SCA kingdoms and branches

Heraldic Display Competition: Mudthaw 2016

East Kingdom Gazette - Sat, 2016-03-05 17:43

The following detailed information on the Heraldic Display Competition at Mudthaw was provided by Mistress Alys Mackyntoich.

This competition is intended to encourage period and period-style heraldic display. “Heraldic display” is not limited to banners. In period, a person’s armory was placed on any number of personal ad useful items, including household objects and clothing.

There will be multiple categories for entries: Youth (ages 12 and under), Teen (ages 13-17), Novice, Journeyman and Craftsman. Criteria for each category are explained below. Youth and Teens may, at their choice, enter in one of the other categories instead. Prizes will be given for every category in which there are entries. The Baron and Baroness of Settmour Swamp will also be giving out a prize to the artisan(s) of their choice.

Entries in all categories will be judged based on the following criteria:

(1) Heraldic style: Points will be given for the use of SCA-registered or period armory. Extra points will be given if the armory being displayed is good heraldic style. If you are using SCA-registered armory, please be sure to include a note stating to whom it is registered and when.

(2) Period display method: Is this the kind of item that people put heraldry on in period? Is the heraldry displayed on the item in the way period people did it? More points will be awarded for more period methods and motifs.

(3) Artistic merit: Is the item pleasing to the eye? Items that convey a good medieval or Renaissance feel will be assigned more points.

(4) Use of period materials and techniques: As this is an SCA arts and sciences competition, the use of period materials and techniques (or modern techniques replicating period techniques where reasonable) is expected. The more period your techniques and materials, the more points will be awarded.

As to each individual category:

  • Youth (ages 12 and under): Entrants will be judged against other Youth in the same age group. Documentation is not expected. Use of reasonable modern equivalents for period materials and techniques is permitted.
  • Teen (ages 13-17): Entrants will be judged against other Teens in the same age group. Documentation is not required. Use of reasonable modern equivalents for period materials and techniques is permitted.
  • Novice: The Novice category is open to people who have been practicing their art for less than 3 years and have never won an A&S competition in heraldic display. Laurels, Maunches and Silver Brooches (or the equivalent) in heraldry or heraldic display are not eligible for the Novice category. Documentation is not required. The use of reasonable modern equivalents for period materials and techniques is permitted.
  • Journeyman: The Journeyman category is intended for people who have been practicing their art for 3 or more years. Laurels and Maunches (or the equivalent) in heraldry are not eligible for the Journeyman category. Journeyman entries must have documentation. Period materials and techniques are strongly encouraged.
  • The Craftsman category is intended for people who are Laurels or Maunches (or the equivalent) in heraldry or heraldic display or people who have won an A&S competition in heraldry or the art being presented. (For example, Gendulphe won a competition for pottery, and is entering heraldic pottery today, therefore Gendulphe is a Craftsman. Hextilda won a competition for brewing, but is presenting a heraldic surcoat today; Hextilda does not have to enter in the Craftsman category). Craftsman entries must have documentation. Period materials and techniques are expected.

Please note that documentation is required for Journeyman and Craftsman level entries. Even for the categories where documentation is not required, documentation is strongly encouraged and will make the judges very happy. Documentation assistance is available at Mistress Alys’ blog (

Documentation for this competition should address the following issues:

  • Is the device or badge registered by the SCA College of Heralds? If so, to whom? If not, is it actual period armory? If actual period armory, where did you find it?
  • Did medieval/Renaissance people use this method to display heraldry? (For example, is there evidence of heraldry on clothing?)
  • Do you have any examples of this kind of display being done in the way you have done it? (Copies of pictures, woodcuts and the like are strongly encouraged)
  • What techniques did you use to create the display?
  • What materials did you use to create the display?
  • Assume the judges know nothing about your art. What are the most important things for the judges to know about your materials, techniques and methods?
  • What sources did you consult in creating your display?

There is no page limit for documentation.

Filed under: Arts and Sciences, Heraldry

Class Schedule for Hrim Schola

East Kingdom Gazette - Wed, 2016-03-02 19:35

The Finalized Class Schedule for Hrim Schola which is taking place on March 19th in the Barony of Dragonship Haven (Meriden, CT) has been posted to the event listing on the East Kingdom website.


Filed under: Arts and Sciences, Events Tagged: Arts and Sciences, classes, Hrim Schola

Spring Crown Tournament Letters of Intent/ Tournoi de la Couronne – Lettres d’Intention

East Kingdom Gazette - Wed, 2016-03-02 18:24
En Français Greetings unto all those intending to enter Spring Crown Tournament, Please be aware that both the combatant and the consort must submit a letter of intent, either through the following link (preferred) or by email to TRH Prince Kenric and Princess Avelina with a copy to the Kingdom Seneschal. If by email, a joint email is preferred. The Letter of Intent must be received by Coronation, April 9, 2016. If using email, the letters of intent must include all of the following information for both combatant and consort: Society name, legal name, address, telephone number, years of residency and be accompanied by proof of membership with membership number & expiration date that is valid at least thirty days after Crown. If both entrants are combatants, then that should be clearly indicated. TRHs also request that combatants bring heraldic shields for the list trees. In Service to the East, I remain Dueña Mercedes Vera de Calafia

En Français:


À tous ceux souhaitant participer au prochain Tournoi de la Couronne.
Soyez avisé(e) que le(la) combattant(e) et son(sa) consort doivent présenter une lettre d’intention, soit en utilisant le lien suivant (ce que nous favorisons) soit par courriel à Leurs Altesses, le Prince Kenric et la Princesse Avelina et en plaçant en copie la Sénéchale du Royaume

Les lettres d’intention devront être reçues avant le Couronnement du 9 avril prochain. Si vous choisissez le courriel, il devra contenir les informations suivantes à propos du(de la) combattant(e) et de son(sa) consort : Nom SCA, nom mondain, adresse, numéro de téléphone, nombre d’années de résidence dans le Royaume et une preuve de membre SCA avec le numéro et la date d’expiration.

