East Kingdom Gazette

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Covering the Eastern Realm of the SCA
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St. Eligius A&S Event: Details and New Challenges

Wed, 2016-10-26 09:59

Submitted by R.Wurm, Barony of Dragonship Haven

Greetings Everyone

St. Eligius is right around the corner and Dragonship Haven is so excited! Queen Anna is honoring us with Her Presence, plus we have some new challenges and special competitions.

New this year are the Baron Adhemar Challenges: Misadventures and Collaboration. Sound intriguing? Go to the Baronial Website or our East Kingdom event listing to find out more and for all other competition information.

Other specialized contests include; Master Alexander the Younger’s Challenge, SCA Kluge, Medieval Moment and Artisan’s Progress, and we will have our Populace and Baron & Baroness’s Choice awards, as always.

St. Eligius is designed to have something for everyone; great food, great prizes, great company and great fun! We pride ourselves on our unique and diverse judging formats and our friendly and supportive atmosphere where all entrants, displayers, and onlookers will feel comfortable, encouraged, and go home feeling enthused and delighted!  Also, St Eligius is a good place to hone and get feedback on your entry for the upcoming King and Queen’s Arts and Sciences Competition.

Don’t feel like entering a competition? Please bring the project that you have been working on, finished or not. We want to see it and have plenty of tables for display only.

We are pleased to announce that there will be fencing, lots of it, with at least 2 tourneys. Since fencing is an art, we can’t leave it out of our A&S day.  Lord Christoffel will be running “The Art of Fence Challenge”; pick your favorite period fencing master and fence in that style.  More on this can be found on our event announcement.

We have space for any Guilds or groups that would like to meet. Please contact the stewards to reserve some space.

Please plan on joining us on November 12th for a day *well spent*. We look forward to seeing you and spending some quality time together!

Thank you in advance.
Hope to see you there!
R. Wurm

Filed under: Announcements, Events, Local Groups

Unofficial Court Report for King’s & Queen’s Rapier Champions

Wed, 2016-10-26 08:57

Their Royal Majesties, Brion III and Anna III, ventured forth to Their Barony of Iron Bog on the 22nd of October, Anno Societatis fifty-one, there to watch the competition to determine the new King’s and Queen’s Rapier Champions.

After spending the day watching over 90 combatants compete for the honour of serving as Champion, Their Majesties opened Their Court. His Majesty invited before him the retiring King’s Rapier Champion, Master Donovan Shinnock, thanked him for a well-run tourney, and said that he would be sad to see him go. His Majesty took back the regalia of the office and Master Donovan stepped down.

His Majesty then called for Don Lupold Hass and asked if he would stand as King’s Rapier Champion. Don Lupold accepted and was fitted with the regalia of the office and presented a scroll naming him Champion, penned by Mistress Heather Rose de Gordoun. Don Lupold then took his place in Their Majesties’ Court.

Her Majesty asked for the attendance of the retiring Queen’s Rapier Champion, Don Llewellyn Walsh. She said that he had served with distinction and would always be a champion. Then she took from him the regalia of the office and Don Llewellyn stepped down.

Queen Anna then asked that Don Lottieri Malocchio come forward, which he did to much applause. Her Majesty stated that she’d be honoured to have him as Her Champion because “OMG, what fun!” Don Malocchio was given the regalia of the Queen’s Rapier Champion and given a scroll commemorating this, made by Mistress Heather Rose de Gordoun.

The Ladies of the Rose were called forward. As is their tradition, they offered tokens to individuals who stood out to them. Duchess Etheldreda Ivelchyld offered her token to Lady Genevra d’Angouleme and Lady Pixie of Iron Bog. Countess Marguerite ingen Lachlainn gave her token to Don Melchior Kriebel. Duchess Avelina Keyes presented her token to Master Connor Levingstoune from Atlantia. And Duchess Caoilfhionn inghean Fhaolain’s token went to Lord Xavier the Sinister.

Queen Anna asked for Don Thomas of Effingham, who carried the Cloak of Perseverance for the last year. She accepted it from him, then called for Don Mark le Gabler and presented the Cloak to him, asking him to bear for the next year.

Their Majesties then called for Lord Eldrich Gaiman. They spoke of his swift reactions on the fencing list and his depth of knowledge of his opponents, and had Their herald read a scroll naming him a member of the Order of the Golden Rapier and Granting him Arms. The scroll was made by Mistress Heather Rose de Gordoun.

King Brion and Queen Anna then asked that the children of the East attend them. As has been Their habit for this reign, they offered the children toys, but first required that they learn something of the Society. Master Donovan Shinnock was called forward to explain the art of defense and distribute the largess.

Next, those new to the Society were called before the thrones. Their Majesties offered tokens that the newcomers might remember their first days among us.

The event steward, Lady Aibhilin inghean ui Phaidin, was summoned and thanked, along with the Barony of Iron Bog, for the wonderful event they had put together for Their Majesties.

Friar Jacob the Wanderer was called forward and Their Majesties spoke of his storytelling skills and his “Children’s Bedtime Story Hour” at Pennsic. For his skill in the performing arts, Friar Jacob was made a Companion of the Order of the Troubadours and given a small cup by the Crown, the regalia of the Order.

Captain Berrick Grayveson was called next to attend the Crown. Their Majesties spoke of his time serving as a rapier marshal and twice as Rapier Champion of the Barony of Bhakail, and his teaching of silk banner making, and made Berrick a Companion of the Order of the Silver Wheel. A scroll commemorating this was penned by Mistress Heather Rose de Gordoun.

Lord Connor MacSeamus O’Neal was summoned before the thrones. Their Majesties spoke of his artistry, his metalwork, and his skill making guards for rapier blades, and felt that these talents should be rewarded. They named him a Companion of the Order of the Maunche. A scroll will be forthcoming.

Their Majesties summoned Lord Ian Douglas. They spoke of his many years as a rapier combatant and marshal and his participation in the cut-and-thrust community, and felt this deserved recognition. They named him a member of the Order of the Silver Rapier and presented him a scroll with illumination by Lady Triona MacCaskey, calligraphy by Master Jonathan Blaecstan, and words by Mistress Dorigen of the Grey Gate.

Next, the Crown called for Lord Morwil MacShane. They recalled his time as Ladies’ Rapier Champion for Bhakail, his service as a rapier marshal, and his place as a alternate on the Pennsic Champions team, and felt all these things deserving. They named Lord Morwill a member of the Order of the Silver Rapier and gifted him a scroll saying such, created by Mistress Heather Rose de Gordoun.

Finally, King Brion and Queen Anna summoned Their Order of Defense. Their Majesties found when that Order gathered, however, that it was incomplete. Queen Anna turned to Her Rapier Champion, Don Lottieri Malocchio and though her herald delivered to him a Writ, to be answered at a later date, that he might respond to Their Majesties’ Summons whether he would take his place as a member of that Order. The words were written by Lady Liadan inghean Chineada.

Their Majesties then thanked all involved with putting on the event, and all attending the event and, there being no further business, processed from the hall.

These are the events of the day as I recall them. My thanks to all the retainers, guards, heralds, Champions, event staff, and attendees who made the day as joyful as it was.

