SCA news sites

Region 2 Archery Muster April 10th

AEthelmearc Gazette - Thu, 2016-03-03 18:32

Attention All Archers!!

The Barony-Marche of the Debatable Lands invites you to a Regional Muster
celebrating Archery, Thrown Weapons, Youth Fighting, and Arts & Sciences at
the Castle home of Their Royal Highnesses of Æthelmearc, Byron and Ariella,
on April 10th. This is the day after Their Coronation. The muster will begin
at 10:00 in the morning and continue until 5:00 pm.

The archery and thrown weapons ranges will be open at 10:00 am and archery from the towers, led by THLord Deryk Archer, will begin at 1:00 pm.

The main archery goal this day is to shoot and submit rounds for the
Gwyntarian Winter Challenge which closes later that week. There will also be
training if we have enough marshals. The Barony’s loaner gear will be

Please bring something for a pot luck. We’re going to be there all day, so
let’s eat. Pop, water, plates, bowls, and utensils will all be provided.

Their Highnesses have asked that you dress in garb for the day.

The Castle address is 755 Stonegate Drive, Wexford PA 15090.

In service to the Barony-Marche and the Kingdom,

Mestari Urho Waltterinen
crossbow1953 (at) earthlink (dot) net

Photo by HRH Byron.

Categories: SCA news sites

The Scarlet Apron Cooking Competition at War Practice

AEthelmearc Gazette - Thu, 2016-03-03 08:36

If you are a baker, join us!
If you are a baker, a butcher, a saucier,
A fry-er, A boil-er, a sugar paste sculptor…
If you love to cook, come add fuel to our fire,
For your passion and skills we want you to show us.
Join us!
Join us!
Join us!

Introducing The Scarlet Apron – a new cooking competition to be held at
Æthelmearc War Practice (May 19-22, 2016)!

This competition is open to any and all comers who have a penchant for the
medieval culinary arts. No matter if you are new to period cooking, or if
it is old hat to you, you are welcome at our table!

The theme for our inaugural year is sure to be a feast for the eyes as well
as the belly – Illusion Food! Anyone wishing to participate must create an
example of such a food from anywhere in SCA-period. This could be an
interpretation of a subtlety that has been described in a cooking text, or
an original creation that can be considered “period-plausible” based on its
design, construction and the materials used to create it.

All contestants should follow these guidelines:

1. The entry should be made and assembled prior to judging – this is not a
competition at which contestants must cook their final product on site.

2. The finished product should be constructed from at least 50% edible

3. The use of period construction techniques, including internal shaping
structures and edible ingredients is preferred and encouraged.

4. The final product should be registered, signed in, and ready for judging
by 11:00 AM on Saturday, May 21. The judging will take place in the Great
Hall alongside the A&S competition. Registration/sign-in will open Saturday
at 10:00 AM. The final judging will  occur between 11:00 AM and 1:00 PM,
with the winner announced during court that evening.

5. Contestants should provide a brief written overview (one page, maximum)
of their entry, including their inspiration (if it was based on a specific
subtlety, the original text of its description; if it was based on
something else, then those details), a complete list of the materials used,
and a description of how they created the structure.

6. Contestants can choose to sit with their entry during the judging period
in order to answer questions from the judges and the populace, however it
is not required.

7. Plating and presentation are integral to this competition. Each
contestant will get no less than half of a six- or eight-foot table, which
should be adorned as befits the entry.

Entries have three potential categories to win: Youth (for contestants age
5-12), Populace Choice, and Overall Winner. Cooks of all skill levels are
encouraged to enter!

Any questions should be directed to the competition coordinator, Edelvrouw
Lijsbet de Keukere (, Keirin Lazauskas-Ralff
on Facebook). We are  so excited about this competition, and are looking
forward to seeing the beautiful and delicious pieces of art you create!

Yours In Service,
Edelvrouw Lijsbet de Keukere

Categories: SCA news sites

Savor the Arts & Sciences!

AEthelmearc Gazette - Wed, 2016-03-02 20:53

By Lady Cairdha Eilis O’Coileian.

You walk into the hall…tables filled with every kind of thing ever envisioned by man…you are struck by colors, sounds, scents, textures…gold, silver, leather, and more…beauty as you have never seen…it can be overwhelming.

Whether an Art/Sci display or competition, people can be unsure how to understand the situation before them. In general, we all tend to gravitate toward what we know.  No one has a desire to ignore the work others have done, but we are all drawn to the things most familiar to us and to what we know and understand.  The question is…is that good enough? The beauty of the SCA is it gives us an opportunity to see things beyond what we know…to see beyond our modern experience. It is important for everyone to explore those thing they are NOT familiar with…the new…the unexplored.

Far too often people get drawn into the beauty of wonderfully crafted items of clothing, exquisite and ornate scrolls filled with detailed illumination and precise calligraphy, skillfully and painstakingly crafted pieces of armor, hand-spun and woven creations, and delicate sewing crafts…and yet, there sitting on a table just a few feet away is a humble meat pie or mysterious, bottled liquids. Perhaps you say to yourself, “well, I’m not hungry” or “I don’t want to drink alcohol this early” or even “I’m not sure I want to try this.  Did you close your eyes as you passed the scroll?  Did you not desire to touch and feel the craftsmanship of the garb or armor?  Why then would you pass up the opportunity to experience the skills and hard work put forth by the cook or brewer? One bite will not make you full. One sip will not make you drunk.

I challenge you. Take the time and experience the consumable side of the Arts and Sciences. Do not be afraid to open up your mouth and mind to the world of food and drink. If the artisan is present, engage them. Learn about their craft, its history, its technology. Hear the joy and excitement they have, the very same shared by all of us who play in the realm of Art/Sci. I challenge you to SAVOR the Arts and Sciences!

Categories: SCA news sites

Class Schedule for Hrim Schola

East Kingdom Gazette - Wed, 2016-03-02 19:35

The Finalized Class Schedule for Hrim Schola which is taking place on March 19th in the Barony of Dragonship Haven (Meriden, CT) has been posted to the event listing on the East Kingdom website.


