Seven months after the Metropolitan Museum of Art returned a pair of 10th-century Khmer statues known as the Kneeling Attendants that had been looted from the Prasat Chen temple in Koh Ker, Cambodia, Sotheby’s has agreed to return a statue looted from the same temple that has been blocked from sale for two years. It’s been a long, arduous process of diplomacy, negotiation and legal wrangling, none of it pretty and some of it impressively nasty, even for a cultural property dispute.
Our story begins more than a 1,000 years ago when King Jayavarman IV moved the capital of the Khmer Empire to Koh Ker, a remote site 75 miles northeast of Siem Reap and the previous capital of Angkor. It was 928 A.D. and up until this point, Khmer sculptural art was characterized by static figures, most of them carved bas reliefs of Hindu deities and mythology. Jayavarman IV commissioned a whole new style of carving for his new capital. In Koh Ker, statues of gods and warriors were made to be freestanding, their poses dynamic captures of figures in movement. One group in front of the western pavilion of Prasat Chen Temple featured 12 statues depicting the final battle between Duryodhana and his nemesis Bhima from the Sanskrit epic Mahabharata. Massive 500-pound sandstone statues of the two enemies were posed facing each mid-fight, surrounded by their supporters.
Koh Ker only remained capital until 944, after which it decayed into ruin while the jungle reclaimed its former dominance. The site’s remoteness was both a blessing and a curse, contributing to its decay and keeping it safe from the kind of predation Angkor was victim to. It wasn’t until the 1950s that French archaeologists recognized Koh Ker’s historical significance and paid regular attention to it. In 1965, the site was explored and documented by Madeleine Giteau, curator of the National Museum, who found it exceptionally well-preserved with the statues and structures virtually untouched. When a French archaeologist returned two years later, he found looting had already begun, thanks in large part to the construction of a new road which made the removal of artifacts to Thailand for sale more practical. Political upheaval and spillover from the Vietnam War put a lot of local armed insurgent groups and foreign fighters in the area and made looting antiquities to sell for hard cash a particularly attractive prospect.
According to an amended complaint from the United States Attorney’s Office of the Southern District of New York, the statue of Duryodhana was cut off its base in around 1972 by an organized network of looters and sold to a dealer in Bangkok. There it was purchased by Douglas Latchford, the same collector of Khmer art who donated the bodies of both Kneeling Attendants and one of their heads to the Met, who arranged for the illegal export of the statue to the London auction house of Spink & Son, the same auction house from which he either bought the Kneeling Attendants directly or acted as a front for the Met to buy them from, depending on whose story you believe. Spink & Son sold Duryodhana to a Belgian collector in 1975. The widow of said collector, Decia Ruspoli di Poggio Suasa, consigned the statue to Sotheby’s for sale in 2010.
Duryodhana became the centerpiece of Sotheby’s Asian sale in March of 2011. He was on the cover of the catalog and was extolled as a unique and exceptional example of Khmer artistry. Just hours before it was to go on the block, Cambodian Deputy Prime Minister Sok An sent a letter to the auction house officially requesting the return of the statue as an artifact illegally exported from Cambodia. Sotheby’s withdrew its flagship artifact, estimated to sell for $3 million – $4 million, from the sale. For a year after the first blocked sale attempt, Sotheby’s negotiated with the government of Cambodia to arrange a private sale. Hungarian art collector Istvan Zelnik volunteered to buy the statue for $1 million and donate it to Cambodia.
The talks fell through — Sotheby’s claimed it was the Department of Homeland Security’s fault because they pressured the Cambodian government not to agree to the sale so they could get all the kudos for a diplomatic arrangement; the US Attorney said it was Sotheby’s fault because they turned down the million dollar offer — and in April of 2012, the U.S. Attorney filed a civil suit in federal court seeking forfeiture of the statue on Cambodia’s behalf. Sotheby’s denied strenuously that there was sufficient evidence to prove the statue was looted (even though its matching feet are still in place in Koh Ker), denied knowing all along that it was stolen (even though there’s a long email discussion between the auction house and an expert they contracted to write up the statue before sale in which the expert underscores that it was recently removed from the temple but ultimately suggests they go ahead with the sale because her Cambodian sources say they have no interest in contesting it) and denied that there’s even an applicable law in Cambodian that makes the export of 1,000-year-old Khmer statues illegal.