Pray know I remain,
For Crown and College,

Master Rowen Cloteworthy

Filed under: Court

In Memorium: Mistress Elsa de Lyon

Tue, 2016-10-25 14:44

Mistress Elsa de Lyon passed from this world on October 20, 2016, leaving behind two sons and their families, her mother and the remainder of her family – both chosen and blood relatives – and many, many friends.

Elsa began her journey in the SCA in 1991, in the Shire of Montevale. Her wish to spread her creative talents and help others made her a community leader in her Shire as a Minister of Arts and Science from 2001 to 2004, with a small break from officer work for a few years to again step up and become Seneschal for the Shire of Montevale for five years (2009-2014). Recently, she had become A&S Minister again, because she wanted to continue to serve her local group, and enjoyed this role.

Although she would also serve as a head cook at a few events in the western portion of the Southern Region over the years, many remember her best as a scribe in the East Kingdom College of Scribes. While she physically could not travel the Kingdom, her work would travel to the far corners of the Kingdom and across Kingdom borders to inspire others over these many years.

Elsa was a regular teacher at Pennsic, whether taking groups out for a weed walk, teaching basic calligraphy courses at the Aethelmearc Scribal Track and also helping with setup and breakdown at scribal gatherings at Pennsic. At home, she was a gentle lady, always willing to help others develop their artistic skills in informal one-on-one lessons, at demos, and in occasional local A&S workshops. Her skill was noticed by the Society Chronicler in A.S. 36 and she was nominated for a William Blackfox award for her work on the December 2001 cover of the Montevale Knightly Knews.

Iris by Mistress Elsa

After being recognized with an Award of Arms, a Maunche, the Queen’s Honor of Distinction (Jana IV), and the Order of the Silver Crescent, Elsa was issued a Writ of Summons by Their Graces Brennan and Caoilfhionn in May of 2014, commanding her to appear in court at Southern Region War Camp to consider her elevation to the Order of the Laurel. On June 28, AS 49 (2014), Elsa was released as an apprentice by Mistress Kay Leigh Mac Whyte, and her elevation was witnessed by all present including her household Clan Black Dragons, her son Ryan, and scribes from the Mac Whyte House.. Speakers for her elevation included Master Denys the Decadent of Aethelmearc, Sir Wulfbrand, Duchess Roxane, Mistress Farasha, and Elsa’s first Laurel, Mistress Brighid the Limner, whom had previously retired from the SCA and returned for this special occasion.

In recent years, Elsa made a point of traveling to Pennsic each year to see friends from afar, and could always be found working on something creative that would cause joy to both herself and others.

Mistress Kay Leigh Mac Whyte shares the following memories of her student and friend:

“I had met Elsa at one of the first Known World Scribal Gatherings at Pennsic (about 16 years ago), held in Midrealm Royal camp at the time. I was in my first year as a scribe in service to the East Kingdom College of Scribes, maybe in my 3rd year in the SCA as a whole, and I recall being overjoyed to bump into someone from “back home”, despite the physical distance between us. We remained in touch through the castle.org mailing list for scribes and via email for many years after, and into the years when social media became available. In 2012 while I served as Tyger Clerk of the Signet, I was able to see her work a bit more often, and marveled again at her talent. Although she had the strong support of her local community, and although I viewed her as more of an equal if not my better in many ways, we spoke privately and we had agreed that an advocate for her behind the scenes was needed, and entered into a student-peer relationship, which became an apprenticeship at Pennsic the following year. We would continue to stay in touch, becoming closer within the last five years, albeit perhaps not as close as her SCA household and mundane family.

Detail from a Queen’s Cypher scroll

Our last meeting was at Pennsic 45, at which Elsa and I would meet every day, making the most of the time we had together since we rarely had opportunity during the rest of the year to travel to see each other; her schedule was just as busy as mine, but I would always hear of the success of her prize-winning daffodil bulbs (goodness, she could tell you a million different things about daffodils and other members of the Amaryllidaceae family) as a master gardener and competitor in local gardening shows, or occasions where she had time to teach others at demos or events. We also shared our concerns over the welfare of and recognition of gentles in the southwestern borders of the East Kingdom, and she took to heart her duties as a new peer in looking after others in her community, encouraging them to grow further in the SCA. When we parted ways at the close of this past Pennsic, we probably took several attempts at saying goodbye, knowing it would be a while before we would see each other again.

We made the most of the time we had, and the East was blessed to have this gentle woman among us, with a smile, laughter and gentle demeanor that influenced others across Kingdom borders. She was the kind of person I wanted to be when I grew up, long before I was a peer, and I and others have been honored to have known her simply as a friend, grateful for having her in our lives, and her example to live by.”

A memorial service for friends will be held at Gensel Funeral Home at 333 Falling Spring Road, Chambersburg, PA 17201 on Saturday, October 29 2016. Please note that her family has requested that friends of Elsa wishing to attend please arrive at 1:00pm, one hour prior to the family service at 2pm.

A GoFundMe page (originally set up for her medical expenses for recovery) has since been left up online to cover funeral costs as well.  A memorial page has been set up by her family.

Filed under: Tidings Tagged: in memoriam

King’s and Queen’s Rapier Champions 2016

Mon, 2016-10-24 19:27
On Saturday October 22nd, in the Barony of Iron Bog, more than 90 rapier fighters contended for the positions of King’s and Queen’s Rapier Champion.  The tournament, run by Master Donovan Shinnock, the outgoing King’s Rapier Champion, followed the traditional two-round format, with the first round being multiple round-robin pools and the second round being a 16-person double elimination.   At the end of many friendly but hard-fought combats, the final four contenders were Master Caine Ramsey, Don Lupold Haas, Don Lottieri Malocchio and Don Remy Delemontagne de Gascogne.  Lupold defeated Remy to advance to the finals.  Malocchio defeated Caine to advance to the finals.  

Don Malocchio and Don Remy


 Lupold and Malocchio then fought a best three out of five finals.  The fights were intense, passionate and joyful to behold.  At the end, Lupold emerged as the victor and the new King’s Rapier Champion.   In court later that evening, Queen Anna selected Malocchio as her new Queen’s Rapier Champion.   Also in court, their Majesties issued a Writ commanding Malocchio to appear at a date and time to be determined to answer whether he would accept the accolade of the Order of Defense.   The fencers of the East gratefully thank the people of Iron Bog, the marshals and the list officials who made this wonderful day such a success. 
Filed under: Rapier Tagged: King and Queen's Champions

A Reminder for Crown Tournament Combatants

Sun, 2016-10-23 20:29

Attention Crown Entrants: Remember your device for the shield trees!

If you need info on how to make a device for the shield tree, see this page on the East Kingdom wiki.

If you have questions or need help either making a shield or deciding what to put on it, please feel free to contact Rosina von Schaffhausen, Jongleur Herald, who can also get you in touch with an accomplished heraldic artist.

Filed under: Announcements Tagged: Crown Tournament, List Trees

Unofficial Report – GGG and Rose Tourney

Tue, 2016-10-18 13:50

On the 8th of October, Anno Societatis LI, or 2016 in the Common Era, Their Majesties Brion III and Anna III rode to Their Barony of Carillion, there to attend Ghosts, Ghouls, and Goblins and the Ladies of the Rose Tourney.