Filed under: Arts and Sciences, Events Tagged: Arts and Sciences, classes, Hrim Schola

Spring Crown Tournament Letters of Intent/ Tournoi de la Couronne – Lettres d’Intention

East Kingdom Gazette - Wed, 2016-03-02 18:24
En Français Greetings unto all those intending to enter Spring Crown Tournament, Please be aware that both the combatant and the consort must submit a letter of intent, either through the following link (preferred) or by email to TRH Prince Kenric and Princess Avelina with a copy to the Kingdom Seneschal. If by email, a joint email is preferred. The Letter of Intent must be received by Coronation, April 9, 2016. If using email, the letters of intent must include all of the following information for both combatant and consort: Society name, legal name, address, telephone number, years of residency and be accompanied by proof of membership with membership number & expiration date that is valid at least thirty days after Crown. If both entrants are combatants, then that should be clearly indicated. TRHs also request that combatants bring heraldic shields for the list trees. In Service to the East, I remain Dueña Mercedes Vera de Calafia

En Français:


À tous ceux souhaitant participer au prochain Tournoi de la Couronne.
Soyez avisé(e) que le(la) combattant(e) et son(sa) consort doivent présenter une lettre d’intention, soit en utilisant le lien suivant (ce que nous favorisons) soit par courriel à Leurs Altesses, le Prince Kenric et la Princesse Avelina et en plaçant en copie la Sénéchale du Royaume

Les lettres d’intention devront être reçues avant le Couronnement du 9 avril prochain. Si vous choisissez le courriel, il devra contenir les informations suivantes à propos du(de la) combattant(e) et de son(sa) consort : Nom SCA, nom mondain, adresse, numéro de téléphone, nombre d’années de résidence dans le Royaume et une preuve de membre SCA avec le numéro et la date d’expiration.

Il est à noter que votre membership doit être valide pour au moins 30 jours après la date du Tournoi. Il est important de spécifier si les deux participants(tes) sont des combattants(tes). Leurs Altesses demandent que les combattants(tes) apportent un Écu armorié pour le présentoir de la lice.

Au Service de l’Est, je demeure
Dueña Mercedes Vera de Calafia

Filed under: En français, Events, Official Notices Tagged: Crown Tournament, Letter of Intent, spring crown

Non-Member Surcharge Wording Changes

East Kingdom Gazette - Wed, 2016-03-02 16:50

From the Seneschal and Exchequer’s offices:

Greetings from Mercedes and Ignatia,

We recently attended the Known World Kingdom Exchequer and Seneschal Symposium in Trimaris where the Society Exchequer announced a change in the wording of event announcements. Many people do not like the way that the non-member surcharge has had to be listed in event announcements as it is a bit off-putting. Society recently related an alternate method for listing the fees to address this.  In the East Kingdom, an event fee will now be referred to in announcements as the REGISTRATION FEE, it should no longer be referred to as a gate fee, site fee, door fee or entry fee in announcements or event calendars.

It is important that all Seneschals, Exchequers and Autocrats comply with this new wording on all event announcement, including ones on platforms other than the calendar. The EK Calendar is being updated to reflect this language.
A discount for minors must be listed or you will be required to collect NMS from non-member minors.  A discount on any ‘group/category of adults’ does not avoid the NMS fee requirement if that person is not a member.  In addition, you may NOT ‘comp’ any non-member to attend an event, ever. This includes paying the NMS out of group funds.  The non-member fees will still be referred to as Non-member surcharges outside of the announcements and will still continue to be reported as NMS.   Feast Fees and/or Day Board Fees are still listed separately.

Below are examples of how you may list your event registration fees so that you can avoid the NMS wording that people find distasteful.  For the purposes of the example below X=$10, which represents the cost of the event fee per person (prior to any NMS amount).
Event Registration Fees Pricing:
1.    Adult(18+):    $X+5=  $15  Member:   $X=  $10      Minor(<18): $X-.50=   $9.50
2.    Non-member:    $X+5=  $15  Member:   $X=  $10      Minor(<18): $X-.50=   $9.50
3.    Registration Fee: $X+5=  $15  Minor(<18): $X-5-.50=   $9.50
Adult Members receive a $5.00 discount on the registration fee with proof of membership. ($10)
4.  I am sure someone will come up with another option for stating the fee structure for an event.

Remember these are only examples – the ‘minor’ prices are normally broken into several categories for most groups.

In Service,
Maestra Ignacia la Ciega,
East Kingdom Chancellor of the Exchequer


Mercedes Vera de Calafia
East Kingdom Seneschal

Filed under: Law and Policy, Official Notices Tagged: Exchequer, NMS

Gulf Wars Road Closings

AEthelmearc Gazette - Tue, 2016-03-01 19:18

Noble Æthelmearc,

The following was just passed along to me by the Seneschal of Meridies. If you are driving to Gulf Wars you should pay attention to this as this
closure does effect one of the major routes south from some parts of Æthelmearc. The report notes that the road could be closed for up to three weeks.

In Service,
Duke Christopher

I wanted to inform the populace of your Great and Fair Kingdom about the
Road Closure of I75 South in Tennessee. As you may already know this, I
just wanted to touch base with you so that those headed south for Gulf Wars
can choose another route to war besides I75.

Here is the report.

Please post this information in those places you deem appropriate to
relieve your citizens from being stuck for hours in slow and standing
traffic on the way to Gulf Wars using I75.

Master Aylwin Watkyns
Kingdom Seneschal, Meridies

Categories: SCA news sites

Going to Gulf Wars? Beware of I-75 Closure

East Kingdom Gazette - Tue, 2016-03-01 14:45

This article was originally posted on the Midrealm Gazette.

For those of you planning your sojourn to Gulf Wars, please choose an alternate other than I-75. I-75 is closed in Tennessee close to the Kentucky border (north and southbound lanes) for the next several weeks due to rock slides.

Master Aylwin Watkyns
Kingdom Seneschal, Meridies

Filed under: Announcements Tagged: Gulf War

Location Change for Fencing Muster this Sunday!

AEthelmearc Gazette - Tue, 2016-03-01 09:48

Hello, all!
Because Cal U’s Women’s basketball team did super well (yay) and is hosting the playoffs, we got moved. We will now be at the Performance Center on Sunday, March 6th, from 10:00 am until 5:00 pm. 

There will be a class or two, a White Scarf meet and beat, and melee. Lots of Melee in preparation for the coming War Season. There will be a Academy Tournament is there is interest and time. There’s a lot of things to be done, so I am keeping things slightly loose. 

Aemilia Soteria (Erin Wunderlin) will be running an MOL class or two — so non fencers who are interested (and fencers, and marshals, and MIT’s) can learn more about what they need to know to run tournaments more smoothly. (Even if you are not an MOL yourself, there are things you can learn for when you marshal your own tournament.)

Food: Bring your own, travel to town, or take part in our Tavern Bake sale!  (The Union food options will be closed.)

