the works of Roderick as a brewer, his skill on the combat fields and his welcoming of people new to our society. His Majesty found this work pleasing to him, he then awarded Roderick Arms, and let all know that he should be called Lord Roderick henceforth.

Roderick receives an AoA

His Majesty called for Aurora Deschain. His Majesty had been told of Aurora’s work in assisting her Shire of Hunter’s Home. His Majesty felt that someone doing these works is befitting of a court title. His Majesty awarded Aurora Arms and titled her as a Lady of the court.

Aurora receives an AoA

His Majesty then requested the presence of Brillo Gunnarson in his court. His Majesty expounded on the work and accomplishments of Brillo on the tournament lists and battlefields as part of the Borderwatch of Æthelmearc. His Majesty had also heard stories of Brillo’s willingness to help others in our society. These acts make a king happy, so His Majesty saw fit to make Brillo Gunnarson a Lord of the court and award him Arms.

Brillo receives an AoA

His Majesty then demanded the presence of Burgos the Tiny. Burgos has become a skilled fighter with a polearm as well as sword and shield. Seeing that Burgos entered the court without a title, and that Burgos is working hard to protect the Kingdom, His Majesty awarded Burgos Arms and bestowed on him the title of Lord.

Burgos receives an AoA

Brjann Feilan was then requested by His Majesty. His Majesty heard tell of works done by Brjann in his home group of Hunters Home including work in kitchens, carrying heavy items and spearheading the creation of a float for a parade in the Shire. His Majesty had also heard tales of Brjann’s accomplishments on the battlefield. His Majesty felt that this work deserved to be recognized. His Majesty saw fit to give Brjann an award of Arms and the title of Lord of the court.

Brjann receives an AoA

His Majesty then asked for the presence of Lord Alaric Acwulf. Lord Alaric has served as Herald for the Shire of Sunderoak for some time. Lord Alaric also works diligently to help his shire and the kingdom. Seeing this as great work, His Majesty Timothy saw fit to add Lord Alaric to the rolls of the Order of the Keystone.

Lord Alaric receives a Keystone

His Majesty asked for the presence of Omo Saimon Tokushou. Omo Saimon works hard at his job as Herald for the Shire of Ballachlagan. He also serves as the Cornelian Herald for the Kingdom, he cooks, and serves as steward for events in his home shire. His Majesty saw these as good works and saw fit to name Omo Saimon to the Order of the Keystone.

Lord Tokushou receives a Keystone

Lady Ida Thorbjornsdotter was called before His Majesty. His Majesty discussed the work that Lady Ida had done for the Shire of Hunter’s Home as Mistress of the Lists. His Majesty also discussed her work as list runner, assisting with youth combat, and her work running the Youth Polearm Tournament at Pennsic for years. His Majesty was pleased by this and added Lady Ida to the rolls of the Order of the Keystone.

Lord Gunnar and Lady Ida receive Keystones

His Majesty then sought the presence of Lord Gunnar Thorbjornson. Gunnar has organized and hosted the Youth Polearm tournament for years, he is also an enormous help in the set-up of Æthelmearc Royal encampment at Pennsic. For his hard work, His Majesty sees fit to add Gunnar Thorbjornson to the Order of the Keystone.

[Editor’s Note: A Golden Alce was awarded to Lord Angus Azurwolf at the event but was absent from the Court Report.]

Lord Angus receives a Golden Alce

Lady Grainne Shionnach was called forward before His Majesty. His Majesty has heard of the feats of Lady Grainne on the battlefield as a combat archer and on the target archery fields where she has reached the rank of Marksman. His Majesty is well pleased by her work and bestows upon Grainne the order of the Golden Alce.

Lady Grainne receives a Golden Alce

His Majesty called for the presence of Lady Ceirich na Hinnsi. Ceirich serves the army of Æthelmearc as a part of the Borderwatch Ballista Team. She also serves as a siege marshal. His majesty sees this as very helpful to the armies of Æthelmearc and awarded her a Golden Alce.

Lady Ceirech receives a Golden Alce

His Majesty then called for Lady Caoilfhionn of the Woods. His Majesty has heard good words regarding Lady Caoilfhionn’s work as a siege engineer with the Borderwatch. Lady Caoilfhionn also trains new siege engineers and helps maintain these machines and ammunition. Hearing this news, His Majesty then awarded Lady Caoilfhionn with a Golden Alce.

His Majesty again thanked the staff of the event for their hard work in preparing the armies of Æthelmearc for war.

The court of His Majesty was then closed.