Their Majesties Opened Court by inviting in Duchess Kiena Stewart and Duchess Caoilfhionn inghean Fhaolain, who hosted the Rose Tourney. Their Graces thanked the Barony of Carillion for hosting them, then announced the winners of the various categories. The overall winning team belonged to Duchess Etheldreda Ivelchyld.

The top team in archery was Countess Violante do Porto’s team and the top archer was Master Peter the Red.

The top armoured combat team was also Duchess Etheldreda’s, with the top chivalry combatant Master Ioannes Aurelius Serpentius and the top unbelted combatant Baron Rory McClellan.

The top rapier combat team belonged to Duchess Caoilfhionn. The top OGR fencer was Don Melchior Kriebel and the top non-OGR was Lord Titus Hostilius Nero.

Their Majesties invited the children of the East forward. When asked if the children liked the Society, one child exclaimed, “Yes! I love it!”. In keeping with Their Majesties’ philosophy that gifts such as these should come with some learning about the Society, King Brion and Queen Anna asked Duchesses Kiena and Caoilfhionn to come forward and speak to the children about courtesy before the children could claim their bounty.

The Crown then called for the event steward, Baroness Tysha z Kieva, and thanked her for her efforts putting together the event.

King Brion and Queen Anna then invited those new to the Society to come forward. Queen Anna spoke briefly to them, making them welcome, then the newcomers were offered tokens that they might remember their first steps in the SCA.

Next, Anastasia Wolf of House Carpathia was called for. Their Majesties noted that she served as a water bearer and entertained people with Middle Eastern dance. Finding her contributions worthy, Anastasia was made a Lady of the Court and Awarded Arms. She was given a scroll to commemorate this, with calligraphy by Master Jonathan Blaecstan and illumination by Baroness Ellesbeth Donofrey.

Lord Aharon Ben Ze’ev was summoned and Their Majesties spoke to him of his work in Settmour Swamp as an event steward, cook, and event staff and, in light of these good works, inducted him into the Order of the Silver Wheel. Aharon was given a scroll made by Mistress Heather Rose de Gordoun to mark the occasion.

King Brion then spoke briefly about the Orders. For the duration of the reign, when in tight quarters or with larger Courts, members of the various Orders may be asked to stand in place, rather than gather around the newest Order member. It is hoped that this small change will help speed the longer Courts.

Their Majesties then requested that Master Erhart von Stuttgart attend them. They spoke of his works crafting brass needles, hooks and eyes, and pins, and drawing of wire. They heard the words of Their Order of the Maunche and inducted Erhart into that Order. There was no scroll present, but there were words provided by Master Ryan McWhyte.

The Crown then called for Duke Gavin Kilkenny. King Brion mentioned that “back in the day”, it was not common to receive regalia when elevated to the peerage. Friends of His Grace felt this should be rectified and were called forward to present him with a hood for his induction into the Order of the Pelican these many years past.

Queen Anna spoke briefly about a day she described as “delightful” and King Brion called “excellent”. The business of the Court concluded, Their Majesties retired to their rooms.

These were the events of the Court as I recall them. My thanks to the event staff, retainers, guards, heralds, scribes, and all those others who made the event the thing it was.

Pray know I remain,

For Crown and College,

 – Master Rowen Cloteworthy

Filed under: Court, Uncategorized

Announcement from Their Majesties – Fall Crown Tournament list

Tue, 2016-10-18 13:46

To the Kingdom of the East, do We Brion and Anna send these words from the Tyger thrones, this 17th day of October.

We are pleased to announce the following gentles who would contest on the field of honor for the Fall Crown Tournament of the Kingdom of the East:

Master Ryan Mac Whyte fighting for Mistress Kay Leigh Mac Whyte
Duke Ronald Wilmot fighting for Duchess Bronwyn Dawntreader
Duke Randal of the Dark fighting for Duchess Katherine Stanhope
Duke Gryffith FitzWilliam fighting for Duchess Aikaterine FitzWilliam
Jarl Valgard Stonecleaver fighting for Lady Gracia Vasquez de Trillo
Sir Wilhelm von Ostenbrucke fighting for Mistress Vienna de la Mer
Sir Edward MacGyver dos Scorpus fighting for Lady Katerina LLiova Vladimirov
Sir Marcus Blackaeart fighting for Lady Solveig Bjarnardottir
Master Ávaldr Valbjarnarson fighting for Mistress Eva Woderose
Master Æthelhawk Keyfinder fighting for Mistress Siubhan Wallace
Sir Matthew des Arden fighting for Mistress Fia Kareman
Master Tiberivs Ivlivs Rvfvs Primvs fighting for m’lord Vopiscus Rufius Donatus
Sir Ivan Ivanov Syn Dimitriov Vynuk Tzardikov fighting for Baroness Matilde DeCadenet
Master Ionness Aurelius Serpentius fighting for Mistress Ro Honig von Sommerfeldt
Sir Ané du Vey fighting for Mistress Sylvia du Vey
Sir Harold Hokonson fighting for Sir Sichelgaita von Halstern
Sir Simon Gwyn fighting for Lady Tullia Tranquilla
Sir Hrafn BoneSetter fighting for Lady Sigrún Soldottír
Sir Matthias Grunwald fighting for Baroness Æsa feilinn Jossursdottir
Baron of Smoking Rocks Richard Leviathan fighting for Mistress Nest verch Tangwistle
Baron Ceawlin Alreding fighting for Baroness Molly Blythe
The Honorable Lord William RavenHair fighting for Lady Albreda Aylese
Baron Sigurthr VigurHafn fighting for Baroness Medhbh inghean Cheallaigh
Baron Duncan Kerr fighting for Mistress Eleanor fitzPatrick
Lord Richard Crowe fighting for m’lady Ameria Brown
Lord Micah of Brighton Hall fighting for Lady Thallos Alexiou of Brighton Hall
Lord Sigurdr Berserkr fighting for Mistress Mistress Eleanore MacCarthaigh
Lord Thomas de Winterwade fighting for Lady Sara of Stonley
The Honorable Lord Ulfgeirr Ragnarsson the Nice fighting for Lady Lavina Attewode
Baron Tiberius Nautius Maximus fighting for None Meave Macintosh
The Honorable Lord Duarcaín MacWard fighting for Lady Aurnia MhicWard
The Honorable Lord Gawyn O’Clery fighting for m’lady Maeve O’Clery
Baron Rory MacLellan fighting for Baroness Astridr Sigrun Ulfkelsdottir
Baron Fearghus O’Conchobhair fighting for Baroness Christina Jenevra De Carvalhal
Lady Leurona Winterborne fighting for Sir Ketilfastr Thorkilson
Lord William of Wyndhaven fighting for Lady Saruca bint Lazari
Lord Gunnar Alfson fighting for m’lady Suke Arslajin
Lord Greadden Olthurssun Veassellurd fighting for Lady Aesa Ormstung Called Jotunsbane
Lord Martin Wasser Speier fighting for Master Donovan Shinnock
Lord Perley of Malagentia fighting for Lady Mary of the High Hills
Lord Edwarde Midnight fighting for Lady Rose Copper-Steel
Lord Alexander Clarke fighting for Mistress Aneleda Falconbridge
Lord Matthew MacGyver fighting for Baroness Lillian Stanhope
Lady Vasia Von Königsburg fighting for Lady Æsa Sturludottir
Lord Corwin Blackthorn fighting for Lady Ada Wright
Lord Nicol mac Donnachaidh fighting for Lady Vivien de Valois
Lord Albrecht Østergaard fighting for m’lady Anne Forneau
Lord Leon Cristo del Camino fighting for The Honorable Lady Christiana Crane
m’lord Brian of Stonemarche fighting for m’lady Sorcha Dhorcha
m’lord Edward de Bosco fighting for m’lady Isabella de Bosco

Given the size of our list, we plan to fight a single fight, double elimination tournament. The semi final will be matched weapons with the individual from the winners bracket having to win two fights and the individual from the losers bracket having to win three fights. The finals will be best 3 out of 5 with matched weapons.