On Thursday, December 12th, truce was called. Sotheby’s, Decia Ruspoli di Poggio Suasa and the federal government have come to an agreement and I’d say it’s a big win for Cambodia, although as so often happens everyone still gets to deny having willfully trafficked in stolen antiquities.
The Belgian woman who had consigned it for sale in 2011 will receive no compensation for the statue from Cambodia, and Sotheby’s has expressed a willingness to pick up the cost of shipping the 500-pound sandstone antiquity to that country within the next 90 days.
At the same time, lawyers from the United States Attorney’s Office in Manhattan who had been pursuing the statue on Cambodia’s behalf agreed to withdraw allegations that the auction house and the consignor knew of the statue’s disputed provenance before importing it for sale.
The accord said the consignor, Decia Ruspoli di Poggio Suasa, who had long owned the statue, and Sotheby’s had “voluntarily determined, in the interests of promoting cooperation and collaboration with respect to cultural heritage,” that it should be returned.
Andrew Gully, a spokesman for Sotheby’s, said the auction house was gladdened that “the agreement confirms that Sotheby’s and its client acted properly at all times.”
Oh yes, ever so properly. At all times. And ever so voluntary too. It just took them two years and a federal court case to volunteer.
Now we’ll see if the last domino falls: the Norton Simon Art Foundation in Pasadena which owns Duryodhana’s counterpart, Bhima.
Experts working on excavations at Dingwall's Cromartie Memorial car park have confirmed that the site was the location of an 11th century Thing, or Norse parliament. The structure may have been built at the instruction of Thorfinn the Mighty.
Archaeological digs on a farm near Newborough, England have unearthed several layers of history from Roman to Saxon times. The excavations were commissioned before the land could be used for proposed renewable energy parks.
One of the most famous masterpieces of Hellenistic sculpture, The Dying Gaul, has taken its first trip abroad since 1816 when it returned to Rome from 20 years’ exile in Paris, a sentence suffered by so much of Italy’s historical patrimony at Napoleon’s grasping hand. It is on view through March 16th, 2014, at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., star of its own exhibition, The Dying Gaul: An Ancient Roman Masterpiece from the Capitoline Museum, Rome. The sculpture has been beautifully situated in a rotunda modeled after the Pantheon in Rome, underneath a banner with a detail of Giovanni Paolo Panini’s Ancient Rome, a capriccio, aka a fantasy scene in which all of ancient Rome’s greatest art and architecture is on display in a single gallery with The Dying Gaul in the left foreground.
This exhibition is the only time the masterpiece has ever been to the United States and it won’t be traveling to any other museums. If you want to see this incredible portrait of mortally wounded strength and nobility, you have three months to get to D.C.
The Dying Gaul is a 1st or 2nd century A.D. marble copy of what was probably a Hellenistic bronze original made between 230 B.C. and 220 B.C. to celebrate the victory of King Attalus I of Pergamon over the Celtic tribes of Galatia, an area of central Anatolia, now in Turkey. Gauls had immigrated there from Thrace after their invasion of the Balkans in 279 B.C. They had a reputation as fierce warriors and often sold their soldiering services to the squabbling factions of Asia Minor. Attalus’ defeat of them was considered a great victory because of their reputed strength in battle and the theme of defeated Gauls, stoic and powerful to the end, became a popular motif in Hellenistic art for several decades.