Il est à noter que votre membership doit être valide pour au moins 30 jours après la date du Tournoi. Il est important de spécifier si les deux participants(tes) sont des combattants(tes). Leurs Altesses demandent que les combattants(tes) apportent un Écu armorié pour le présentoir de la lice.

Au Service de l’Est, je demeure
Dueña Mercedes Vera de Calafia

Filed under: En français, Events, Official Notices Tagged: Crown Tournament, Letter of Intent, spring crown

Non-Member Surcharge Wording Changes

East Kingdom Gazette - Wed, 2016-03-02 16:50

From the Seneschal and Exchequer’s offices:

Greetings from Mercedes and Ignatia,

We recently attended the Known World Kingdom Exchequer and Seneschal Symposium in Trimaris where the Society Exchequer announced a change in the wording of event announcements. Many people do not like the way that the non-member surcharge has had to be listed in event announcements as it is a bit off-putting. Society recently related an alternate method for listing the fees to address this.  In the East Kingdom, an event fee will now be referred to in announcements as the REGISTRATION FEE, it should no longer be referred to as a gate fee, site fee, door fee or entry fee in announcements or event calendars.

It is important that all Seneschals, Exchequers and Autocrats comply with this new wording on all event announcement, including ones on platforms other than the calendar. The EK Calendar is being updated to reflect this language.
A discount for minors must be listed or you will be required to collect NMS from non-member minors.  A discount on any ‘group/category of adults’ does not avoid the NMS fee requirement if that person is not a member.  In addition, you may NOT ‘comp’ any non-member to attend an event, ever. This includes paying the NMS out of group funds.  The non-member fees will still be referred to as Non-member surcharges outside of the announcements and will still continue to be reported as NMS.   Feast Fees and/or Day Board Fees are still listed separately.

Below are examples of how you may list your event registration fees so that you can avoid the NMS wording that people find distasteful.  For the purposes of the example below X=$10, which represents the cost of the event fee per person (prior to any NMS amount).
Event Registration Fees Pricing:
1.    Adult(18+):    $X+5=  $15  Member:   $X=  $10      Minor(<18): $X-.50=   $9.50
2.    Non-member:    $X+5=  $15  Member:   $X=  $10      Minor(<18): $X-.50=   $9.50
3.    Registration Fee: $X+5=  $15  Minor(<18): $X-5-.50=   $9.50
Adult Members receive a $5.00 discount on the registration fee with proof of membership. ($10)
4.  I am sure someone will come up with another option for stating the fee structure for an event.

Remember these are only examples – the ‘minor’ prices are normally broken into several categories for most groups.

In Service,
Maestra Ignacia la Ciega,
East Kingdom Chancellor of the Exchequer


Mercedes Vera de Calafia
East Kingdom Seneschal

Filed under: Law and Policy, Official Notices Tagged: Exchequer, NMS

Going to Gulf Wars? Beware of I-75 Closure

East Kingdom Gazette - Tue, 2016-03-01 14:45

This article was originally posted on the Midrealm Gazette.

For those of you planning your sojourn to Gulf Wars, please choose an alternate other than I-75. I-75 is closed in Tennessee close to the Kentucky border (north and southbound lanes) for the next several weeks due to rock slides.

Master Aylwin Watkyns
Kingdom Seneschal, Meridies

Filed under: Announcements Tagged: Gulf War

Arts & Sciences Research Paper #7: Life Before Toilet Paper

East Kingdom Gazette - Tue, 2016-03-01 09:00

Our seventh A&S Research Paper comes to us from Baroness Charitye Dale, of the Barony of Settmour Swamp. She examines a question that would have affected our personas practically every single day – how did people manage before toilet paper? (Prospective future contributors, please check out our original Call for Papers.)

Life Before Toilet Paper

Ancient public toilets in Ephesus

There are some things in our society that are so basic, so integral to our lives that we cannot imagine going without.  Toilet paper is one of these items.  Since 1857, when toilet paper first became commercially available, we have used it to cleanse after using the bathroom.  This begs the question; what did people use to clean themselves before toilet paper?  This work will provide an overview of what people used to cleanse themselves after defecating in Rome, China, Japan, India, the Islamic states and various areas of Europe between 400 C.E. and 1600 C.E.

Buddhist Precepts for Monks in India
Islamic Precepts for Worshippers
Western Europe

We begin in Rome, in the communal toilets adjacent to the city’s bathhouses.  These communal bathrooms were semi-circular or rectangular rooms containing long benches along the walls, with individual round spaces carved into them.  Running water flowed underneath them to wash away the waste.  According to William E. Dunstan in his book Ancient Rome, “Public latrines, though often lavishly decorated with statuary and singing fountains, proved dimly lit and poorly ventilated.  They became overcrowded retreats for the unprivileged living in multistory tenements lacking toilets.” [1]

Lucius Annaeus Seneca, in his series of letters known as Moral Letters to Lucilius references a sponge affixed to a stick as being used for cleansing after defecating.  In his 70th letter, he relates a tale of suicide in which this implement, commonly referred to by scholars as a spongia, played a pivotal role.  “A captured German, who was making ready for the morning exhibition, withdrew in order to relieve himself, the only thing he was allowed to do in secret and without the presence of a guard.  While so engaged, he seized the stick of wood, tipped with a sponge, which was devoted to the vilest uses, and stuffed it, just as it was, down his throat…”[2]  To date, there appears to be no other specific reference to the spongia in ancient text.

Sources speculate that the spongia would be stored in either a bucket of salt water, or would be placed in front of the public toilet in a stream of running water that ran in front of the commode in communal bathrooms.  These spongia were used by everyone who utilized the public toilets.

The Roman elite used chamber pots or toilets within their own homes instead of using the communal commodes whenever possible.  Instead of the spongia, it is conjectured that they cleansed with rosewater and soft wool while in their homes.[3]
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Buddhist Precepts for Monks in India
We move from Rome to India, where Buddhist monks were fastidious about cleanliness.  So fastidious, in fact, that they had very particular rules regarding the use of the bathroom.  These rules are outlined, in detail, in early versions of the Vinaya Pitaka, the Buddhist canonical for monks.  Each of the seventeen rules were to be followed each time one used the toilet facility.