Our intent will be to use several preliminary fights to narrow the list to a field of 32. Final framework TBD based on the weather, start time of the tournament, and Our Royal pleasure.

Best of luck, and best wishes to the Noble’s who will contest to be our heirs.

We remain, in service the Great Kingdom of the East.

Brion Rex & Anna Regina


Filed under: Announcements, Events, Uncategorized

Report on The Endewearde Hunt, 2016

Mon, 2016-10-17 09:16

The Gazette thanks Mistress Brita Mairi Svensdottir for sending the following report.

On a lovely fall day, the archers of Endewearde gathered to try their skill at a challenging woods walk with 10 stations, and a novelty shoot of targets representing stories from the Wild Hunt. There were ground targets, hanging targets, a window shoot, a friend and foe and a mini-clout (80 yards) with a boar in the middle.

Not to be outdone, the throwers also took aim with various thrown weapons.

There were also several classes on topics as various as Japanese leaf viewing and enameling, and a cut and thrust tournament, as well as a potables competition and a bacon judging.

The next day, in spite of the rain, Endewearde archers and throwers gathered to compete for the baronial championships. Thrown Weapons came down to a father/son battle between William of Wyndhaven and his son Seth, but William finally prevailed in the speed round. The archery tournament featured head to head competitions on such targets as ground targets, moving targets that had to be shot in order, and a swinging target tree where the object was to get all the targets to swing to your side. The finals were between Godric of Hamtun and his daughter Isabella Altoviti, and she gave him a run for his money, but Godric and his crossbow won the day.





Court saw many worthy gentles recognized, both for winning various competitions and for their contributions over time. Some highlights: Ludwig von Eisenberg won three categories in the potables, the Baron of Ruantallen offered to pay for his defeat at Great Northeastern War by giving any Malagentians who came to Ruantallen a bottle of beer, Isabella Altoviti was given a token by Baroness Sylvia for being an inspiration on the archery range, Brita took Conall an Doire as a protégé, and Alan of Wittlesie turned the captaincy of the North Tower Archery Company over to Admiranda Howard, giving her a box of archery marshal necessities, including duck tape, a stop watch, ibuprofen, and Southern Comfort.

In her closing remarks, Baroness Sylvia thanked Albrecht and Nuttus for setting up the White Shield encampment where new people could be welcomed and find their SCA niche, and spoke of the joy of seeing the two championships come down to father/child contests. Both of these things made her happy that the future of the SCA was in good hands. Thus ended what has become a traditional end of season archery/thrown weapons event in the Barony of Endewearde.

Photos courtesy of Mistress Brita Mairi Svensdottir

Filed under: Events Tagged: Endewearde

The Last Court of Kenric and Avelina

Tue, 2016-10-11 14:48

Photograph courtesy of Lord Hugh Tauerner

After six glorious months as our King and Queen, Their Majesties Kenric and Avelina held their last court on October 1, in the 51st year of the Society.  What follows is an unofficial account of the proceedings.

Fiona O’Maille, Eleanor MacCarthaigh, and Saerlaith ingen Taithlig were recognized with the Queen’s Award of Esteem.
Culann mac Cianain was gifted with the King’s Cypher and a scroll by Marieta Charay.
The King’s Cypher was bestowed upon Lottieri Malocchio and he was given a scroll made by Fiona O’Maille.
Mercedes de Calafia was presented with the King’s Cypher and a scroll by Emma Makilmone.
The Queen’s Cypher was given to Eleanor le Brun along with a scroll made by Shoshana Gryffyth.
Alesone Gray of Cranleigh received the Queen’s Cypher and a scroll made by Shoshana Gryffyth.
The work of Catalina de Valencia was recognized with the Queen’s Cypher and a scroll by Caera Fitzpatrick
A Court Barony was bestowed upon Pagan Graham who also received the King’s Cypher and a scroll by Cassandra Arques.

Photograph courtesy of Lord Hugh Tauerner

Eleanor MacCarthaigh was presented with the King’s Cypher and a scroll by Svea the Short Sighted.
Amia Turner received the Queen’s Cypher and a scroll by Aesa Lokabrenna Sturladottir.
Fiona O’Maille was recognized with the King’s Cypher and a scroll by Heather Rose de Gordoun.
The King’s Cypher was given to Edmund of Hertford along with a scroll made by Eowyn Eilonwy of Alewife Brook.
Sabina Lutrell was honored with the Queen’s Cypher and a scroll by Triona Maccasky with calligraphy by Ian Douglas
Fergus Redmead was presented with the King’s Cypher and a scroll by Lionor Luis Daguiar. Fergus was also recognized with the Queen’s Cypher and a scroll by Triona Maccasky with calligraphy by Ian Douglas.
Meadhbh inghean Cheallaigh earned the King’s Cypher and a scroll by Juliote de Castlenou D’Arry, as well as the Queen’s Cypher given with a scroll made by Brangwyne of Wentworth.
Cormac MacEamon was gifted with both the King’s Cypher and the Queen’s Cypher. The King’s Cypher scroll was made by Fiona O’Maille, and the Queen’s Cypher scroll was made by Aesa Lokabrenna Sturladottir.

Photograph Courtesy of Lord Hugh Tauerner

The King’s Cypher was presented to Donovan Shinnock in a scroll made by Eadaoin Chruitire. Donovan also received the Queen’s Cypher and a scroll made by Lada Monguligin.
Thorleifr Hvitskegg was recognized as a Tailor to the Crown and given a scroll by Saerlaith ingen Chennetig
Mirabel Bel Chere was recognized as a Weaver to the Crown and given a scroll by Onora ingheann Ui Rauirc.
Violante do Porto was recognized as a Weaver to the Crown and given a scroll by Triona Maccasky.Violante was also given the King’s Award of Esteem.
Connor Boddy was awarded the Silver Tyger and a scroll by Charis Accipiter.
Hildemar von Regnesburg was inducted into the Order of the Silver Crescent and was given a scroll by Melisande of the Gryphon Wood that included calligraphy by Jonathan Blaecstan.
Lavina Attewode was granted arms and a Court Barony.
Lottieri Malocchio received a Court Barony and a scroll by Nataliia Anastasiia Evgenova Sviatoslavina vnuchka.
Clothilde von der Insel was recognized with an Augmentation of Arms and a scroll by Jonathan Blaecstan.