Parking: If you buy a pass off of us, it’s 5.00/day.  If you park in town and walk, it is free, if you do nor buy a pass they will give you a ticket for $25.00 — since stuff is going on this Sunday, they will be patrolling. There is also a metered lot if you only want to come for an hour or two. (It’s roughly a dollar an hour until you get past three hours, then it is cheaper to buy our pass.)

But Parking is RIGHT next to the Union.  Here is a map.
The map may confuse you — Lot 17 is not listed, but there is a red and black area that is marked for construction. I am using this map because while the construction is all done, it’s really easy to see where you need to go. Lot 17 is the red and black striped area. The Union is encircled in red. 

Use this handy dandy page to get to campus: 

Now, when you get to campus, drive down the main road…you will pass between the two towers. You will eventually have no choice by to turn right, going up a hill.

Lot 17 is on your left. The Union is next to the parking lot, a green roofed, red brick building. Entrance is on the side. Go left. Go past the food court  Do not go down the stairs. The Performance Center is towards the right. 

I hope to see you all there!


Categories: SCA news sites

Arts & Sciences Research Paper #7: Life Before Toilet Paper

East Kingdom Gazette - Tue, 2016-03-01 09:00

Our seventh A&S Research Paper comes to us from Baroness Charitye Dale, of the Barony of Settmour Swamp. She examines a question that would have affected our personas practically every single day – how did people manage before toilet paper? (Prospective future contributors, please check out our original Call for Papers.)

Life Before Toilet Paper

Ancient public toilets in Ephesus

There are some things in our society that are so basic, so integral to our lives that we cannot imagine going without.  Toilet paper is one of these items.  Since 1857, when toilet paper first became commercially available, we have used it to cleanse after using the bathroom.  This begs the question; what did people use to clean themselves before toilet paper?  This work will provide an overview of what people used to cleanse themselves after defecating in Rome, China, Japan, India, the Islamic states and various areas of Europe between 400 C.E. and 1600 C.E.

Buddhist Precepts for Monks in India
Islamic Precepts for Worshippers
Western Europe

We begin in Rome, in the communal toilets adjacent to the city’s bathhouses.  These communal bathrooms were semi-circular or rectangular rooms containing long benches along the walls, with individual round spaces carved into them.  Running water flowed underneath them to wash away the waste.  According to William E. Dunstan in his book Ancient Rome, “Public latrines, though often lavishly decorated with statuary and singing fountains, proved dimly lit and poorly ventilated.  They became overcrowded retreats for the unprivileged living in multistory tenements lacking toilets.” [1]

Lucius Annaeus Seneca, in his series of letters known as Moral Letters to Lucilius references a sponge affixed to a stick as being used for cleansing after defecating.  In his 70th letter, he relates a tale of suicide in which this implement, commonly referred to by scholars as a spongia, played a pivotal role.  “A captured German, who was making ready for the morning exhibition, withdrew in order to relieve himself, the only thing he was allowed to do in secret and without the presence of a guard.  While so engaged, he seized the stick of wood, tipped with a sponge, which was devoted to the vilest uses, and stuffed it, just as it was, down his throat…”[2]  To date, there appears to be no other specific reference to the spongia in ancient text.

Sources speculate that the spongia would be stored in either a bucket of salt water, or would be placed in front of the public toilet in a stream of running water that ran in front of the commode in communal bathrooms.  These spongia were used by everyone who utilized the public toilets.

The Roman elite used chamber pots or toilets within their own homes instead of using the communal commodes whenever possible.  Instead of the spongia, it is conjectured that they cleansed with rosewater and soft wool while in their homes.[3]
Back to Top

Buddhist Precepts for Monks in India
We move from Rome to India, where Buddhist monks were fastidious about cleanliness.  So fastidious, in fact, that they had very particular rules regarding the use of the bathroom.  These rules are outlined, in detail, in early versions of the Vinaya Pitaka, the Buddhist canonical for monks.  Each of the seventeen rules were to be followed each time one used the toilet facility.

  1. One should not defecate outside of the cesspool.
  2. While standing outside, one should clear his throat.
  3. Anyone sitting inside should also clear his throat.
  4. Having put aside the (upper) robe on a bamboo pole or a cord, one should enter the place properly and unhurriedly.
  5. One should not pull up one’s lower robe before entering.
  6. One should pull up one’s lower robe while standing on the toilet shoes.
  7. If the place is splattered it should be washed.
  8. One should not groan or grunt while defecating.
  9. One should not wipe oneself with a rough stick.
  10. One should not drop the wiping stick into the cesspool.
  11. If the basket for wiping sticks is full, the wiping sticks should be thrown away.
  12. One should then cover oneself (with one’s lower robe) while standing on the toilet shoes.
  13. One should not leave hurriedly.
  14. One should not leave with one’s lower robe pulled up.
  15. One should pull it up while standing on the rinsing-room shoes.
  16. One shouldn’t make a smacking sound while rinsing.
  17. One should not leave any water remaining in the rinse vessel.[4]

Further evidence to the Buddhist doctrine of cleansing after defecation is found in an anecdote within their guidelines for monks which tells a story of the consequences of not rinsing oneself after defecating:

“Now at that time a certain bhikkhu, a brahman by birth, didn’t want to rinse himself after defecating, (thinking,) ‘Who would touch this vile, stinking stuff?’ A worm took up residence in his anus. So he told this matter to the bhikkhus. ‘You mean you don’t rinse yourself after defecating?’ (they asked). ‘That’s right, my friends.’ Those bhikkhus who were of few wants … criticized and complained and spread it about, ‘How can a bhikkhu not rinse himself after defecating?’  They reported this matter to the Blessed One…”[5]

The monks utilized what they referred to as a wiping stick to scrape feces after defecating.  The stick was smooth and slightly rounded, and was used to remove large pieces of feces before the monks rinsed themselves with water.
Back to Top

Islamic Precepts for Worshippers
Buddhism is not the only religion that has strict rules about personal hygiene.  Worshippers of Islam had similarly stringent requirements for cleanliness.  The Qur’an is adamant about personal hygiene, which is why it is not surprising that Muslims also had very specific rules when it came to cleansing after defecation.  Abu Hureyrah, companion to the prophet Muhammad, narrated many edicts to the followers of Islam; cleansing after defecation included, between 590 and Muhammad’s death in 632 C.E.  “When any one of you goes to the Gha’it (toilet to defecate), let him take with him three stones and clean himself with them, for that will suffice him.”[6] He also stated, “I never saw the Messenger of Allah come out of the toilet without first (cleansing himself) with water.”[7]

Rules, based on the narrations of Abu Hureyah, are outlined in Qadaa’ Al Haajah.  A redacted set of these rules is itemized below.