Pliny mentions in his Natural History that Epigonus, court sculptor to the Attalid kings of Pergamon, created a group of bronze sculptures of dying Gauls to decorate the terrace of the Temple of Athena Nikephoros in honor of Attalus’ victory. The original Dying Gaul is thought to have been one of them, as is the original of Gaul Killing Himself and His Wife. The Roman copies of both of those pieces were documented for the first time on the November 2nd, 1623, inventory of the Ludovisi collection. The estate of the powerful papal Ludovisi family corresponded with the famed Gardens of Sallust, a property outside of Rome that had once belonged to Julius Caesar and was later purchased by the Roman historian Sallust who made it into a lush garden so beautiful it was confiscated by Roman emperors and maintained for centuries as a public garden.
When the Ludovisi family began building their complex on the grounds in the early 17th century, they dug up Roman sculptures in impressive quantities and even more impressive quality. (See this entry for more about the Ludovisi collection and its painful dispersion in the 19th century.) The Dying Gaul, then thought to be a dying gladiator, was recognized as a masterpiece right away. Artist Ippolito Buzzi restored it with a comparatively light hand, more modest and respectful of the original than many of the other 17th and 18th century restorations. On March 29th, 1737, Pope Clement XII bought The Dying Gaul for 6,000 scudi, a huge amount at the time, and installed it in the Capitoline Museums.
There it remained for 60 years until Napoleon stepped into the picture. By the terms of the Treaty of Tolentino, the 1797 peace treaty between Directory France and the Papal States, all the art French troops had looted became official French property. the treaty also gave French officials the untrammeled right to literally walk into any building in the territory and pick whatever they wanted to send back to France. Napoleon had experts on the scene to ensure Italy’s greatest treasures would become France’s for the duration of his rule. After Napoleon’s final defeat, the Tolentino plunder was returned to Italy.
The timing was perfect for The Dying Gaul to seduce the flocks of Romantic artists and Grand Tourists. Lord Byron wrote about him in Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage (Canto IV, Stanza CXL) just two years after the statue’s return to the Capitoline Museum.
I see before me the Gladiator lie:
Many literary luminaries followed in his wake. Mark Twain gave The Dying Gaul a rare unsarcastic positive review in Innocents Abroad. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Marble Faun opens on the sculpture. Henry James called it the “lion of the collection” in The Portrait of a Lady. The Gaul even gets a passing reference in Charles Dickens’ Great Expectations (bottom of the page here).
Because one of the greatest works of ancient art surviving doesn’t budge unless compelled by terms of sale or at bayonet-point, copies of The Dying Gaul are in museums, institutions of higher learning and private collections all over the world. Smugglerius is my personal favorite. Until his debut at the NGA last Thursday, that was as close as anybody outside of Italy was going to get to seeing him.
If you are a member of a polled Order and are not subscribed to the polling distribution or the discussion list, you may sign up here: Polling Lists
And if you are subscribed to the polling distribution but did not receive the most recent polls, please contact the Clerk of the Polling Lists, (currently Duchess Katherine Stanhope).
Filed under: Official Notices Tagged: awards, pollings
East Kingdom Twelfth Night will be held in Troy, NY, on January 4, 2014 and hosted by the Shire of Anglespur and the Barony of Concordia of the Snows.
Per the autocrat, Lord Joel of Vestfell, the feast has a very hard cap of 150, and it’s “selling fast”. Online registration (by ACCEPS) ends on December 15th, and mailed reservations must be postmarked by December 22.
Celebrate the end of the holiday season with:
For more information, please see the event announcement.
Filed under: Events Tagged: Anglespur, Concordia of the Snows, Twelfth Night
In early December, the SCA.org website got a new look.
The motivation behind the “facelift” was the recent debut of the SCA Newcomers’ Portal. ”We wanted to add a very noticeable link to the Portal, so that visitors and new members could easily find their way there,” said Mistress Jessa d’Avondale, Webmaster of SCA.org *. “This led to streamlining the front page, which previously had 4 different sections and menus, and left plenty of room in the center for a large slideshow of photos.”
The new SCA.org front page features photographs of SCA participants from the SCA Digital Scribes Program, along with five buttons with prominent links for new members (the Newcomers’ Portal, On-line Membership, and Kingdom Lookup), and for existing members (the SCA Marketplace, and the Kingdom eNewsletter website).