Filed under: Court Tagged: awards, court report, Kenric and Avelina

In Memoriam: THLady Adriana Ramstar

Tue, 2016-10-11 08:07

It is with great sadness that the Gazette shares the news of the passing of  Honorable Lady Adriana Ramstar, former Seneschale of the Western Region of the East Kingdom. You can read her full memorial on the Aethelmearc Gazette.

Filed under: Tidings Tagged: aethelmearc, in memoriam

Unofficial Baronial Court Report: Falling Leaves in Exile

Fri, 2016-10-07 11:33

Reporting herald:  Lord Kazimierz.
The following is the Baronial Court Report from the afternoon court at Falling Leaves in Exile held in the Barony of Carolingia on September 17, 2016. Baron Colin Ursell and Baroness Nicolette Bonhomme presided.

The children who participated in the footrace were thanked for participating.

The winner of the ladies’ foot race, Lady Matilda and the second runner up, The Honorable Lady Lorita DeSiena, were called into court. Lady Matilda was informed that it was her responsibility to host the next foot race in a year’s time.

Lady Aaradyn Ghyoot and Lord Guiemer d’Anglade were inducted into The Order of the Moon.

Her Excellency Countess Svava Thorgeirsdottir was inducted into The Order of the Day Star.

Lord Scrooby was inducted into The Order of Perseus.

Master Karl Meerstappa was thanked him for running the Heavy List tournament.

The new Heavy List Champion, Master Avaldr Valbarnarson, was announced and called into court.

The current Fencing Champion, Don Lupold Jass, was thanked for running the Fencing tournament and congratulated on recently becoming an OGRE.

The new Fencing Champion, Lady Millicent Rowan, was announced and called into court.

The current A&S Champion, The Honorable Lady Lady Raziya Bint Rusa, was thanked her for running the A&S tournament. The new Champions, The Honorable Lady Eadaoin Chruitire for Arts and Morwenna O Hurlihie, for Science were announced.

The Equestrian, Thrown Weapons, and Archery participants were thanked for being involved with the event.

The Dance Mistress Countess Mara, the quire, the musicians, and the dancers were thanked for being involved with the event.

Representatives of the Quintavia Shire, Pomestnik Andreiko Eferiev and Lady Rosina Von Schaffhousen, were thanked them for coming and Their Excellencies offered Carolingia’s protection to their Shire from their neighbors.

Autocrat Don Thomas of Effingham invited event staff to stand and thanked them for their hard work. He talked about the success of the day and encouraged everyone to help with cleanup.

Anyone who this was either their first, second, or third event ever were thanked them for their participation in the SCA.

The Herald announced the success of selling items from Gold Key and that the money would be donated to the Royal Travel Fund.

Filed under: Court, Events, Local Groups

Unofficial Court Report – the First Court of Brion III & Anna III

Wed, 2016-10-05 22:01

On the first of October, Anno Societatis 51, in the Barony of Bergental, there was a Coronation. By the hands of King Kenric III and Queen Avelina III, Duchess Anna Ophelia Halloway Tarragon was crowned Queen Anna III. There was a brief pause in the Coronation ceremony as Brion sang “My Queen” to Queen Anna, bringing her – and several among the attending staff and audience – to joyful tears. Queen Anna then crowned Duke Brion Anthony Uriel Tarragon as King Brion III. They took the fealty of Their Great Officers of State, and of House Runnymede, and of Their Champions, and the people of the East and swore fealty to all of them in return. Rightfully crowned, they then called for Duke Kenric aet Essex, Duchess Avelina Keyes, and Lady Aethelthryth Kenricing and gave them gifts in return for the time they served the Kingdom. They then installed the Queen’s Guard and the Lords and Ladies in Waiting to their stations, before retiring to sit in State. Some little while later, the first Court of Their Majesties Brion III and Anna III was opened.

Duchess Rowan de la Garnison, Ambassador from Their Majesties Marcus and Marguerite of the Kingdom of AEthelmearc, was called before the Crown. She presented the words of Their Sylvan Majesties, words of friendship and unity, and gifts of the produce of their lands, cloth of their colours, and jewels. Duchess Rowan was warmly thanked for the gifts and instructed to bring Their Oriental Majesties’ own words of friendship back with her.

Their Majesties then called for the children of the East. King Brion spoke to the children, saying that if they wanted a toy from the chest, they must pursue scholarly deeds. He called for his Champion of Horse, Baroness Lillian Stanhope, and sent the children to follow her and learn something of horsemanship before each could take a toy.

Her Majesty then called for Duke Brennan mac Fearghus and thanked him for being a stalwart companion during Her time as Princess. She gifted him a bottle from the royal cellars as thanks for his guidance and friendship.

Queen Anna then called for Duchess Aikaterine FitzWilliam who, though not present, was thanked for the splendid Coronation garb she created for the Crown.

King Brion asked for Duke Gryffith, who was also absent, but thanked him for organising the Coronation tourney Their Majesties had requested.

Their Majesties then asked those newcomers to the Society to approach the throne and gave them handcrafted beads as tokens that they should remember the day.

Next the event stewards, Mistress Jovonne d’Esprit and Mistress Eleanore MacCarthaigh, were called before the Crown. They were thanked for the wonderful day they had organised and gifted bunches of roses as a thank you.

Master Julian le Scot was summoned by Queen Anna, who spoke of the fun times they had shared, the deep respect and admiration she had for him, and how Master Julian was someone who she wanted to emulate. She gifted him with a white glove and named him a Companion of the Queen’s Order of Courtesy.

Their Majesties called for Jehannette Bouchart. They spoke of her work as a tourney herald, as kitchen staff, and as a retainer for the Crown. Wishing to reward such works, They Awarded her Arms and made her a Lady of the Court. To commemorate this, Lady Jehannette was given a scroll created by Duchess Thora Eiriksdottir.

Drake MacGregor was brought before the thrones and Their Majesties praised him as a workhorse, quietly getting things done and striving to better himself. In recognition of his accomplishments, They Awarded him Arms, making him a Lord of the Court. A scroll by Baroness Mari Clock van Hoorne was presented to Lord Drake so that he would remember the day.

The Crown then asked for Lord Pádraig Ó Riain, who came forward. They spoke of the many years he had been involved in the Society, his time as Seneschal, his running of events and his work setting up and breaking down events for others. Wishing to recognise his many works, Pádraig was made a Companion of the Order of the Silver Wheel and given a scroll crafted by Heather Rose de Gordoun.

Celia le Taverner was summoned and Their Majesties spoke of her time attending previous Royals and her time spent braiding hair for others, and how she made others feel good about themselves. The King and Queen wished to reward such works and Awarded her Arms and gave the new Lady Celia a scroll with calligraphy and illumination by Lady Aesa Lokabrenna Sturludottir and words by Lord Arthur le Taverner.