Scribal information was not available for the report.

All photos by Lady Aine ny Allane.

Categories: SCA news sites

Court Report: Pax Interruptus XLI, July 8, A.S. 52

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sun, 2017-10-08 17:01

From the Scrolls of the Reign of Timothy and Gabrielle, King and Queen of AEthelmearc, as recorded by Dame Kateryna ty Isaf, Jewel of AEthelmearc Herald with the assistance of THLady Sophie Davenport, Silver Buccle Herald and THFool Dagonell the Juggler at Pax Interruptus in the Barony of Thescorre on July 8, Anno Societatis LII.

The Court of Their Majesties, Timothy and Gabrielle began in the morning.

Their Majesties called forth Katherina von Bamberg to present her as a Lady of the Court upon the will of Their predecessors, King Marcus and Queen Margerite who had given her an Award of Arms during the previous reign.

Their Majesties called Baroness Juliana Rosalia Dolce de Siena to ask her if she had made a decision to accept Their invitation to sit vigil this day to contemplate induction to the most noble Order of the Pelican.  They invited before Them Don Behrend von Elmendorf and Mistress Sthurrim Caithnes who had business with Baroness Julianna before she would be able to give an answer unencumbered by prior oaths.  Don Behrend accepted back his cadet scarf and Mistress Sthurrim her apprentice belt.   Baroness Julianna then confirmed her willingness to sit vigil and Their Majesties invited forth those members of the Order of the Pelican present to take her forth and give her good counsel.

In the afternoon Their Majesties gave leave to Her Excellency Sadira of Thescorre to hold Baronial court.

At the conclusion of the Baronial court, Their Majesties invited THFool Dagonell the Juggler to come forth.  His Foolishness asked that Their Majesties and the court please honor the life of his friend Brandric Slaywrock.  Their Majesties agreed and a moment of silence was observed.

Their Majesties invited Their Heir, Prince Gareth to speak before the court.  His Highness asked Lady Lasairfhiona Inghean Aindraisa to please come forth and presented her with tokens for Aethelmearc Royal hospitality at the Great Pennsic War.

Their Majesties called forth Carter of Thescorre.  For his many works of service, setting up tents, cooking in the kitchens and hauling all manner of equipment to where it is useful, Their Majesties inducted him into the Order of the Silver Buccle.  The scroll by Mistress Roberta Rhiannon McMorland.

Their Majesties called forth the rest of the children present.  They asked that Alton of Misty Highlands to take the toy chest and run from the court.  The children were instructed, once they caught Alton, to take one toy each, beginning with the youngest child present.  After a countdown the children gave chase.

Their Majesties called forth Serafina Kowalewska.  Noting that youthfulness does not preclude the hard work done by this fine lady, Their Majesties awarded her Arms and made her a Lady of the court for all the work she does in the kitchen and service of high table.  Scroll created by the hands of THL Sophie Davenport.

Their Majesties invited into the court Duke James Ahern.  For his works in teaching many how to fashion armor, opening up his home and his shop to create excellent works pieces of martial gear, They inducted him into the Order of the Sycamore.  Scroll by Mistress Roberta Rhiannon McMorland.

Their Majesties called before Them Lord Colnneach Mac an Leigh.  Knowledge of Elizabethan garb and the teaching of the proper construction of a button or ruff should never go unrecognized and so Their Majesties inducted him into the Order of the Sycamore.  The scroll was a work from the hand of Mistress Gillian Llywellyn.

Their Majesties called forth Lord Waldyslaw Poznanski.  Remarking upon his skill in upon the field of combat, Their Majesties inducted him into the Order of the Golden Alce.  Scroll by Lady Isabella Montoya.

Their Majesties called forth Lord Wolfgang Starke and Lady Katherine Starke.  Their Majesties remarked upon the faithful service both had given to the Kingdom and asked the Order of the Millrind to attend Them.  For their willingness to travel to work wherever their hands are needed and for their ceaseless toil to better our Kingdom and Society, Their Majesties inducted both into the Order with a Grant of Arms.  Scroll for THL Wolfgang Starke was created by THL Mary Elizabeth Clausen and the scroll for Katherine Starke was a work in progress by Don Po Silvertop.

Their Majesties invited Mistress Ysabeau Tiercelin into Their presence.  She begged leave to present her Protégé with her belt to mark the renewal of their formal relationship.  Given leave, she asked that Baroness Elisabeth Johanna von der Flossenburg to come forward and take again her belt so that all might know her to be a worthy protégé.  Their Majesties hearing these words, suggested that there might be a more fitting mark of her station and invited before them the most noble Order of the Pelican.  They instructed Baroness Elisabeth to present herself to Their Heirs to sit vigil in contemplation of induction into said order.