  1. One should not defecate outside of the cesspool.
  2. While standing outside, one should clear his throat.
  3. Anyone sitting inside should also clear his throat.
  4. Having put aside the (upper) robe on a bamboo pole or a cord, one should enter the place properly and unhurriedly.
  5. One should not pull up one’s lower robe before entering.
  6. One should pull up one’s lower robe while standing on the toilet shoes.
  7. If the place is splattered it should be washed.
  8. One should not groan or grunt while defecating.
  9. One should not wipe oneself with a rough stick.
  10. One should not drop the wiping stick into the cesspool.
  11. If the basket for wiping sticks is full, the wiping sticks should be thrown away.
  12. One should then cover oneself (with one’s lower robe) while standing on the toilet shoes.
  13. One should not leave hurriedly.
  14. One should not leave with one’s lower robe pulled up.
  15. One should pull it up while standing on the rinsing-room shoes.
  16. One shouldn’t make a smacking sound while rinsing.
  17. One should not leave any water remaining in the rinse vessel.[4]

Further evidence to the Buddhist doctrine of cleansing after defecation is found in an anecdote within their guidelines for monks which tells a story of the consequences of not rinsing oneself after defecating:

“Now at that time a certain bhikkhu, a brahman by birth, didn’t want to rinse himself after defecating, (thinking,) ‘Who would touch this vile, stinking stuff?’ A worm took up residence in his anus. So he told this matter to the bhikkhus. ‘You mean you don’t rinse yourself after defecating?’ (they asked). ‘That’s right, my friends.’ Those bhikkhus who were of few wants … criticized and complained and spread it about, ‘How can a bhikkhu not rinse himself after defecating?’  They reported this matter to the Blessed One…”[5]

The monks utilized what they referred to as a wiping stick to scrape feces after defecating.  The stick was smooth and slightly rounded, and was used to remove large pieces of feces before the monks rinsed themselves with water.
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Islamic Precepts for Worshippers
Buddhism is not the only religion that has strict rules about personal hygiene.  Worshippers of Islam had similarly stringent requirements for cleanliness.  The Qur’an is adamant about personal hygiene, which is why it is not surprising that Muslims also had very specific rules when it came to cleansing after defecation.  Abu Hureyrah, companion to the prophet Muhammad, narrated many edicts to the followers of Islam; cleansing after defecation included, between 590 and Muhammad’s death in 632 C.E.  “When any one of you goes to the Gha’it (toilet to defecate), let him take with him three stones and clean himself with them, for that will suffice him.”[6] He also stated, “I never saw the Messenger of Allah come out of the toilet without first (cleansing himself) with water.”[7]

Rules, based on the narrations of Abu Hureyah, are outlined in Qadaa’ Al Haajah.  A redacted set of these rules is itemized below.

  1. When entering the toilet, one should say the A’udhu (isti’adha) and Basmala and then recite a prayer.
  2. When entering the toilet, one should not have in one’s hand anything on which the name of Allahu ta’ala or any verse of the Qur’an al-karim is written.
  3. One should enter the toilet with one’s left foot and exit with one’s right foot.
  4. One should recite the prayer “Alhamdu-lil-laa-hil-la-dhi adh-haba ‘a-nil a-dhaa wa ‘a-faa-ni” when exiting the toilet.
  5. After cleaning one’s private parts, one should cover them immediately.
  6. One should neither face the Qibla nor turn one’s back toward it while urinating or defecating.
  7. One should remove the feces on one’s anus with one’s finger and wash one’s hand. If there are still traces of filth, one should wash them with water.
  8. One should dry one’s private parts with a cloth after washing them.
  9. One should not look at one’s private parts or spit into the toilet.
  10. One must not urinate into any water, on a wall of a mosque, in a cemetery, or on a road.
  11. Cleaning the private parts with stones and similar materials is an acceptable substitute for cleaning them with water.[8]

One will note that the process of cleaning oneself after defecating is specifically addressed.  The utilization of one’s own hand appears to be the preferred method, followed by rinsing and washing the hand.

Japanese wiping sticks. This Wikipedia and Wikimedia Commons image is from the user Chris 73 and is freely available at // under the creative commons cc-by-sa 3.0 license.

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The Japanese, like the Indian Buddhists, used sticks to clean themselves after defecating.  Flat, rounded sticks, called chu-gi, were uncovered in ancient cisterns dating as far back as 750 in the ancient Japanese capital of Nara.  During what is called the Nara Period, between 710 and 784, the capital had 10-15cm trenches dug and water diverted through them, making a drainage system.  Citizens would squat over these trenches, with a foot on each bank of the trench to urinate and defecate; the waste being washed away from the city.  The dirty sticks would be washed in the running water, and retained for future use, or dropped in the trench for disposal.[9]
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Western Europe
In Western Europe, materials available for sanitation varied based on your wealth and social standing.  It is conjectured that rags were used throughout Europe and were the most common materials used for anal cleansing.  Ronald H. Blumer states his work entitled Wiped:  The Curious History of Toilet Paper that clothing too threadbare to be worn would be utilized for anal cleansing repeatedly until it was no longer fit for that purpose as well.[10]  Archeological digs under monasteries in Europe have found remnants of the tattered, holey rags used by monks and nuns for toilet purposes.  Finer wools and linens worn by the elite were used for their sanitary needs once they were no longer suitable to be worn as clothing.