King Brion then announced the winners of the tourney held that day. Duke Brennan mac Fearghus was called forward as the winner. He was presented a glass in recognition of his feat. His Majesty then called for Lord Corwin Blackthorn and praised his comportment in the lists and gave him a glass that he might remember his accomplishment.

Their Majesties then asked for Baron Simon Montgumery. That morning, Simon had been sent to vigil to contemplate whether he would accept the accolade of the Order of Chivalry. Simon knelt before the thrones and offered that he would be honoured to accept the belt of a Knight. Simon first returned his squire’s belt to his knight, then King Brion noted that he was very pleased to be the one to knight his great-grandsquire. Worthies from across the Known World came to speak on Simon’s behalf and, those words accepted, he was then girded with the spurs, belt, and chain of knighthood. Simon offered his oath of fealty. Their Majesties dubbed him Sir Simon Montgumery and King Brion gave him the last blow to be accepted unanswered. A scroll to commemorate the day, crafted and sealed by Pan Jan Janowicz Bogdanski was presented.

The business of the day finished, King Brion and Queen Anna thanked the people of Bergental and the people of the East for supporting Them and attending Their Coronation. On that note, Court was closed and Their Majesties processed out.

These are the events of the day as I recall them. My thanks to all the scribes, heralds, Champions, guards, retainers, event staff, and attendees for their help creating a wonderful day.

Pray know I remain,
For Crown and College,


Master Rowen Cloteworthy

Filed under: Court Tagged: coronation, court report

East Kingdom Calendar Seeks Sponsors!

Mon, 2016-10-03 11:44

Aries by His Excellency Master Ursion de Gui. More artwork can be seen at http://www.eastkingdombookofdays.com

You can grab one of twelve chances to help the East Kingdom and send a message to our Kingdom and beyond! The East Kingdom Calendar is again seeking sponsors for each month. Past sponsors have paid tribute to mentors, celebrated household occasions, and expressed their love of the East. Individuals or groups can sponsor a page for $125, and in return they create an up to forty word message for that month as well as receive a free calendar and note cards. Proceeds from this year’s calendar will support both the reign of King Brion and Queen Anna, as well as their heirs.

The calendar was started in 2014 by Mistress Catrin o’r Rhyd For with assistance by Baroness Lucie Lovegood of Ramesgate. Baroness Lucie, who is helming the project this year, described its growth. “People now look forward to seeing the incredible scribal talents showcased in the calendar. The success and the reach of the calendar has grown. This project has reached 12 Kingdoms and been shipped to New Zealand and beyond. We are so thankful to the scribes for sharing their time and talents with the Knowne World.”

This year’s calendar focuses on horoscopes and will be celebrated by a medieval astrological descriptions of great creativity written by Master Christian von Jaueregk. Photographs of the artwork can be seen at the Calendar webpage.  The artists and their months are as follows:

January – Aquarius (by Mistress Kayleigh Mac Whyte)
February – Pisces (by Mistress Eloise of Coulter)
March – Aries (by Master Ursion de Gui)
April – Taurus (by Lord Vettorio Antonello)
May – Gemini (by Boyar Aleksei Dmitriev)
June – Cancer (by Lady Christiana Crane)
July – Leo (by Mistress Elizabeth Elenore Lovell and Mistress Eva Woodrose)
August – Virgo (by Mistress Rhonwen glyn Conwy)
September – Libra (by Mistress Agatha Wanderer and Lord Gwillim Kynith)
October – Scorpio (by Mistress Nataliia Anastasiia Evgenova)
November – Sagittarius (by THL Katrusha Skomorokha)
December – Capricorn – ( by Lady Lisabetta Medaglia and Duchess Thyra Eiriksdottir)

Calendars will be available for pre-order starting on the Day of Their Highnesses Brion & Anna’s Coronation, Saturday, October 1st. They must be purchased in advanc.  More information is available at the calendar’s website. For more information on sponsoring a month, contact Baroness Lucie Lovegood of Ramesgate, who expressed her thanks for all the support the project has received over the years. “The calendar started as a trial with the thought that we may be able to help offset some of the expenses that the Crown face in over the course of their service to the Kingdom. There are so many expenses that are not covered by the Royal Travel fund, and this private fundraiser gives the Monarchs the ability to travel to foreign wars, off-set costs of hospitality when their Royal Cousins visit, and help with various needs of the Kingdom. We had no idea it would be as successful as it has been, which is due to the wonderful people of the East.”

The rest of the 2017 East Kingdom Project staff are:
Project Manager: Baroness Lucie Lovegood of Ramesgate
Mistress of Artists: Mistress Catrin o’r Rhyd For
Artist Support: Lady Tola knitýr
Master of Design: Sir Culann mac Cianain
Mistress of Process & Fulfillment: Mistress Aildreda de Tamworthe

Filed under: Announcements, Arts and Sciences

Scarlet Gard Accord Signed in Aethelmearc

Sun, 2016-10-02 10:09

The Order of the Scarlet Guard is the Kingdom of Aethelmearc’s Order of High Merit for archery. Recently they requested of Their Majesties of Aethelmearc that they sign a Royal Accord, know as the Scarlet Guard Accord, granting to other members of equivalent orders who may visit the Kingdom of Aethelmearc, recognition and privileges equal to their own, including attendance at face to face order meetings.

The list of equivalent orders named in the accord includes the East’s Order of the Sagittarius. 

The Order of the Sagittarius was established January 2 A.S 18 (1984) by Viktor and Sedalia. It is a polling order, meaning that prospective members are proposed to the existing membership, who advise Their Majesties regarding the suitability of those persons to join the order. The final decision rests with Their Majesties.  The criteria for becoming a member of the Order of Sagittarius include showing superior prowess at the target archery range and having distinguished themselves in archery in one of the following areas; teaching and demonstrating the art of archery, making archery equipment or by helping to arrange archery at events and/or sites and thus demonstrating an overall impact to archery in the Kingdom.

The full details regarding the accord are discussed at length in this article appearing in the Aethelmearc Gazette: https://aethelmearcgazette.com/2016/09/30/scarlet-guard-accord-signed/

Filed under: Archery Tagged: aethelmearc, archery, Sagittarius

New Heirs for Æthelmearc

Sat, 2016-10-01 17:35

The Æthelmearc Gazette reports that the new heirs to the Kingdom are Duke Timothy and Duchess Gabrielle.  A photo and more information about the other finalists and semi-finalists can be found here.

Filed under: Tidings Tagged: aethelmearc

Unofficial Court Report for Smoking Rocks Investiture

Fri, 2016-09-30 11:52

Following is the unoffical court report from Smoking Rocks Investiture, held this September 3.

Richard Leviathan and Alys Attewater were made Baron and Baroness of Smoking Rocks; scribe was Solskinn of Smoking Rocks.

Ceawling Alreading was made a Court Baron; scribe was Ignacia la Ciega.

Ana Godefelaugh was given an Award of Arms; scribe was Heather Rose deGourdon.

William Bonesetter was given an Award of Arms; scribe was Tola Knityr.

Evelyn of Easton was given an Award of Arms; scribes was Katrusha Skomorokh.

Justinius Alexander Eternus was given an Award of Arms.  Illumination was by Aelthelthryth Kenricing and calligraphy by Avelina Keyes.