  1. When entering the toilet, one should say the A’udhu (isti’adha) and Basmala and then recite a prayer.
  2. When entering the toilet, one should not have in one’s hand anything on which the name of Allahu ta’ala or any verse of the Qur’an al-karim is written.
  3. One should enter the toilet with one’s left foot and exit with one’s right foot.
  4. One should recite the prayer “Alhamdu-lil-laa-hil-la-dhi adh-haba ‘a-nil a-dhaa wa ‘a-faa-ni” when exiting the toilet.
  5. After cleaning one’s private parts, one should cover them immediately.
  6. One should neither face the Qibla nor turn one’s back toward it while urinating or defecating.
  7. One should remove the feces on one’s anus with one’s finger and wash one’s hand. If there are still traces of filth, one should wash them with water.
  8. One should dry one’s private parts with a cloth after washing them.
  9. One should not look at one’s private parts or spit into the toilet.
  10. One must not urinate into any water, on a wall of a mosque, in a cemetery, or on a road.
  11. Cleaning the private parts with stones and similar materials is an acceptable substitute for cleaning them with water.[8]

One will note that the process of cleaning oneself after defecating is specifically addressed.  The utilization of one’s own hand appears to be the preferred method, followed by rinsing and washing the hand.

Japanese wiping sticks. This Wikipedia and Wikimedia Commons image is from the user Chris 73 and is freely available at // under the creative commons cc-by-sa 3.0 license.

Back to Top

The Japanese, like the Indian Buddhists, used sticks to clean themselves after defecating.  Flat, rounded sticks, called chu-gi, were uncovered in ancient cisterns dating as far back as 750 in the ancient Japanese capital of Nara.  During what is called the Nara Period, between 710 and 784, the capital had 10-15cm trenches dug and water diverted through them, making a drainage system.  Citizens would squat over these trenches, with a foot on each bank of the trench to urinate and defecate; the waste being washed away from the city.  The dirty sticks would be washed in the running water, and retained for future use, or dropped in the trench for disposal.[9]
Back to Top

Western Europe
In Western Europe, materials available for sanitation varied based on your wealth and social standing.  It is conjectured that rags were used throughout Europe and were the most common materials used for anal cleansing.  Ronald H. Blumer states his work entitled Wiped:  The Curious History of Toilet Paper that clothing too threadbare to be worn would be utilized for anal cleansing repeatedly until it was no longer fit for that purpose as well.[10]  Archeological digs under monasteries in Europe have found remnants of the tattered, holey rags used by monks and nuns for toilet purposes.  Finer wools and linens worn by the elite were used for their sanitary needs once they were no longer suitable to be worn as clothing.

Not everyone used rags, however.  In the household records of Duc de Berry in 1400, for example, there is reference to quantities of flax and hemp being purchased in a raw, unspun state for the express purpose of anal cleansing.[11]  And though few household records like these have survived, literature has.  Toilet humor–also known as scatological humor–is not a wholly modern notion.  La vie de Gargantua et de Pantagruel, written by François Rabelais between 1532 and 1564, was full of scatological humor.  Chapter 1.XIII, “How Gargantua’s wonderful understanding became known to his father Grangousier, by the invention of a torchecul or wipebreech” is a perfect example.  This chapter of the famous work is solely dedicated to the discussion of anal wiping:

“I have, answered Gargantua, by a long and curious experience, found out a means to wipe my bum, the most lordly, the most excellent, and the most convenient that was ever seen.  What is that? said Grangousier, how is it?  I will tell you by-and-by, said Gargantua.  Once I did wipe me with a gentle-woman’s velvet mask, and found it to be good; for the softness of the silk was very voluptuous and pleasant to my fundament.  Another time with one of their hoods, and in like manner that was comfortable.  At another time with a lady’s neckerchief, and after that I wiped me with some ear-pieces of hers made of crimson satin, but there was such a number of golden spangles in them (turdy round things, a pox take them) that they fetched away all the skin of my tail with a vengeance.  Now I wish St. Antony’s fire burn the bum-gut of the goldsmith that made them, and of her that wore them!  This hurt I cured by wiping myself with a page’s cap, garnished with a feather in the Switzers’ fashion.

“Afterwards, in dunging behind a bush, I found a March-cat, and with it I wiped my breech, but her claws were so sharp that they scratched and exulcerated all my perinee.  Of this I recovered the next morning thereafter, by wiping myself with my mother’s gloves, of a most excellent perfume and scent of the Arabian Benin.  After that I wiped me with sage, with fennel, with anet, with marjoram, with roses, with goud-leaves, with beets, with colewort, with leaves of the vine tree, with mallows, wool-blade, which is a tail-scarlet, with lettuce and with spinach leaves.”[12]

By the end of his diatribe, there is seemingly nothing that the young man won’t use.  In fact, when he comes to wiping with paper, he has this to say, “Who his foul tail with paper wipes, Shall at his ballocks leave some chips.”[13]

Though a humorous work of fiction, it does provide insight to what might have been used for anal cleansing.  The author is clearly utilizing the absurd in the name of his art, but it is not unreasonable to take grains of truth from the document.  It is quite likely that leaves, moss, straw, discarded pieces of clothing, etc. would have been utilized by all walks of life depending upon their region and the materials available to them.

It is suggested in numerous works on the subject that leaves, moss, shells, and the like would have been used for cleaning after defecation, though none of these works have been able to provide evidence to support their assertions.  It is not unreasonable, however, to make such a conjecture.  A soft leaf, unspun wool, and straw would have proved to be useful if no other means of cleansing were available.
Back to Top

While their Western counterparts were using leaves, rags, or sponges soaked in saltwater, and other areas of Asia were using sticks to clean their anuses, the Chinese were manufacturing paper to address their sanitary needs.  There is little written on the invention, manufacture, and use of the predecessor to the modern toilet paper, but there is mention of paper being used in the eliminatory process as far back as the first century.  Joseph Needham, in his collection of works entitled The Science and Civilisation of China, cited that the Chinese used paper made from rice straw for sanitary purposes.  Chinese scholar Yan Zhitu stated in 589 that “paper on which there are quotations or commentaries from Five Classics or the names of sages, I dare not use for toilet purposes.”  Additionally, an Arab explorer during the Tang Dynasty, is noted as having stated “They [the Chinese] are not careful about cleanliness, and they do not wash themselves with water after they have done their necessities, but they only wipe themselves with paper” in his memoirs detailing his travels to China.[14]