A lighter-colored background on all pages provides more contrast for the text, and the website’s menus have been consolidated into one main menu at the top of the screen, to make it easier for visitors to navigate their way around the site.
Please send feedback and suggestions to Mistress Jessa *
* Mistress Jessa is responsible for the contents of the SCA.org website. Please note this is a separate office from the Society Webminister, Baroness Alesone, who is in charge of electronic publications, oversees the kingdom websites, and makes policy about local group websites.
Filed under: Corporate Tagged: websites
The discovery of an old forge, an iron arrowhead and utensils has led archaeologists to believe that they had found an area used by blacksmiths dating to the 1500s. The site was unearthed under Klosterenga in Oslo, Norway.
The agenda for Their Majesties’ upcoming Curia is now available on the East Kingdom Seneschal’s web site: Curia
The Curia will be held the day after Birka, in the Barony of Stonemarche:
Questions may be directed to: Clerk of Laws
Filed under: Law and Policy Tagged: birka, curia
Archaeologists working on the site of a railway line in Old Uppsala, Sweden are trying to puzzle out the purpose of two rows of large wooden pillars near a 5th century pre-Viking burial ground and religious center. (photos)
SCA Ltd is again seeking nominations for board members.
Seventeen hundred years or so before the Majapahit Empire made the first piggy banks, the Messapii people in the heel of Italy were making baby bottles shaped like pigs. An excavation this May in Manduria, a town about 20 miles east of Taranto in the region of Puglia, unearthed a cut rock tomb painted with ocher, red and blue bands dating to around 4th century B.C. Inside the eight by four-foot tomb were the remains of two adults and approximately 30 funerary artifacts including an iron knife blade, pottery plates, vases, statuettes and three gutti, vessels with narrow necks and small openings from which liquids could be poured slowly, even in drops.
Gutti were used for pouring libations in sacrifices, to oil up bodies before scraping with a strigil and as baby bottles. Two of them were fairly plain, as is customary with gutti, but the third was shaped like an adorable piggy. Discovered completely intact, the piggy guttus has pointy ears and painted on human-like eyes with long, sweet eyelashes outlined in white. The elongated, slender snout is pierced at the end. That’s what the baby nursed from. It served another function too. Inside the pig’s body are small pieces of terracotta that made the pig a rattle once all the milk was finished. Feed the baby, then rattle him to sleep. It’s a clever combination and an extremely rare one.
Despite the presence of two baby bottles, one baby bottle/rattle and two female figurines characteristic of burials of young girls in Messapii graves, no infant remains were found. It’s possible that one of the adults was pregnant when she died and was poignantly buried with the artifacts she’d accumulated in expectation. It’s also possible that an infant was buried there but her delicate bones have disintegrated over time. The tomb is almost certainly familial, in keeping with Messapian custom.
Objects such as a black painted basin and an iron blade of a knife suggest a male burial, while a strong clue for a female burial came from a special Messapian pottery vase called trozzella. Featuring four little wheels at the tops of its handle, versions of the vase are often found in the graves of Messapian women.
“Analysis of the funerary objects and their context suggest that the two burials followed one another in the Hellenistic period, between the end of the fourth and the third-second centuries B.C.,” Alessio said.
This is the second largest Messapian tomb found in Manduria, which is notable because the town was an important city in the Messapii dodecapolis, a confederation of 12 cities which, while ruled by their own individual kings, came together for self-defense or in case of other need. The need arose pretty frequently, thanks to their frequent battles with, among others, the Greek colonists of Tarentum (now Taranto), although they had cordial trading relationships with other cities of Magna Grecia. Messapian fighters were renown for their cavalry and archery. Archidamus III, King of Sparta from 360 B.C. to 338 B.C., felt Messapian strength most keenly when he died at the walls of Manduria while aiding Tarentum in its war against several local Italic tribes.
The Messapii were conquered by Rome in 280 B.C. Their Indo-European language died out and was replaced by Latin and Greek. Inscriptions have survived but the language is still not fully translated.