Not everyone used rags, however.  In the household records of Duc de Berry in 1400, for example, there is reference to quantities of flax and hemp being purchased in a raw, unspun state for the express purpose of anal cleansing.[11]  And though few household records like these have survived, literature has.  Toilet humor–also known as scatological humor–is not a wholly modern notion.  La vie de Gargantua et de Pantagruel, written by François Rabelais between 1532 and 1564, was full of scatological humor.  Chapter 1.XIII, “How Gargantua’s wonderful understanding became known to his father Grangousier, by the invention of a torchecul or wipebreech” is a perfect example.  This chapter of the famous work is solely dedicated to the discussion of anal wiping:

“I have, answered Gargantua, by a long and curious experience, found out a means to wipe my bum, the most lordly, the most excellent, and the most convenient that was ever seen.  What is that? said Grangousier, how is it?  I will tell you by-and-by, said Gargantua.  Once I did wipe me with a gentle-woman’s velvet mask, and found it to be good; for the softness of the silk was very voluptuous and pleasant to my fundament.  Another time with one of their hoods, and in like manner that was comfortable.  At another time with a lady’s neckerchief, and after that I wiped me with some ear-pieces of hers made of crimson satin, but there was such a number of golden spangles in them (turdy round things, a pox take them) that they fetched away all the skin of my tail with a vengeance.  Now I wish St. Antony’s fire burn the bum-gut of the goldsmith that made them, and of her that wore them!  This hurt I cured by wiping myself with a page’s cap, garnished with a feather in the Switzers’ fashion.

“Afterwards, in dunging behind a bush, I found a March-cat, and with it I wiped my breech, but her claws were so sharp that they scratched and exulcerated all my perinee.  Of this I recovered the next morning thereafter, by wiping myself with my mother’s gloves, of a most excellent perfume and scent of the Arabian Benin.  After that I wiped me with sage, with fennel, with anet, with marjoram, with roses, with goud-leaves, with beets, with colewort, with leaves of the vine tree, with mallows, wool-blade, which is a tail-scarlet, with lettuce and with spinach leaves.”[12]

By the end of his diatribe, there is seemingly nothing that the young man won’t use.  In fact, when he comes to wiping with paper, he has this to say, “Who his foul tail with paper wipes, Shall at his ballocks leave some chips.”[13]

Though a humorous work of fiction, it does provide insight to what might have been used for anal cleansing.  The author is clearly utilizing the absurd in the name of his art, but it is not unreasonable to take grains of truth from the document.  It is quite likely that leaves, moss, straw, discarded pieces of clothing, etc. would have been utilized by all walks of life depending upon their region and the materials available to them.

It is suggested in numerous works on the subject that leaves, moss, shells, and the like would have been used for cleaning after defecation, though none of these works have been able to provide evidence to support their assertions.  It is not unreasonable, however, to make such a conjecture.  A soft leaf, unspun wool, and straw would have proved to be useful if no other means of cleansing were available.
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While their Western counterparts were using leaves, rags, or sponges soaked in saltwater, and other areas of Asia were using sticks to clean their anuses, the Chinese were manufacturing paper to address their sanitary needs.  There is little written on the invention, manufacture, and use of the predecessor to the modern toilet paper, but there is mention of paper being used in the eliminatory process as far back as the first century.  Joseph Needham, in his collection of works entitled The Science and Civilisation of China, cited that the Chinese used paper made from rice straw for sanitary purposes.  Chinese scholar Yan Zhitu stated in 589 that “paper on which there are quotations or commentaries from Five Classics or the names of sages, I dare not use for toilet purposes.”  Additionally, an Arab explorer during the Tang Dynasty, is noted as having stated “They [the Chinese] are not careful about cleanliness, and they do not wash themselves with water after they have done their necessities, but they only wipe themselves with paper” in his memoirs detailing his travels to China.[14]

The Chinese eventually began manufacturing a specific type of paper to use after defecation, known as tshao chih.  According to Chinese records maintained by the Imperial Bureau of Supplies, over 720,000 sheets of tshao chih were manufactured in 1393 alone.   The imperial family, however, received “…15,000 sheets, three inches square, light yellow, thick but soft, and perfumed.”[15]  In fact, the use of tshao chih was so prevalent, Zhejiang Province (aka Chekiang Province) alone used ten million packages of 1,000 to 10,000 sheets in 1393 for its population of 2,138,225.[16]

Until the 19th century, paper was made exclusively by hand, and therefore, was more expensive to procure.  It would have been more cost effective to use materials that were readily available, such as leaves and old rags instead of paper.  As paper became easier and less expensive to manufacture, its use for cleansing after defecating became more common and eventually took its place as the preferred method for cleaning in most parts of the known world.  Today it is estimated that modern Americans use approximately 100 rolls of toilet paper per year.  With nearly 390,000,000 people in the US, Americans use 39,000,000,000 rolls of toilet paper each year.
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Bennett, Howard. “EVER WONDERED about the history of toilet paper?” The Washington Post (2009): 1-2.  Accessed 10/27/2014.

Bhikkhu, Thannissaro, ed.,  The Buddhist Monastic Code II. Thanissaro Bhikkhu, 2001.

Blumer, Ronald, H. Wiped:  The Curious History of Toilet Paper.  CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; 2nd edition, 2013

Chavez, Amy “From the ditches of nara to the Otohime, a lav story” The Japan Times (2014): Accessed 12/27/2015

Dunstan, William E. Ancient Rome. Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2011.

Guanglin Liu, William. The Chinese Market Economy, 1000-1500.  Albany, NY: State University of New York Press (2015).

My Religion Islamic. “Islamic Toilet Etiquette” (2015):  Accessed 12/28/2015

Needham, Joseph. Science and Civilisation in China, Vol. 5, Part 1:  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 1954.

Rabelais, Francois; Translation by Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarty. Gargantua et de Pantagruel: 1653

Schofield, Hugh. “Filthy secrets of medieval toilets” BBC News (2003):  Accessed 10/27/2014

Seneca, Lucius Annaeus. “Moral letters to Lucilius” Letter 70 :  Accessed 02/15/2016

“The Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad at Your Fingertips”: Accessed 02/15/2016

“Islamic Toilet Etiquette“: Accessed 02/15/2016
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[1] Dunstan, William E. Ancient Rome, pg 359.

[2] “Moral letters to Lucilius/Letter 70”

[3] Dunstan, 359

[4]Bhikkhu, Thannissaro, ed.,  The Buddhist Monastic Code II, pg. 108

[5] Ibid, pg. 107.