The Chinese eventually began manufacturing a specific type of paper to use after defecation, known as tshao chih.  According to Chinese records maintained by the Imperial Bureau of Supplies, over 720,000 sheets of tshao chih were manufactured in 1393 alone.   The imperial family, however, received “…15,000 sheets, three inches square, light yellow, thick but soft, and perfumed.”[15]  In fact, the use of tshao chih was so prevalent, Zhejiang Province (aka Chekiang Province) alone used ten million packages of 1,000 to 10,000 sheets in 1393 for its population of 2,138,225.[16]

Until the 19th century, paper was made exclusively by hand, and therefore, was more expensive to procure.  It would have been more cost effective to use materials that were readily available, such as leaves and old rags instead of paper.  As paper became easier and less expensive to manufacture, its use for cleansing after defecating became more common and eventually took its place as the preferred method for cleaning in most parts of the known world.  Today it is estimated that modern Americans use approximately 100 rolls of toilet paper per year.  With nearly 390,000,000 people in the US, Americans use 39,000,000,000 rolls of toilet paper each year.
Back to Top


Bennett, Howard. “EVER WONDERED about the history of toilet paper?” The Washington Post (2009): 1-2.  Accessed 10/27/2014.

Bhikkhu, Thannissaro, ed.,  The Buddhist Monastic Code II. Thanissaro Bhikkhu, 2001.

Blumer, Ronald, H. Wiped:  The Curious History of Toilet Paper.  CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; 2nd edition, 2013

Chavez, Amy “From the ditches of nara to the Otohime, a lav story” The Japan Times (2014): Accessed 12/27/2015

Dunstan, William E. Ancient Rome. Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2011.

Guanglin Liu, William. The Chinese Market Economy, 1000-1500.  Albany, NY: State University of New York Press (2015).

My Religion Islamic. “Islamic Toilet Etiquette” (2015):  Accessed 12/28/2015

Needham, Joseph. Science and Civilisation in China, Vol. 5, Part 1:  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 1954.

Rabelais, Francois; Translation by Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarty. Gargantua et de Pantagruel: 1653

Schofield, Hugh. “Filthy secrets of medieval toilets” BBC News (2003):  Accessed 10/27/2014

Seneca, Lucius Annaeus. “Moral letters to Lucilius” Letter 70 :  Accessed 02/15/2016

“The Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad at Your Fingertips”: Accessed 02/15/2016

“Islamic Toilet Etiquette“: Accessed 02/15/2016
Back to Top


[1] Dunstan, William E. Ancient Rome, pg 359.

[2] “Moral letters to Lucilius/Letter 70”

[3] Dunstan, 359

[4]Bhikkhu, Thannissaro, ed.,  The Buddhist Monastic Code II, pg. 108

[5] Ibid, pg. 107.

[6] Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 44 

[7] Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 354

[8] “Islamic Toilet Etiquette“ 

[9] Chavez, Amy “From the ditches of Nara to the Otohime, a lav story” The Japan Times

[10] Blumer, Ronald, H. Wiped:  The Curious History of Toilet Paper

[11] Ibid

[12] Rabelais, Francois, La vie de Gargantua et de Pantagruel Chapter 1.XIII

[13] Ibid, pg 78.

[14] Needham, Joseph Science and Civilisation in China, Vol. 5, Part 1

[15] Needham, 123

[16] Guanglin Liu, William The Chinese Market Economy, 1000-1500, p 13 Appendix A
Back to Top

Filed under: A&S Research Papers, Arts and Sciences Tagged: a&s, Arts and Sciences

Pennsic Choir Registration

East Kingdom Gazette - Tue, 2016-03-01 08:30

The following article appeared in the The Æthelmearc Gazette yesterday and is reposted with their permission.  Our thanks to them for sharing this wonderful article.

Greetings, choral singers!

Lady Tangwystl verch Gruffydd of the Barony of Northwoods in the Middle Kingdom has graciously volunteered to serve as Director of a Known World Choir at the upcoming SCA 50 Year Celebration event in June!

If you are interested in participating in the KWC performance at this event, please join the group Known World Choir at 50 Year Celebration for updates and information. You can also get updates on the Known World Choir website.

Please also follow this link to fill out a short registration form.

The earlier you register, the better the Director will be able to plan for the 50 Year setlist and the performance itself. You can change/adjust answers later if needed, so please don’t hesitate to sign up today!

Additionally, those who register by March 22nd* will have an opportunity to suggest pieces for our 50 Year Celebration performance.

*Registration will continue after March 22nd, but after that point setlist will be finalized.

Filed under: Announcements, Arts and Sciences, Pennsic Tagged: choir, Music, singing

Event and Court Report: The College of Three Ravens

AEthelmearc Gazette - Mon, 2016-02-29 20:06

photo by Tiercelin

The Barony of Thescorre’s 38th College of Three Ravens opened on February 20th, with a well-attended series of classes on everything from underwear to death.

Though snow covered the ground a few inches deep, the sun was out and the day was warm. The site opened at 9am, and classes began at 10am, and ended at 4pm. About 150 attended the event, run by Lady Elen Woderose.

A delicious sideboard was cooked by Lady Marguerite de Neufschasteau and the Thescorre Cooks’ Guild, and included stuffed breads, vegetable soup, fruit, eggs and fresh farm cheeses. At the end of the day, many of the attendees sat down to a wonderful dinner planned by Lord Padraig na Féasóige Ua Céileachair, based on period Spanish cuisine.

Mistress Antoinette and a classroom of happy gilders.

For those interested in scribal activities, classes on quill making, gilding, vellum, and several on manuscripts were not to miss.

Clothing enthusiasts could learn about something regardless of their level, from T-tunics to the Greenland Gown, hats to Elizabethan undergarments.

Classes on death, both during and after, filled the schedule with The Honorable Lady Beatrice de Winter’s Bling Out Your Dead class and another on the multiple interments of Richard III, as well as Baron Master Fridrikr’s Draugar class about Norse zombies.

Brewing and Period Foods, Asian Medicine and Samurai Cooking, Cheese and Irish Food kept people’s appetites up, and Fencing, Belly Dance, Equestrian, and European Dance kept people moving.

Elska and Mistress Matilda measure ingredients

There were several classes to engage children in the afternoon, including a roundtable on Service in the SCA for Kids, hosted by Lady Elisabetta de Venetia who grew up doing service, Tudor Soap Balls with Elska and Simon Fjarfell, and Sweet Scents Perfume, also taught by Lady Elisabetta, joined by Mistress Francesca della Rovere. The kids got very messy (and yet also clean) kneading soap and herbs, learned how to make themselves smell nice, and enjoyed every moment.


photo by Tiercelin

One of the highlights of the event was a presentation on Falconry by Lady Marguerite de Neufschasteau, whose teacher brought two beautiful birds to show off: a Falcon and a Cooper’s Hawk.