Aryanhwy reports that the first edition of the blog What's Up Wednesday is now online. The blog looks at what is going on with the A&S community in the Kingdom of Drachenwald.
Simon Vincent loves to get together and hit some friends - with foam swords, that is. An active member of the Bendigo Swordcraft group in Bendigo, Victoria, Vincent was interviewed recently by Corey Hague of ABC Victoria. (video)
Metal detectorist Morten Kris Nielsen was exploring a farmer’s field near Spentrup on the Danish peninsula of Jutland when he found a gold fibula, a brooch used to fasten a cloak. Without even cleaning it, Nielsen brought it directly to archaeologist Benita Clemmensen at the Museum of Jutland. He was sure there was more where that came from, so that same day he returned to the find site and unearthed a second piece of the fibula and two crescent-shaped gold pendants with stylized birds’ heads at each end of the crescents. Museum archaeologists then excavated the spot and found another eight gold pendants, four of them in bird patterns, and a gold ring.
The archaeologists found that this small but extremely rare and valuable hoard was deposited in a bog, probably as a religious sacrifice, in the early 6th century A.D. Because Nielsen was so conscientious in reporting his finds without so much as rinsing them off, museum experts were able to find traces of dissolved glass in some of the many intricate channels of the fibula. There are surviving red semi-precious stones thought to be garnets on the piece, and the remains of a yellowish-green mass which may be glass.
The total gold weight of the hoard is 35 grams which is relatively modest, but the quality of the pieces is thoroughly immodest. The fibula is eight centimeters (just over three inches) long and is made out of a gold sheet wrapped around a clay core. The surface is festooned in tiny gold circles. Even tinier beads of gold like strands of pearls follow the edge of every section of the piece. In the second fragment of the fibula — a circle with stones or glass between spokes — there’s a gold waffle pattern underneath the stone settings that is reminiscent of some of the garnet pieces from the Staffordshire Hoard (see this hilt fitting, for instance).
On the bottom section of the buckle is a bird, outlined in gold with the tail, head, body and beak formed by inset red stones. The eye of the bird is cut into the middle of the head’s stone. Archaeologists think the fibula’s bird and the bird heads on six of the pendants probably represent ravens, important figures in Norse mythology (Odin had a pair named Huginn and Muninn who brought him news of the world every day) that are common motifs on jewelry from this period and later.
According to National Museum of Denmark archaeologist Peter Vang Petersen, only a few large gold fibulae of this type have been found in Denmark. They were made locally out of Roman gold with semi-precious stones imported from Scandinavia and Central Europe. This was high craftsmanship. The woman whose cloak this held together had to have been immensely wealthy and important, and the fact that she was able to sacrifice such riches suggests that she was wealthy beyond the mean of the Spentrup area which has never seen a treasure find like this before.
As for why she might have felt compelled to sacrifice such valuable pieces, it’s because the Norse gods preferred gold, not surprisingly, and when circumstances were grim, that was the kind of sacrifice you’d make. This period, the early sixth century, in the middle of the turbulent Migration Period, saw a great many gold votive deposits. On top of the political upheaval and mass movement of populations, the first half of the sixth century saw a climactic disruption that is recorded by historians from the Byzantine Empire to China to the Middle East to Europe. Probably as the result of a volcanic eruption, in 535-6 there was no summer and the sun’s rays were wan like during an eclipse. Famine, crop failure, freezing rivers followed, an unending winter that was a sure sign to the Norse that Ragnarok, the apocalyptic Twilight of the Gods, was nigh.
The Mosegård Church Hoard, as the gold has been dubbed because of its find site near the church, is on display at the Museum of East Jutland in Randers until December 19th, 2013, after which it will move to the National Museum of Denmark in Copenhagen where it will be part of its Treasure Trove exhibition opening in January.
On the 23rd day of November Anno Societatis 48, in the common era called 2014, at the end of a day filled with fierce battles, great fencing, youth combat as well as a delicious dayboard, Their Majesties Kenric II and Avelina II held Their Court. They warmly welcomed two of Their visiting Cousins to come and sit beside Them and Their Heirs, and King Timothy of Aethelmearc and Prince Guillaume, called William of Atlantia took up Their offer and took Their comfort. Their Majesties East presented each Cousin with gifts as Their Court began.