[6] Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 44 

[7] Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 354

[8] “Islamic Toilet Etiquette“ 

[9] Chavez, Amy “From the ditches of Nara to the Otohime, a lav story” The Japan Times

[10] Blumer, Ronald, H. Wiped:  The Curious History of Toilet Paper

[11] Ibid

[12] Rabelais, Francois, La vie de Gargantua et de Pantagruel Chapter 1.XIII

[13] Ibid, pg 78.

[14] Needham, Joseph Science and Civilisation in China, Vol. 5, Part 1

[15] Needham, 123

[16] Guanglin Liu, William The Chinese Market Economy, 1000-1500, p 13 Appendix A
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Filed under: A&S Research Papers, Arts and Sciences Tagged: a&s, Arts and Sciences

Pennsic Choir Registration

East Kingdom Gazette - Tue, 2016-03-01 08:30

The following article appeared in the The Æthelmearc Gazette yesterday and is reposted with their permission.  Our thanks to them for sharing this wonderful article.

Greetings, choral singers!

Lady Tangwystl verch Gruffydd of the Barony of Northwoods in the Middle Kingdom has graciously volunteered to serve as Director of a Known World Choir at the upcoming SCA 50 Year Celebration event in June!

If you are interested in participating in the KWC performance at this event, please join the group Known World Choir at 50 Year Celebration for updates and information. You can also get updates on the Known World Choir website.

Please also follow this link to fill out a short registration form.

The earlier you register, the better the Director will be able to plan for the 50 Year setlist and the performance itself. You can change/adjust answers later if needed, so please don’t hesitate to sign up today!

Additionally, those who register by March 22nd* will have an opportunity to suggest pieces for our 50 Year Celebration performance.

*Registration will continue after March 22nd, but after that point setlist will be finalized.

Filed under: Announcements, Arts and Sciences, Pennsic Tagged: choir, Music, singing

Chancellor Minor Announcements/Chancelier de la Jeunesse

East Kingdom Gazette - Sat, 2016-02-27 16:49

En français


I am happy to announce that Lord Eginhard d’Aix la Chapelle has accepted the position of Tir Mara Regional Deputy Chancellor Minor. He is very excited to begin and make sure that all of the Tir Maran region is following the rules and regulations set down by society and kingdom. He is also happy to translate any concerns, questions, or comments from French to English and back for me. If you are in Tir Mara, and interested in working with children, please contact him. His kingdom email will be working shortly.

In addition, I am sad to announce that Baroness Wentlyana must step down as my Kingdom Deputy, as she has accepted the Kingdom Deputy Youth Fencing Marshal Position. I am looking for someone to fill this position. I would especially like to find someone who would be interested in taking on the Kingdom position in the next 1-2 years.

Thank you,
Mistress Leonete D’Angely
East Kingdom Chancellor Minor

En français


Je suis heureuse de vous annoncer que le Seigneur Eginhard d’Aix la Chapelle à accepter l’office de Chancelier de la Jeunesse de Tir Mara. Il est très motivé à commencer ainsi qu’à veiller à ce que les règles et régulations du Royaumes ainsi que de la SCA soit observées dans la Principauté. Il est de surcroît heureux de traduire vos inquiétudes, questions ou commentaire du français à l’anglais et vice versa. Si vous résidez dans Tir Mara et êtes intéresser à travailler avec les enfants contacter le, son adresse au Royaume sera activé sous peu.

Dans un autre ordre d’idée, je suis triste d’annoncer que la Baronne Wentlyana quitte son poste de Député Chancelière du Royaume de l’Est ayant accepté la position de Député Marechal d’Escrime à la Jeunesse pour le Royaume. Je suis maintenant à la recherche d’une personne prête à prendre l’office de Député Chancelier de la Jeunesse pour le Royaume. Je suis particulièrement intéresser à trouver une personne désirant devenir Chancelier à la jeunesse du Royaume dans un an ou deux.



Filed under: Announcements, En français, Youth Activities Tagged: Tir Mara

Call for presentations!

East Kingdom Gazette - Fri, 2016-02-26 10:55

The Bailiwick of Ivyeinrust will be holding Thélème at Penn on August 20th, 2016 at the rare books library of the University of Pennsylvania.

A medieval lecture

If you liked, or were sad to miss, the ‘Voyages of Discovery: An Arts & Science Colloquium’ held in Carolingia in October 2014, this is an event of similar inspiration. Come and talk with people of same interests about what you have been working on. Take that opportunity to discuss what worked, what didn’t and what could. Exchange ideas, notes, sources and initiate collaborations. This is not a competition but the occasion to share our SCA research. While presentations on all subjects are welcome, inspired by the context of the library, we are particularly interested in having a track fully dedicated to the making of the books (making parchment, paper, ink, preparing pigments, calligraphy, printing, bookbinding…)

The format of the day is as follows:

– Lecture-style presentations with a question-and-answer session at the end; presentation slots are one half-hour, with fifteen minutes of presentation and ten minutes of question-and-answer. Those presenters who are comfortable with a longer presentation are welcome to request two adjoining slots, for a forty-minute presentation and fifteen minutes of question-and-answer. There are a finite number of slots, and we will start adding classes on a rolling timeline as we receive and review proposals. Please send any and all proposals to Mistress Lissa Underhill.

– A poster session. There is some space available for poster display. If there is interest, there will be a hall set up to display poster-size presentations of research topics (either hanging or free-standing trifolds). There will be an hour during the day while the posters are attended by their authors; the room will be open throughout the day for interested folks to walk through and read at their leisure. There is no limit on the number of poster slots. Please send any and all poster proposals to Mistress Lissa Underhill.

– Manuscript interaction room. This is the rare books library and, with advance warning, Penn’s manuscript relevant to the classes will be available to peruse. There is only room for us to pull about 8 books. So, early requests and ones that tie a manuscript to a class will get priority. For more information see:

– Breakout area and lounge space for conversation and further exploration of topics that caught your interest during one presentation or another. Also feel free to bring your favorite reference books to show others.