Their Majesties called forth Baroness Juliana Rosalia Dolce de Siena.   Receiving her answer that she wished to proceed, They asked for those who would speak to her worthiness to be inducted to the Order of the Pelican.  Mistress Cori Ghora spoke on behalf of the Order of the Pelican, Mistress Othindisa Bykona for the Order of the Laurel, Her Grace, Sir Rowan de la Garnison on behalf of the Order of the Chivalry, and Master Benedict Fergus atte Mede for the Order of Defense.  Baroness Nest verch Rys spoke words written by Duchess Meirwen uerch Owein as a Royal Peer and THLady Zosia Kowalewska spoke on behalf of the populace.  All praised her for the work she has done for two decades within the Society speaking movingly of how she is always there, always helping and always kind.

Having heard these exemplary words in support of the Baroness, Their Majesties determined They would proceed.  The ancestral medallion of the Pelicans of Aethelmearc was place around her neck.  A personal medallion was also presented to her.   A capelet was placed upon her shoulders to mark her station.  Their Majesties accepted her oath of service and confirmed her as a member of the most noble Order of the Pelican with a Patent of Arms.  The scroll is a work in progress by Mistress Yvainne d’ Castel.

Their Majesties called forth Baron Caleb Reynolds.  For his enthusiasm and skill in brewing, They inducted him into the Order of the Fleur d’Aethelmearc.  The scroll created by Lady Edana the Red.

Their Majesties thanked all the scribes who contributed to the works presented this day.

Her Majesty then requested the presence of Baroness Graidhne ni Ruaidh.  Speaking on how often her name was read throughout the courts during Their Reign, She stated there could be no other inspiration for the day than the Baroness and presented to her a Golden Escarbuncle.

There being no further business this day, the court of Their Majesties concluded.

Categories: SCA news sites

Copper axe blade found in Switzerland matches Iceman’s

History Blog - Sat, 2017-10-07 23:30

Analysis of a copper axe blade found in Switzerland in 2008 has revealed that it matches the copper axe carried by Ötzi the Iceman, the traveler who was felled by an arrow 5,300 years ago in the Ötztal Alps on the border between modern-day Italy and Austria and was frozen in the ice until some German tourists stumbled on him in 1991. Ötzi is Europe’s oldest human mummy and has proven a seemingly endless font of knowledge about Copper Age Europeans, every new approach, study and technology adding more pieces to the puzzle.

Last year, researchers discovered that the Iceman’s copper axe blade was remarkably pure at 99.7% copper and very much to their surprise, was mined in the Colline Metallifere area near Campiglia Marittima in southern Tuscany. There were active copper mines in the Alps at this time, so the expectation was that Ötzi’s gear would have been produced locally. Instead, either the ingot or the manufactured axe head was traded hundreds of miles to the north of where it was mined or made.

The axe blade unearthed at the prehistoric site of Riedmatt, in canton Zug, Switzerland, in 2008 appears to have made much the same trip. Riedmatt was a small pile-dwelling village on the shores of Lake Zug and a rich density of archaeological remains were found in the small space protected by a coffer dam for excavation.

University of Bern researchers sampled the copper and found through Lead Isotope analysis that the material is virtually identical to that in axes used by Neolithic peoples to the south, most notably Ötzi. The copper was mined around Campiglia Marittima and made its way north from there over the Alps. It is half the weight of Otzi’s axe and shorter in length, but it shares the same distinctive trapedoizal shape.

Unlike Ötzi’s blade, which was complete with its yew haft and the leather strips binding the two parts together, the Riedmatt axe is the blade alone. Also unlike Ötzi’s, the Riedmatt blade is almost pristine, excepting a single notch and surface pitting from several thousand years spent underground. The Iceman used his a lot and there is evidence of extensive wear and regularly resharpening on the blade. The Swiss axe may not have ever been hafted; it’s impossible to determine because corrosion has eliminated any traces left on the blade of the joining. The finishing of the blade had been completed at the time of its deposition between 3250 and 3100 B.C. Archaeologists believe it may have been deliberately left on the lakeside as a ritual offering.