Falcon and falconer

Her Majesty Etain began the court by inviting the children attending the event to take bags of activities to the back of the hall.

She then invited Baroness Sadira to open her court.

Baroness Sadira asked all those for whom it was their first event to come up and be seen.

She then inducted Lady Elisabetta de Venetia into the Order of the Broche for her art and teaching, and gave her a scroll from a past event.

Her Excellency gave Raven’s Eggs to her “brute squad” for always being dependable and helpful to her.

She then gifted Mistress Alison of the Many Isles with a travel-sized camel, for her willingness to help tote things hither and yon.

The Kingdom Court Report can be found below, but certainly a highlight was the induction of Lady Elisabetta de Venetia, who taught two classes during the day and helped out wherever she could, into the Order of the Keystone. She was brought to tears when her Pelican, Mistress Ekaterina Volkova, gifted her with the keystone of her Pelican, Duke Morguhn Sheridan.

Of the event, Lady Elen said: “We had a good time this year. We had plenty of teachers and plenty of students, and for a schola, that’s what counts, isn’t it? The pleasant weather was a bonus.”

Official Court Report

Documented from the Scrolls of the Reign of Magnus Tindal and Etain II, basileos kai basilissa Æthelmearc: the Business of The Empress’s Court at The College of 3 Ravens, 20 February Anno Societatis L, in the Barony of Thescorre, accompanied by Her Excellency Sadira, Baroness of Thescorre. As recorded by THL Sophie Davenport, Seedling Pursuivant, with the assistance of Baroness Helena al-Zar’qa, Fleur d’Æthelmearc Herald.

The Empress called forth Cecelia Vogelsankino and presented a Sigil to her for all of her help in caring for the Royal children during Their reign. She then called forth the children present and sent them with Cecelia and bags of goodies to keep them occupied during the proceedings.

The Empress then gave Her Excellency leave to conduct her business.

The Empress called for Perote Campbell and presented him with a Sigil. She then recognized Baroness Marianna Pietro Santi in absentia with a Sigil.

The Empress called for Lord Howard Bowman and presented him with a Cornelian for his courtesy and helpfulness with the MoL at recent events. Scroll is a work in progress by Baroness Ekaterina Volkova .

The Empress called for Raibert Wright and presented him with a Cornelian for his courtesy and any years of cheerful training of new fighters. Scroll by Lady Mairghread Stiobhard inghean ui Choinne.

The Empress called for Gabriel the Cheater and Awarded him Arms for being a valuable fighting asset and his willingness to help where needed. Scroll is a work in progress by Lady Arselan Egesig.

The Empress next called for Guillermo de la Cruz and Awarded him Arms for his very helpful nature and conducting himself in a most noble manner. Scroll by Lady Genevote Nau d’Anjou .

The Empress then called for Simon Peregrine. His lovely daughter came forth and explained he was not present. It was then explained that while he has been with us only a short time, he has made quite an impression in Thescorre by becoming the Baronial Archery Champion and is a Marshall in training and thus was inducted into the Order of the Golden Alce. The scrolls are by Lady Vivienne of Yardley and Baroness Juliana Rosalia Dolce di Siena and Tiarna Ard Padraig O Branduibh.

Jared of Thescorre

The Empress next called for Lord Jared of Thescorre and told him how impressed she is with his thrown weapons training and winning the Thescorre Thrown Weapons championship. She then inducted him into the order of the Golden Alce. The scroll is a work in progress by Juliana Rosalia Dolce di Siena and Tiarna Ard Padraig O Branduibh.

The Empress then called forth Lady Elisabetta de Venetia and spoke to her about her unending service, from retaining to serving feast, set up and tear down of events. She was reminded to pay heed to her Pelican and take time to enjoy events once in a while. The Empress then inducted Elisabetta into the Order of the Keystone and her Pelican, Baroness Ekaterina Volkova bestowed her with the ancestral medallion of the household belonging to His Grace Morghunn. The scroll is by Duchess Branwyn ferch Gwythyr.

The Empress announced that Nicholas the Bastard was Granted Arms and inducted into the Order of the Gage at the Valentine’s Day Muster, on February 14, in the Barony Marche of the Debatable Lands. Words by THL Sophie Davenport.

The Empress next wished to see Lady Mairghread Stiobhard inghean ui Choinne and spoke of the beautiful artwork she produces and gives away in the form of award scrolls. She was so impressed that she Granted Mairghread Arms and inducted her in the Order of the Fleur d’AEthelmearc. Mistress Gillian Llewylen of Ravenspur presented her with a medallion and the scroll is a work in progress by Master Jon Blaecstan.

Lady Marguerite de Neufschasteau, who created the dayboard, was gifted with Her Majesty’s token of Inspiration.

That being all of Her business, the court of the Empress was closed.

(all photos not otherwise credited are from Master Fridrikr)

~ Reported by Duchess Branwen ferch Gwythyr


Categories: SCA news sites

Known World Choir at SCA 50 Year

AEthelmearc Gazette - Mon, 2016-02-29 14:07

Greetings, choral singers!

Lady Tangwystl verch Gruffydd of the Barony of Northwoods in the Middle Kingdom has graciously volunteered to serve as Director of a Known World Choir at the upcoming SCA 50 Year Celebration event in June!

If you are interested in participating in the KWC performance at this event, please join the group Known World Choir at 50 Year Celebration for updates and information. You can also get updates on the Known World Choir website.

Please also follow this link to fill out a short registration form.

The earlier you register, the better the Director will be able to plan for the 50 Year setlist and the performance itself. You can change/adjust answers later if needed, so please don’t hesitate to sign up today!

Additionally, those who register by March 22nd* will have an opportunity to suggest pieces for our 50 Year Celebration performance.

*Registration will continue after March 22nd, but after that point setlist will be finalized.

Categories: SCA news sites

Stick a Cork in It!

AEthelmearc Gazette - Mon, 2016-02-29 00:06

(A practical discussion of modern bottling methods for the SCAdian brewer)
by Lord Wolfgang Starcke, Guild Master AE Brewers Guild
based on a presentation at the College of Three Ravens

Over the course of my time in the SCA I have seen and heard many horror stories about exploding bottles, popped corks, leaking bottles and other messy problems from gifted bottles or competitions. As modern brewers we share the challenges of transporting fermented beverages with our historical counterparts. The basic problems that need to be overcome are:

• Air must be kept out of the vessel to prevent oxidation.
• The vessel must be strong enough not to easily break, without being so heavy that it cannot be easily moved
• In many cases, the vessel needs to be opened and then resealed.