Because we will be presenting our research with all the modern tools of the presenter’s art, this demo is in modern dress. The interested general public is encouraged to attend.

The EK event announcement is here:

Please contact the event steward, Mistress Brunissende Dragonette, with questions or comments.

We are excited to host this colloquium in Penn and hope to see you there!


Filed under: Announcements, Arts and Sciences, Uncategorized

Ædult Swim

East Kingdom Gazette - Thu, 2016-02-25 09:14

The following article appeared in the The Æthelmearc Gazette yesterday and is reposted with their permission.  Our thanks to them for sharing this wonderful article.

Lord Christian Goldenlok reports on the epic fighting that took place on February 20-21 in Abhainn Ciach Ghlais.

Enter a caption

Photo of fighters and fencers at the AEdult Swim by THLady Ursula of Rouen

Morale has improved significantly! On February 20th, both new and experienced fighters from all over the Knowne World made the journey into the heart of the Kingdom of Æthelmearc. There, all were given the opportunity to jump in and prosecute the joy of singles combat at the first annual Æthelmearc Ædult Swim.

Just how many fighters were at this glorious event? Almost four hundred people were in attendance from twelve kingdoms. These numbers included 75 fencers, over 260 heavy fighters, and 40 distinguished guests representing royalty from all over the Knowne World.

Continue reading this article at the Æthelmearc Gazette!

Filed under: Heavy List, Rapier

From Brigantia – 10-day reporting warning – March 2016

East Kingdom Gazette - Sat, 2016-02-20 15:13

With the required quarterly reports becoming more and more irregular over the last year The College of Heralds is taking a new tack on reporting. This is your 10-day warning and this warning is being  doubled to Social Media to attempt to reach non-reponsive heralds.

Pursuivant reports are required on a quarterly basis. The next reports are due March 1st. Any groups who have not reported to the regional deputies by 12:01 AM on March 2nd will be forwarded to the Kingdom Seneschal as non-compliant to East Kingdom Law.

Remember, Heralds are Required Officers for the continued existence of Baronies and Provinces, and are one of the optional officers for the third required officer for Shires, Colleges, Strongholds, Ports, Cantons, and Ridings.

Reports are required to include the following information, at the minimum:

  • Mundane Name:
  • Society Name:
  • Membership Number:
  • Expiration Date:

The form on the East Kingdom College of Heralds website can help you add more information to your reports if you choose:

Southern Region Reports are to be emailed to Baroness Treannah at

Central Region Reports are to be emailed to Master Donovan at

Northern Region Reports are to be emailed to Lord Conall at

Tir Mara Region Reports are to be emailed to Lord Díarmaid at

Francophone Heralds can also report to Lord Eginhard at

If you have already reported to me instead of your Regional Herald, as some of you have, please re-send the email to your regional herald.

Ryan, Brigantia

Filed under: Heraldry Tagged: brigantia

Eastern Results on the December 2015 LoAR

East Kingdom Gazette - Thu, 2016-02-18 18:15

The Society College of Heralds runs on monthly cycles and letters.  Each month, the College processes name and armory submissions from all of the Kingdoms.  Final decisions on submissions are made at the monthly meetings of the Pelican Queen of Arms (names) and the Wreath Queen of Arms (armory).  Pelican and Wreath then write up their decisions in a Letter of Acceptances and Return (LoAR).  After review and proofreading, LoARs generally are released two months after the meeting where the decisions are made.

An “acceptance” indicates that the item(s) listed are now registered with the Society.  A “return” indicates that the item is returned to the submitter for additional work.  Most items are registered without comments.  Sometimes, the LoAR will address specific issues about the name or armory or will praise the submitter/herald on putting together a very nice historically accurate item.

The following results are from the December 2015 Wreath and Pelican meetings; these items were submitted to the East Kingdom in or about June 2015.

EAST acceptances

* Alesone Gray of Cranlegh. Alternate name Rogue Panda. Rogue is an attested given name and Panda an attested by name from Spain in the FamilySearch Historical Records.

* Alesone Gray of Cranlegh. Alternate name Wendye Layde. The submitter has been awarded Arms, so is entitled to use a form of “Lady” as a byname.

* Allaster del Blair. Name and device. Or, a chevron engrailed gules between two jambes erased sable and a fox’s mask gules.

 * Anne de Basillon. Name and device. Argent, on a pale azure between a talbot and a domestic cat combattant sable a rapier argent. Nice late period French name!

* Anton LaFlamme de Saint Aubin. Badge. (Fieldless) On a flame Or an ant azure.

* Arnóra Bjólfsdóttir. Name and device. Sable, a sun and on a chief Or two bees sable.

* Arnulf de Saint-Aubin dit le Crespe. Name and device. Sable, a ram’s head cabossed and on a chief Or three mullets pierced azure. We note that the place name included the hyphen in the article cited in the Letter of Intent (Aryanhwy merch Catmael, “DRAFT: Names in the 1292 Census of Paris “; Although such place names are typically not hyphenated in our period, hyphenation does occur by the end of our period. In addition, the byname de Saint-Aubin is also found in “Personal names found in the Armorial du dénombrement de la Comté de Clermont en Beauvaisis 1373-1376: some names from Picardy in the 14th century” by Brunissende Dragonette.

* Astrid Olafsdotter. Name change from holding name Astrid of Eisental. This name does not conflict with the registered name Astrith Ulfsdottir. A syllable has been removed from the byname, so this name is clear under PN3C2 of SENA.

* Ástriðr Læknir. Name change from Caterina di Luca. The submitter’s previous name, Caterina di Luca, is retained as an alternate name.

* `Aziza al-Shiraziyya. Name. This name does not conflict with the registered name Azza al-Shiraziyya. A syllable has been added to the given name/ism, so the name is different in sound, and the letters ayn and i have been added, so the name is also different in appearance. Therefore, this name is clear under PN3C1 of SENA.