“It was a very efficient general-purpose ax, especially proper for woodworking,” said Gishan Schaeren, an archaeologist with the Office for Monuments and Archaeology in the Swiss canton (or state) of Zug. But in addition to chopping trees to build stilted houses, people could use these axs as lethal weapons, Schaeren added. […]

“Mainstream research normally does not consider the possibility of intense contacts between south and north in the Alps” during this time, Schaeren told Live Science in an email.

He thinks Copper Age people should be given more credit.”We have to consider that people who traveled in the Alps had a very profound knowledge of the landscape and its conditions due to their experience with hunting, herding and exploring natural resources in these areas,” he said.

Stronger links to southern Europe, Schaeren added, could explain certain styles of rock art, pottery, burial customs and other phenomena seen in the north.

The find has even larger implications that upend commonly held positions about how metallurgy developed in this area of Switzerland in the 4th millennium B.C. Because local production of copper artifacts seems to have cratered after 3500 B.C. — a smattering of copper objects and crucibles from this time have been found north of the Alps, the frequency increasing again only after around 2600 B.C. — scholars have long thought that the local copper mines must have been exhausted and as a consequence the metal had lost its appeal, perhaps even come to be treated with hostility, by the Neolithic peoples living in the regions between Lake Constance and Lake Zurich.

From the initial results of the study published in this paper (pdf):

However, the copper axe blade of Zug-Riedmatt with its link to metallurgical traditions south of the Alps demonstrates that copper metallurgy at the end of the 4th millennium BC on the Swiss plateau is not to be understood as a very humble end-of-range model of the earlier metallurgy (3800-3500 BC) north of the Alps. In fact, this metallurgy is a new kind derived from the hotspots of metallurgical innovation in the regions of the Tyrrenian-Ligurian coast. This contradicts the theory proposed in Artioli et al. (2017, 9–11), in which the Alps are depicted as “a neat cultural barrier separating distinct metal circuits”. The as yet unpublished isotopic analyses of the copper finds from Lake Biel confirm our theory that Italian ores played a major role in lake-side dwellings north of the Alpine divide (Löffler, in press). The copper axe blade of Zug-Riedmatt accentuates a multitude of contemporaneous cultural bonds to the south, which seemed to be unconnected and had been underestimated until now (Röder & Gross, 2007, 230–236). Furthermore, it challenges the evolutionistic and one-track perceptions of a time that marks a watershed in early metallurgy.

Categories: Arts and Sciences, History

Sven and Siobhán are Æthelmearc’s New Heirs

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2017-10-07 13:52

Baroness Ekaterina Volkova reports from today’s Fall Crown Tourney and We Are The Escarbuncle 20th Anniversary Celebration that Duke Sven Gunnarsson and Duchess Siobhán inghean uí Liatháin are now Prince and Princess of Æthelmearc.

Prince Sven won best two out of three bouts in the finals, with great sword and two sword.



Vivant! Vivant! Vivant!

Categories: SCA news sites

Fall Crown Tourney 2017: Finals

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2017-10-07 13:30

Baroness Ekaterina Volkova reports today’s finals in Crown Tourney are Duke Malcolm, fighting for Viscountess Rosalinde Ashworth, and Duke Sven, fighting for Duchess Siobhán inghean uí Liatháin.

Finals will be best of three bouts.

Categories: SCA news sites

Fall Crown Tourney 2017: Semi-Final List

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2017-10-07 13:21

Baroness Ekaterina Volkova has posted the names of the semi-finals of today’s Crown Tourney:

Categories: SCA news sites

Fall Crown Tourney 2017: Fourth Round Winners Side

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2017-10-07 13:11

Baroness Ekaterina Volkova reports that the final two on the winners side are Duke Sven Gunnarsson and Count Andreas Morgan.

Categories: SCA news sites

Fall Crown Tourney 2017: Third Round

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2017-10-07 12:41

Baroness Ekaterina Volkova has posted the following winners round in today’s Crown Tourney:

Winners side:Duke Syr Malcolm, Duke Sir Sven, Count Andreas, Sir Murdoch

Categories: SCA news sites

Fall Crown Tourney 2017: First and Second Rounds

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2017-10-07 12:29

Baroness Ekaterina Volkova has posted the following updates from today’s Crown Tourney:

First-round winners

First-round losers

First-round losers, continued

Second-round winners

Categories: SCA news sites

Follow Æthelmearc’s Crown Tourney

East Kingdom Gazette - Sat, 2017-10-07 12:03

The Kingdom of Æthelmearc is holding its Crown Tournament today, and the Æthelmearc Gazette is providing coverage. The starting tree has been posted, and updates will follow.

Filed under: Tidings Tagged: aethelmearc, Crown Tourney