As They settled down to the business of Their Court, Their herald called for Vicereine Johanne i Visby and Viceroy Gui avec cheval de Guise to come forward, as they had requested an opportunity to swear their fealty this day. With words exchanged and the sword of state as well, this was quickly accomplished. Yet another had asked to swear her fealty upon the opening of Their Majesties Court, and Baroness Carillion, Kis Maria, called Mika next heard her name, and in much the same manner her fealty was taken.
Now Their Majesties called for the presence of Sir Tanaka Raiko. With whispered words and many glances exchanged, Sir Tanaka made his way before His King and Queen. However it would seem that Their Majesties had nothing more dire in Their plans then to have Their Knight call upon the Captains of this day’s combat to award a first and second place scroll as prize. Ioannes Serpentius would be called for first place, and Hrafn the Bonesetter’s name in second. Scrolls both by Nyfain merch Coel and Bjorvig Grimskald Hulderson were read and presented to these two fine warriors. Before he departed Their Presence, Sir Tanaka begged a boon of Their Majesties – that he and his lady, Mistress Sofia Staritskaia, might be allowed to swear their fealty as well. With words that rolled easily from his tongue Sir Tanaka did so swear, and with much introspection and deep thought did Mistress Sofia claim to swear the very same.
Next was cried the name of Baroness Jehannine de Flandres – for one Magnus the Red had achieved the rank of Master Bowman with a Royal Round Score of 86.33 and Their Majesties would have her carry a token to him in recognition of such an achievement. While the topic was that of archery, the Baron of Iron Bog, Collin Monro was called forward, for Her Majesty had heard that he had need to settle a matter involving Her Own Self and the Barony’s Archery Championship. Baron Collin told of the day their championships took place, 2 brief months prior. It would seem that The East Kingdom’s own Avelina, then Princess, had participated, and in fact, won the right to be their champion. Upon her entrance form the box indicating that She desired to do so had been checked, and as She so readily explained, She did in fact qualify despite the provision that the champion either reside in Iron Bog or in a Barony that boarders it, as the very trees with in Iron Bog might shortly belong to Her. However, Her Majesty in Her great wisdom, recognized that She had many other obligations now that She was Queen, and conceded that Iron Bog might name another champion. Master Phillip Reed the Facetious then spoke up, and as he noted, despite the fact that he had not checked the very box upon his entrance form that had brought them to this moment, as he had qualified otherwise to be their champion, he would gladly help if Iron Bog so chose. Baron Collin promised to consider the matter and Her Majesty considering the issue handled, allowed him to take his leave.
Kit of Serpentius’s name was called. He could not be present and so the heads of his household, Tribune Omega and Shahzadeh Roxane, stepped forward as someone who might speak for him. Their Majesties noted that They wished to elevate him to Lord of Their Court, and a scroll by Kay Leigh Mac Whyte and Lillian ate Valeye was read, and delivered to them to carry to him.
Now the Prince of Atlantia indicated that He had some business with Their Majesties East, and They recognized him, and granted him time to speak. He mentioned that he had heard rumors that The East was making ready for war, and as he wished all to remain peaceful between the two Kingdoms, he had brought gifts for Their Majesties. With glad thanks his gifts were accepted.
Next to hear her name called by Their Majesty’s herald was Jenevieve Fiana Spillane. Their Majesties commented upon all They had heard about her activity in the rapier community, and at that moment King Timothy of Aethelmearc spoke up, commenting upon how fine her fencing had been so recently in His Kingdom, and causing King Kenric and Queen Avelina to exclaim “oh, you’re THAT fencer”. With that her Award of Arms was read, and the scroll by Jonathan Blaecstan was presented to her along with a purple leather circlet that had been sent for her by Don Po.