* Charitye Dale. Alternate name Agneis Dale. Nice 15th century English name!

* Cristina Volpina. Name change from Cristina la Zingara and device. Bendy argent and gules, on a chief Or a capital letter V sable. Nice 16th century Italian name! The submitter’s previous name, Cristina la Zingara, is released.

* Cristina Volpina. Household name House of Lucky Stars and badge. Purpure, three mullets of seven points one and two Or. We note that this household name follows the pattern of House of [full name of owner].

* Donovan Shinnock. Alternate name Rogue Espada. Rogue is an attested given name from Spain in the FamilySearch Historical Records.

* Egill Illugason. Name and device. Argent, a gurges azure and a bordure gules bezanty.

* Ellynor Redpath. Name and device. Sable, on a bend enarched between two thistles argent three roses gules.

* Guenivere Katherine of Trail’s End. Reblazon of device. Purpure, a chevron couched from dexter braced with a chevron couched from sinister between in cross four cat’s paw prints argent. Registered in February of 1987 as Purpure, two chevrons couched and braced between four cat’s paw prints, all argent, we are adjusting the blazon to current practice.

* Halldóra Sviðbalki. Name and device. Or, a peacock in his pride proper and a bordure engrailed vert. Submitted as Halldóra Sviðbalka, the byname is a noun form rather than an adjective, so the ending would not change when borne by a woman. Therefore, we have changed the byname to Sviðbalki to register this name.

* Jocelyn Wolf le Queynte. Name and device. Paly azure and argent, two increscents and issuant from base a demi-sun Or. Nice 13th century English name!

* Kay of Wynterset. Name and device. Or, a wolf passant contourny sable and in chief a sun azure. Wynterset is the registered name of an SCA branch. The submitter had wanted the name Kaydia bint Kadr, but no evidence was found prior to submission to support this name. Commenters were similarly unable to find documentation for this name, so we are unable to change the name to the preferred form.

* Marie D’Agincourt. Name and device. Per pall argent, purpure, and azure, a cinquefoil vert and two icosahedra argent. Although the typical form of the byname is d’Agincourt, capitalization of articles and prepositions varied in French bynames in our period. Therefore, we can register this name as submitted.  Nice 15th century French name! The use of icosahedra is a step from period practice.

* Mikkel Bíldr. Device. Sable, in pale a mannaz rune and a mastless drakkar, an orle argent.

* N{a-}{s,}ir ibn Makk{i-}. Name and device. Per chevron inverted azure and sable, a triquetra inverted and in chief a reremouse argent. Please advise the submitter to draw the triquetra more centered on the field and the bat slightly larger.

* Nicola Pavone. Name and device. Per chevron vert and azure, two peacock feathers Or and a hand mirror Or glassed argent. 

* Norðfj{o,}rðr, Shire of. Branch name and device. Azure, two mountains couped and a Viking longship, on a chief argent three laurel wreaths vert. Originally submitted as Shire of Nordenfjord, the substantive element Nordenfjord could not be documented. The name was changed in kingdom to Shire of Norðfj{o,}rðr, using an Old Icelandic place name from “Place-Names in Landnámabók” by Talan Gwynek. This form means “north fjord”.

The shire requested authenticity for 11th-13th century Iceland. The place name is authentic for 9th-10th century Iceland, but we note that it would not be used with the English Shire of. However, Shire is a standard designator allowed by Appendix E of SENA, so the name is registerable.

* Odo Sosnin. Name. Nice 16th century Russian name!

* Robert Langeschwert. Name and device. Gules, two bear’s paws couped addorsed sable. This design was documented as an Individually Attested Pattern in late period German armory. The submitter provided enough evidence of two sable charges on a gules field.

* Sorcha inghean Uí Néill. Household name Silver Cat House and badge. Azure, a domestic cat sejant argent within an annulet Or hurty.

* Thobiasz Bogdanowicz. Device. Per pale sable and gules, a camel statant argent and a bordure argent charged in dexter with pellets and in sinister with torteaux.

 * Þorbi{o,}rn Ormsson. Name and device. Per fess sable and vert, a lightning bolt fesswise and a bear’s head affronty erased argent. Nice 9th century Icelandic name! There is a step from period practice for the use of a lightning bolt not as part of a thunderbolt.

* Torfi Járnhnefi. Name and device. Argent, in saltire two axes, on a point pointed purpure a clenched sinister gauntlet Or and on a chief purpure three Thor’s hammers Or.

EAST returns

* Cristina Volpina. Badge for Shimazu Akame. Gules, a Norse sun cross Or. This badge is returned for conflict with the device of László Rózsa: Per fess azure and gules, a wheel Or. As we do not grant difference for the number of spokes in a wheel, there is no DC between the primary charges. The only DC is for changing the field.

* Sorcha inghean Uí Néill. Device. Azure, in pale a garb Or between two escallops argent, within two pallets all between two sea-horses respectant Or. This device is returned for lack of documentation of the arrangement of charge groups on the field. Blazoned as a pale azure fimbriated Or with charges on the pale and secondaries around it, in period and today this design must be understood as two pallets Or with four types of charges on the field. The most likely way to understand this is with all those charges as a single primary charge group. Central charges are usually deemed primary, and the sea-horses are at least as prominent as the central charges, which makes them a single group of primaries, and the pallets secondaries. Having three different types of charges in the same group runs afoul of SENA A3D2a, for having “slot machine” armory, more than two types of charge in the same group. Redrawing it with the sea-horses clearly secondary creates a different problem: documentation would have to be provided for a primary group of non-ordinary charges, and two second charge groups, one of ordinary charges and the other non-ordinary charges.

Filed under: Heraldry, Uncategorized

Unofficial Court Report: Schola in the Shire

East Kingdom Gazette - Wed, 2016-02-17 18:15

On a cold Saturday Their Majesties Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri did pay a visit to their Shire of Caer Adamant, and attended the Schola in the Shire on 13 February AS L.

In the afternoon they did hold court, joined by Her Highness Avelina.