Eleyna Hilton was given a Kings Award of Esteem.

Barabas de Celicia was given an Order of the Tyger Combatant; scribe was Heather Rose deGordoun.

The reporting herald was Alesone Gray of Cranleigh.

Filed under: Court

Want the East Kingdom Calendar Available on Your Calendar?

Fri, 2016-09-30 10:53

Greetings to all from the keeper of the East Kingdom Calendar!

This is to let everyone know that it is now possible to load the Calendar of Events in to your personal Calendar!

No, I don’t mean using a quill and ink well to carefully copy each posting on to your copy of the Beasts of the East calendar, I mean Google Calendar, Apple Calendar, or Microsoft Outlook.  Probably others, too, but those are all I’ve got to test with.

Go take a look at http://www.eastkingdom.org/EventsCalendarSync.php and follow the instructions.  In the future, when you can’t find this post any more, all you need to remember is that it’s on the Events menu on every page of the East Kingdom website!

Filters will come in future revisions.  At the moment, you get everything posted that hasn’t already happened.

Of course, if you want to copy the Events on to your copy of Beasts of the East, don’t let me stop you.

In service,
Joel of Vestfell
Keeper of the Calendar

Filed under: Announcements

Arts & Sciences Research Paper #13: Persian Plants in Miniature: What are the Plants in Persian Illuminations?

Fri, 2016-09-30 10:38

Our thirteenth A&S Research Paper comes to us from Lady Raziya bint Rusa, of the Barony of Carolingia. She examines a question that troubles many people working with illuminated manuscripts: what exactly are those plants in the illuminations? Are they fanciful or are they plants that really existed in history? (Prospective future contributors, please check out our original Call for Papers.)

Persian Plants in Miniature:  What are the Plants in Persian Illuminations?

Hollyhock. Detail of Shāh-Mozzafar, “The Two Wrestlers”. Sandovar, p. 104.

Four years ago I bought a book of Persian miniatures for reference to help me sew garb.  As I paged through over breakfast one illustration caught my eye – a hollyhock.  I am a gardener by trade, and thought it out of place that a hollyhock, a staple of the English country garden, would be found in Persia.  To satisfy my curiosity I did a quick web-search into Persian Plants.  This line of questioning would be the undoing of my motivation to sew; two years later I had a seven thousand entry horticultural database and no new garb.

Individual Plants from Miniatures

My early research led me to incomplete and unsatisfying websites that were rudimentary in their lists of Persian plants.  Further digging led me to a promising link titled “Flora of Iran”.  Two clicks into the eponymous site was a list of plants alphabetical by genus and species.  The Flora of Iran (FOI) included family names and not much else; it had no common names or any other information on the plants.  However the site did have thousands of entries including a boisterous thirty nine species in the Genus Alcea (hollyhock).  I found many familiar names while reading, which I did with fascination.  The list was large and complete looking; this was the sort of information I was looking for, this was worth digging into.  Unfortunately I was hampered in using the data: this lovely list was a text document, not a spreadsheet.  A couple months later I finished fixing that particular problem.

During the course of data entry I realized that I needed to verify that these plants were all native to the old world.  I cross-referenced the data with several reputable sources that cover plant origins: Hortus Third, and the USDA Plant Database.  I removed nineteen plants from my list.  Species tend to travel from the old world to the new world, and not vice-versa.  I am still ignorant of whether, and when, these plants may have been moved around the old world, since some of them certainly did not originate in Persia.

After winnowing my list slightly, I made a best attempt to identify the plants I was looking at in miniature.  I scoured all the sources I had access to and I entered these plants into my database, noting which ones I was not certain of.  I have looked at Ottoman Turkish miniatures as well, particularly those painted around the time of conquest over Persian territory.  After this step I was left with another important issue: species familiar in cultivation such as fruit trees showed up in pictures but were not listed in the FOI.  I realized the FOI only included species that were naturalized to Iran, not those in cultivation.  I only had a list of those plants that grow themselves in the wild, native or introduced.  I needed a list of domesticated plants.

A good friend of mine had been cooking recipes from Ibn Sayyar al-Warrāq’s “Annals of the Caliph’s Kitchens”.  Good friends let you borrow al-Warrāq.  This text is considered Baghdadi, not Persian, however later Persian cultures did include Baghdad, so it is a good source for information on plant use in the region.  The book contains a few hundred references to specific plants which the translator calls out botanically.  Meticulous chefs are of great benefit to horticulturalists.   After adding these plants I had a list that was nearly complete.  In more recent times I have been looking into information from medical texts, and Andalusian horticultural treatises to further complete the list.

After much pruning, the database currently contains 6964 plants.  I have included: Genus, species, Family, common names, and some Arabic, Farsi, and Turkish names.  I also determined whether or not the plant is available in the United States, and some basic notes on its use.  I have made the information publicly available via my own site: https://sites.google.com/site/raziyasca/services/persian

However this still begs the question: What plants are found in the miniatures?  I have found a number of plants that I can narrow down enough to put familiar names on.  Each time I have discovered a recognizable plant, I check it against suspects in the database.  The following plants are those which I have an educated guess as to their identity. (NB: Clicking on the name of each plant will take you to a modern photo of the plant, while clicking on each manuscript image will take you to a larger version.)

Plants from Miniatures

Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens)

Cypress. Detail from the Houghton Shāhnāma. (1539) Welch, p. 80.

It is difficult to identify many trees in Persian miniatures.  There is a tendency for them to be drawn with the subtlety of a lollipop.  Cypress is a tree which has a very dense columnar form.  Because of references to it in nearby Andalusian texts, and its presence in modern Iran, I suspect it was well known to the Persians.

Daffodil (Narcissus tazetta)

Daffodil. Unknown painter. Detail from the Khamseh of Nizami. (1524/25) Chelkowski, p. 107.

Daffodil, otherwise known as Narcissus, is a species which is very clear in illustrations.  While many species of Narcissus are currently in cultivation, and certainly may have been grown in Persia, N. tazetta is the only species listed as currently naturalized in Iran.  In modern times this species is also grown in a pure white form and called a “paperwhite”.  (Note that there is also another species called paperwhite, N. papyraceus.)  N. tazetta are often found for sale around the holiday season.  It is interesting that it is also grown in a container in period.

Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera)

Date Palm. Khurasan. Detail of “Picnic in the Mountains”. (1560s) Canby, p. 74.

The date palm is an easy identification.  Many illustrations in period are rudimentary, but one jumped out at me in its clarity.  While the miniature is not finished being painted, it shows the fruit and fronds with good detail.  Fruits and flowers form the core of how most plant classification has been done in the past.  Modern research into genomes have clarified previous taxonomy, but flowers and seeds still form the basis of hands-on identification.

Daylily (Hemerocallis fulva)

Daylily. Mosavver, Mir. Detail from the Shāh Tahmāsb Shāhnāme, “Rostam Lassoes Rakhsh”. (1525) Soudavar, p. 166.

Daylilies are a familiar face in modern gardens and were imported from the old world to North America.  The old orange varieties that grow along Maine ditches grew in ancient Persia.