Now a married couple was called forward, Viola and Attila Soldus. Also very active members of the rapier community as well as wonderfully helpful citizens of the East, Their Majesties wished to Award them Arms as well. First a scroll by Nest verch Tangwistel was read for Viola and blue leather circlet from Don Po was placed upon her head, and then the words from a scroll by Charis Accipiter were read, the scroll itself, promised at a future date, and then a leather circlet in brown, also sent by Don Po, was placed upon Attila’s head.
The name Phillip Reed the Facetious now rang clear through the hall, as Their Majesties demanded he present himself to Them. He arrived immediately dressed in vibrant yellow, and knelt before Them, a look of confusion upon his face. King Kenric addressed him then, thanking him for all his service to the Crown and mentioned that They felt a unique reward was due to one as dedicated as he. The King instructed His herald then to read the words which would appear on a scroll forthcoming from Alexandre St. Pierre, which had been so carefully crafted to convey what They were presenting to him. The words spoke of the importance of the health and wellbeing of those who govern The Eastern Realm, and of how mindful Their Majesties are of those who can be entrusted with the humors of Their Own bodies because of this. As They found Phillip to be such a person, Their Majesties saw fit to grant the boon of a Serjeanty that he and his heirs might be blessed with the unique privilege of providing His Majesty with a banana, ripe and pure, in full public view, that it might be of good service to His Majesty’s body. Once Master Phillip had fully grasped the importance of what had just occurred, he requested that he be allowed to swear fealty, which was allowed, and then he presented Their Majesties with some small tokens he had brought back for them from his travels to the Kingdom of the Mouse, a miniature minion that they might keep close at hand, and special minion note paper for Their missives.
Next Octavia Valeria Laevina was called forward. The cheerful hospitality this gentlewoman brings to everything she does had reached the ears of the King of Queen, and for this and more They chose now to make her a Lady of Their Court. With a scroll by Kay Leigh Mac Whyte and illuminated by Raistlin the Quiet it was done.
Now Ophelia of Serpentius was called before The King and Queen. They spoke with her of fine words others had brought to Them about her, and expressed Their desire to Award her Arms this day, which was done then with a scroll who’s illuminator was unknown, but which was lettered for her by Kay Leigh Mac Whyte.
The last formal piece of business this day was for Eliyahu al-Talhi. As he knelt before Their Majesties they spoke to him of his fighting and his three daughters. Their Majesties had noted his dedication and loyalty and for that They would make him a Lord of Their Court. A scroll illuminated by Margaret Twygge and lettered by Kay Leigh Mac Whyte was then read, and he was presented for the first time as Lord Eliyahu.
King Timothy of Aethelmearc then requested a moment of time before all, and when granted He spoke of a recent experience He had had in His own Kingdom – an evening of fighting in a corn maze, which had become such a joyful and enjoyable time, that He had approached Sir Tanaka to assist Him in creating a weekend long event based on this, for both Aethelearc and The East to enjoy in the fall of 2014, and in this moment, He wished to invite all to plan to attend.
Finally there were closing words from His Majesty Kenric. He spoke of how concerned He had been about 100 Minutes War with all the changes of site, because it was one of His favorite events. He then thanked all who were involved in making certain that it did happen, and praised the day’s happenings highly.
With that, Their Majesties closed Their Court.
These are the events as I witnessed them this day.
Joyously in service to Crown and College,
Filed under: Court Tagged: court, Kenric and Avelina
For medieval people, the ocean was the ultimate mystery, as were the creatures that lived there - in truth and in the imagination. Many of these creatures were depicted on medieval maps, the subject of two new books reviewed on Smithsonian's Collage of Arts and Sciences blog.
The public has learned to expect DNA testing to answer all archaeological questions, but this is not always the case according to Stephanie Pappas, Senior Writer for LiveScience. One good example is the mummified head, long believed to be that of King Henry IV of France, the investigation of which has led experts on a merry chase.
Mistress Isobail inghean Gilla Chriosd reports that registration via ACCEPS for Gulf Wars XXIII is now open. The War runs from March 9 through March 16, 2014.