Their Majesties invited into their court Their Highnesses Alexandre and Eularia, Prince and Princess of Insulae Draconis, a Principality of the far off Kingdom of Drachenwald.  Their Highnesses presented gifts to Their Majesties and joined them in their court.

Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri invited into their court Myles of Caer Adamant.  They named him a Page of the Court, inducting him into the Order of the Tygers Cub.  He received a medallion and a scroll by Mari clock van Hoorne.

The order not yet complete, Their Majesties invited into court Henry of Caer Adamant.  They named him a Page of the Court, inducted him into the Order and presented him with a medallion.

Still incomplete, Their Majesties called forth Maeve O’Morain.  She was named a Page of the Court, inducted into the Order of the Tygers Cub, presented a medallion and a scroll by Brangwyne of Wentworth

Her Majesty Caoilfhionn called forth the children who participated in her Service Initiative.  They were presented with a token.

Then did Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri call before them all of the children in attendance.  His Majesty invited Thorson to come take-up the toybox, and the children gave chase to the great delight of all in attendance.

Their Majesties welcomed into their court Valentina Amore.  She was thus made a Lady of the Court and Awarded Arms.  She received a scroll featuring calligraphy and illumination by Wulfgar Silfraharr and words by Theodora Bryennisa, called Treannah.

Next did Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri invite into court representatives of the Shire of Caer Adamant.  Their Majesties received several gifts, and expressed to the Shire members their gratitude for their excellent hospitality and generosity.

Their Majesties called forth the companions of the Order of the Silver Wheel.  The order still new and incomplete, they invited into their court Xanthippe Ouranina.  She was inducted into the Order of the Silver Wheel, presented with a medallion and received a scroll by Aaradyn Ghyoot.

To further the order, Their Majesties invited Lianor de Matos into their court.  She was inducted into the Order of the Silver Wheel, and received a medallion and a scroll by Nest verch Tangwistel.

Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri called before them Elizabet Marshall.  They had business on behalf of Her Majesty Thorkatla of Meridies.  In her name they presented Elizabet with a Meridian Majesty, a token from Queen Thorkatla and a scroll by Caterina Coeur Noir Meridies.

Next Their Majesties welcomed all the newcomers attending their first, second or third ever event.  They received a token to remember the day by, and thanked for joining the Kingdom.

Their Majesties invited before them Shoshana Gryffyth.  The spoke of her long service to the Kingdom, and then called forth the Order of the Silver Crescent.  She was inducted into the order, and received a medallion.

As this Order is never complete, next did Their Majesties call forward Veronica Rosso.  The inducted her into the Order of the Silver Crescent, presenting her a medallion and a scroll by Magdalena Lantfarerin.

The Order as yet incomplete, Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri called into their court Hassanah bint al-Khalil ibn Habib.  They inducted her into the Order, presented her with a medallion and a scroll with illumination by Kis Maria, called Mika, calligraphy by Jonathan Blaecstan and words by Dietrich Schwelgengräber.

Still was the order incomplete.  Their Majesties invited into their court Livia Petralia.  She was thus inducted into the Order of the Silver Crescent, presented with a medallion and a scroll featuring illumination by Ellesbeth Donofrey, calligraphy by Jonathan Blaecstan and words by Antonii Machinevik.

At the start of the day Their Majesties had called forward Mael Eoin mac Echuid.  At Yule at the Palazzo they had presented him with a writ to consider joining the Order of the Pelican.  Having sat vigil during the day, the called him into court to present his answer.  He answered in the affirmative.  The Order came forward, and thus was Mael Eoin inducted into the Order of the Pelican.  He received several medallions, a cap and coat, and a scroll by Nataliia Anastasiia Evgenova with words by Alexandre Lerot d’Avigne.

The day of revelry and classes complete, The Court of Their Majesties Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri was closed.


Malcolm Bowman – Eastern Crown Herald

A Thank You to the additional heralds for court – Elizabeth Eleanore Lovell and Yehuda ben Moshe.

Special Addendum:  The words for Mathias Grunwald’s Queen’s Order of Courtesy, given at 12th Night, were composed by Lucien de Pontivy and Aildreda de Tamworthe.

Filed under: Court Tagged: court report

New Kingdom Youth Rapier Deputy

East Kingdom Gazette - Sun, 2016-02-14 19:00

Unto the Kingdom of the East do I, Master Frasier MacLeod send greetings!

I am writing you today to announce a change among my Deputies. Don Alfonso Pontelli has made the difficult decision to step down as my Kingdom Deputy for Youth Rapier, and I would like to take this opportunity to pass on the heartfelt thanks of myself and all those in the Kingdom he helped and for all the hard work he put in to making Youth Rapier go.

After some consideration, I have decided his replacement will be Lady Wentlyanna Bengrek. Lady Wentlyanna comes to the position with some great ideas and a drive to continue building Youth Rapier in the East. I would ask you all to give her all the support you can muster while she gets her feet under her in her new position.

Also, serving as Lady Wentlyanna’s Deputy will be Lord Christoffel d’Allaines leComte. Lord Christoffel also comes to the job with a fantastic resume behind him and will serve as diligently and with the same dedication Lady Wentlyanna will. I am looking forward to working with both of the outstanding individuals.

In Service,

Master Frasier MacLeod, KRM, East

Filed under: Announcements, Rapier, Youth Activities

Heraldic Display Competition at Mudthaw

East Kingdom Gazette - Wed, 2016-02-10 15:35

Break out your banners, surcoats, shields and pennons! With the kind
permission of Their Excellencies Erec and Jehannine, at Mudthaw, in
Settmour Swamp, on April 2nd, there will be a Herald Display
competition. Full rules to come shortly.

Note that there will be a judging category for artists under the age
of 16, as well as judging categories for various levels of experience.
The focus of the judging is going to be on the heraldry, with extra
points being given for displayed heraldry that is more period in

— Mistress Alys Mackyntoich, competition coordinator

Filed under: Heraldry Tagged: competition, heraldry, mudthaw, Settmour Swamp

Wed, 1969-12-31 20:00