Fruit Trees (Rosaceae)
Almond (Amygdalus)Apple (Malus), Cherry (Cerasus), Hawthorn (Crataegus), Pear (Pyrus), Plum (Prunus)

Two Fruit Trees. 1. Unknown painter. Detail from the Khamseh of Nizami. (1524/25) Chelkowski, p. 30. 2. Detail from the Houghton Shāhnāma. (1539) Welch, p. 80.

There are a number of flowering trees pictured in Persian miniatures, all of which I can only narrow to the family.  They all have five petals and are colored: white, pink, red, or a combination.  For those familiar in identifying trees in the Rosaceae family, there are critical differences in the time of bloom, the structure of the tree, and the size and shape of the leaf.  The structure of the trees and the leaves are stylized to the point where it is impossible to tell if a difference is for accuracy or aesthetics.  One also quickly notices that in Persian miniatures, ALL plants are in bloom at the same time, which is obviously erroneous even to a casual viewer.

Hollyhock and others (Malvaceae)
Hibiscus (Hibiscus), Hollyhock (Alcea), Mallow (Althaea, Malva), Tree Mallow (Lavatera)

Hollyhocketal. 1. Mansur. Detail from “Coronation of Soltān Hosayn Mirzā Bayqarā”. (1469) Soudavar, p. 74. 2. Mirza Ali. Detail from “Preparing for the Joust of the Twelve Rooks”. (1530) Soudavar, p. 169. 3. Detail from a Shahname. (1440) Soudavar, p. 70.

Hollyhocks started me on this journey, but are another group difficult to pinpoint.  The mallow family (Malvacaea) corresponds well to the general depiction: five petaled flowers born on long stems amid five lobed leaves, flowers are usually two-toned: red, white, or pink.  Based on the large number of species listed in the FOI in each of these Genera, it is likely that all of these are native to Persia, and they have spent millennia evolving into different species.  Pictured is the traditional hollyhock; it is not in the FOI list but that exclusion does not exclude it from being a species cultivated in Persia.

Iris (Iris spp.)

Iris. Mosavver, Mir. Detail from the Shāh Tahmāsb Shāhnāme, “Rostam Lassoes Rakhsh”. (1525) Soudavar, p. 166.

Iris is easily identified, and is likely Iris germanica or I. kashmiriana.  While not all illustrations match, seen here is a common depiction of: two-tone color, yellow bearding, and wide leaves.

Oak (Quercus spp.)

Oak. Detail from the Houghton Shāhnāma. (1539) Welch, p. 80.

It is difficult to notice oaks in miniatures if one is only familiar with the pointed lobes of red and black oaks.  While I cannot confirm the pictures are in fact oak, I think it is very likely. These trees can have a variety of leaf shapes including rounded lobes.  Pictured here is Quercus robur, English oak.

Plane Tree (Platanus orientalis)

Plane Tree. Detail from a Shāhnāma. (1586) Titley, p. 10.

Plane tree, or sycamore, is a river species known for its peeling bark.  As the bark peels, it reveals a light under layer as it peels off the tree.  It has deeply lobed leaves, much like a maple.  Due to variety in some illustrations, Maple-like leaves with brown bark, or white bark and non-lobed leaves I was unsure as to the identity of this tree for a time.  Fortunately in one of the periods of more meticulous scribal work I found a specimen in fruit.  The fruits of the plane tree are distinctive burr-like balls that hang from a stem.  In period this tree is often pictured growing on the edge or a river or stream.

Pomegranate (Punica granatum)

Pomegranates. 1. Ibn Badr, Muhammad. (1341)  Detail from Mu’nis al-ahrar. Swietochowski, p. 37 2. Selimi, Ṣahsuvar. (1520) Detail from Divani-i Selimi. Atil, p. 70.

Pomegranate can be hard to tell from other fruit trees.  Many fruit trees are only shown as having round fruit of either red, yellow, or orange in color.  Pomegranate stands out because of the sepals which stick out of the end of the fruit.

Poplar (Populus spp.)

Poplar. Behzād. Detail from “Birth of a Prince”. (1485) Soudavar, p. 99.

While these trees look superficially like birch, birch is not a Persian genus.  Instead these are poplar.  P. alba and P. caspica have the characteristic white bark, a similar shape of leaf.

Poppy (Papaver spp.)

Poppy. Detail from the Houghton Shāhnāma. (1539) Welch, p. 80.

There are too many poppies to guess which species is pictured; photographed is P. orientale, a common garden variety.  Most species in the FOI have the characteristic reddish-orange petals and black “eyes”.

Reed (Arundo donax or Phragmities australis)

Reed. Mosavver, Mir. Detail from the Shāh Tahmāsb Shāhnāme, “Rostam’s First Ordeal: Rakhsh Slays a Lion.” (1525) Soudavar, p. 168.

Pictured is a plant easily identified as a large reed.  It is shown both growing on the edge of water and much larger than surrounding objects.  Arundo and Phragmites are similar enough that I cannot differentiate between the two in miniature.

Rose (Rosa spp.)
(Rosa damascenaRosa caninaRosa spinosissimaRosa centifolia)

Roses. 1. Soltān-Mohammad. Detail of “Divān of Hāvez: Celebration of ‘Id”. (1527) Soudavar, p. 1602. 2. Detail from the Houghton Shāhnāma. (1539) Welch, p. 146. 3. Unknown artist. Detail from “Festivity at a Princely Court”. Hagedorn, p. 65. 4. Tuni, Mir Afzal. Detail from “A Lady Watching her Dog Drink Wine from a Bowl”. (1640) Hagedorn, p. 79.

Roses are quite possibly one of the most canonically Persian flowers.  Unlike many of the other plants, roses are not shown pictured consistently.  I have included four unique depictions of roses.  It is interesting that while other plants were copied or traced, the scribes took time to illustrate roses anew each time.  Some roses have a simple 5 petaled form, others seem to have double petals, and some have a form with more than double.  This diversity suggests that a variety of different rose types were being grown in period.

Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus)

Rose of Sharon. Unknown artist. Detail from “Festivity at a Princely Court”. Hagedorn, p. 65.

Rose of Sharon is the weakest illustration that I have found; it is a stretch to identify this as the plant in question.  I hypothesized that it was not a rose because despite having five petals the illustration has two-tone color to the petals.  The plant pictured is woody not herbaceous, which rules out Malvacaea.

Tulip (Tulipa spp.)

Tulip. Mohammadi. Detail from “Throwing Down the Imposter”. (1581) Soudavar, p. 233.

While we associate tulips with Holland, they were originally a species found in the Mediterranean, the Middle-East, and Central Asia.  They are very happy in a much drier climate than what we typically raise them.  Due to the plethora of species found in the FOI, I am unsure as to species: many look very similar. Several species have colors like those in the miniatures. Pictured is T. linifolia.

Willow (Salix babylonica)

Willows. ‘Ali-Ashgar. Detail from “Alexander Building a Wall”. (1576-77) Soudavar, p. 253.

Willows are seen in two basic forms in the miniatures: upright and weeping.  This suggests at least two separate species.  Pictured is a weeping species.

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Filed under: A&S Research Papers, Arts and Sciences Tagged: a&s, Arts and Sciences