To be blunt, unless you are talking about a very late period beverage, any form of glass bottle is really not appropriate. The ‘modern’ glass bottle is widely considered to have been invented by Sir Kenelm Digby and was not in general use for the storage or transport of alcohol until well into the 17th century.

Various forms of clay, pottery, earthenware and stoneware jugs and bottles in many sizes and shapes were used throughout our period and beyond. All containers of this type were at least slightly porous and if they were meant for storage or transport they had to be lined with some form of wax or resin or glazed.

Storing fermented beverages in wooden barrels was/is common across all of Northern Europe until well into modern times. Generally the wood was untreated and the barrel would impart different flavors to the alcohol over time. Various woods were used with oak becoming the preferred material by the 17th century or so but many others were used.

Tudor costrel (leather flask) from the Ashmolean Museum.

Leather is typically fairly porous and does not insulate well, so without treatment of some sort it makes a poor container for wine. The Spanish ‘bota bag’ and other equivalents were made by lining an outer leather skin with an animal bladder and then coating the outside with pitch. A spout of horn or bone completes the assembly. Various forms of this have been found and dated back to ancient Mesopotamia.

Most beverages would have been transported and served “still”. Carbonated beer in bottles can be documented to at least the 1500s but was not the general practice. A form of sparkling wine can likewise be documented but the reinforced glass ‘champagne’ style bottles are again a 17th century invention.

So with all these containers, the question remains of how do you keep it closed? The short answer is, any way you can! Surviving examples of stoppers made from wood, clay, grass/straw, rags and cork have all been found. The stopper would then be sealed over with wax, resin, lead or even clay. Although cork was used as a stopper (especially for barrels) as early as the Roman Empire, the ‘modern’ cork as we know it was not in regular use until the 17th century.

Although the ‘flip top’ or ‘grolsch’ cap is very popular with SCA brewers it is a purely modern invention. They first appeared in the mid-1800s.

Bottling as a “Medievalish Brewer” 
(or what does this all mean to me?)

First, I am a brewer not a glassblower or potter. As both head of the Æthelmearc Brewers Guild and an occasional judge in competitions, I do not believe in judging brewers on how pretty or period their bottling is. That said, there is no excuse for entering an unsafe or improperly bottled beverage in a competition.

So what are we trying to accomplish with our bottling?
For the purpose of discussion, I’ve broken down the possibilities into four main categories:

• Storage: we want the beverage to be able to age appropriately without oxidation
• Transport: it has to survive transport to the event without breakage or leaking
• Serving: it needs to be able to be opened and served reasonably
• Presentation: at a minimum it needs to inform the recipient of who made it, when it was made and what is in it.

I am a minimalist when it comes to labels, I often have cases stored with nothing more than a note card stuck in with them. However, when it comes to competition or gifting the bottle should be individually labeled. As a bartender I will not serve something without knowing who made it and ideally, when.

Bottle Selection
There are entire books on what style of bottle and color of glass is best suited to a particular wine, read them if you care! I’ve never noticed any great difference between the shape or color of modern bottles if they are being properly stored. What does matter is that the bottle is structurally sound, clean and that you are using it for the intended purpose. Champagne bottles and several styles of cider/beer bottles are designed to take higher pressures than normal. In general, beer bottles will take higher pressures than wine bottles.

Corks & Stoppering
Beer Caps and Screw tops are both options especially for smaller bottles, with these it is important to use new tops and make sure they are free of damage or defects.

Swing tops are convenient and reusable, but you have to watch for damage to the ceramic top and the gasket will eventually wear out.

Champagne cages & corks: Any beverage you expect to actively ferment in the bottle needs a proper cork & cage to contain the pressure. (As well as the proper bottle, otherwise you have made a grenade!)

Corks and artificial corks can both be used, the key is to use the right size and style for the bottle you are using them with. Natural cork must be checked for condition and soaked before using.

Did I mention size? There are a lot of different sized corks out there, especially when using randomly sourced bottles you need to make sure the cork is the right size. As a hint, if you can get the cork into the bottle without a corker, it is too small!

A lot of brewers like to wax over their corks to improve the seal and prevent oxidation as well as for appearance. While this is fine, there are a couple of things to consider when using wax. Firstly, wax is NOT a substitute for using the proper cork or cap in the first place! Wax will not adequately compensate for gaps due to a small or damaged cork, nor will it hold against pressure. Secondly, all wax is not created equal.

• Beeswax & paraffin are both very soft with low melting points and can just rub off
• “Candle” wax is slightly better but can still be easily damaged
• Cheese or ‘sealing’ wax is the best bet as it will withstand casual abuse.

Hopefully this will help as you bottle for the summer festivals and competitions ahead!

The Closet of Sir Kenelm Digby (html version on Project Gutenberg)

The Brewers Guild can be found here or on Facebook here.

Categories: SCA news sites

Chancellor Minor Announcements/Chancelier de la Jeunesse

East Kingdom Gazette - Sat, 2016-02-27 16:49

En français


I am happy to announce that Lord Eginhard d’Aix la Chapelle has accepted the position of Tir Mara Regional Deputy Chancellor Minor. He is very excited to begin and make sure that all of the Tir Maran region is following the rules and regulations set down by society and kingdom. He is also happy to translate any concerns, questions, or comments from French to English and back for me. If you are in Tir Mara, and interested in working with children, please contact him. His kingdom email will be working shortly.

In addition, I am sad to announce that Baroness Wentlyana must step down as my Kingdom Deputy, as she has accepted the Kingdom Deputy Youth Fencing Marshal Position. I am looking for someone to fill this position. I would especially like to find someone who would be interested in taking on the Kingdom position in the next 1-2 years.

Thank you,
Mistress Leonete D’Angely
East Kingdom Chancellor Minor

En français


Je suis heureuse de vous annoncer que le Seigneur Eginhard d’Aix la Chapelle à accepter l’office de Chancelier de la Jeunesse de Tir Mara. Il est très motivé à commencer ainsi qu’à veiller à ce que les règles et régulations du Royaumes ainsi que de la SCA soit observées dans la Principauté. Il est de surcroît heureux de traduire vos inquiétudes, questions ou commentaire du français à l’anglais et vice versa. Si vous résidez dans Tir Mara et êtes intéresser à travailler avec les enfants contacter le, son adresse au Royaume sera activé sous peu.

Dans un autre ordre d’idée, je suis triste d’annoncer que la Baronne Wentlyana quitte son poste de Député Chancelière du Royaume de l’Est ayant accepté la position de Député Marechal d’Escrime à la Jeunesse pour le Royaume. Je suis maintenant à la recherche d’une personne prête à prendre l’office de Député Chancelier de la Jeunesse pour le Royaume. Je suis particulièrement intéresser à trouver une personne désirant devenir Chancelier à la jeunesse du Royaume dans un an ou deux.



Filed under: Announcements, En français, Youth Activities Tagged: Tir Mara

March 6 Curia Cancelled

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2016-02-27 15:06

From the Kingdom Seneschal: Please take note that Their Majesties’ Curia on March 6th has been cancelled.

There will be Curia on April 2nd at 11am at The Festival of the Passing of the Ice Dragon.

Categories: SCA news sites

Pent Literary Deadline is Looming!

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2016-02-27 08:59

Greetings from the Ice Dragon Pentathlon Coordinators!

The Pent deadline for the Literary Arts category is March 5!

The LITERARY ARTS category consists of the following:

Lit1: Research Paper
Lit2: Musical Arrangement & Composition
Lit3: Poetry & Prose Written Entries

Entries in Literary Arts must be received by the Pent Coordinator no later than March 5. Entries must be sent electronically to carnabyservices at yahoo dot com (email link also here). If you do not receive a confirmation email within 24 hours of sending, contact the Pent coordinator. You may attach your entry as a Word document or as a pdf.

Please make sure your name IS NOT on the entry itself.

Send the following information with your email and use “Pent Literary Entry” as your subject line:

SCA Name
Legal Name
Phone Number
Title of Work
Category Entering

The works will be assigned an entrant number (for blind judging purposes) and then forwarded to the judges. If you are entering the Literary Arts Category, we will automatically pre-register you and assign your general entrant number; this number will also be used for any other entries you have for the event.

General Pent information can be found on the Pent website.

Categories: SCA news sites

Region Four Heraldry Breakfast is March 6

AEthelmearc Gazette - Fri, 2016-02-26 21:11

Lord Whitehorn Herald and Lady Heronter Herald announce their second Heraldry Breakfast of 2016!

We will meet in the Barony of the Rhydderich Hael on Sunday, March 6th, 2016 at 10 AM at The Corner Bakery Cafe in Amherst NY.
[ Corner Bakery Cafe, 1551 Niagara Falls Boulevard, Amherst NY 14228, (716) 725-6280 ]

• We will discuss the most recent internal and external Æthelmearc letters.
• We will eat breakfast, including tasty bacon.
• We will discuss YOUR recent heraldry submissions.
• We will eat tasty bacon!
• We will discuss neat ways to display your heraldry once it’s registered.
• Did we mention eating tasty bacon?

Beginners welcome! This is intended for people who want to learn heraldry.
No experience necessary. Please forward this to any websites or groups that may be interested.

Take your best route to Route 290, Exit #3 for US Route 62/Niagara Falls Boulevard.  Turn south. Travel a half mile and turn left onto Romney Drive to enter the Burlington Coat Factory plaza. Corner Bakery Cafe is in the plaza.

The next Heraldry Breakfast will be in yet-to-be-determined location after Ice Dragon.

If your Region Four group would be interested in hosting the next breakfast, drop me a line at

In Heraldic Service,
Dagonell Whitehorn, Western NY Herald
Cigfran Heronter, Heronter Herald

Categories: SCA news sites

Call for presentations!

East Kingdom Gazette - Fri, 2016-02-26 10:55

The Bailiwick of Ivyeinrust will be holding Thélème at Penn on August 20th, 2016 at the rare books library of the University of Pennsylvania.

A medieval lecture

If you liked, or were sad to miss, the ‘Voyages of Discovery: An Arts & Science Colloquium’ held in Carolingia in October 2014, this is an event of similar inspiration. Come and talk with people of same interests about what you have been working on. Take that opportunity to discuss what worked, what didn’t and what could. Exchange ideas, notes, sources and initiate collaborations. This is not a competition but the occasion to share our SCA research. While presentations on all subjects are welcome, inspired by the context of the library, we are particularly interested in having a track fully dedicated to the making of the books (making parchment, paper, ink, preparing pigments, calligraphy, printing, bookbinding…)

The format of the day is as follows:

– Lecture-style presentations with a question-and-answer session at the end; presentation slots are one half-hour, with fifteen minutes of presentation and ten minutes of question-and-answer. Those presenters who are comfortable with a longer presentation are welcome to request two adjoining slots, for a forty-minute presentation and fifteen minutes of question-and-answer. There are a finite number of slots, and we will start adding classes on a rolling timeline as we receive and review proposals. Please send any and all proposals to Mistress Lissa Underhill.

– A poster session. There is some space available for poster display. If there is interest, there will be a hall set up to display poster-size presentations of research topics (either hanging or free-standing trifolds). There will be an hour during the day while the posters are attended by their authors; the room will be open throughout the day for interested folks to walk through and read at their leisure. There is no limit on the number of poster slots. Please send any and all poster proposals to Mistress Lissa Underhill.

– Manuscript interaction room. This is the rare books library and, with advance warning, Penn’s manuscript relevant to the classes will be available to peruse. There is only room for us to pull about 8 books. So, early requests and ones that tie a manuscript to a class will get priority. For more information see:

– Breakout area and lounge space for conversation and further exploration of topics that caught your interest during one presentation or another. Also feel free to bring your favorite reference books to show others.

Because we will be presenting our research with all the modern tools of the presenter’s art, this demo is in modern dress. The interested general public is encouraged to attend.

The EK event announcement is here:

Please contact the event steward, Mistress Brunissende Dragonette, with questions or comments.

We are excited to host this colloquium in Penn and hope to see you there!


Filed under: Announcements, Arts and Sciences, Uncategorized

Bring Out Your…..Scroll Cases!

AEthelmearc Gazette - Thu, 2016-02-25 23:40

Augmentation scroll for Morgan Elandris by Ysabeau Tiercelin

Were you given a scroll at some point, and handed a case in which to safely transport it home? Is that case sitting in a drawer or closet at your house? Here is your chance to return it to the Signet’s Office so that some lucky new recipient can bring THEIR new scroll home in it at a future event!

We will have a scroll collection point in the Pent Room at Ice Dragon on April 2. Let’s see how many scrolls we can have returned!

There will also be a backlog table, where you can pick up your finished backlog scroll, so if you are due a scroll, stop on by. Just make sure you sign the check-list if you pick one up!

Categories: SCA news sites